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authorGraeme Russ <graeme.russ@gmail.com>2010-04-24 00:05:49 +1000
committerWolfgang Denk <wd@denx.de>2010-05-06 00:17:01 +0200
commit95ffaba39042064c5eb68404894fd6b0f1d6a3e3 (patch)
tree6a0a1572913552b1f6a94987a341677c00dbfc36 /arch/i386
parent79ea6b87011c0524ced31359e2be7aac97c29d0a (diff)
downloadu-boot-linaro-stable-95ffaba39042064c5eb68404894fd6b0f1d6a3e3.tar.gz
x86: Fix support for booting bzImage
Add support for newer (up to 2.6.33) kernels Add zboot command which takes the address of a bzImage as its first argument and (optionally) the size of the bzImage as the second argument (the second argument is needed for older kernels which do not include the bzImage size in the header) Signed-off-by: Graeme Russ <graeme.russ@gmail.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/i386')
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/include/asm/bootparam.h123
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/include/asm/e820.h155
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/include/asm/ioctl.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/include/asm/ist.h34
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/include/asm/video/edid.h16
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/lib/zimage.c127
6 files changed, 424 insertions, 32 deletions
diff --git a/arch/i386/include/asm/bootparam.h b/arch/i386/include/asm/bootparam.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..64d2e1f13
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/i386/include/asm/bootparam.h
@@ -0,0 +1,123 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_BOOTPARAM_H
+#define _ASM_X86_BOOTPARAM_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/screen_info.h>
+#include <linux/apm_bios.h>
+#include <linux/edd.h>
+#include <asm/e820.h>
+#include <asm/ist.h>
+#include <asm/video/edid.h>
+
+/* setup data types */
+#define SETUP_NONE 0
+#define SETUP_E820_EXT 1
+
+/* extensible setup data list node */
+struct setup_data {
+ __u64 next;
+ __u32 type;
+ __u32 len;
+ __u8 data[0];
+};
+
+struct setup_header {
+ __u8 setup_sects;
+ __u16 root_flags;
+ __u32 syssize;
+ __u16 ram_size;
+#define RAMDISK_IMAGE_START_MASK 0x07FF
+#define RAMDISK_PROMPT_FLAG 0x8000
+#define RAMDISK_LOAD_FLAG 0x4000
+ __u16 vid_mode;
+ __u16 root_dev;
+ __u16 boot_flag;
+ __u16 jump;
+ __u32 header;
+ __u16 version;
+ __u32 realmode_swtch;
+ __u16 start_sys;
+ __u16 kernel_version;
+ __u8 type_of_loader;
+ __u8 loadflags;
+#define LOADED_HIGH (1<<0)
+#define QUIET_FLAG (1<<5)
+#define KEEP_SEGMENTS (1<<6)
+#define CAN_USE_HEAP (1<<7)
+ __u16 setup_move_size;
+ __u32 code32_start;
+ __u32 ramdisk_image;
+ __u32 ramdisk_size;
+ __u32 bootsect_kludge;
+ __u16 heap_end_ptr;
+ __u8 ext_loader_ver;
+ __u8 ext_loader_type;
+ __u32 cmd_line_ptr;
+ __u32 initrd_addr_max;
+ __u32 kernel_alignment;
+ __u8 relocatable_kernel;
+ __u8 _pad2[3];
+ __u32 cmdline_size;
+ __u32 hardware_subarch;
+ __u64 hardware_subarch_data;
+ __u32 payload_offset;
+ __u32 payload_length;
+ __u64 setup_data;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
+struct sys_desc_table {
+ __u16 length;
+ __u8 table[14];
+};
+
+struct efi_info {
+ __u32 efi_loader_signature;
+ __u32 efi_systab;
+ __u32 efi_memdesc_size;
+ __u32 efi_memdesc_version;
+ __u32 efi_memmap;
+ __u32 efi_memmap_size;
+ __u32 efi_systab_hi;
+ __u32 efi_memmap_hi;
+};
+
+/* The so-called "zeropage" */
+struct boot_params {
+ struct screen_info screen_info; /* 0x000 */
+ struct apm_bios_info apm_bios_info; /* 0x040 */
+ __u8 _pad2[4]; /* 0x054 */
+ __u64 tboot_addr; /* 0x058 */
+ struct ist_info ist_info; /* 0x060 */
+ __u8 _pad3[16]; /* 0x070 */
+ __u8 hd0_info[16]; /* obsolete! */ /* 0x080 */
+ __u8 hd1_info[16]; /* obsolete! */ /* 0x090 */
