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2013-09-26powerpc: Default arch idle could cede processor on pseriesVaidyanathan Srinivasan
commit 363edbe2614aa90df706c0f19ccfa2a6c06af0be upstream. When adding cpuidle support to pSeries, we introduced two regressions: - The new cpuidle backend driver only works under hypervisors supporting the "SLPLAR" option, which isn't the case of the old POWER4 hypervisor and the HV "light" used on js2x blades - The cpuidle driver registers fairly late, meaning that for a significant portion of the boot process, we end up having all threads spinning. This slows down the boot process and increases the overall resource usage if the hypervisor has shared processors. This fixes both by implementing a "default" idle that will cede to the hypervisor when possible, in a very simple way without all the bells and whisles of cpuidle. Reported-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Vaidyanathan Srinivasan <svaidy@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Deepthi Dharwar <deepthi@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2013-05-06powerpc/pseries: Perform proper max_bus_speed detectionKleber Sacilotto de Souza
On pseries machines the detection for max_bus_speed should be done through an OpenFirmware property. This patch adds a function to perform this detection and a hook to perform dynamic adding of the function only for pseries. This is done by overwriting the weak pcibios_root_bridge_prepare function which is called by pci_create_root_bus(). From: Lucas Kannebley Tavares <lucaskt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Kleber Sacilotto de Souza <klebers@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-04-26powerpc/pseries: Update firmware_has_feature() to check architecture vector ↵Nathan Fontenot
5 bits The firmware_has_feature() function makes it easy to check for supported features of the hypervisor. This patch extends the capability of firmware_has_feature() to include checking for specified bits in vector 5 of the architecture vector as reported in the device tree. As part of this the #defines used for the architecture vector are re-defined such that each option has the index into vector 5 and the feature bit encoded into it. This makes checking for architecture bits when initiating data for firmware_has_feature much easier. Signed-off-by: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-02-23Merge branch 'next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc Pull powerpc updates from Benjamin Herrenschmidt: "So from the depth of frozen Minnesota, here's the powerpc pull request for 3.9. It has a few interesting highlights, in addition to the usual bunch of bug fixes, minor updates, embedded device tree updates and new boards: - Hand tuned asm implementation of SHA1 (by Paulus & Michael Ellerman) - Support for Doorbell interrupts on Power8 (kind of fast thread-thread IPIs) by Ian Munsie - Long overdue cleanup of the way we handle relocation of our open firmware trampoline (prom_init.c) on 64-bit by Anton Blanchard - Support for saving/restoring & context switching the PPR (Processor Priority Register) on server processors that support it. This allows the kernel to preserve thread priorities established by userspace. By Haren Myneni. - DAWR (new watchpoint facility) support on Power8 by Michael Neuling - Ability to change the DSCR (Data Stream Control Register) which controls cache prefetching on a running process via ptrace by Alexey Kardashevskiy - Support for context switching the TAR register on Power8 (new branch target register meant to be used by some new specific userspace perf event interrupt facility which is yet to be enabled) by Ian Munsie. - Improve preservation of the CFAR register (which captures the origin of a branch) on various exception conditions by Paulus. - Move the Bestcomm DMA driver from arch powerpc to drivers/dma where it belongs by Philippe De Muyter - Support for Transactional Memory on Power8 by Michael Neuling (based on original work by Matt Evans). For those curious about the feature, the patch contains a pretty good description." (See commit db8ff907027b: "powerpc: Documentation for transactional memory on powerpc" for the mentioned description added to the file Documentation/powerpc/transactional_memory.txt) * 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc: (140 commits) powerpc/kexec: Disable hard IRQ before kexec powerpc/85xx: l2sram - Add compatible string for BSC9131 platform powerpc/85xx: bsc9131 - Correct typo in SDHC device node powerpc/e500/qemu-e500: enable coreint powerpc/mpic: allow coreint to be determined by MPIC version powerpc/fsl_pci: Store the pci ctlr device ptr in the pci ctlr struct powerpc/85xx: Board support for ppa8548 powerpc/fsl: remove extraneous DIU platform functions arch/powerpc/platforms/85xx/p1022_ds.c: adjust duplicate test powerpc: Documentation for transactional memory on powerpc powerpc: Add transactional memory to pseries and ppc64 defconfigs powerpc: Add config option for transactional memory powerpc: Add transactional memory to POWER8 cpu features powerpc: Add new transactional memory state to the signal context powerpc: Hook in new transactional memory code powerpc: Routines for FP/VSX/VMX unavailable during a transaction powerpc: Add transactional memory unavaliable execption handler powerpc: Add reclaim and recheckpoint functions for context switching transactional memory processes powerpc: Add FP/VSX and VMX register load functions for transactional memory powerpc: Add helper functions for transactional memory context switching ...
