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authorJan Kratochvil <honza@jikos.cz>2007-07-15 23:40:06 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-07-16 09:05:42 -0700
commit60bfba7e85f88fe834e623ead799cf580de20971 (patch)
treed27468bc99bfbe8dcfa6fa0e8b8599d2a6e6c7de /fs/binfmt_elf.c
parentf057eac0d7ad967138390a9dd7fd8267e1e39d19 (diff)
downloadconfigs-60bfba7e85f88fe834e623ead799cf580de20971.tar.gz
PIE randomization
This patch is using mmap()'s randomization functionality in such a way that it maps the main executable of (specially compiled/linked -pie/-fpie) ET_DYN binaries onto a random address (in cases in which mmap() is allowed to perform a randomization). Origin of this patch is in exec-shield (http://people.redhat.com/mingo/exec-shield/) [jkosina@suse.cz: pie randomization: fix BAD_ADDR macro] Signed-off-by: Jan Kratochvil <honza@jikos.cz> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com> Cc: Jakub Jelinek <jakub@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/binfmt_elf.c')
-rw-r--r--fs/binfmt_elf.c109
1 files changed, 86 insertions, 23 deletions
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
index 08e4414b837..5cfa735639a 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@
static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs);
static int load_elf_library(struct file *);
-static unsigned long elf_map (struct file *, unsigned long, struct elf_phdr *, int, int);
+static unsigned long elf_map (struct file *, unsigned long, struct elf_phdr *, int, int, unsigned long);
/*
* If we don't support core dumping, then supply a NULL so we
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ static struct linux_binfmt elf_format = {
.hasvdso = 1
};
-#define BAD_ADDR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) >= TASK_SIZE)
+#define BAD_ADDR(x) IS_ERR_VALUE(x)
static int set_brk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
@@ -285,33 +285,70 @@ create_elf_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct elfhdr *exec,
#ifndef elf_map
static unsigned long elf_map(struct file *filep, unsigned long addr,
- struct elf_phdr *eppnt, int prot, int type)
+ struct elf_phdr *eppnt, int prot, int type,
+ unsigned long total_size)
{
unsigned long map_addr;
- unsigned long pageoffset = ELF_PAGEOFFSET(eppnt->p_vaddr);
+ unsigned long size = eppnt->p_filesz + ELF_PAGEOFFSET(eppnt->p_vaddr);
+ unsigned long off = eppnt->p_offset - ELF_PAGEOFFSET(eppnt->p_vaddr);
+ addr = ELF_PAGESTART(addr);
+ size = ELF_PAGEALIGN(size);
- down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
/* mmap() will return -EINVAL if given a zero size, but a
* segment with zero filesize is perfectly valid */
- if (eppnt->p_filesz + pageoffset)
- map_addr = do_mmap(filep, ELF_PAGESTART(addr),
- eppnt->p_filesz + pageoffset, prot, type,
- eppnt->p_offset - pageoffset);
- else
- map_addr = ELF_PAGESTART(addr);
+ if (!size)
+ return addr;
+
+ down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ /*
+ * total_size is the size of the ELF (interpreter) image.
+ * The _first_ mmap needs to know the full size, otherwise
+ * randomization might put this image into an overlapping
+ * position with the ELF binary image. (since size < total_size)
+ * So we first map the 'big' image - and unmap the remainder at
+ * the end. (which unmap is needed for ELF images with holes.)