+ struct sys_desc_table sys_desc_table; /* 0x0a0 */
+ __u8 _pad4[144]; /* 0x0b0 */
+ struct edid_info edid_info; /* 0x140 */
+ struct efi_info efi_info; /* 0x1c0 */
+ __u32 alt_mem_k; /* 0x1e0 */
+ __u32 scratch; /* Scratch field! */ /* 0x1e4 */
+ __u8 e820_entries; /* 0x1e8 */
+ __u8 eddbuf_entries; /* 0x1e9 */
+ __u8 edd_mbr_sig_buf_entries; /* 0x1ea */
+ __u8 _pad6[6]; /* 0x1eb */
+ struct setup_header hdr; /* setup header */ /* 0x1f1 */
+ __u8 _pad7[0x290-0x1f1-sizeof(struct setup_header)];
+ __u32 edd_mbr_sig_buffer[EDD_MBR_SIG_MAX]; /* 0x290 */
+ struct e820entry e820_map[E820MAX]; /* 0x2d0 */
+ __u8 _pad8[48]; /* 0xcd0 */
+ struct edd_info eddbuf[EDDMAXNR]; /* 0xd00 */
+ __u8 _pad9[276]; /* 0xeec */
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
+enum {
+ X86_SUBARCH_PC = 0,
+ X86_SUBARCH_LGUEST,
+ X86_SUBARCH_XEN,
+ X86_SUBARCH_MRST,
+ X86_NR_SUBARCHS,
+};
+
+
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_BOOTPARAM_H */
diff --git a/arch/i386/include/asm/e820.h b/arch/i386/include/asm/e820.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..d155ce9ce
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/i386/include/asm/e820.h
@@ -0,0 +1,155 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_E820_H
+#define _ASM_X86_E820_H
+#define E820MAP 0x2d0 /* our map */
+#define E820MAX 128 /* number of entries in E820MAP */
+
+/*
+ * Legacy E820 BIOS limits us to 128 (E820MAX) nodes due to the
+ * constrained space in the zeropage. If we have more nodes than
+ * that, and if we've booted off EFI firmware, then the EFI tables
+ * passed us from the EFI firmware can list more nodes. Size our
+ * internal memory map tables to have room for these additional
+ * nodes, based on up to three entries per node for which the
+ * kernel was built: MAX_NUMNODES == (1 << CONFIG_NODES_SHIFT),
+ * plus E820MAX, allowing space for the possible duplicate E820
+ * entries that might need room in the same arrays, prior to the
+ * call to sanitize_e820_map() to remove duplicates. The allowance
+ * of three memory map entries per node is "enough" entries for
+ * the initial hardware platform motivating this mechanism to make
+ * use of additional EFI map entries. Future platforms may want
+ * to allow more than three entries per node or otherwise refine
+ * this size.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Odd: 'make headers_check' complains about numa.h if I try
+ * to collapse the next two #ifdef lines to a single line:
+ * #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_EFI)
+ */
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
+#include <linux/numa.h>
+#define E820_X_MAX (E820MAX + 3 * MAX_NUMNODES)
+#else /* ! CONFIG_EFI */
+#define E820_X_MAX E820MAX
+#endif
+#else /* ! __KERNEL__ */
+#define E820_X_MAX E820MAX
+#endif
+
+#define E820NR 0x1e8 /* # entries in E820MAP */
+
+#define E820_RAM 1
+#define E820_RESERVED 2
+#define E820_ACPI 3
+#define E820_NVS 4
+#define E820_UNUSABLE 5
+
+/* reserved RAM used by kernel itself */
+#define E820_RESERVED_KERN 128
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+#include <linux/types.h>
+struct e820entry {
+ __u64 addr; /* start of memory segment */
+ __u64 size; /* size of memory segment */
+ __u32 type; /* type of memory segment */
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
+struct e820map {
+ __u32 nr_map;
+ struct e820entry map[E820_X_MAX];
+};
+
+#define ISA_START_ADDRESS 0xa0000
+#define ISA_END_ADDRESS 0x100000
+
+#define BIOS_BEGIN 0x000a0000
+#define BIOS_END 0x00100000
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+/* see comment in arch/x86/kernel/e820.c */
+extern struct e820map e820;
+extern struct e820map e820_saved;
+
+extern unsigned long pci_mem_start;
+extern int e820_any_mapped(u64 start, u64 end, unsigned type);