2013-01-27cputime: Generic on-demand virtual cputime accountingFrederic Weisbecker
If we want to stop the tick further idle, we need to be able to account the cputime without using the tick. Virtual based cputime accounting solves that problem by hooking into kernel/user boundaries. However implementing CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING require low level hooks and involves more overhead. But we already have a generic context tracking subsystem that is required for RCU needs by archs which plan to shut down the tick outside idle. This patch implements a generic virtual based cputime accounting that relies on these generic kernel/user hooks. There are some upsides of doing this: - This requires no arch code to implement CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING if context tracking is already built (already necessary for RCU in full tickless mode). - We can rely on the generic context tracking subsystem to dynamically (de)activate the hooks, so that we can switch anytime between virtual and tick based accounting. This way we don't have the overhead of the virtual accounting when the tick is running periodically. And one downside: - There is probably more overhead than a native virtual based cputime accounting. But this relies on hooks that are already set anyway. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung.kim@lge.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2013-01-10powerpc: Add the DAWR support to the set_break()Michael Neuling
This adds DAWR supoprt to the set_break(). It does both bare metal and PAPR versions of setting the DAWR. There is still some work we can do to make full use of the watchpoint but that will come later. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-01-10powerpc: Disable relocation on exceptions whenever PR KVM is activeIan Munsie
For PR KVM we allow userspace to map 0xc000000000000000. Because transitioning from userspace to the guest kernel may use the relocated exception vectors we have to disable relocation on exceptions whenever PR KVM is active as we cannot trust that address. This issue does not apply to HV KVM, since changing from a guest to the hypervisor will never use the relocated exception vectors. Currently the hypervisor interface only allows us to toggle relocation on exceptions on a partition wide scope, so we need to globally disable relocation on exceptions when the first PR KVM instance is started and only re-enable them when all PR KVM instances have been destroyed. It's a bit heavy handed, but until the hypervisor gives us a lightweight way to toggle relocation on exceptions on a single thread it's only real option. Signed-off-by: Ian Munsie <imunsie@au1.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-11-15powerpc: Disable relocation on exceptions when kexecingIan Munsie
Since we don't know if they new kernel we are kexecing into has been built to support relocation on exceptions, we disable them before we kexec. We do NOT disable them if we are execing a kdump kernel, because we want to change as little state as possible and it is likely that we are execing ourselves and will be able to handle them anyway. Signed-off-by: Ian Munsie <imunsie@au1.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-11-15powerpc: Enable relocation on during exceptions at bootIan Munsie
We currently do this synchronously at boot from setup_arch. On a large system this could hypothetically take a little while to complete, so currently we will give up if we are asked to wait for more than a second in total. If we actually start hitting that timeout in practice we can always move this code into a kernel thread to take care of it in the background. Signed-off-by: Ian Munsie <imunsie@au1.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-11-15powerpc+of: Add of node/property notification chain for adds and removesNathan Fontenot
This patch moves the notification chain for updates to the device tree from the powerpc/pseries code to the base OF code. This makes this functionality available to all architectures. Additionally the notification chain is updated to allow notifications for property add/remove/update. To make this work a pointer to a new struct (of_prop_reconfig) is passed to the routines in the notification chain. The of_prop_reconfig property contains a pointer to the node containing the property and a pointer to the property itself. In the case of property updates, the property pointer refers to the new property. Signed-off-by: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com> Acked-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-09-10powerpc: Dynamically calculate the dabrx based on kernel/user/hypervisorMichael Neuling
