path: root/kernel/futex_compat.c
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2013-02-23Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal Pull signal handling cleanups from Al Viro: "This is the first pile; another one will come a bit later and will contain SYSCALL_DEFINE-related patches. - a bunch of signal-related syscalls (both native and compat) unified. - a bunch of compat syscalls switched to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE (fixing several potential problems with missing argument validation, while we are at it) - a lot of now-pointless wrappers killed - a couple of architectures (cris and hexagon) forgot to save altstack settings into sigframe, even though they used the (uninitialized) values in sigreturn; fixed. - microblaze fixes for delivery of multiple signals arriving at once - saner set of helpers for signal delivery introduced, several architectures switched to using those." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal: (143 commits) x86: convert to ksignal sparc: convert to ksignal arm: switch to struct ksignal * passing alpha: pass k_sigaction and siginfo_t using ksignal pointer burying unused conditionals make do_sigaltstack() static arm64: switch to generic old sigaction() (compat-only) arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigaction() arm64: switch compat to generic old sigsuspend arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigqueueinfo() arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigpending() arm64: switch to generic compat rt_sigprocmask() arm64: switch to generic sigaltstack sparc: switch to generic old sigsuspend sparc: COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE does all sign-extension as well as SYSCALL_DEFINE sparc: kill sign-extending wrappers for native syscalls kill sparc32_open() sparc: switch to use of generic old sigaction sparc: switch sys_compat_rt_sigaction() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE mips: switch to generic sys_fork() and sys_clone() ...
2013-02-19futex: Revert "futex: Mark get_robust_list as deprecated"Thomas Gleixner
This reverts commit ec0c4274e33c0373e476b73e01995c53128f1257. get_robust_list() is in use and a removal would break existing user space. With the permission checks in place it's not longer a security hole. Remove the deprecation warnings. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org Cc: paul.gortmaker@windriver.com Cc: davej@redhat.com Cc: keescook@chromium.org Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Cc: ebiederm@xmission.com
2013-02-03convert futex compat syscalls to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEAl Viro
ppc is stepping into a nasal daemon territory a bit... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-03-29futex: Mark get_robust_list as deprecatedKees Cook
Notify get_robust_list users that the syscall is going away. Suggested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhart@linux.intel.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Cc: spender@grsecurity.net Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20120323190855.GA27213@www.outflux.net Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2012-03-29futex: Do not leak robust list to unprivileged processKees Cook
It was possible to extract the robust list head address from a setuid process if it had used set_robust_list(), allowing an ASLR info leak. This changes the permission checks to be the same as those used for similar info that comes out of /proc. Running a setuid program that uses robust futexes would have had: cred->euid != pcred->euid cred->euid == pcred->uid so the old permissions check would allow it. I'm not aware of any setuid programs that use robust futexes, so this is just a preventative measure. (This patch is based on changes from grsecurity.) Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhart@linux.intel.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Cc: spender@grsecurity.net Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20120319231253.GA20893@www.outflux.net Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2011-03-23userns: user namespaces: convert several capable() callsSerge E. Hallyn
CAP_IPC_OWNER and CAP_IPC_LOCK can be checked against current_user_ns(), because the resource comes from current's own ipc namespace. setuid/setgid are to uids in own namespace, so again checks can be against current_user_ns(). Changelog: Jan 11: Use task_ns_capable() in place of sched_capable(). Jan 11: Use nsown_capable() as suggested by Bastian Blank. Jan 11: Clarify (hopefully) some logic in futex and sched.c Feb 15: use ns_capable for ipc, not nsown_capable Feb 23: let copy_ipcs handle setting ipc_ns->user_ns Feb 23: pass ns down rather than taking it from current [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-11-10futex: Address compiler warnings in exit_robust_listDarren Hart
