aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/include/linux/dcache.h
blob: 03d1692884238ddda322c8adc911c2971a7af94d (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
#ifndef __LINUX_DCACHE_H
#define __LINUX_DCACHE_H

#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/rculist_bl.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

struct nameidata;
struct path;
struct vfsmount;

/*
 * linux/include/linux/dcache.h
 *
 * Dirent cache data structures
 *
 * (C) Copyright 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer,
 * with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds
 */

#define IS_ROOT(x) ((x) == (x)->d_parent)

/* The hash is always the low bits of hash_len */
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
 #define HASH_LEN_DECLARE u32 hash; u32 len;
#else
 #define HASH_LEN_DECLARE u32 len; u32 hash;
#endif

/*
 * "quick string" -- eases parameter passing, but more importantly
 * saves "metadata" about the string (ie length and the hash).
 *
 * hash comes first so it snuggles against d_parent in the
 * dentry.
 */
struct qstr {
	union {
		struct {
			HASH_LEN_DECLARE;
		};
		u64 hash_len;
	};
	const unsigned char *name;
};

#define QSTR_INIT(n,l) { { { .len = l } }, .name = n }
#define hashlen_hash(hashlen) ((u32) (hashlen))
#define hashlen_len(hashlen)  ((u32)((hashlen) >> 32))

struct dentry_stat_t {
	int nr_dentry;
	int nr_unused;
	int age_limit;          /* age in seconds */
	int want_pages;         /* pages requested by system */
	int dummy[2];
};
extern struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat;

/* Name hashing routines. Initial hash value */
/* Hash courtesy of the R5 hash in reiserfs modulo sign bits */
#define init_name_hash()		0

/* partial hash update function. Assume roughly 4 bits per character */
static inline unsigned long
partial_name_hash(unsigned long c, unsigned long prevhash)
{
	return (prevhash + (c << 4) + (c >> 4)) * 11;
}

/*
 * Finally: cut down the number of bits to a int value (and try to avoid
 * losing bits)
 */
static inline unsigned long end_name_hash(unsigned long hash)
{
	return (unsigned int) hash;
}

/* Compute the hash for a name string. */
extern unsigned int full_name_hash(const unsigned char *, unsigned int);

/*
 * Try to keep struct dentry aligned on 64 byte cachelines (this will
 * give reasonable cacheline footprint with larger lines without the
 * large memory footprint increase).
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
# define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 32 /* 192 bytes */
#else
# ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#  define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 36 /* 128 bytes */
# else
#  define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 40 /* 128 bytes */
# endif
#endif

struct dentry {
	/* RCU lookup touched fields */
	unsigned int d_flags;		/* protected by d_lock */
	seqcount_t d_seq;		/* per dentry seqlock */
	struct hlist_bl_node d_hash;	/* lookup hash list */
	struct dentry *d_parent;	/* parent directory */
	struct qstr d_name;
	struct inode *d_inode;		/* Where the name belongs to - NULL is
					 * negative */
	unsigned char d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN];	/* small names */

	/* Ref lookup also touches following */
	unsigned int d_count;		/* protected by d_lock */
	spinlock_t d_lock;		/* per dentry lock */
	const struct dentry_operations *d_op;
	struct super_block *d_sb;	/* The root of the dentry tree */
	unsigned long d_time;		/* used by d_revalidate */
	void *d_fsdata;			/* fs-specific data */

	struct list_head d_lru;		/* LRU list */
	/*
	 * d_child and d_rcu can share memory
	 */
	union {
		struct list_head d_child;	/* child of parent list */
	 	struct rcu_head d_rcu;
	} d_u;
	struct list_head d_subdirs;	/* our children */
	struct hlist_node d_alias;	/* inode alias list */
};

/*
 * dentry->d_lock spinlock nesting subclasses:
 *
 * 0: normal
 * 1: nested
 */
enum dentry_d_lock_class
{
	DENTRY_D_LOCK_NORMAL, /* implicitly used by plain spin_lock() APIs. */
	DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED
};

struct dentry_operations {
	int (*d_revalidate)(struct dentry *, unsigned int);
	int (*d_hash)(const struct dentry *, const struct inode *,
			struct qstr *);
	int (*d_compare)(const struct dentry *, const struct inode *,
			const struct dentry *, const struct inode *,
			unsigned int, const char *, const struct qstr *);
	int (*d_delete)(const struct dentry *);
	void (*d_release)(struct dentry *);
	void (*d_prune)(struct dentry *);
	void (*d_iput)(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
	char *(*d_dname)(struct dentry *, char *, int);
	struct vfsmount *(*d_automount)(struct path *);
	int (*d_manage)(struct dentry *, bool);
} ____cacheline_aligned;

/*
 * Locking rules for dentry_operations callbacks are to be found in
 * Documentation/filesystems/Locking. Keep it updated!
 *
 * FUrther descriptions are found in Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt.
 * Keep it updated too!
 */

/* d_flags entries */
#define DCACHE_OP_HASH		0x0001
#define DCACHE_OP_COMPARE	0x0002
#define DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE	0x0004
#define DCACHE_OP_DELETE	0x0008
#define DCACHE_OP_PRUNE         0x0010

#define	DCACHE_DISCONNECTED	0x0020
     /* This dentry is possibly not currently connected to the dcache tree, in
      * which case its parent will either be itself, or will have this flag as
      * well.  nfsd will not use a dentry with this bit set, but will first
      * endeavour to clear the bit either by discovering that it is connected,
      * or by performing lookup operations.   Any filesystem which supports
      * nfsd_operations MUST have a lookup function which, if it finds a
      * directory inode with a DCACHE_DISCONNECTED dentry, will d_move that
      * dentry into place and return that dentry rather than the passed one,
      * typically using d_splice_alias. */