Currently we mark the DABRX to interrupt on all matches (hypervisor/kernel/user and then filter in software. We can be a lot smarter now that we can set the DABRX dynamically. This sets the DABRX based on the flags passed by the user. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-09-10powerpc: Rework set_dabr so it can take a DABRX value as wellMichael Neuling
Rework set_dabr to take a DABRX value as well. Both the pseries and PS3 hypervisors do some checks on the DABRX values that are passed in the hcall. This patch stops bogus values from being passed to hypervisor. Also, in the case where we are clearing the breakpoint, where DABR and DABRX are zero, we modify the DABRX value to make it valid so that the hcall won't fail. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-09-10powerpc/eeh: Move EEH initialization aroundGavin Shan
Currently, we have 3 phases for EEH initialization on pSeries platform. All of them are done through builtin functions: platform initialization, EEH device creation, and EEH subsystem enablement. All of them are done no later than ppc_md.setup_arch. That means that the slab/slub isn't ready yet, so we have to allocate memory chunks on basis of PAGE_SIZE for those dynamically created EEH devices. That's pretty expensive. In order to utilize slab/slub for memory allocation, we have to move the EEH initialization functions around, but all of them should be called after slab is ready. Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-09-07powerpc: Use the XDABR hcallMichael Neuling
We never use the XDABR hcall since we check for DABR hcall first. XDABR syscall is better since it allows us to also set the DABRX. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-03-23Merge branch 'linux-next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jbarnes/pci Pull PCI changes (including maintainer change) from Jesse Barnes: "This pull has some good cleanups from Bjorn and Yinghai, as well as some more code from Yinghai to better handle resource re-allocation when enabled. There's also a new initcall_debug feature from Arjan which will print out quirk timing information to help identify slow quirks for fixing or refinement (Yinghai sent in a few patches to do just that once the new debug code landed). Beyond that, I'm handing off PCI maintainership to Bjorn Helgaas. He's been a core PCI and Linux contributor for some time now, and has kindly volunteered to take over. I just don't feel I have the time for PCI review and work that it deserves lately (I've taken on some other projects), and haven't been as responsive lately as I'd like, so I approached Bjorn asking if he'd like to manage things. He's going to give it a try, and I'm confident he'll do at least as well as I have in keeping the tree managed, patches flowing, and keeping things stable." Fix up some fairly trivial conflicts due to other cleanups (mips device resource fixup cleanups clashing with list handling cleanup, ppc iseries removal clashing with pci_probe_only cleanup etc) * 'linux-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jbarnes/pci: (112 commits) PCI: Bjorn gets PCI hotplug too PCI: hand PCI maintenance over to Bjorn Helgaas unicore32/PCI: move <asm-generic/pci-bridge.h> include to asm/pci.h sparc/PCI: convert devtree and arch-probed bus addresses to resource powerpc/PCI: allow reallocation on PA Semi powerpc/PCI: convert devtree bus addresses to resource powerpc/PCI: compute I/O space bus-to-resource offset consistently arm/PCI: don't export pci_flags PCI: fix bridge I/O window bus-to-resource conversion x86/PCI: add spinlock held check to 'pcibios_fwaddrmap_lookup()' PCI / PCIe: Introduce command line option to disable ARI PCI: make acpihp use __pci_remove_bus_device instead PCI: export __pci_remove_bus_device PCI: Rename pci_remove_behind_bridge to pci_stop_and_remove_behind_bridge PCI: Rename pci_remove_bus_device to pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device PCI: print out PCI device info along with duration PCI: Move "pci reassigndev resource alignment" out of quirks.c PCI: Use class for quirk for usb host controller fixup PCI: Use class for quirk for ti816x class fixup PCI: Use class for quirk for intel e100 interrupt fixup ...
