blob: 6c9049c51b2bc9dc777d6a3871b1cc38e4ad3c49 (plain
* The kobject release method must not be placed in the module itself,
* otherwise we are subject to module unload races.
* The release method is called when the last reference to the kobject is
* dropped. It may be called by any other kernel code that drops the last
* The release method suffers from module unload race. We may prevent the
* module from being unloaded at the start of the release method (using
* increased module reference count or synchronizing against the release
* method), however there is no way to prevent the module from being
* unloaded at the end of the release method.
* If this code were placed in the dm module, the following race may
* 1. Some other process takes a reference to dm kobject
* 2. The user issues ioctl function to unload the dm device
* 3. dm_sysfs_exit calls kobject_put, however the object is not released
* because of the other reference taken at step 1
* 4. dm_sysfs_exit waits on the completion
* 5. The other process that took the reference in step 1 drops it,
* dm_kobject_release is called from this process
* 6. dm_kobject_release calls complete()
* 7. a reschedule happens before dm_kobject_release returns
* 8. dm_sysfs_exit continues, the dm device is unloaded, module reference
* count is decremented
* 9. The user unloads the dm module
* 10. The other process that was rescheduled in step 7 continues to run,
* it is now executing code in unloaded module, so it crashes
* Note that if the process that takes the foreign reference to dm kobject
* has a low priority and the system is sufficiently loaded with
* higher-priority processes that prevent the low-priority process from
* being scheduled long enough, this bug may really happen.
* In order to fix this module unload race, we place the release method
* into a helper code that is compiled directly into the kernel.
void dm_kobject_release(struct kobject *kobj)