+ */
+ if (total_size) {
+ total_size = ELF_PAGEALIGN(total_size);
+ map_addr = do_mmap(filep, addr, total_size, prot, type, off);
+ if (!BAD_ADDR(map_addr))
+ do_munmap(current->mm, map_addr+size, total_size-size);
+ } else
+ map_addr = do_mmap(filep, addr, size, prot, type, off);
+
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
return(map_addr);
}
#endif /* !elf_map */
+static unsigned long total_mapping_size(struct elf_phdr *cmds, int nr)
+{
+ int i, first_idx = -1, last_idx = -1;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
+ if (cmds[i].p_type == PT_LOAD) {
+ last_idx = i;
+ if (first_idx == -1)
+ first_idx = i;
+ }
+ }
+ if (first_idx == -1)
+ return 0;
+
+ return cmds[last_idx].p_vaddr + cmds[last_idx].p_memsz -
+ ELF_PAGESTART(cmds[first_idx].p_vaddr);
+}
+
+
/* This is much more generalized than the library routine read function,
so we keep this separate. Technically the library read function
is only provided so that we can read a.out libraries that have
an ELF header */
static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
- struct file *interpreter, unsigned long *interp_load_addr)
+ struct file *interpreter, unsigned long *interp_map_addr,
+ unsigned long no_base)
{
struct elf_phdr *elf_phdata;
struct elf_phdr *eppnt;
@@ -319,6 +356,7 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
int load_addr_set = 0;
unsigned long last_bss = 0, elf_bss = 0;
unsigned long error = ~0UL;
+ unsigned long total_size;
int retval, i, size;
/* First of all, some simple consistency checks */
@@ -357,6 +395,12 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
goto out_close;
}
+ total_size = total_mapping_size(elf_phdata, interp_elf_ex->e_phnum);
+ if (!total_size) {
+ error = -EINVAL;
+ goto out_close;
+ }
+
eppnt = elf_phdata;
for (i = 0; i < interp_elf_ex->e_phnum; i++, eppnt++) {
if (eppnt->p_type == PT_LOAD) {
@@ -374,9 +418,14 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
vaddr = eppnt->p_vaddr;
if (interp_elf_ex->e_type == ET_EXEC || load_addr_set)
elf_type |= MAP_FIXED;
+ else if (no_base && interp_elf_ex->e_type == ET_DYN)
+ load_addr = -vaddr;
map_addr = elf_map(interpreter, load_addr + vaddr,
- eppnt, elf_prot, elf_type);
+ eppnt, elf_prot, elf_type, total_size);
+ total_size = 0;
+ if (!*interp_map_addr)
+ *interp_map_addr = map_addr;
error = map_addr;
if (BAD_ADDR(map_addr))
goto out_close;
@@ -442,8 +491,7 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
goto out_close;
}
- *interp_load_addr = load_addr;
- error = ((unsigned long)interp_elf_ex->e_entry) + load_addr;
+ error = load_addr;
out_close:
kfree(elf_phdata);
@@ -540,7 +588,8 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs)
int elf_exec_fileno;
int retval, i;
unsigned int size;
- unsigned long elf_entry, interp_load_addr = 0;
+ unsigned long elf_entry;
+ unsigned long interp_load_addr = 0;
unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data;
unsigned long reloc_func_desc = 0;
char passed_fileno[6];
@@ -808,9 +857,7 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs)
current->mm->start_stack = bprm->p;
/* Now we do a little grungy work by mmaping the ELF image into
- the correct location in memory. At this point, we assume that
- the image should be loaded at fixed address, not at a variable
- address. */
+ the correct location in memory. */
for(i = 0, elf_ppnt = elf_phdata;
i < loc->elf_ex.e_phnum; i++, elf_ppnt++) {
int elf_prot = 0, elf_flags;
@@ -864,11 +911,15 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs)
* default mmap base, as well as whatever program they
* might try to exec. This is because the brk will
* follow the loader, and is not movable. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+ load_bias = 0;
+#else
load_bias = ELF_PAGESTART(ELF_ET_DYN_BASE - vaddr);
+#endif
}
error = elf_map(bprm->file, load_bias + vaddr, elf_ppnt,
- elf_prot, elf_flags);
+ elf_prot, elf_flags,0);
if (BAD_ADDR(error)) {
send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
retval = IS_ERR((void *)error) ?
@@ -944,13 +995,25 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs)
}
if (elf_interpreter) {
- if (interpreter_type == INTERPRETER_AOUT)
+ if (interpreter_type == INTERPRETER_AOUT) {
elf_entry = load_aout_interp(&loc->interp_ex,
interpreter);
- else
+ } else {
+ unsigned long interp_map_addr; /* unused */
+
elf_entry = load_elf_interp(&loc->interp_elf_ex,
interpreter,
- &interp_load_addr);
+ &interp_map_addr,
+ load_bias);
+ if (!BAD_ADDR(elf_entry)) {
+ /*
+ * load_elf_interp() returns relocation
+ * adjustment
+ */
+ interp_load_addr = elf_entry;
+ elf_entry += loc->interp_elf_ex.e_entry;
+ }
+ }
if (BAD_ADDR(elf_entry)) {
force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
retval = IS_ERR((void *)elf_entry) ?