2012-03-09powerpc/eeh: Introduce EEH deviceGavin Shan
Original EEH implementation depends on struct pci_dn heavily. However, EEH shouldn't depend on that actually because EEH needn't share much information with other PCI components. That's to say, EEH should have worked independently. The patch introduces struct eeh_dev so that EEH core components needn't be working based on struct pci_dn in future. Also, struct pci_dn, struct eeh_dev instances are created in dynamic fasion and the binding with EEH device, OF node, PCI device is implemented as well. The EEH devices are created after PHBs are detected and initialized, but PCI emunation hasn't started yet. Apart from that, PHB might be created dynamically through DLPAR component and the EEH devices should be creatd as well. Another case might be OF node is created dynamically by DR (Dynamic Reconfiguration), which has been defined by PAPR. For those OF nodes created by DR, EEH devices should be also created accordingly. The binding between EEH device and OF node is done while the EEH device is initially created. The binding between EEH device and PCI device should be done after PCI emunation is done. Besides, PCI hotplug also needs the binding so that the EEH devices could be traced from the newly coming PCI buses or PCI devices. Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-03-09powerpc/eeh: Platform dependent EEH operationsGavin Shan
EEH has been implemented on RTAS-compliant pSeries platform. That's to say, the EEH operations will be implemented through RTAS calls eventually. The situation limited feasible extension on EEH. In order to support EEH on multiple platforms like pseries and powernv simutaneously. We have to split the platform dependent EEH options up out of current implementation. The patch addresses supporting EEH on multiple platforms. The pseries platform dependent EEH operations will be abstracted by struct eeh_ops. EEH core components will be built based on the registered EEH operations. With the mechanism, what the individual platform needs to do is implement platform dependent EEH operations. For now, the pseries platform is covered under the mechanism. That means we have to think about other platforms to support EEH, like powernv. Besides, we only have framework for the mechanism and we have to implement it for pseries platform later. Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-02-23powerpc/PCI: replace pci_probe_only with pci_flagsBjorn Helgaas
We already use pci_flags, so this just sets pci_flags directly and removes the intermediate step of figuring out pci_probe_only, then using it to set pci_flags. The PCI core provides a pci_flags definition (currently __weak), so drop the powerpc definitions in favor of that. CC: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> CC: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
2012-02-23powerpc/PCI: make pci_probe_only default to 0Bjorn Helgaas
pci_probe_only is set on ppc64 to prevent resource re-allocation by the core. It's meant to be used in very specific circumstances such as when operating under a hypervisor that may prevent such re-allocation. Instead of default to 1, we make it default to 0 and explicitly set it in the few cases where we need it. This fixes FSL PCI which wants it clear among others. Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
2012-02-23powerpc/mpic: Remove duplicate MPIC_WANTS_RESET flagKyle Moffett
There are two separate flags controlling whether or not the MPIC is reset during initialization, which is completely unnecessary, and only one of them can be specified in the device tree. Also, most platforms in-tree right now do actually want to reset the MPIC during initialization anyways, which means lots of duplicate code passing the MPIC_WANTS_RESET flag. Fix all of the callers which currently do not pass the MPIC_WANTS_RESET flag to pass the MPIC_NO_RESET flag, then remove the MPIC_WANTS_RESET flag and make the code reset the MPIC by default. Signed-off-by: Kyle Moffett <Kyle.D.Moffett@boeing.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2012-02-23powerpc/mpic: Remove MPIC_BROKEN_FRR_NIRQS and duplicate irq_countKyle Moffett
The mpic->irq_count variable is only used as a software error-checking limit to determine whether or not an IRQ number is valid. In board code which does not manually specify an IRQ count to mpic_alloc(), i.e. 0, it is automatically detected from the number of ISUs and the ISU size. In practice, all hardware ends up with irq_count == num_sources, so all of the runtime checks on mpic->irq_count should just check the value of mpic->num_sources instead. When platform hardware does not correctly report the number of IRQs, which only happens on the MPC85xx/MPC86xx, the MPIC_BROKEN_FRR_NIRQS flag is used to override the detected value of num_sources with the manual irq_count parameter. Since there's no need to manually specify the number of IRQs except in this case, the extra flag can be eliminated and the test changed to "irq_count != 0". Signed-off-by: Kyle Moffett <Kyle.D.Moffett@boeing.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-12-16Merge branch 'kexec' into nextBenjamin Herrenschmidt
