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authorH. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>2012-06-01 15:55:31 -0700
committerH. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>2012-06-01 15:55:31 -0700
commit40b46a7d2938589a5abab132a7824fd17ae18f62 (patch)
tree2bdf9d2449b6f3437675f1398698e170aebb37cb
parentbad1a753d4d4deb09d4bc0bac1dd4fc3298502e9 (diff)
parent5963e317b1e9d2a4511503916d8fd664bb8fa8fb (diff)
downloadconfigs-40b46a7d2938589a5abab132a7824fd17ae18f62.tar.gz
Merge remote-tracking branch 'rostedt/tip/perf/urgent-2' into x86-urgent-for-linus
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/ftrace.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S44
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c102
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/traps.c8
6 files changed, 154 insertions, 16 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/ftrace.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/ftrace.h
index 18d9005d9e4..b0767bc0874 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/ftrace.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/ftrace.h
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
extern void mcount(void);
-extern int modifying_ftrace_code;
+extern atomic_t modifying_ftrace_code;
static inline unsigned long ftrace_call_adjust(unsigned long addr)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 82f29e70d05..6b9333b429b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1101,14 +1101,20 @@ int is_debug_stack(unsigned long addr)
addr > (__get_cpu_var(debug_stack_addr) - DEBUG_STKSZ));
}
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, debug_stack_use_ctr);
+
void debug_stack_set_zero(void)
{
+ this_cpu_inc(debug_stack_use_ctr);
load_idt((const struct desc_ptr *)&nmi_idt_descr);
}
void debug_stack_reset(void)
{
- load_idt((const struct desc_ptr *)&idt_descr);
+ if (WARN_ON(!this_cpu_read(debug_stack_use_ctr)))
+ return;
+ if (this_cpu_dec_return(debug_stack_use_ctr) == 0)
+ load_idt((const struct desc_ptr *)&idt_descr);
}
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index 320852d0202..7d65133b51b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -191,6 +191,44 @@ ENDPROC(native_usergs_sysret64)
.endm
/*
+ * When dynamic function tracer is enabled it will add a breakpoint
+ * to all locations that it is about to modify, sync CPUs, update
+ * all the code, sync CPUs, then remove the breakpoints. In this time
+ * if lockdep is enabled, it might jump back into the debug handler
+ * outside the updating of the IST protection. (TRACE_IRQS_ON/OFF).
+ *
+ * We need to change the IDT table before calling TRACE_IRQS_ON/OFF to
+ * make sure the stack pointer does not get reset back to the top
+ * of the debug stack, and instead just reuses the current stack.
+ */
+#if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) && defined(CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS)
+
+.macro TRACE_IRQS_OFF_DEBUG
+ call debug_stack_set_zero
+ TRACE_IRQS_OFF
+ call debug_stack_reset
+.endm
+
+.macro TRACE_IRQS_ON_DEBUG
+ call debug_stack_set_zero
+ TRACE_IRQS_ON
+ call debug_stack_reset
+.endm
+
+.macro TRACE_IRQS_IRETQ_DEBUG offset=ARGOFFSET
+ bt $9,EFLAGS-\offset(%rsp) /* interrupts off? */
+ jnc 1f
+ TRACE_IRQS_ON_DEBUG
+1:
+.endm
+
+#else
+# define TRACE_IRQS_OFF_DEBUG TRACE_IRQS_OFF
+# define TRACE_IRQS_ON_DEBUG TRACE_IRQS_ON
+# define TRACE_IRQS_IRETQ_DEBUG TRACE_IRQS_IRETQ
+#endif
+
+/*
* C code is not supposed to know about undefined top of stack. Every time
* a C function with an pt_regs argument is called from the SYSCALL based
* fast path FIXUP_TOP_OF_STACK is needed.
@@ -1098,7 +1136,7 @@ ENTRY(\sym)
subq $ORIG_RAX-R15, %rsp
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET ORIG_RAX-R15
call save_paranoid
- TRACE_IRQS_OFF
+ TRACE_IRQS_OFF_DEBUG
movq %rsp,%rdi /* pt_regs pointer */
xorl %esi,%esi /* no error code */
subq $EXCEPTION_STKSZ, INIT_TSS_IST(\ist)
@@ -1393,7 +1431,7 @@ paranoidzeroentry machine_check *machine_check_vector(%rip)
ENTRY(paranoid_exit)
DEFAULT_FRAME
DISABLE_INTERRUPTS(CLBR_NONE)
- TRACE_IRQS_OFF
+ TRACE_IRQS_OFF_DEBUG
testl %ebx,%ebx /* swapgs needed? */
jnz paranoid_restore
testl $3,CS(%rsp)
@@ -1404,7 +1442,7 @@ paranoid_swapgs:
RESTORE_ALL 8
jmp irq_return
paranoid_restore:
- TRACE_IRQS_IRETQ 0
+ TRACE_IRQS_IRETQ_DEBUG 0
RESTORE_ALL 8
jmp irq_return
paranoid_userspace:
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
index 32ff36596ab..c3a7cb4bf6e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ static const unsigned char *ftrace_nop_replace(void)
}
static int
-ftrace_modify_code(unsigned long ip, unsigned const char *old_code,
+ftrace_modify_code_direct(unsigned long ip, unsigned const char *old_code,
unsigned const char *new_code)
{
unsigned char replaced[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE];
@@ -141,7 +141,20 @@ int ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
old = ftrace_call_replace(ip, addr);
new = ftrace_nop_replace();
- return ftrace_modify_code(rec->ip, old, new);
+ /*
+ * On boot up, and when modules are loaded, the MCOUNT_ADDR
+ * is converted to a nop, and will never become MCOUNT_ADDR
+ * again. This code is either running before SMP (on boot up)
+ * or before the code will ever be executed (module load).
