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authorRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>2015-09-18 03:08:40 +0200
committerRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>2015-09-25 02:48:44 +0200
commita8360062ccfb4b891d3013d0e55826c8bcb02bfb (patch)
treebc1dca9dd20f6e325ec828854d5f189a0586a564
parent1f93e4a96c9109378204c147b3eec0d0e8100fde (diff)
downloadlinux-aarch64-a8360062ccfb4b891d3013d0e55826c8bcb02bfb.tar.gz
PCI / PM: Update runtime PM documentation for PCI devices
Section 3.2 "Device Runtime Power Management" of pci.txt has become outdated, so update it to correctly reflect the current code flow. Also update the comment in local_pci_probe() to document the fact that pm_runtime_put_noidle() is not the only runtime PM helper function that can be used to decrement the device's runtime PM usage counter in .probe(). Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Acked-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/power/pci.txt51
-rw-r--r--drivers/pci/pci-driver.c7
2 files changed, 42 insertions, 16 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/power/pci.txt b/Documentation/power/pci.txt
index 62328d76b55b..b0e911e0e8f5 100644
--- a/Documentation/power/pci.txt
+++ b/Documentation/power/pci.txt
@@ -979,20 +979,45 @@ every time right after the runtime_resume() callback has returned
(alternatively, the runtime_suspend() callback will have to check if the
device should really be suspended and return -EAGAIN if that is not the case).
-The runtime PM of PCI devices is disabled by default. It is also blocked by
-pci_pm_init() that runs the pm_runtime_forbid() helper function. If a PCI
-driver implements the runtime PM callbacks and intends to use the runtime PM
-framework provided by the PM core and the PCI subsystem, it should enable this
-feature by executing the pm_runtime_enable() helper function. However, the
-driver should not call the pm_runtime_allow() helper function unblocking
-the runtime PM of the device. Instead, it should allow user space or some
-platform-specific code to do that (user space can do it via sysfs), although
-once it has called pm_runtime_enable(), it must be prepared to handle the
+The runtime PM of PCI devices is enabled by default by the PCI core. PCI
+device drivers do not need to enable it and should not attempt to do so.
+However, it is blocked by pci_pm_init() that runs the pm_runtime_forbid()
+helper function. In addition to that, the runtime PM usage counter of
+each PCI device is incremented by local_pci_probe() before executing the
+probe callback provided by the device's driver.
+
+If a PCI driver implements the runtime PM callbacks and intends to use the
+runtime PM framework provided by the PM core and the PCI subsystem, it needs
+to decrement the device's runtime PM usage counter in its probe callback
+function. If it doesn't do that, the counter will always be different from
+zero for the device and it will never be runtime-suspended. The simplest
+way to do that is by calling pm_runtime_put_noidle(), but if the driver
+wants to schedule an autosuspend right away, for example, it may call
+pm_runtime_put_autosuspend() instead for this purpose. Generally, it
+just needs to call a function that decrements the devices usage counter
+from its probe routine to make runtime PM work for the device.
+
+It is important to remember that the driver's runtime_suspend() callback
+may be executed right after the usage counter has been decremented, because
+user space may already have cuased the pm_runtime_allow() helper function
+unblocking the runtime PM of the device to run via sysfs, so the driver must
+be prepared to cope with that.
+
+The driver itself should not call pm_runtime_allow(), though. Instead, it
+should let user space or some platform-specific code do that (user space can
+do it via sysfs as stated above), but it must be prepared to handle the
runtime PM of the device correctly as soon as pm_runtime_allow() is called
-(which may happen at any time). [It also is possible that user space causes
-pm_runtime_allow() to be called via sysfs before the driver is loaded, so in
-fact the driver has to be prepared to handle the runtime PM of the device as
-soon as it calls pm_runtime_enable().]
+(which may happen at any time, even before the driver is loaded).
+
+When the driver's remove callback runs, it has to balance the decrementation
+of the device's runtime PM usage counter at the probe time. For this reason,
+if it has decremented the counter in its probe callback, it must run
+pm_runtime_get_noresume() in its remove callback. [Since the core carries
+out a runtime resume of the device and bumps up the device's usage counter
+before running the driver's remove callback, the runtime PM of the device
+is effectively disabled for the duration of the remove execution and all
+runtime PM helper functions incrementing the device's usage counter are
+then effectively equivalent to pm_runtime_get_noresume().]
The runtime PM framework works by processing requests to suspend or resume
devices, or to check if they are idle (in which cases it is reasonable to
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index dd652f2ae03d..108a3118ace7 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -299,9 +299,10 @@ static long local_pci_probe(void *_ddi)
* Unbound PCI devices are always put in D0, regardless of
* runtime PM status. During probe, the device is set to
* active and the usage count is incremented. If the driver
- * supports runtime PM, it should call pm_runtime_put_noidle()
- * in its probe routine and pm_runtime_get_noresume() in its
- * remove routine.
+ * supports runtime PM, it should call pm_runtime_put_noidle(),
+ * or any other runtime PM helper function decrementing the usage
+ * count, in its probe routine and pm_runtime_get_noresume() in
+ * its remove routine.
*/
pm_runtime_get_sync(dev);
pci_dev->driver = pci_drv;