+extern int e820_all_mapped(u64 start, u64 end, unsigned type);
+extern void e820_add_region(u64 start, u64 size, int type);
+extern void e820_print_map(char *who);
+extern int
+sanitize_e820_map(struct e820entry *biosmap, int max_nr_map, u32 *pnr_map);
+extern u64 e820_update_range(u64 start, u64 size, unsigned old_type,
+ unsigned new_type);
+extern u64 e820_remove_range(u64 start, u64 size, unsigned old_type,
+ int checktype);
+extern void update_e820(void);
+extern void e820_setup_gap(void);
+extern int e820_search_gap(unsigned long *gapstart, unsigned long *gapsize,
+ unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long long end_addr);
+struct setup_data;
+extern void parse_e820_ext(struct setup_data *data, unsigned long pa_data);
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || \
+ (defined(CONFIG_X86_32) && defined(CONFIG_HIBERNATION))
+extern void e820_mark_nosave_regions(unsigned long limit_pfn);
+#else
+static inline void e820_mark_nosave_regions(unsigned long limit_pfn)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMTEST
+extern void early_memtest(unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
+#else
+static inline void early_memtest(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+extern unsigned long end_user_pfn;
+
+extern u64 find_e820_area(u64 start, u64 end, u64 size, u64 align);
+extern u64 find_e820_area_size(u64 start, u64 *sizep, u64 align);
+extern void reserve_early(u64 start, u64 end, char *name);
+extern void reserve_early_overlap_ok(u64 start, u64 end, char *name);
+extern void free_early(u64 start, u64 end);
+extern void early_res_to_bootmem(u64 start, u64 end);
+extern u64 early_reserve_e820(u64 startt, u64 sizet, u64 align);
+
+extern unsigned long e820_end_of_ram_pfn(void);
+extern unsigned long e820_end_of_low_ram_pfn(void);
+extern int e820_find_active_region(const struct e820entry *ei,
+ unsigned long start_pfn,
+ unsigned long last_pfn,
+ unsigned long *ei_startpfn,
+ unsigned long *ei_endpfn);
+extern void e820_register_active_regions(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
+ unsigned long end_pfn);
+extern u64 e820_hole_size(u64 start, u64 end);
+extern void finish_e820_parsing(void);
+extern void e820_reserve_resources(void);
+extern void e820_reserve_resources_late(void);
+extern void setup_memory_map(void);
+extern char *default_machine_specific_memory_setup(void);
+
+/*
+ * Returns true iff the specified range [s,e) is completely contained inside
+ * the ISA region.
+ */
+/*
+static inline bool is_ISA_range(u64 s, u64 e)
+{
+ return s >= ISA_START_ADDRESS && e <= ISA_END_ADDRESS;
+}
+*/
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+/* #include <linux/ioport.h> */
+
+#define HIGH_MEMORY (1024*1024)
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_E820_H */
diff --git a/arch/i386/include/asm/ioctl.h b/arch/i386/include/asm/ioctl.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..b279fe06d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/i386/include/asm/ioctl.h
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+#include <asm-generic/ioctl.h>
diff --git a/arch/i386/include/asm/ist.h b/arch/i386/include/asm/ist.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..7e5dff1de
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/i386/include/asm/ist.h
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_IST_H
+#define _ASM_X86_IST_H
+
+/*
+ * Include file for the interface to IST BIOS
+ * Copyright 2002 Andy Grover <andrew.grover@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
+ * later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct ist_info {
+ __u32 signature;
+ __u32 command;
+ __u32 event;
+ __u32 perf_level;
+};
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+extern struct ist_info ist_info;
