path: root/Documentation/networking
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2013-02-05tcp: remove Appropriate Byte Count supportStephen Hemminger
TCP Appropriate Byte Count was added by me, but later disabled. There is no point in maintaining it since it is a potential source of bugs and Linux already implements other better window protection heuristics. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-02-04qlcnic: Updating copyright information.Jitendra Kalsaria
We recently refactored the driver source, this patch will take care of updating copyright date and adding it to newly added files. Signed-off-by: Jitendra Kalsaria <jitendra.kalsaria@qlogic.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-27Merge branch 'master' of git://1984.lsi.us.es/nf-nextDavid S. Miller
Pablo Neira Ayuso says: ==================== This batch contains netfilter updates for you net-next tree, they are: * The new connlabel extension for x_tables, that allows us to attach labels to each conntrack flow. The kernel implementation uses a bitmask and there's a file in user-space that maps the bits with the corresponding string for each existing label. By now, you can attach up to 128 overlapping labels. From Florian Westphal. * A new round of improvements for the netns support for conntrack. Gao feng has moved many of the initialization code of each module of the netns init path. He also made several code refactoring, that code looks cleaner to me now. * Added documentation for all possible tweaks for nf_conntrack via sysctl, from Jiri Pirko. * Cisco 7941/7945 IP phone support for our SIP conntrack helper, from Kevin Cernekee. * Missing header file in the snmp helper, from Stephen Hemminger. * Finally, a couple of fixes to resolve minor issues with these changes, from myself. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-22Merge branch 'legacy-isa-delete' of ↵David S. Miller
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux Paul Gortmaker says: ==================== The Ethernet-HowTo was maintained for roughly 10 years, from 1993 to 2003. Fortunately sane hardware probing and auto detection (via PCI and ISA/PnP) largely made the document a relic of the past, hence it being abandoned a decade ago. However, there is one last useful thing that we can extract from the effort made in maintaining that document. We can use it to guide us with respect to what rare, experimental and/or super ancient 10Mbit ISA drivers don't make sense to maintain in-tree anymore. Nobody will argue that ISA is obsolete. Availability went away at about the time Pentium3 motherboards moved from 500MHz Slot1/SECC processors to the green 500MHz Socket 370 Pentium3 chips, at the turn of the century. In theory, it is possible that someone could still be running one of these 12+ year old P3 machines and want 3.9+ bleeding edge kernels (but unlikely). In light of the above (remote) possibility, we can defer the removal of some ISA network drivers that were highly popular and well tested. Typically that means the stuff more from the mid to late '90s, some with ISA PnP support, like the 3c509, the wd/SMC 8390 based stuff, PCnet/lance etc. But a lot of other drivers, typically from the early 1990s were for rare hardware, and experimental (to the point of requiring a cron job that would do a test ping, and then ifconfig down/up and/or a rmmod/insmod!). And some of these drivers (znet, and lp486e to name two) are physically tied to platforms with on motherboard ethernet -- of 486 machines that date from the early 1990s and can only have single digit amounts of memory. What I'd like to achieve here with this series, is to get rid of those old drivers that are no longer being used. In an earlier discussion where I'd proposed deleting a single driver, Alan suggested we instead dump all the historical stuff in one go, to make it "...immediately obvious where the break point is..."[1] and that it was "perfectly reasonable it (and a pile of other ISA cards) ought to be shown the door"[2]. So that is the goal here - make a clear line in the sand where the really ancient stuff finally gets kicked to the curb. Two old parallel port drivers are considered for removal here as well, since in early 386/486 ISA machines, the parallel port was typically found with the UARTS on the multi-I/O ISA controller card. These drivers also date from the early 1990's; parallel ports are no longer found on modern boards, and their performance was not even capable of 10% of 10Mbit bandwidth. Allow me a preemptive justification against the inevitable comments from well meaning bystanders who suggest "why not just leave all this alone?". Dead drivers cost us all if they are left in tree. If you think that is false, then please first consider: -every time you type "git status", you are checking to see if modifications have been made by you to all that dead code. -every time you type "git grep <regex>" you are searching through files which contain that dead code that simply does not interest you. -every time you build a "allyesconfig" and an "allmodconfig" (don't tell me you skip this step before submitting your changes to a maintainer), you waste CPU cycles building this dead code. -every time there is a tree wide API change, or cleanup, or file relocation, we pay the cost of updating dead code, or moving dead code. -daily regression tests (take linux-next as the most transparent example) spend time building (and possibly running) this dead code. -hard working people who regularly run auditing tools looking for lurking bugs (sparse/coverity/smatch/coccinelle) are wasting time checking for, and fixing bugs in this dead code. This last one is key. Please take a look at the git history for the files that are proposed for removal here. Look at the git history for any one of them ("git whatchanged --follow drivers/net/.../driver.c") Mentally sort the changes into two bins -- (1) the robotic tree-wide changes, and (2) the "look I found a real run-time bug while using this" category. You will see that category #2 is essentially empty. Further to that, realize that drivers don't simply disappear. We are not operating in the binary-only distribution space like other OS. All these drivers remain in the git history forever. If a person is an enthusiast for extreme legacy hardware, they are probably already customizing their kernel source and building it themselves to support such systems. Also keep in mind that they could still build the 3.8 kernel exactly as-is, and run it (or a 3.8.x stable variant of it) for several more years if they were really determined to cling to these old experimental ISA drivers for some reason. In summary, I hope that folks can be pragmatic about this, and not get swept up in nostalgia. Ask yourself whether it is realistic to expect a person would have a genuine use case where they would need to build a 3.9+ modern kernel and install it on some legacy hardware that has no option but to absolutely _require_ one of the drivers that are deleted here. The following series was created with --irreversible-delete for ease of review (it skips showing the content of files that are deleted); however the complete patches can be pulled as per below. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-22neigh: Keep neighbour cache entries if number of them is small enough.YOSHIFUJI Hideaki / 吉藤英明