2011-12-08powerpc: Reduce pseries panic timeout from 180s to 10sAnton Blanchard
We've had a 180 second panic timeout on ppc64 for as long as I can remember. This patch reduces it to 10 seconds on pseries for a few reasons: - Almost all pseries machines have a hypervisor console so panic output will be available in a scrollback buffer. - The 180 seconds impacts our availability, users (other than kernel hackers) just want the box to come back around so it can continue its work. - I spend a lot of my life staring at the 180 second panic timeout. Many pseries machines take minutes to power cycle, so it's quicker to sit through the 180 seconds than it is to power cycle. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-12-08powerpc/cpuidle: Enable cpuidle and directly call cpuidle_idle_call() for ↵Deepthi Dharwar
pSeries This patch enables cpuidle for pSeries and pSeries_idle is directly called from the idle loop. As a result of pSeries_idle, cpuidle driver registered with cpuidle subsystem comes into action. On failure of loading of the driver or cpuidle framework default idle is executed as part of the function. This patch also removes the routines pseries_shared_idle_sleep and pseries_dedicated_idle_sleep as they are now implemented as part of pseries_idle cpuidle driver. Signed-off-by: Deepthi Dharwar <deepthi@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Trinabh Gupta <g.trinabh@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun.r.bharadwaj@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-12-08powerpc/cpuidle: cpuidle driver for pSeriesDeepthi Dharwar
This patch implements a back-end cpuidle driver for pSeries based on pseries_dedicated_idle_loop and pseries_shared_idle_loop routines. The driver is built only if CONFIG_CPU_IDLE is set. This cpuidle driver uses global registration of idle states and not per-cpu. Signed-off-by: Deepthi Dharwar <deepthi@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Trinabh Gupta <g.trinabh@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun.r.bharadwaj@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-12-07powerpc/mpic: Invert the meaning of MPIC_PRIMARYKyle Moffett
It turns out that there are only 2 in-tree platforms which use MPICs which are not "primary": IBM Cell and PowerMac. To reduce the complexity of the typical board setup code, invert the MPIC_PRIMARY bit into MPIC_SECONDARY. Signed-off-by: Kyle Moffett <Kyle.D.Moffett@boeing.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-10-31powerpc: various straight conversions from module.h --> export.hPaul Gortmaker
All these files were including module.h just for the basic EXPORT_SYMBOL infrastructure. We can shift them off to the export.h header which is a way smaller footprint and thus realize some compile time gains. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-08-05powerpc/pseries: Cleanup VPA registration and deregistration errorsAnton Blanchard
Make the VPA, SLB shadow and DTL registration and deregistration functions print consistent messages on error. I needed the firmware error code while chasing a kexec bug but we weren't printing it. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-06-29powerpc/pseries: Re-implement HVSI as part of hvc_vioBenjamin Herrenschmidt
On pseries machines, consoles are provided by the hypervisor using a low level get_chars/put_chars type interface. However, this is really just a transport to the service processor which implements them either as "raw" console (networked consoles, HMC, ...) or as "hvsi" serial ports. The later is a simple packet protocol on top of the raw character interface that is supposed to convey additional "serial port" style semantics. In practice however, all it does is provide a way to read the CD line and set/clear our DTR line, that's it. We currently implement the "raw" protocol as an hvc console backend (/dev/hvcN) and the "hvsi" protocol using a separate tty driver (/dev/hvsi0). However this is quite impractical. The arbitrary difference between the two type of devices has been a major source of user (and distro) confusion. Additionally, there's an additional mini -hvsi implementation in the pseries platform code for our low level debug console and