Since commit 1dcc41bb (futex: Change 3rd arg of fetch_robust_entry() to unsigned int*) some gcc versions decided to emit the following warning: kernel/futex.c: In function ‘exit_robust_list’: kernel/futex.c:2492: warning: ‘next_pi’ may be used uninitialized in this function The commit did not introduce the warning as gcc should have warned before that commit as well. It's just gcc being silly. The code path really can't result in next_pi being unitialized (or should not), but let's keep the build clean. Annotate next_pi as an uninitialized_var. [ tglx: Addressed the same issue in futex_compat.c and massaged the changelog ] Signed-off-by: Darren Hart <dvhart@linux.intel.com> Tested-by: Matt Fleming <matt@console-pimps.org> Tested-by: Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: John Kacur <jkacur@redhat.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> LKML-Reference: <1288897200-13008-1-git-send-email-dvhart@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2010-09-18futex: Change 3rd arg of fetch_robust_entry() to unsigned int*Namhyung Kim
Sparse complains: kernel/futex.c:2495:59: warning: incorrect type in argument 3 (different signedness) Make 3rd argument of fetch_robust_entry() 'unsigned int'. Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhltc@us.ibm.com> LKML-Reference: <1284468228-8723-1-git-send-email-namhyung@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2009-12-09futex: Protect pid lookup in compat code with RCUThomas Gleixner
find_task_by_vpid() in compat_sys_get_robust_list() does not require tasklist_lock. It can be protected with rcu_read_lock as done in sys_get_robust_list() already. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhltc@us.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
2009-08-10futex: Fix compat_futex to be same as futex for REQUEUE_PIDinakar Guniguntala
Need to add the REQUEUE_PI checks to the compat_sys_futex API as well to ensure 32 bit requeue's work fine on a 64 bit system. Patch is against latest tip Signed-off-by: Dinakar Guniguntala <dino@in.ibm.com> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhltc@us.ibm.com> LKML-Reference: <20090810130142.GA23619@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-14CRED: Use RCU to access another task's creds and to release a task's own credsDavid Howells
Use RCU to access another task's creds and to release a task's own creds. This means that it will be possible for the credentials of a task to be replaced without another task (a) requiring a full lock to read them, and (b) seeing deallocated memory. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-11-14CRED: Separate task security context from task_structDavid Howells
Separate the task security context from task_struct. At this point, the security data is temporarily embedded in the task_struct with two pointers pointing to it. Note that the Alpha arch is altered as it refers to (E)UID and (E)GID in entry.S via asm-offsets. With comment fixes Signed-off-by: Marc Dionne <marc.c.dionne@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-11-14CRED: Wrap task credential accesses in the core kernelDavid Howells
Wrap access to task credentials so that they can be separated more easily from the task_struct during the introduction of COW creds. Change most current->(|e|s|fs)[ug]id to current_(|e|s|fs)[ug]id(). Change some task->e?[ug]id to task_e?[ug]id(). In some places it makes more sense to use RCU directly rather than a convenient wrapper; these will be addressed by later patches. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: linux-audit@redhat.com Cc: containers@lists.linux-foundation.org Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-03-30futex_compat __user annotationAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-23futex: runtime enable pi and robust functionalityThomas Gleixner
Not all architectures implement futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(). The default implementation returns -ENOSYS, which is currently not handled inside of the futex guts. Futex PI calls and robust list exits with a held futex result in an endless loop in the futex code on architectures which have no support. Fixing up every place where futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic() is called would add a fair amount of extra if/else constructs to the already complex code. It is also not possible to disable the robust feature before user space tries to register robust lists. Compile time disabling is not a good idea either, as there are already architectures with runtime detection of futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic support. Detect the functionality at runtime instead by calling cmpxchg_futex_value_locked() with a NULL pointer from the futex initialization code. This is guaranteed to fail, but the call of futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic() happens with pagefaults disabled. On architectures, which use the asm-generic implementation or have a runtime CPU feature detection, a -ENOSYS return value disables the PI/robust features. On architectures with a working implementation the call returns -EFAULT and the PI/robust features are enabled. The relevant syscalls return -ENOSYS and the robust list exit code is blocked, when the detection fails. Fixes http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/2/11/149 Originally reported by: Lennart Buytenhek Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Lennert Buytenhek <buytenh@wantstofly.org> Cc: Riku Voipio <riku.voipio@movial.fi> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-14hrtimer: check relative timeouts for overflowThomas Gleixner