#define DCACHE_REFERENCED	0x0040  /* Recently used, don't discard. */
#define DCACHE_RCUACCESS	0x0080	/* Entry has ever been RCU-visible */

#define DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT	0x0100
#define DCACHE_GENOCIDE		0x0200
#define DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST	0x0400

#define DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED	0x1000
     /* this dentry has been "silly renamed" and has to be deleted on the last
      * dput() */
#define DCACHE_COOKIE		0x2000	/* For use by dcookie subsystem */
#define DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED 0x4000
     /* Parent inode is watched by some fsnotify listener */

#define DCACHE_MOUNTED		0x10000	/* is a mountpoint */
#define DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT	0x20000	/* handle automount on this dir */
#define DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT	0x40000	/* manage transit from this dirent */
#define DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY \
	(DCACHE_MOUNTED|DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT|DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT)

#define DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED	0x100000

extern seqlock_t rename_lock;

static inline int dname_external(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname;
}

/*
 * These are the low-level FS interfaces to the dcache..
 */
extern void d_instantiate(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
extern struct dentry * d_instantiate_unique(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
extern struct dentry * d_materialise_unique(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
extern void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry);
extern void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry);
extern void d_delete(struct dentry *);
extern void d_set_d_op(struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry_operations *op);

/* allocate/de-allocate */
extern struct dentry * d_alloc(struct dentry *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry * d_alloc_pseudo(struct super_block *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry * d_splice_alias(struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern struct dentry * d_add_ci(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry *d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode);
extern struct dentry * d_obtain_alias(struct inode *);
extern void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *);
extern void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *);
extern void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *);
extern int d_invalidate(struct dentry *);

/* only used at mount-time */
extern struct dentry * d_make_root(struct inode *);

/* <clickety>-<click> the ramfs-type tree */
extern void d_genocide(struct dentry *);

extern struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *);
extern void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *);

/* test whether we have any submounts in a subdir tree */
extern int have_submounts(struct dentry *);

/*
 * This adds the entry to the hash queues.
 */
extern void d_rehash(struct dentry *);

/**
 * d_add - add dentry to hash queues
 * @entry: dentry to add
 * @inode: The inode to attach to this dentry
 *
 * This adds the entry to the hash queues and initializes @inode.
 * The entry was actually filled in earlier during d_alloc().
 */
 
static inline void d_add(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode)
{
	d_instantiate(entry, inode);
	d_rehash(entry);
}

/**
 * d_add_unique - add dentry to hash queues without aliasing
 * @entry: dentry to add
 * @inode: The inode to attach to this dentry
 *
 * This adds the entry to the hash queues and initializes @inode.
 * The entry was actually filled in earlier during d_alloc().
 */
static inline struct dentry *d_add_unique(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode)
{
	struct dentry *res;

	res = d_instantiate_unique(entry, inode);
	d_rehash(res != NULL ? res : entry);
	return res;
}

extern void dentry_update_name_case(struct dentry *, struct qstr *);

/* used for rename() and baskets */
extern void d_move(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
extern struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);

/* appendix may either be NULL or be used for transname suffixes */
extern struct dentry *d_lookup(const struct dentry *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *, struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry *__d_lookup(const struct dentry *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry *__d_lookup_rcu(const struct dentry *parent,
				const struct qstr *name,
				unsigned *seq, struct inode *inode);

/**
 * __d_rcu_to_refcount - take a refcount on dentry if sequence check is ok
 * @dentry: dentry to take a ref on
 * @seq: seqcount to verify against
 * Returns: 0 on failure, else 1.
 *
 * __d_rcu_to_refcount operates on a dentry,seq pair that was returned
 * by __d_lookup_rcu, to get a reference on an rcu-walk dentry.
 */
static inline int __d_rcu_to_refcount(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned seq)
{
	int ret = 0;

	assert_spin_locked(&dentry->d_lock);
	if (!read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) {
		ret = 1;
		dentry->d_count++;
	}

	return ret;
}

/* validate "insecure" dentry pointer */
extern int d_validate(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);

/*
 * helper function for dentry_operations.d_dname() members
 */
extern char *dynamic_dname(struct dentry *, char *, int, const char *, ...);

extern char *__d_path(const struct path *, const struct path *, char *, int);
extern char *d_absolute_path(const struct path *, char *, int);
extern char *d_path(const struct path *, char *, int);
extern char *dentry_path_raw(struct dentry *, char *, int);
extern char *dentry_path(struct dentry *, char *, int);

/* Allocation counts.. */

/**
 *	dget, dget_dlock -	get a reference to a dentry
 *	@dentry: dentry to get a reference to
 *
 *	Given a dentry or %NULL pointer increment the reference count
 *	if appropriate and return the dentry. A dentry will not be 
 *	destroyed when it has references.
 */
static inline struct dentry *dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	if (dentry)
		dentry->d_count++;
	return dentry;
}

static inline struct dentry *dget(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	if (dentry) {
		spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
		dget_dlock(dentry);
		spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
	}
	return dentry;
}

extern struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry);

/**
 *	d_unhashed -	is dentry hashed
 *	@dentry: entry to check
 *
 *	Returns true if the dentry passed is not currently hashed.
 */
 
static inline int d_unhashed(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return hlist_bl_unhashed(&dentry->d_hash);
}

static inline int d_unlinked(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return d_unhashed(dentry) && !IS_ROOT(dentry);
}

static inline int cant_mount(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT);
}

static inline void dont_mount(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
	dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT;
	spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
}

extern void dput(struct dentry *);

static inline bool d_managed(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY;
}

static inline bool d_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED;
}

extern int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure;

#endif	/* __LINUX_DCACHE_H */