|author||Rafael J. Wysocki <email@example.com>||2016-08-13 02:54:04 +0200|
|committer||Rafael J. Wysocki <firstname.lastname@example.org>||2016-08-13 02:54:04 +0200|
PM / sleep: Update some system sleep documentation
Update some documentation related to system sleep to document new features and remove outdated information from it. Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <email@example.com> Acked-by: Pavel Machek <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reviewed-by: Chen Yu <email@example.com>
2 files changed, 102 insertions, 76 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt b/Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt
index b96098ccfe69..708f87f78a75 100644
@@ -164,7 +164,32 @@ load n/2 modules more and try again.
Again, if you find the offending module(s), it(they) must be unloaded every time
before hibernation, and please report the problem with it(them).
-c) Advanced debugging
+c) Using the "test_resume" hibernation option
+/sys/power/disk generally tells the kernel what to do after creating a
+hibernation image. One of the available options is "test_resume" which
+causes the just created image to be used for immediate restoration. Namely,
+# echo test_resume > /sys/power/disk
+# echo disk > /sys/power/state
+a hibernation image will be created and a resume from it will be triggered
+immediately without involving the platform firmware in any way.
+That test can be used to check if failures to resume from hibernation are
+related to bad interactions with the platform firmware. That is, if the above
+works every time, but resume from actual hibernation does not work or is
+unreliable, the platform firmware may be responsible for the failures.
+On architectures and platforms that support using different kernels to restore
+hibernation images (that is, the kernel used to read the image from storage and
+load it into memory is different from the one included in the image) or support
+kernel address space randomization, it also can be used to check if failures
+to resume may be related to the differences between the restore and image
+d) Advanced debugging
In case that hibernation does not work on your system even in the minimal
configuration and compiling more drivers as modules is not practical or some
diff --git a/Documentation/power/interface.txt b/Documentation/power/interface.txt
index f1f0f59a7c47..974916ff6608 100644
@@ -1,75 +1,76 @@
-Power Management Interface
-The power management subsystem provides a unified sysfs interface to
-userspace, regardless of what architecture or platform one is
-running. The interface exists in /sys/power/ directory (assuming sysfs
-is mounted at /sys).
-/sys/power/state controls system power state. Reading from this file
-returns what states are supported, which is hard-coded to 'freeze',
-'standby' (Power-On Suspend), 'mem' (Suspend-to-RAM), and 'disk'
-Writing to this file one of those strings causes the system to
-transition into that state. Please see the file
-Documentation/power/states.txt for a description of each of those
-/sys/power/disk controls the operating mode of the suspend-to-disk
-mechanism. Suspend-to-disk can be handled in several ways. We have a
-few options for putting the system to sleep - using the platform driver
-(e.g. ACPI or other suspend_ops), powering off the system or rebooting the
-system (for testing).
-Additionally, /sys/power/disk can be used to turn on one of the two testing
-modes of the suspend-to-disk mechanism: 'testproc' or 'test'. If the
-suspend-to-disk mechanism is in the 'testproc' mode, writing 'disk' to
-/sys/power/state will cause the kernel to disable nonboot CPUs and freeze
-tasks, wait for 5 seconds, unfreeze tasks and enable nonboot CPUs. If it is
-in the 'test' mode, writing 'disk' to /sys/power/state will cause the kernel
-to disable nonboot CPUs and freeze tasks, shrink memory, suspend devices, wait
-for 5 seconds, resume devices, unfreeze tasks and enable nonboot CPUs. Then,
-we are able to look in the log messages and work out, for example, which code
-is being slow and which device drivers are misbehaving.
-Reading from this file will display all supported modes and the currently
-selected one in brackets, for example
- [shutdown] reboot test testproc
-Writing to this file will accept one of
- 'platform' (only if the platform supports it)
-/sys/power/image_size controls the size of the image created by
-the suspend-to-disk mechanism. It can be written a string
-representing a non-negative integer that will be used as an upper
-limit of the image size, in bytes. The suspend-to-disk mechanism will
-do its best to ensure the image size will not exceed that number. However,
-if this turns out to be impossible, it will try to suspend anyway using the
-smallest image possible. In particular, if "0" is written to this file, the
-suspend image will be as small as possible.