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_IST_H */
diff --git a/arch/i386/include/asm/video/edid.h b/arch/i386/include/asm/video/edid.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..928c342b3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/i386/include/asm/video/edid.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+#ifndef __linux_video_edid_h__
+#define __linux_video_edid_h__
+
+#if !defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(CONFIG_X86)
+
+struct edid_info {
+ unsigned char dummy[128];
+};
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+extern struct edid_info edid_info;
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __linux_video_edid_h__ */
diff --git a/arch/i386/lib/zimage.c b/arch/i386/lib/zimage.c
index c3b4e597a..b39615a3e 100644
--- a/arch/i386/lib/zimage.c
+++ b/arch/i386/lib/zimage.c
@@ -34,6 +34,8 @@
#include <asm/zimage.h>
#include <asm/realmode.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+#include <asm/bootparam.h>
+#include <asm/ic/sc520.h>
/*
* Memory lay-out:
@@ -90,48 +92,56 @@ void *load_zimage(char *image, unsigned long kernel_size,
int big_image;
void *load_address;
+ struct setup_header *hdr = (struct setup_header *)(image + SETUP_SECTS_OFF);
setup_base = (void*)DEFAULT_SETUP_BASE; /* base address for real-mode segment */
- if (KERNEL_MAGIC != *(u16*)(image + BOOT_FLAG_OFF)) {
- printf("Error: Invalid kernel magic (found 0x%04x, expected 0xaa55)\n",
- *(u16*)(image + BOOT_FLAG_OFF));
+ if (KERNEL_MAGIC != hdr->boot_flag) {
+ printf("Error: Invalid Boot Flag (found 0x%04x, expected 0x%04x)\n",
+ hdr->boot_flag, KERNEL_MAGIC);
return 0;
+ } else {
+ printf("Valid Boot Flag\n");
}
-
/* determine boot protocol version */
- if (KERNEL_V2_MAGIC == *(u32*)(image+HEADER_OFF)) {
- bootproto = *(u16*)(image+VERSION_OFF);
+ if (KERNEL_V2_MAGIC == hdr->header) {
+ printf("Magic signature found\n");
+
+ bootproto = hdr->version;
} else {
/* Very old kernel */
+ printf("Magic signature not found\n");
bootproto = 0x0100;
}
/* determine size of setup */
- if (0 == *(u8*)(image + SETUP_SECTS_OFF)) {
+ if (0 == hdr->setup_sects) {
+ printf("Setup Sectors = 0 (defaulting to 4)\n");
setup_size = 5 * 512;
} else {
- setup_size = (*(u8*)(image + SETUP_SECTS_OFF) + 1) * 512;
+ setup_size = (hdr->setup_sects + 1) * 512;
}
+ printf("Setup Size = 0x%8.8lx\n", (ulong)setup_size);
+
if (setup_size > SETUP_MAX_SIZE) {
printf("Error: Setup is too large (%d bytes)\n", setup_size);
}
/* Determine image type */
- big_image = (bootproto >= 0x0200) && (*(u8*)(image + LOADFLAGS_OFF) & BIG_KERNEL_FLAG);
+ big_image = (bootproto >= 0x0200) && (hdr->loadflags & BIG_KERNEL_FLAG);
- /* Derermine load address */
- load_address = (void*)(big_image ? BZIMAGE_LOAD_ADDR:ZIMAGE_LOAD_ADDR);
+ /* Determine load address */
+ load_address = (void*)(big_image ? BZIMAGE_LOAD_ADDR : ZIMAGE_LOAD_ADDR);
/* load setup */
+ printf("Moving Real-Mode Code to 0x%8.8lx (%d bytes)\n", (ulong)setup_base, setup_size);
memmove(setup_base, image, setup_size);
printf("Using boot protocol version %x.%02x\n",
(bootproto & 0xff00) >> 8, bootproto & 0xff);
-
if (bootproto == 0x0100) {
*(u16*)(setup_base + CMD_LINE_MAGIC_OFF) = COMMAND_LINE_MAGIC;
@@ -154,48 +164,58 @@ void *load_zimage(char *image, unsigned long kernel_size,
memset((void*)0x90000 + setup_size, 0, SETUP_MAX_SIZE-setup_size);
}
+ /* We are now setting up the real-mode version of the header */
+ hdr = (struct setup_header *)(setup_base + SETUP_SECTS_OFF);
+
if (bootproto >= 0x0200) {
- *(u8*)(setup_base + TYPE_OF_LOADER_OFF) = 0xff;
- printf("Linux kernel version %s\n",
- (char*)(setup_base + SETUP_START_OFFSET +
- *(u16*)(setup_base + START_SYS_OFF + 2)));
+ hdr->type_of_loader = 8;
+
+ if (hdr->setup_sects >= 15)
+ printf("Linux kernel version %s\n", (char *)