Various user space callers ask for relative timeouts. While we fixed that overflow issue in hrtimer_start(), the sites which convert relative user space values to absolute timeouts themself were uncovered. Instead of putting overflow checks into each place add a function which does the sanity checking and convert all affected callers to use it. Thanks to Frans Pop, who reported the problem and tested the fixes. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Tested-by: Frans Pop <elendil@planet.nl>
2008-02-01futex: Add bitset conditional wait/wakeup functionalityThomas Gleixner
To allow the implementation of optimized rw-locks in user space, glibc needs a possibility to select waiters for wakeup depending on a bitset mask. This requires two new futex OPs: FUTEX_WAIT_BITS and FUTEX_WAKE_BITS These OPs are basically the same as FUTEX_WAIT and FUTEX_WAKE plus an additional argument - a bitset. Further the FUTEX_WAIT_BITS OP is expecting an absolute timeout value instead of the relative one, which is used for the FUTEX_WAIT OP. FUTEX_WAIT_BITS calls into the kernel with a bitset. The bitset is stored in the futex_q structure, which is used to enqueue the waiter into the hashed futex waitqueue. FUTEX_WAKE_BITS also calls into the kernel with a bitset. The wakeup function logically ANDs the bitset with the bitset stored in each waiters futex_q structure. If the result is zero (i.e. none of the set bits in the bitsets is matching), then the waiter is not woken up. If the result is not zero (i.e. one of the set bits in the bitsets is matching), then the waiter is woken. The bitset provided by the caller must be non zero. In case the provided bitset is zero the kernel returns EINVAL. Internaly the new OPs are only extensions to the existing FUTEX_WAIT and FUTEX_WAKE functions. The existing OPs hand a bitset with all bits set into the futex_wait() and futex_wake() functions. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tgxl@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2007-11-09[FUTEX] Fix address computation in compat code.David Miller
compat_exit_robust_list() computes a pointer to the futex entry in userspace as follows: (void __user *)entry + futex_offset 'entry' is a 'struct robust_list __user *', and 'futex_offset' is a 'compat_long_t' (typically a 's32'). Things explode if the 32-bit sign bit is set in futex_offset. Type promotion sign extends futex_offset to a 64-bit value before adding it to 'entry'. This triggered a problem on sparc64 running 32-bit applications which would lock up a cpu looping forever in the fault handling for the userspace load in handle_futex_death(). Compat userspace runs with address masking (wherein the cpu zeros out the top 32-bits of every effective address given to a memory operation instruction) so the sparc64 fault handler accounts for this by zero'ing out the top 32-bits of the fault address too. Since the kernel properly uses the compat_uptr interfaces, kernel side accesses to compat userspace work too since they will only use addresses with the top 32-bit clear. Because of this compat futex layer bug we get into the following loop when executing the get_user() load near the top of handle_futex_death(): 1) load from address '0xfffffffff7f16bd8', FAULT 2) fault handler clears upper 32-bits, processes fault for address '0xf7f16bd8' which succeeds 3) goto #1 I want to thank Bernd Zeimetz, Josip Rodin, and Fabio Massimo Di Nitto for their tireless efforts helping me track down this bug. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-19Uninline find_task_by_xxx set of functionsPavel Emelyanov
The find_task_by_something is a set of macros are used to find task by pid depending on what kind of pid is proposed - global or virtual one. All of them are wrappers above the most generic one - find_task_by_pid_type_ns() - and just substitute some args for it. It turned out, that dereferencing the current->nsproxy->pid_ns construction and pushing one more argument on the stack inline cause kernel text size to grow. This patch moves all this stuff out-of-line into kernel/pid.c. Together with the next patch it saves a bit less than 400 bytes from the .text section. Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-19pid namespaces: changes to show virtual ids to userPavel Emelyanov
This is the largest patch in the set. Make all (I hope) the places where the pid is shown to or get from user operate on the virtual pids. The idea is: - all in-kernel data structures must store either struct pid itself or the pid's global nr, obtained with pid_nr() call; - when seeking the task from kernel code with the stored id one should use find_task_by_pid() call that works with global pids; - when showing pid's numerical value to the user the virtual one should be used, but however when one shows task's pid outside this task's namespace the global one is to be used; - when getting the pid from userspace one need to consider this as the virtual one and use appropriate task/pid-searching functions. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: nuther build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: yet nuther build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded casts] Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@openvz.org> Cc: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-01robust futex thread exit raceMartin Schwidefsky
