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authorAshwin Chaugule <ashwin.chaugule@celunite.com>2006-12-06 20:31:57 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.osdl.org>2006-12-07 08:39:21 -0800
commit7602bdf2fd14a40dd9b104e516fdc05e1bd17952 (patch)
tree5ca703b0a95f6f2e6d977c816532b9085f453974 /mm/thrash.c
parent098fe651f7e9d759d1117c78c1a642b9b3945922 (diff)
downloadconfigs-7602bdf2fd14a40dd9b104e516fdc05e1bd17952.tar.gz
[PATCH] new scheme to preempt swap token
The new swap token patches replace the current token traversal algo. The old algo had a crude timeout parameter that was used to handover the token from one task to another. This algo, transfers the token to the tasks that are in need of the token. The urgency for the token is based on the number of times a task is required to swap-in pages. Accordingly, the priority of a task is incremented if it has been badly affected due to swap-outs. To ensure that the token doesnt bounce around rapidly, the token holders are given a priority boost. The priority of tasks is also decremented, if their rate of swap-in's keeps reducing. This way, the condition to check whether to pre-empt the swap token, is a matter of comparing two task's priority fields. [akpm@osdl.org: cleanups] Signed-off-by: Ashwin Chaugule <ashwin.chaugule@celunite.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/thrash.c')
-rw-r--r--mm/thrash.c116
1 files changed, 45 insertions, 71 deletions
diff --git a/mm/thrash.c b/mm/thrash.c
index f4c560b4a2b..19e428ca8b0 100644
--- a/mm/thrash.c
+++ b/mm/thrash.c
@@ -7,100 +7,74 @@
*
* Simple token based thrashing protection, using the algorithm
* described in: http://www.cs.wm.edu/~sjiang/token.pdf
+ *
+ * Sep 2006, Ashwin Chaugule <ashwin.chaugule@celunite.com>
+ * Improved algorithm to pass token:
+ * Each task has a priority which is incremented if it contended
+ * for the token in an interval less than its previous attempt.
+ * If the token is acquired, that task's priority is boosted to prevent
+ * the token from bouncing around too often and to let the task make
+ * some progress in its execution.
*/
+
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(swap_token_lock);
-static unsigned long swap_token_timeout;
-static unsigned long swap_token_check;
-struct mm_struct * swap_token_mm = &init_mm;
-
-#define SWAP_TOKEN_CHECK_INTERVAL (HZ * 2)
-#define SWAP_TOKEN_TIMEOUT (300 * HZ)
-/*
- * Currently disabled; Needs further code to work at HZ * 300.
- */
-unsigned long swap_token_default_timeout = SWAP_TOKEN_TIMEOUT;
-
-/*
- * Take the token away if the process had no page faults
- * in the last interval, or if it has held the token for
- * too long.
- */
-#define SWAP_TOKEN_ENOUGH_RSS 1
-#define SWAP_TOKEN_TIMED_OUT 2
-static int should_release_swap_token(struct mm_struct *mm)
-{
- int ret = 0;
- if (!mm->recent_pagein)
- ret = SWAP_TOKEN_ENOUGH_RSS;
- else if (time_after(jiffies, swap_token_timeout))
- ret = SWAP_TOKEN_TIMED_OUT;
- mm->recent_pagein = 0;
- return ret;
-}
+struct mm_struct *swap_token_mm;
+unsigned int global_faults;
-/*
- * Try to grab the swapout protection token. We only try to
- * grab it once every TOKEN_CHECK_INTERVAL, both to prevent
- * SMP lock contention and to check that the process that held
- * the token before is no longer thrashing.
- */
void grab_swap_token(void)
{
- struct mm_struct *mm;
- int reason;
+ int current_interval;
- /* We have the token. Let others know we still need it. */
- if (has_swap_token(current->mm)) {
- current->mm->recent_pagein = 1;
- if (unlikely(!swap_token_default_timeout))
- disable_swap_token();
- return;
- }
-
- if (time_after(jiffies, swap_token_check)) {
+ global_faults++;
- if (!swap_token_default_timeout) {
- swap_token_check = jiffies + SWAP_TOKEN_CHECK_INTERVAL;
- return;
- }
-
- /* ... or if we recently held the token. */
- if (time_before(jiffies, current->mm->swap_token_time))
- return;
+ current_interval = global_faults - current->mm->faultstamp;
- if (!spin_trylock(&swap_token_lock))
- return;
+ if (!spin_trylock(&swap_token_lock))
+ return;
- swap_token_check = jiffies + SWAP_TOKEN_CHECK_INTERVAL;
+ /* First come first served */
+ if (swap_token_mm == NULL) {
+ current->mm->token_priority = current->mm->token_priority + 2;
+ swap_token_mm = current->mm;
+ goto out;
+ }
- mm = swap_token_mm;
- if ((reason = should_release_swap_token(mm))) {
- unsigned long eligible = jiffies;
- if (reason == SWAP_TOKEN_TIMED_OUT) {
- eligible += swap_token_default_timeout;
- }
- mm->swap_token_time = eligible;
- swap_token_timeout = jiffies + swap_token_default_timeout;
+ if (current->mm != swap_token_mm) {
+ if (current_interval < current->mm->last_interval)
+ current->mm->token_priority++;
+ else {
+ current->mm->token_priority--;
+ if (unlikely(current->mm->token_priority < 0))
+ current->mm->token_priority = 0;
+ }
+ /* Check if we deserve the token */
+ if (current->mm->token_priority >
+ swap_token_mm->token_priority) {
+ current->mm->token_priority += 2;
swap_token_mm = current->mm;
}
- spin_unlock(&swap_token_lock);
+ } else {
+ /* Token holder came in again! */
+ current->mm->token_priority += 2;
}
- return;
+
+out:
+ current->mm->faultstamp = global_faults;
+ current->mm->last_interval = current_interval;
+ spin_unlock(&swap_token_lock);
+return;
}
/* Called on process exit. */
void __put_swap_token(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
spin_lock(&swap_token_lock);
- if (likely(mm == swap_token_mm)) {
- mm->swap_token_time = jiffies + SWAP_TOKEN_CHECK_INTERVAL;
- swap_token_mm = &init_mm;
- swap_token_check = jiffies;
- }
+ if (likely(mm == swap_token_mm))
+ swap_token_mm = NULL;
spin_unlock(&swap_token_lock);
}