early boot kernel messages, which means code duplication, though that low level variant is impractical as it's incapable of doing the initial protocol negociation to establish the link to the FSP. This essentially replaces the dedicated hvsi driver and the platform udbg code completely by extending the existing hvc_vio backend used in "raw" mode so that: - It now supports HVSI as well - We add support for hvc backend providing tiocm{get,set} - It also provides a udbg interface for early debug and boot console This is overall less code, though this will only be obvious once we remove the old "hvsi" driver, which is still available for now. When the old driver is enabled, the new code still kicks in for the low level udbg console, replacing the old mini implementation in the platform code, it just doesn't provide the higher level "hvc" interface. In addition to producing generally simler code, this has several benefits over our current situation: - The user/distro only has to deal with /dev/hvcN for the hypervisor console, avoiding all sort of confusion that has plagued us in the past - The tty, kernel and low level debug console all use the same code base which supports the full protocol establishment process, thus the console is now available much earlier than it used to be with the old HVSI driver. The kernel console works much earlier and udbg is available much earlier too. Hackers can enable a hard coded very-early debug console as well that works with HVSI (previously that was only supported for the "raw" mode). I've tried to keep the same semantics as hvsi relative to how I react to things like CD changes, with some subtle differences though: - I clear DTR on close if HUPCL is set - Current hvsi triggers a hangup if it detects a up->down transition on CD (you can still open a console with CD down). My new implementation triggers a hangup if the link to the FSP is severed, and severs it upon detecting a up->down transition on CD. Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-05-19powerpc: Ensure dtl buffers do not cross 4k boundaryNishanth Aravamudan
Future releases of fimrware will enforce a requirement that DTL buffers do not cross a 4k boundary. Commit 127493d5dc73589cbe00ea5ec8357cc2a4c0d82a satisfies this requirement for CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING=y kernels, but if !CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING && CONFIG_DTL=y, the current code will fail at dtl registration time. Fix this by making the kmem cache from 127493d5dc73589cbe00ea5ec8357cc2a4c0d82a visible outside of setup.c and using the same cache in both dtl.c and setup.c. This requires a bit of reorganization to ensure ordering of the kmem cache and buffer allocations. Note: Since firmware now limits the size of the buffer, I made dtl_buf_entries read-only in debugfs. Tested with upcoming firmware with the 4 combinations of CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING and CONFIG_DTL. Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-05-04powerpc/pseries: Add page coalescing supportBrian King
Adds support for page coalescing, which is a feature on IBM Power servers which allows for coalescing identical pages between logical partitions. Hint text pages as coalesce candidates, since they are the most likely pages to be able to be coalesced between partitions. This patch also exports some page coalescing statistics available from firmware via lparcfg. [BenH: Moved a couple of things around to fix compile problems] Signed-off-by: Brian King <brking@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-04-20powerpc/xics: Rewrite XICS driverBenjamin Herrenschmidt
This is a significant rework of the XICS driver, too significant to conveniently break it up into a series of smaller patches to be honest. The driver is moved to a more generic location to allow new platforms to use it, and is broken up into separate ICP and ICS "backends". For now we have the native and "hypervisor" ICP backends and one common RTAS ICS backend. The driver supports one ICP backend instanciation, and many ICS ones, in order to accomodate future platforms with multiple possibly different interrupt "sources" mechanisms. Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-04-18powerpc/pseries: Use a kmem cache for DTL buffersNishanth Aravamudan
PAPR specifies that DTL buffers can not cross AMS environments (aka CMO in the PAPR) and can not cross a memory entitlement granule boundary (4k). This is found in section 14.11.3.2 H_REGISTER_VPA of the PAPR. kmalloc does not guarantee an alignment of the allocation, though, beyond 8 bytes (at least in my understanding). Create a special kmem cache for DTL buffers with the alignment requirement. Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-04-05powerpc/pseries: Don't register global initcallBenjamin Herrenschmidt