+ * We do not want to use the breakpoint version in this case,
+ * just modify the code directly.
+ */
+ if (addr == MCOUNT_ADDR)
+ return ftrace_modify_code_direct(rec->ip, old, new);
+
+ /* Normal cases use add_brk_on_nop */
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "invalid use of ftrace_make_nop");
+ return -EINVAL;
}
int ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
@@ -152,9 +165,47 @@ int ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
old = ftrace_nop_replace();
new = ftrace_call_replace(ip, addr);
- return ftrace_modify_code(rec->ip, old, new);
+ /* Should only be called when module is loaded */
+ return ftrace_modify_code_direct(rec->ip, old, new);
}
+/*
+ * The modifying_ftrace_code is used to tell the breakpoint
+ * handler to call ftrace_int3_handler(). If it fails to
+ * call this handler for a breakpoint added by ftrace, then
+ * the kernel may crash.
+ *
+ * As atomic_writes on x86 do not need a barrier, we do not
+ * need to add smp_mb()s for this to work. It is also considered
+ * that we can not read the modifying_ftrace_code before
+ * executing the breakpoint. That would be quite remarkable if
+ * it could do that. Here's the flow that is required:
+ *
+ * CPU-0 CPU-1
+ *
+ * atomic_inc(mfc);
+ * write int3s
+ * <trap-int3> // implicit (r)mb
+ * if (atomic_read(mfc))
+ * call ftrace_int3_handler()
+ *
+ * Then when we are finished:
+ *
+ * atomic_dec(mfc);
+ *
+ * If we hit a breakpoint that was not set by ftrace, it does not
+ * matter if ftrace_int3_handler() is called or not. It will
+ * simply be ignored. But it is crucial that a ftrace nop/caller
+ * breakpoint is handled. No other user should ever place a
+ * breakpoint on an ftrace nop/caller location. It must only
+ * be done by this code.
+ */
+atomic_t modifying_ftrace_code __read_mostly;
+
+static int
+ftrace_modify_code(unsigned long ip, unsigned const char *old_code,
+ unsigned const char *new_code);
+
int ftrace_update_ftrace_func(ftrace_func_t func)
{
unsigned long ip = (unsigned long)(&ftrace_call);
@@ -163,13 +214,17 @@ int ftrace_update_ftrace_func(ftrace_func_t func)
memcpy(old, &ftrace_call, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE);
new = ftrace_call_replace(ip, (unsigned long)func);
+
+ /* See comment above by declaration of modifying_ftrace_code */
+ atomic_inc(&modifying_ftrace_code);
+
ret = ftrace_modify_code(ip, old, new);
+ atomic_dec(&modifying_ftrace_code);
+
return ret;
}
-int modifying_ftrace_code __read_mostly;
-
/*
* A breakpoint was added to the code address we are about to
* modify, and this is the handle that will just skip over it.
@@ -489,13 +544,46 @@ void ftrace_replace_code(int enable)
}
}
+static int
+ftrace_modify_code(unsigned long ip, unsigned const char *old_code,
+ unsigned const char *new_code)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = add_break(ip, old_code);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ run_sync();
+
+ ret = add_update_code(ip, new_code);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail_update;
+
+ run_sync();
+
+ ret = ftrace_write(ip, new_code, 1);
+ if (ret) {
+ ret = -EPERM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ run_sync();
+ out:
+ return ret;
+
+ fail_update:
+ probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, &old_code[0], 1);
+ goto out;
+}
+
void arch_ftrace_update_code(int command)
{
- modifying_ftrace_code++;
+ /* See comment above by declaration of modifying_ftrace_code */
+ atomic_inc(&modifying_ftrace_code);
ftrace_modify_all_code(command);
- modifying_ftrace_code--;
+ atomic_dec(&modifying_ftrace_code);
}
int __init ftrace_dyn_arch_init(void *data)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c b/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c
index 90875279ef3..a0b2f84457b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c
@@ -444,14 +444,16 @@ static inline void nmi_nesting_preprocess(struct pt_regs *regs)
*/
if (unlikely(is_debug_stack(regs->sp))) {
debug_stack_set_zero();
- __get_cpu_var(update_debug_stack) = 1;
+ this_cpu_write(update_debug_stack, 1);
}
}
static inline void nmi_nesting_postprocess(void)
{
- if (unlikely(__get_cpu_var(update_debug_stack)))
+ if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(update_debug_stack))) {
debug_stack_reset();
+ this_cpu_write(update_debug_stack, 0);
+ }
}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index ff08457a025..05b31d92f69 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -303,8 +303,12 @@ gp_in_kernel:
dotraplinkage void __kprobes notrace do_int3(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
- /* ftrace must be first, everything else may cause a recursive crash */
- if (unlikely(modifying_ftrace_code) && ftrace_int3_handler(regs))
+ /*
+ * ftrace must be first, everything else may cause a recursive crash.
+ * See note by declaration of modifying_ftrace_code in ftrace.c
+ */
+ if (unlikely(atomic_read(&modifying_ftrace_code)) &&
+ ftrace_int3_handler(regs))
return;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB_LOW_LEVEL_TRAP