Calling handle_futex_death in exit_robust_list for the different robust mutexes of a thread basically frees the mutex. Another thread might grab the lock immediately which updates the next pointer of the mutex. fetch_robust_entry over the next pointer might therefore branch into the robust mutex list of a different thread. This can cause two problems: 1) some mutexes held by the dead thread are not getting freed and 2) some mutexs held by a different thread are freed. The next point need to be read before calling handle_futex_death. Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-09-11futex_compat: fix list traversal bugsArnd Bergmann
The futex list traversal on the compat side appears to have a bug. It's loop termination condition compares: while (compat_ptr(uentry) != &head->list) But that can't be right because "uentry" has the special "pi" indicator bit still potentially set at bit 0. This is cleared by fetch_robust_entry() into the "entry" return value. What this seems to mean is that the list won't terminate when list iteration gets back to the the head. And we'll also process the list head like a normal entry, which could cause all kinds of problems. So we should check for equality with "entry". That pointer is of the non-compat type so we have to do a little casting to keep the compiler and sparse happy. The same problem can in theory occur with the 'pending' variable, although that has not been reported from users so far. Based on the original patch from David Miller. Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-06-18Revert "futex_requeue_pi optimization"Thomas Gleixner
This reverts commit d0aa7a70bf03b9de9e995ab272293be1f7937822. It not only introduced user space visible changes to the futex syscall, it is also non-functional and there is no way to fix it proper before the 2.6.22 release. The breakage report ( http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/5/12/17 ) went unanswered, and unfortunately it turned out that the concept is not feasible at all. It violates the rtmutex semantics badly by introducing a virtual owner, which hacks around the coupling of the user-space pi_futex and the kernel internal rt_mutex representation. At the moment the only safe option is to remove it fully as it contains user-space visible changes to broken kernel code, which we do not want to expose in the 2.6.22 release. The patch reverts the original patch mostly 1:1, but contains a couple of trivial manual cleanups which were necessary due to patches, which touched the same area of code later. Verified against the glibc tests and my own PI futex tests. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <pierre.peiffer@bull.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-06-01fix compat futex code for private futexesUlrich Drepper
When the private futex support was added the compat code wasn't changed. The result is that code using compat code which fail, e.g., because the timeout values are not correctly passed. The following patch should fix that. Signed-off-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-09futex_requeue_pi optimizationPierre Peiffer
This patch provides the futex_requeue_pi functionality, which allows some threads waiting on a normal futex to be requeued on the wait-queue of a PI-futex. This provides an optimization, already used for (normal) futexes, to be used with the PI-futexes. This optimization is currently used by the glibc in pthread_broadcast, when using "normal" mutexes. With futex_requeue_pi, it can be used with PRIO_INHERIT mutexes too. Signed-off-by: Pierre Peiffer <pierre.peiffer@bull.net> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-09Make futex_wait() use an hrtimer for timeoutPierre Peiffer
This patch modifies futex_wait() to use an hrtimer + schedule() in place of schedule_timeout(). schedule_timeout() is tick based, therefore the timeout granularity is the tick (1 ms, 4 ms or 10 ms depending on HZ). By using a high resolution timer for timeout wakeup, we can attain a much finer timeout granularity (in the microsecond range). This parallels what is already done for futex_lock_pi(). The timeout passed to the syscall is no longer converted to jiffies and is therefore passed to do_futex() and futex_wait() as an absolute ktime_t therefore keeping nanosecond resolution. Also this removes the need to pass the nanoseconds timeout part to futex_lock_pi() in val2. In futex_wait(), if there is no timeout then a regular schedule() is performed. Otherwise, an hrtimer is fired before schedule() is called. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix `make headers_check'] Signed-off-by: Sebastien Dugue <sebastien.dugue@bull.net> Signed-off-by: Pierre Peiffer <pierre.peiffer@bull.net> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2006-10-10[PATCH] __user annotations: futexAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-08-06[PATCH] futex: Apply recent futex fixes to futex_compatThomas Gleixner
The recent fixups in futex.c need to be applied to futex_compat.c too. Fixes a hang reported by Olaf. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Olaf Hering <olh@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-07-28[PATCH] pi-futex: robust-futex exitIngo Molnar