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2011-03-29powerpc: Convert to new irq_* function namesThomas Gleixner
Scripted with coccinelle. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2011-03-10powerpc: platforms/pseries irq_data conversion.Lennert Buytenhek
Signed-off-by: Lennert Buytenhek <buytenh@secretlab.ca> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2010-09-02powerpc: Account time using timebase rather than PURRPaul Mackerras
Currently, when CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING is enabled, we use the PURR register for measuring the user and system time used by processes, as well as other related times such as hardirq and softirq times. This turns out to be quite confusing for users because it means that a program will often be measured as taking less time when run on a multi-threaded processor (SMT2 or SMT4 mode) than it does when run on a single-threaded processor (ST mode), even though the program takes longer to finish. The discrepancy is accounted for as stolen time, which is also confusing, particularly when there are no other partitions running. This changes the accounting to use the timebase instead, meaning that the reported user and system times are the actual number of real-time seconds that the program was executing on the processor thread, regardless of which SMT mode the processor is in. Thus a program will generally show greater user and system times when run on a multi-threaded processor than on a single-threaded processor. On pSeries systems on POWER5 or later processors, we measure the stolen time (time when this partition wasn't running) using the hypervisor dispatch trace log. We check for new entries in the log on every entry from user mode and on every transition from kernel process context to soft or hard IRQ context (i.e. when account_system_vtime() gets called). So that we can correctly distinguish time stolen from user time and time stolen from system time, without having to check the log on every exit to user mode, we store separate timestamps for exit to user mode and entry from user mode. On systems that have a SPURR (POWER6 and POWER7), we read the SPURR in account_system_vtime() (as before), and then apportion the SPURR ticks since the last time we read it between scaled user time and scaled system time according to the relative proportions of user time and system time over the same interval. This avoids having to read the SPURR on every kernel entry and exit. On systems that have PURR but not SPURR (i.e., POWER5), we do the same using the PURR rather than the SPURR. This disables the DTL user interface in /sys/debug/kernel/powerpc/dtl for now since it conflicts with the use of the dispatch trace log by the time accounting code. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2010-05-21powerpc: Use smt_snooze_delay=-1 to always busy loopAnton Blanchard
Right now if we want to busy loop and not give up any time to the hypervisor we put a very large value into smt_snooze_delay. This is sometimes useful when running a single partition and you want to avoid any latencies due to the hypervisor or CPU power state transitions. While this works, it's a bit ugly - how big a number is enough now we have NO_HZ and can be idle for a very long time. The patch below makes smt_snooze_delay signed, and a negative value means loop forever: echo -1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/smt_snooze_delay This change shouldn't affect the existing userspace tools (eg ppc64_cpu), but I'm cc-ing Nathan just to be sure. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2009-09-11powerpc: Fix bug where perf_counters breaks oprofilePaul Mackerras
Currently there is a bug where if you use oprofile on a pSeries machine, then use perf_counters, then use oprofile again, oprofile will not work correctly; it will lose the PMU configuration the next time the hypervisor does a partition context switch, and thereafter won't count anything. Maynard Johnson identified the sequence causing the problem: - oprofile setup calls ppc_enable_pmcs(), which calls pseries_lpar_enable_pmcs, which tells the hypervisor that we want to use the PMU, and sets the "PMU in use" flag in the lppaca. This flag tells the hypervisor whether it needs to save and restore the PMU config. - The perf_counter code sets and clears the "PMU in use" flag directly as it context-switches the PMU between tasks, and leaves it clear when it finishes. - oprofile setup, called for a new oprofile run, calls ppc_enable_pmcs, which does nothing because