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authorTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2008-11-26 12:03:55 +0100
committerMiklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>2008-11-26 12:03:55 +0100
commit59efec7b903987dcb60b9ebc85c7acd4443a11a1 (patch)
tree1287e817201fcb4008917b2bffd378c36540622b /fs/fuse
parente9bb09dd6c5b8ec6a971ed6251df5eba3a4c8d3c (diff)
downloadconfigs-59efec7b903987dcb60b9ebc85c7acd4443a11a1.tar.gz
fuse: implement ioctl support
Generic ioctl support is tricky to implement because only the ioctl implementation itself knows which memory regions need to be read and/or written. To support this, fuse client can request retry of ioctl specifying memory regions to read and write. Deep copying (nested pointers) can be implemented by retrying multiple times resolving one depth of dereference at a time. For security and cleanliness considerations, ioctl implementation has restricted mode where the kernel determines data transfer directions and sizes using the _IOC_*() macros on the ioctl command. In this mode, retry is not allowed. For all FUSE servers, restricted mode is enforced. Unrestricted ioctl will be used by CUSE. Plese read the comment on top of fs/fuse/file.c::fuse_file_do_ioctl() for more information. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/fuse')
-rw-r--r--fs/fuse/file.c280
1 files changed, 280 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/fs/fuse/file.c b/fs/fuse/file.c
index 61726980391..baed06ea762 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/file.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/file.c
@@ -1469,6 +1469,282 @@ static loff_t fuse_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin)
return retval;
}
+static int fuse_ioctl_copy_user(struct page **pages, struct iovec *iov,
+ unsigned int nr_segs, size_t bytes, bool to_user)
+{
+ struct iov_iter ii;
+ int page_idx = 0;
+
+ if (!bytes)
+ return 0;
+
+ iov_iter_init(&ii, iov, nr_segs, bytes, 0);
+
+ while (iov_iter_count(&ii)) {
+ struct page *page = pages[page_idx++];
+ size_t todo = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, iov_iter_count(&ii));
+ void *kaddr, *map;
+
+ kaddr = map = kmap(page);
+
+ while (todo) {
+ char __user *uaddr = ii.iov->iov_base + ii.iov_offset;
+ size_t iov_len = ii.iov->iov_len - ii.iov_offset;
+ size_t copy = min(todo, iov_len);
+ size_t left;
+
+ if (!to_user)
+ left = copy_from_user(kaddr, uaddr, copy);
+ else
+ left = copy_to_user(uaddr, kaddr, copy);
+
+ if (unlikely(left))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ iov_iter_advance(&ii, copy);
+ todo -= copy;
+ kaddr += copy;
+ }
+
+ kunmap(map);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For ioctls, there is no generic way to determine how much memory
+ * needs to be read and/or written. Furthermore, ioctls are allowed
+ * to dereference the passed pointer, so the parameter requires deep
+ * copying but FUSE has no idea whatsoever about what to copy in or
+ * out.
+ *
+ * This is solved by allowing FUSE server to retry ioctl with
+ * necessary in/out iovecs. Let's assume the ioctl implementation
+ * needs to read in the following structure.
+ *
+ * struct a {
+ * char *buf;
+ * size_t buflen;
+ * }
+ *
+ * On the first callout to FUSE server, inarg->in_size and
+ * inarg->out_size will be NULL; then, the server completes the ioctl
+ * with FUSE_IOCTL_RETRY set in out->flags, out->in_iovs set to 1 and
+ * the actual iov array to
+ *
+ * { { .iov_base = inarg.arg, .iov_len = sizeof(struct a) } }
+ *
+ * which tells FUSE to copy in the requested area and retry the ioctl.
+ * On the second round, the server has access to the structure and
+ * from that it can tell what to look for next, so on the invocation,
+ * it sets FUSE_IOCTL_RETRY, out->in_iovs to 2 and iov array to
+ *
+ * { { .iov_base = inarg.arg, .iov_len = sizeof(struct a) },
+ * { .iov_base = a.buf, .iov_len = a.buflen } }
+ *
+ * FUSE will copy both struct a and the pointed buffer from the
+ * process doing the ioctl and retry ioctl with both struct a and the
+ * buffer.
+ *
+ * This time, FUSE server has everything it needs and completes ioctl
+ * without FUSE_IOCTL_RETRY which finishes the ioctl call.
+ *
+ * Copying data out works the same way.
+ *
+ * Note that if FUSE_IOCTL_UNRESTRICTED is clear, the kernel
+ * automatically initializes in and out iovs by decoding @cmd with
+ * _IOC_* macros and the server is not allowed to request RETRY. This
+ * limits ioctl data transfers to well-formed ioctls and is the forced
+ * behavior for all FUSE servers.
+ */
+static long fuse_file_do_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg, unsigned int flags)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = file->f_dentry->d_inode;
+ struct fuse_file *ff = file->private_data;
+ struct fuse_conn *fc = get_fuse_conn(inode);
+ struct fuse_ioctl_in inarg = {
+ .fh = ff->fh,
+ .cmd = cmd,
+ .arg = arg,
+ .flags = flags
+ };
+ struct fuse_ioctl_out outarg;
+ struct fuse_req *req = NULL;
+ struct page **pages = NULL;
+ struct page *iov_page = NULL;
+ struct iovec *in_iov = NULL, *out_iov = NULL;
+ unsigned int in_iovs = 0, out_iovs = 0, num_pages = 0, max_pages;
+ size_t in_size, out_size, transferred;
+ int err;
+
+ /* assume all the iovs returned by client always fits in a page */
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct iovec) * FUSE_IOCTL_MAX_IOV > PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ if (!fuse_allow_task(fc, current))
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ err = -EIO;
+ if (is_bad_inode(inode))
+ goto out;
+
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ pages = kzalloc(sizeof(pages[0]) * FUSE_MAX_PAGES_PER_REQ, GFP_KERNEL);
+ iov_page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!pages || !iov_page)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * If restricted, initialize IO parameters as encoded in @cmd.
