Flash LED handling under Linux
Some LED devices provide two modes - torch and flash. In the LED subsystem
those modes are supported by LED class (see Documentation/leds/leds-class.txt)
and LED Flash class respectively. The torch mode related features are enabled
by default and the flash ones only if a driver declares it by setting
In order to enable the support for flash LEDs CONFIG_LEDS_CLASS_FLASH symbol
must be defined in the kernel config. A LED Flash class driver must be
registered in the LED subsystem with led_classdev_flash_register function.
Following sysfs attributes are exposed for controlling flash LED devices:
V4L2 flash wrapper for flash LEDs
A LED subsystem driver can be controlled also from the level of VideoForLinux2
subsystem. In order to enable this CONFIG_V4L2_FLASH_LED_CLASS symbol has to
be defined in the kernel config.
The driver must call the v4l2_flash_init function to get registered in the
V4L2 subsystem. The function takes six arguments:
- dev : flash device, e.g. an I2C device
- of_node : of_node of the LED, may be NULL if the same as device's
- fled_cdev : LED flash class device to wrap
- iled_cdev : LED flash class device representing indicator LED associated with
fled_cdev, may be NULL
- ops : V4L2 specific ops
* external_strobe_set - defines the source of the flash LED strobe -
V4L2_CID_FLASH_STROBE control or external source, typically
a sensor, which makes it possible to synchronise the flash
strobe start with exposure start,
* intensity_to_led_brightness and led_brightness_to_intensity - perform
enum led_brightness <-> V4L2 intensity conversion in a device
specific manner - they can be used for devices with non-linear
LED current scale.
- config : configuration for V4L2 Flash sub-device
* dev_name - the name of the media entity, unique in the system,
* flash_faults - bitmask of flash faults that the LED flash class
device can report; corresponding LED_FAULT* bit definitions are
available in <linux/led-class-flash.h>,
* torch_intensity - constraints for the LED in TORCH mode
* indicator_intensity - constraints for the indicator LED
* has_external_strobe - determines whether the flash strobe source
can be switched to external,
On remove the v4l2_flash_release function has to be called, which takes one
argument - struct v4l2_flash pointer returned previously by v4l2_flash_init.
This function can be safely called with NULL or error pointer argument.
Please refer to drivers/leds/leds-max77693.c for an exemplary usage of the
v4l2 flash wrapper.
Once the V4L2 sub-device is registered by the driver which created the Media
controller device, the sub-device node acts just as a node of a native V4L2
flash API device would. The calls are simply routed to the LED flash API.
Opening the V4L2 flash sub-device makes the LED subsystem sysfs interface
unavailable. The interface is re-enabled after the V4L2 flash sub-device