it has already been called. In particular it doesn't set the "PMU in use" flag. This fixes the problem by arranging for ppc_enable_pmcs to always set the "PMU in use" flag. It makes the perf_counter code call ppc_enable_pmcs also rather than calling the lower-level function directly, and removes the setting of the "PMU in use" flag from pseries_lpar_enable_pmcs, since that is now done in its caller. This also removes the declaration of pasemi_enable_pmcs because it isn't defined anywhere. Reported-by: Maynard Johnson <mpjohn@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: <stable@kernel.org) Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2009-05-21powerpc/pci: Move pseries code into pseries platform specific areaKumar Gala
There doesn't appear to be any specific reason that we need to setup the pseries specific notifier in generic arch pci code. Move it into pseries land. Signed-off-by: Kumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2008-09-06Remove asm/a.out.h files for all architectures without a.out support.Adrian Bunk
This patch also includes the required removal of (unused) inclusion of <asm/a.out.h> <linux/a.out.h>'s in the arch/ code for these architectures. [dwmw2: updated for 2.6.27-rc] Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
2008-08-26powerpc: Export CMO_PageSizeAndrew Morton
This fixes an error building powerpc allmodconfig: ERROR: "CMO_PageSize" [arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/cmm.ko] undefined! Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
2008-08-18powerpc: Make CMO paging space pool ID and page size availableRobert Jennings
During platform setup, save off the primary/secondary paging space pool IDs and the page size. Added accessors in hvcall.h for these variables. This is needed for a subsequent fix. Submitted-by: Robert Jennings <rcj@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
2008-07-25powerpc/pseries: Enable CMO feature during platform setupRobert Jennings
For Cooperative Memory Overcommitment (CMO), set the FW_FEATURE_CMO flag in powerpc_firmware_features from the rtas ibm,get-system-parameters table prior to calling iommu_init_early_pSeries. With this, any CMO specific functionality can be controlled by checking: firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_CMO) Signed-off-by: Robert Jennings <rcj@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2008-05-14[POWERPC] Fix sparse warnings in arch/powerpc/platforms/pseriesMichael Ellerman
Don't return void in pseries/iommu.c Make mce_data_buf static in pseries/ras.c Make things static in pseries/rtasd.c Make things static in pseries/setup.c vtermno may as well be static in platforms/pseries/lpar.c Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
2008-04-24[POWERPC] Add CONFIG_PPC_PSERIES_DEBUG to enable debugging for platforms/pseriesMichael Ellerman
Add a DEBUG config setting which turns on all (most) of the debugging under platforms/pseries. To have this take effect we need to remove all the #undef DEBUG's, in various files. We leave the #undef DEBUG in platforms/pseries/lpar.c, as this enables debugging printks from the low-level hash table routines, and tends to make your system unusable. If you want those enabled you still have to turn them on by hand. Also some of the RAS code has a DEBUG block which causes a functional change, so I've keyed this off a different (non-existant) debug #define. This is only enabled if you have PPC_EARLY_DEBUG enabled also. Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
2008-04-24[POWERPC] Convert from DBG() to pr_debug() in platforms/pseries/Michael Ellerman
In pseries/lpar.c, fix some printf specifier mismatches, and add a newline to one printk. In pseries/rtasd.c add "rtasd" to some messages to make it clear where they're coming from. In pseries/scanlog.c remove the hand-rolled runtime debugging support in there. This file has been largely unchanged for eons, if we need to debug it in future we can recompile. Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
2008-04-18[POWERPC] Use pseries_setup_i8259_cascade() in pseries_mpic_init_IRQ()Michael Ellerman
pseries_mpic_init_IRQ() implements the same logic as the xics code did to find the i8259 cascade irq. Now that we've pulled that logic out into pseries_setup_i8259_cascade() we can use it in the mpic code. Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
2008-04-18[POWERPC] Turn xics_setup_8259_cascade() into a generic ↵Michael Ellerman
pseries_setup_i8259_cascade() Remove the xics references from xics_setup_8259_cascade(), and merge the good bits from the almost identical logic in pseries_mpic_init_IRQ(). Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>