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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /Documentation/watchdog/pcwd-watchdog.txt
downloadconfigs-2.6.12-rc2.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
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+ Berkshire Products PC Watchdog Card
+ Support for ISA Cards Revision A and C
+ Documentation and Driver by Ken Hollis <kenji@bitgate.com>
+
+ The PC Watchdog is a card that offers the same type of functionality that
+ the WDT card does, only it doesn't require an IRQ to run. Furthermore,
+ the Revision C card allows you to monitor any IO Port to automatically
+ trigger the card into being reset. This way you can make the card
+ monitor hard drive status, or anything else you need.
+
+ The Watchdog Driver has one basic role: to talk to the card and send
+ signals to it so it doesn't reset your computer ... at least during
+ normal operation.
+
+ The Watchdog Driver will automatically find your watchdog card, and will
+ attach a running driver for use with that card. After the watchdog
+ drivers have initialized, you can then talk to the card using the PC
+ Watchdog program, available from http://ftp.bitgate.com/pcwd/.
+
+ I suggest putting a "watchdog -d" before the beginning of an fsck, and
+ a "watchdog -e -t 1" immediately after the end of an fsck. (Remember
+ to run the program with an "&" to run it in the background!)
+
+ If you want to write a program to be compatible with the PC Watchdog
+ driver, simply do the following:
+
+-- Snippet of code --
+/*
+ * Watchdog Driver Test Program
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/watchdog.h>
+
+int fd;
+
+/*
+ * This function simply sends an IOCTL to the driver, which in turn ticks
+ * the PC Watchdog card to reset its internal timer so it doesn't trigger
+ * a computer reset.
+ */
+void keep_alive(void)
+{
+ int dummy;
+
+ ioctl(fd, WDIOC_KEEPALIVE, &dummy);
+}
+
+/*
+ * The main program. Run the program with "-d" to disable the card,
+ * or "-e" to enable the card.
+ */
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ fd = open("/dev/watchdog", O_WRONLY);
+
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Watchdog device not enabled.\n");
+ fflush(stderr);
+ exit(-1);
+ }
+
+ if (argc > 1) {
+ if (!strncasecmp(argv[1], "-d", 2)) {
+ ioctl(fd, WDIOC_SETOPTIONS, WDIOS_DISABLECARD);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Watchdog card disabled.\n");
+ fflush(stderr);
+ exit(0);
+ } else if (!strncasecmp(argv[1], "-e", 2)) {
+ ioctl(fd, WDIOC_SETOPTIONS, WDIOS_ENABLECARD);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Watchdog card enabled.\n");
+ fflush(stderr);
+ exit(0);
+ } else {
+ fprintf(stderr, "-d to disable, -e to enable.\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "run by itself to tick the card.\n");
+ fflush(stderr);
+ exit(0);
+ }
+ } else {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Watchdog Ticking Away!\n");
+ fflush(stderr);
+ }
+
+ while(1) {
+ keep_alive();
+ sleep(1);
+ }
+}
+-- End snippet --
+
+ Other IOCTL functions include:
+
+ WDIOC_GETSUPPORT
+ This returns the support of the card itself. This
+ returns in structure "PCWDS" which returns:
+ options = WDIOS_TEMPPANIC
+ (This card supports temperature)
+ firmware_version = xxxx
+ (Firmware version of the card)
+
+ WDIOC_GETSTATUS
+ This returns the status of the card, with the bits of
+ WDIOF_* bitwise-anded into the value. (The comments
+ are in linux/pcwd.h)
+
+ WDIOC_GETBOOTSTATUS
+ This returns the status of the card that was reported
+ at bootup.
+
+ WDIOC_GETTEMP
+ This returns the temperature of the card. (You can also
+ read /dev/watchdog, which gives a temperature update
+ every second.)
+
+ WDIOC_SETOPTIONS
+ This lets you set the options of the card. You can either
+ enable or disable the card this way.
+
+ WDIOC_KEEPALIVE
+ This pings the card to tell it not to reset your computer.
+
+ And that's all she wrote!
+
+ -- Ken Hollis
+ (kenji@bitgate.com)
+
+(This documentation may be out of date. Check
+ http://ftp.bitgate.com/pcwd/ for the absolute latest additions.)