+ * RETRY from server is not allowed.
+ */
+ if (!(flags & FUSE_IOCTL_UNRESTRICTED)) {
+ struct iovec *iov = page_address(iov_page);
+
+ iov->iov_base = (void *)arg;
+ iov->iov_len = _IOC_SIZE(cmd);
+
+ if (_IOC_DIR(cmd) & _IOC_WRITE) {
+ in_iov = iov;
+ in_iovs = 1;
+ }
+
+ if (_IOC_DIR(cmd) & _IOC_READ) {
+ out_iov = iov;
+ out_iovs = 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ retry:
+ inarg.in_size = in_size = iov_length(in_iov, in_iovs);
+ inarg.out_size = out_size = iov_length(out_iov, out_iovs);
+
+ /*
+ * Out data can be used either for actual out data or iovs,
+ * make sure there always is at least one page.
+ */
+ out_size = max_t(size_t, out_size, PAGE_SIZE);
+ max_pages = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(in_size, out_size), PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ /* make sure there are enough buffer pages and init request with them */
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ if (max_pages > FUSE_MAX_PAGES_PER_REQ)
+ goto out;
+ while (num_pages < max_pages) {
+ pages[num_pages] = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM);
+ if (!pages[num_pages])
+ goto out;
+ num_pages++;
+ }
+
+ req = fuse_get_req(fc);
+ if (IS_ERR(req)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(req);
+ req = NULL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ memcpy(req->pages, pages, sizeof(req->pages[0]) * num_pages);
+ req->num_pages = num_pages;
+
+ /* okay, let's send it to the client */
+ req->in.h.opcode = FUSE_IOCTL;
+ req->in.h.nodeid = get_node_id(inode);
+ req->in.numargs = 1;
+ req->in.args[0].size = sizeof(inarg);
+ req->in.args[0].value = &inarg;
+ if (in_size) {
+ req->in.numargs++;
+ req->in.args[1].size = in_size;
+ req->in.argpages = 1;
+
+ err = fuse_ioctl_copy_user(pages, in_iov, in_iovs, in_size,
+ false);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ req->out.numargs = 2;
+ req->out.args[0].size = sizeof(outarg);
+ req->out.args[0].value = &outarg;
+ req->out.args[1].size = out_size;
+ req->out.argpages = 1;
+ req->out.argvar = 1;
+
+ request_send(fc, req);
+ err = req->out.h.error;
+ transferred = req->out.args[1].size;
+ fuse_put_request(fc, req);
+ req = NULL;
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* did it ask for retry? */
+ if (outarg.flags & FUSE_IOCTL_RETRY) {
+ char *vaddr;
+
+ /* no retry if in restricted mode */
+ err = -EIO;
+ if (!(flags & FUSE_IOCTL_UNRESTRICTED))
+ goto out;
+
+ in_iovs = outarg.in_iovs;
+ out_iovs = outarg.out_iovs;
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure things are in boundary, separate checks
+ * are to protect against overflow.
+ */
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ if (in_iovs > FUSE_IOCTL_MAX_IOV ||
+ out_iovs > FUSE_IOCTL_MAX_IOV ||
+ in_iovs + out_iovs > FUSE_IOCTL_MAX_IOV)
+ goto out;
+
+ err = -EIO;
+ if ((in_iovs + out_iovs) * sizeof(struct iovec) != transferred)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* okay, copy in iovs and retry */
+ vaddr = kmap_atomic(pages[0], KM_USER0);
+ memcpy(page_address(iov_page), vaddr, transferred);
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr, KM_USER0);
+
+ in_iov = page_address(iov_page);
+ out_iov = in_iov + in_iovs;
+
+ goto retry;
+ }
+
+ err = -EIO;
+ if (transferred > inarg.out_size)
+ goto out;
+
+ err = fuse_ioctl_copy_user(pages, out_iov, out_iovs, transferred, true);
+ out:
+ if (req)
+ fuse_put_request(fc, req);
+ if (iov_page)
+ __free_page(iov_page);
+ while (num_pages)
+ __free_page(pages[--num_pages]);
+ kfree(pages);
+
+ return err ? err : outarg.result;
+}
+
+static long fuse_file_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ return fuse_file_do_ioctl(file, cmd, arg, 0);
+}
+
+static long fuse_file_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ return fuse_file_do_ioctl(file, cmd, arg, FUSE_IOCTL_COMPAT);
+}
+
static const struct file_operations fuse_file_operations = {
.llseek = fuse_file_llseek,
.read = do_sync_read,
@@ -1483,6 +1759,8 @@ static const struct file_operations fuse_file_operations = {
.lock = fuse_file_lock,
.flock = fuse_file_flock,
.splice_read = generic_file_splice_read,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = fuse_file_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = fuse_file_compat_ioctl,
};
static const struct file_operations fuse_direct_io_file_operations = {
@@ -1495,6 +1773,8 @@ static const struct file_operations fuse_direct_io_file_operations = {
.fsync = fuse_fsync,
.lock = fuse_file_lock,
.flock = fuse_file_flock,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = fuse_file_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = fuse_file_compat_ioctl,
/* no mmap and splice_read */
};