+ (setup_base + (hdr->kernel_version + 0x200)));
+ else
+ printf("Setup Sectors < 15 - Cannot print kernel version.\n");
if (initrd_addr) {
printf("Initial RAM disk at linear address 0x%08lx, size %ld bytes\n",
initrd_addr, initrd_size);
- *(u32*)(setup_base + RAMDISK_IMAGE_OFF) = initrd_addr;
- *(u32*)(setup_base + RAMDISK_SIZE_OFF)=initrd_size;
+ hdr->ramdisk_image = initrd_addr;
+ hdr->ramdisk_size = initrd_size;
}
}
if (bootproto >= 0x0201) {
- *(u16*)(setup_base + HEAP_END_PTR_OFF) = HEAP_END_OFFSET;
-
- /* CAN_USE_HEAP */
- *(u8*)(setup_base + LOADFLAGS_OFF) =
- *(u8*)(setup_base + LOADFLAGS_OFF) | HEAP_FLAG;
+ hdr->heap_end_ptr = HEAP_END_OFFSET;
+ hdr->loadflags |= HEAP_FLAG;
}
if (bootproto >= 0x0202) {
- *(u32*)(setup_base + CMD_LINE_PTR_OFF) = (u32)setup_base + COMMAND_LINE_OFFSET;
+ hdr->cmd_line_ptr = (u32)setup_base + COMMAND_LINE_OFFSET;
} else if (bootproto >= 0x0200) {
+
*(u16*)(setup_base + CMD_LINE_MAGIC_OFF) = COMMAND_LINE_MAGIC;
*(u16*)(setup_base + CMD_LINE_OFFSET_OFF) = COMMAND_LINE_OFFSET;
- *(u16*)(setup_base + SETUP_MOVE_SIZE_OFF) = 0x9100;
+
+ hdr->setup_move_size = 0x9100;
}
+ if (bootproto >= 0x0204)
+ kernel_size = hdr->syssize * 16;
+ else
+ kernel_size -= setup_size;
+
if (big_image) {
- if ((kernel_size - setup_size) > BZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE) {
+ if ((kernel_size) > BZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE) {
printf("Error: bzImage kernel too big! (size: %ld, max: %d)\n",
- kernel_size - setup_size, BZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE);
+ kernel_size, BZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE);
return 0;
}
- } else if ((kernel_size - setup_size) > ZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE) {
+ } else if ((kernel_size) > ZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE) {
printf("Error: zImage kernel too big! (size: %ld, max: %d)\n",
- kernel_size - setup_size, ZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE);
+ kernel_size, ZIMAGE_MAX_SIZE);
return 0;
}
@@ -203,10 +223,10 @@ void *load_zimage(char *image, unsigned long kernel_size,
build_command_line(setup_base + COMMAND_LINE_OFFSET, auto_boot);
printf("Loading %czImage at address 0x%08x (%ld bytes)\n", big_image ? 'b' : ' ',
- (u32)load_address, kernel_size - setup_size);
+ (u32)load_address, kernel_size);
- memmove(load_address, image + setup_size, kernel_size - setup_size);
+ memmove(load_address, image + setup_size, kernel_size);
/* ready for booting */
return setup_base;
@@ -218,8 +238,51 @@ void boot_zimage(void *setup_base)
memset(&regs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
regs.xds = (u32)setup_base >> 4;
- regs.xss = 0x9000;
+ regs.xes = regs.xds;
+ regs.xss = regs.xds;
regs.esp = 0x9000;
regs.eflags = 0;
enter_realmode(((u32)setup_base+SETUP_START_OFFSET)>>4, 0, &regs, &regs);
}
+
+int do_zboot (cmd_tbl_t *cmdtp, int flag, int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ void *base_ptr;
+ void *bzImage_addr;
+ ulong bzImage_size = 0;
+
+ disable_interrupts();
+
+ /* Setup board for maximum PC/AT Compatibility */
+ setup_pcat_compatibility();
+
+ /* argv[1] holds the address of the bzImage */
+ bzImage_addr = (void *)simple_strtoul(argv[1], NULL, 16);
+
+ if (argc == 3)
+ bzImage_size = simple_strtoul(argv[2], NULL, 16);
+
+ /* Lets look for*/
+ base_ptr = load_zimage (bzImage_addr, bzImage_size, 0, 0, 0);
+
+ if (NULL == base_ptr) {
+ printf ("## Kernel loading failed ...\n");
+ } else {
+ printf ("## Transferring control to Linux (at address %08x) ...\n",
+ (u32)base_ptr);
+
+ /* we assume that the kernel is in place */
+ printf("\nStarting kernel ...\n\n");
+
+ boot_zimage(base_ptr);
+ /* does not return */
+ }
+
+ return -1;
+}
+
+U_BOOT_CMD(
+ zboot, 3, 0, do_zboot,
+ "Boot bzImage",
+ ""
+);