-Reading from this file will display the current image size limit, which
-is set to 2/5 of available RAM by default.
-/sys/power/pm_trace controls the code which saves the last PM event point in
-the RTC across reboots, so that you can debug a machine that just hangs
-during suspend (or more commonly, during resume). Namely, the RTC is only
-used to save the last PM event point if this file contains '1'. Initially it
-contains '0' which may be changed to '1' by writing a string representing a
-nonzero integer into it.
-To use this debugging feature you should attempt to suspend the machine, then
-reboot it and run
- dmesg -s 1000000 | grep 'hash matches'
-CAUTION: Using it will cause your machine's real-time (CMOS) clock to be
-set to a random invalid time after a resume.
+Power Management Interface for System Sleep
+Copyright (c) 2016 Intel Corp., Rafael J. Wysocki <firstname.lastname@example.org>
+The power management subsystem provides userspace with a unified sysfs interface
+for system sleep regardless of the underlying system architecture or platform.
+The interface is located in the /sys/power/ directory (assuming that sysfs is
+mounted at /sys).
+/sys/power/state is the system sleep state control file.
+Reading from it returns a list of supported sleep states, encoded as:
+'standby' (Power-On Suspend)
+Suspend-to-Idle is always supported. Suspend-to-Disk is always supported
+too as long the kernel has been configured to support hibernation at all
+(ie. CONFIG_HIBERNATION is set in the kernel configuration file). Support
+for Suspend-to-RAM and Power-On Suspend depends on the capabilities of the
+If one of the strings listed in /sys/power/state is written to it, the system
+will attempt to transition into the corresponding sleep state. Refer to
+Documentation/power/states.txt for a description of each of those states.
+/sys/power/disk controls the operating mode of hibernation (Suspend-to-Disk).
+Specifically, it tells the kernel what to do after creating a hibernation image.
+Reading from it returns a list of supported options encoded as:
+'platform' (put the system into sleep using a platform-provided method)
+'shutdown' (shut the system down)
+'reboot' (reboot the system)
+'suspend' (trigger a Suspend-to-RAM transition)
+'test_resume' (resume-after-hibernation test mode)
+The currently selected option is printed in square brackets.
+The 'platform' option is only available if the platform provides a special
+mechanism to put the system to sleep after creating a hibernation image (ACPI
+does that, for example). The 'suspend' option is available if Suspend-to-RAM
+is supported. Refer to Documentation/power/basic_pm_debugging.txt for the
+description of the 'test_resume' option.
+To select an option, write the string representing it to /sys/power/disk.
+/sys/power/image_size controls the size of hibernation images.
+It can be written a string representing a non-negative integer that will be
+used as a best-effort upper limit of the image size, in bytes. The hibernation
+core will do its best to ensure that the image size will not exceed that number.
+However, if that turns out to be impossible to achieve, a hibernation image will
+still be created and its size will be as small as possible. In particular,
+writing '0' to this file will enforce hibernation images to be as small as
+Reading from this file returns the current image size limit, which is set to
+around 2/5 of available RAM by default.
+/sys/power/pm_trace controls the PM trace mechanism saving the last suspend
+or resume event point in the RTC across reboots.
+It helps to debug hard lockups or reboots due to device driver failures that
+occur during system suspend or resume (which is more common) more effectively.
+If /sys/power/pm_trace contains '1', the fingerprint of each suspend/resume
+event point in turn will be stored in the RTC memory (overwriting the actual
+RTC information), so it will survive a system crash if one occurs right after
+storing it and it can be used later to identify the driver that caused the crash
+to happen (see Documentation/power/s2ram.txt for more information).
+Initially it contains '0' which may be changed to '1' by writing a string
+representing a nonzero integer into it.