Fix robust PI-futexes to be properly unlocked on unexpected exit. For this to work the kernel has to know whether a futex is a PI or a non-PI one, because the semantics are different. Since the space in relevant glibc data structures is extremely scarce, the best solution is to encode the 'PI' information in bit 0 of the robust list pointer. Existing (non-PI) glibc robust futexes have this bit always zero, so the ABI is kept. New glibc with PI-robust-futexes will set this bit. Further fixes from Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-27[PATCH] pi-futex: futex_lock_pi/futex_unlock_pi supportIngo Molnar
This adds the actual pi-futex implementation, based on rt-mutexes. [dino@in.ibm.com: fix an oops-causing race] Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dinakar Guniguntala <dino@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-27[PATCH] pi-futex: futex code cleanupsIngo Molnar
We are pleased to announce "lightweight userspace priority inheritance" (PI) support for futexes. The following patchset and glibc patch implements it, ontop of the robust-futexes patchset which is included in 2.6.16-mm1. We are calling it lightweight for 3 reasons: - in the user-space fastpath a PI-enabled futex involves no kernel work (or any other PI complexity) at all. No registration, no extra kernel calls - just pure fast atomic ops in userspace. - in the slowpath (in the lock-contention case), the system call and scheduling pattern is in fact better than that of normal futexes, due to the 'integrated' nature of FUTEX_LOCK_PI. [more about that further down] - the in-kernel PI implementation is streamlined around the mutex abstraction, with strict rules that keep the implementation relatively simple: only a single owner may own a lock (i.e. no read-write lock support), only the owner may unlock a lock, no recursive locking, etc. Priority Inheritance - why, oh why??? ------------------------------------- Many of you heard the horror stories about the evil PI code circling Linux for years, which makes no real sense at all and is only used by buggy applications and which has horrible overhead. Some of you have dreaded this very moment, when someone actually submits working PI code ;-) So why would we like to see PI support for futexes? We'd like to see it done purely for technological reasons. We dont think it's a buggy concept, we think it's useful functionality to offer to applications, which functionality cannot be achieved in other ways. We also think it's the right thing to do, and we think we've got the right arguments and the right numbers to prove that. We also believe that we can address all the counter-arguments as well. For these reasons (and the reasons outlined below) we are submitting this patch-set for upstream kernel inclusion. What are the benefits of PI? The short reply: ---------------- User-space PI helps achieving/improving determinism for user-space applications. In the best-case, it can help achieve determinism and well-bound latencies. Even in the worst-case, PI will improve the statistical distribution of locking related application delays. The longer reply: ----------------- Firstly, sharing locks between multiple tasks is a common programming technique that often cannot be replaced with lockless algorithms. As we can see it in the kernel [which is a quite complex program in itself], lockless structures are rather the exception than the norm - the current ratio of lockless vs. locky code for shared data structures is somewhere between 1:10 and 1:100. Lockless is hard, and the complexity of lockless algorithms often endangers to ability to do robust reviews of said code. I.e. critical RT apps often choose lock structures to protect critical data structures, instead of lockless algorithms. Furthermore, there are cases (like shared hardware, or other resource limits) where lockless access is mathematically impossible. Media players (such as Jack) are an example of reasonable application design with multiple tasks (with multiple priority levels) sharing short-held locks: for example, a highprio audio playback thread is combined with medium-prio construct-audio-data threads and low-prio display-colory-stuff threads. Add video and decoding to the mix and we've got even more priority levels. So once we accept that synchronization objects (locks) are an unavoidable fact of life, and once we accept that multi-task userspace apps have a very fair expectation of being able to use locks, we've got to think about how to offer the option of a deterministic locking implementation to user-space. Most of the technical counter-arguments against doing priority inheritance only apply to kernel-space locks. But user-space locks are different, there we cannot disable interrupts or make the task non-preemptible in a critical section, so the 'use spinlocks' argument does not apply (user-space spinlocks have the same priority inversion problems as other user-space locking constructs). Fact is, pretty much the only technique that currently enables good determinism for userspace locks (such as futex-based pthread mutexes) is priority inheritance: Currently (without PI), if a high-prio and a low-prio task shares a lock [this is a quite common scenario for most non-trivial RT applications], even if all critical sections are coded carefully to be deterministic (i.e. all critical sections are short in duration and only execute a limited number of instructions), the kernel cannot guarantee any deterministic execution of the high-prio task: any medium-priority task could preempt the low-prio task while it holds the shared lock and executes the critical section, and could delay it indefinitely. Implementation: --------------- As mentioned before, the userspace fastpath of PI-enabled pthread mutexes involves no kernel work at all - they behave quite similarly to normal futex-based locks: a 0 value means unlocked, and a value==TID means locked. (This is the same method as used by list-based robust futexes.) Userspace uses atomic ops to lock/unlock these mutexes without entering the kernel. To handle the slowpath, we have added two new futex ops: FUTEX_LOCK_PI FUTEX_UNLOCK_PI If the lock-acquire fastpath fails, [i.e. an atomic transition from 0 to TID fails], then FUTEX_LOCK_PI is called. The kernel does all the remaining work: if there is no futex-queue attached to the futex address yet then the code looks up the task that owns the futex [it has put its own TID into the futex value], and attaches a 'PI state' structure to the futex-queue. The pi_state includes an rt-mutex, which is a PI-aware, kernel-based synchronization object. The 'other' task is made the owner of the rt-mutex, and the FUTEX_WAITERS bit is atomically set in the futex value. Then this task tries to lock the rt-mutex, on which it blocks. Once it returns, it has the mutex acquired, and it sets the futex value to its own TID and returns. Userspace has no other work to perform - it now owns the lock, and futex value contains FUTEX_WAITERS|TID. If the unlock side fastpath succeeds, [i.e. userspace manages to do a TID -> 0 atomic transition of the futex value], then no kernel work is triggered. If the unlock fastpath fails (because the FUTEX_WAITERS bit is set), then FUTEX_UNLOCK_PI is called, and the kernel unlocks the futex on the behalf of userspace - and it also unlocks the attached pi_state->rt_mutex and thus wakes up any potential waiters. Note that under this approach, contrary to other PI-futex approaches, there is no prior 'registration' of a PI-futex. [which is not quite possible anyway, due to existing ABI properties of pthread mutexes.] Also, under this scheme, 'robustness' and 'PI' are two orthogonal properties of futexes, and all four combinations are possible: futex, robust-futex, PI-futex, robust+PI-futex. glibc support: -------------- Ulrich Drepper and Jakub Jelinek have written glibc support for PI-futexes (and robust futexes), enabling robust and PI (PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT) POSIX mutexes. (PTHREAD_PRIO_PROTECT support will be added later on too, no additional kernel changes are needed for that). [NOTE: The glibc patch is obviously inofficial and unsupported without matching upstream kernel functionality.] the patch-queue and the glibc patch can also be downloaded from: http://redhat.com/~mingo/PI-futex-patches/ Many thanks go to the people who helped us create this kernel feature: Steven Rostedt, Esben Nielsen, Benedikt Spranger, Daniel Walker, John Cooper, Arjan van de Ven, Oleg Nesterov and others. Credits for related prior projects goes to Dirk Grambow, Inaky Perez-Gonzalez, Bill Huey and many others. Clean up the futex code, before adding more features to it: - use u32 as the futex field type - that's the ABI - use __user and pointers to u32 instead of unsigned long - code style / comment style cleanups - rename hash-bucket name from 'bh' to 'hb'. I checked the pre and post futex.o object files to make sure this patch has no code effects. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Cc: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Cc: Jakub Jelinek <jakub@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-31[PATCH] futex: check and validate timevalsThomas Gleixner
The futex timeval is not checked for correctness. The change does not break existing applications as the timeval is supplied by glibc (and glibc always passes a correct value), but the glibc-internal tests for this functionality fail. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@tglx.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-28[PATCH] compat_sys_futex() warning fixAndrew Morton
kernel/futex_compat.c: In function `compat_sys_futex': kernel/futex_compat.c:140: warning: passing arg 1 of `do_futex' makes integer from pointer without a cast kernel/futex_compat.c:140: warning: passing arg 5 of `do_futex' makes integer from pointer without a cast Not sure what Ingo was thinking of here. Put the casts back in. Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-27[PATCH] lightweight robust futexes updatesIngo Molnar
- fix: initialize the robust list(s) to NULL in copy_process. - doc update - cleanup: rename _inuser to _inatomic - __user cleanups and other small cleanups Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@muc.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-27[PATCH] lightweight robust futexes: compatIngo Molnar
32-bit syscall compatibility support. (This patch also moves all futex related compat functionality into kernel/futex_compat.c.) Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Acked-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>