Since we have removed NCE (Neighbour Cache Entry) reference from routing entries, the only refcnt holders of an NCE are its timer (if running) and its owner table, in usual cases. As a result, neigh_periodic_work() purges NCEs over and over again even for gateways. It does not make sense to purge entries, if number of them is very small, so keep them. The minimum number of entries to keep is specified by gc_thresh1. Signed-off-by: YOSHIFUJI Hideaki <yoshfuji@linux-ipv6.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-22drivers/net: delete Digital EtherWorks-3 support.Paul Gortmaker
This is another one that makes sense to target for obsolescence, since it (a)appeared pre-1995, and (b)was rather rare, and (c)did not really have any statistically significant active linux user base. Removing this ISA 10Mbit driver support is unlikely to be even noticed by the user base of 3.9+ linux kernels, especially when the documentation clearly indicates the vintage with this text: "...designed to work with all kernels > 1.1.33" Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2013-01-22drivers/net: delete old DEC depca ISA drivers support.Paul Gortmaker
These are old ISA 10Mbit cards from the 1st 1/2 of the 1990s and required manual jumper settings in order to configure them. Here we remove them on the premise that they are no longer used in any modern 3.9+ kernels. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2013-01-22drivers/net: delete old parallel port de600/de620 driversPaul Gortmaker
The parallel port is largely replaced by USB, and even in the day where these drivers were current, the documented speed was less than 100kB/s. Let us not pretend that anyone cares about these drivers anymore, or worse - pretend that anyone is using them on a modern kernel. As a side bonus, this is the end of legacy parallel port ethernet, so we get to drop the whole chunk relating to that in the legacy Space.c file containing the non-PCI unified probe dispatch. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2013-01-21Documentation: remove obsolete networking/multicast.txt filePaul Gortmaker
The original intent of this file was to list limitations in drivers/hardware relating to multicast use, back when some modest hardware from the early 1990s did not support things we might take for granted today. I was intending to delete some now-gone MCA/token ring entries in this file, but once I opened it, I found it only contained information on the earliest (pre-2000) linux networking drivers. Checking the git history shows that the file hasn't been touched since 2005. Clearly nobody is actively consulting this file as a meaningful reference. Rather than add a "YES YES YES" line for all of the drivers we currently have, lets just take advantage of the fact that nobody is using the file to delete it. This has the side benefit of not having to do a line-by-line deletion of the file content as each older driver is expired. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-21netfilter: doc: add nf_conntrack sysctl api documentationJiri Pirko
I grepped through the code and picked bits about nf_conntrack sysctl api and put that into one documentation file. [ I have mangled this patch including comments from several grammar improvements proposed by Neal Murphy <neal.p.murphy@alum.wpi.edu>, any new grammar error is my mistake --pablo ] Signed-off-by: Jiri Pirko <jiri@resnulli.us> Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>
2013-01-17sk-filter: Add ability to lock a socket filter programVincent Bernat
While a privileged program can open a raw socket, attach some restrictive filter and drop its privileges (or send the socket to an unprivileged program through some Unix socket), the filter can still be removed or modified by the unprivileged program. This commit adds a socket option to lock the filter (SO_LOCK_FILTER) preventing any modification of a socket filter program. This is similar to OpenBSD BIOCLOCK ioctl on bpf sockets, except even root is not allowed change/drop the filter. The state of the lock can be read with getsockopt(). No error is triggered if the state is not changed. -EPERM is returned when a user tries to remove the lock or to change/remove the filter while the lock is active. The check is done directly in sk_attach_filter() and sk_detach_filter() and does not affect only setsockopt() syscall. Signed-off-by: Vincent Bernat <bernat@luffy.cx> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-15Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller
Conflicts: Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt drivers/net/ethernet/broadcom/bnx2x/bnx2x_cmn.c Both conflicts were simply overlapping context. A build fix for qlcnic is in here too, simply removing the added devinit annotations which no longer exist. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-14net: phy: remove flags argument from phy_{attach, connect, connect_direct}Florian Fainelli
The flags argument of the phy_{attach,connect,connect_direct} functions is then used to assign a struct phy_device dev_flags with its value. All callers but the tg3 driver pass the flag 0, which results in the underlying PHY drivers in drivers/net/phy/ not being able to actually use any of the flags they would set in dev_flags. This patch gets rid of the flags argument, and passes phydev->dev_flags to the internal PHY library call phy_attach_direct() such that drivers which actually modify a phy device dev_flags get the value preserved for use by the underlying phy driver. Acked-by: Kosta Zertsekel <konszert@marvell.com> Signed-off-by: Florian Fainelli <florian@openwrt.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-11networking/cs89x0.txt: delete stale information about hand patchingPaul Gortmaker
Output of a git grep happened to make me look into this file, and I found instructions about how to hand patch (without using patch) the driver into the kernel tree. Since the driver has been a part of the mainline kernel for years, we can dump this whole section. Fortunately it doesn't even cause a renumbering of the sections to do so. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-10doc: Clarify behavior when sysctl tcp_ecn = 1Vijay Subramanian
Recent commit (commit 7e3a2dc52953 doc: make the description of how tcp_ecn works more explicit and clear ) clarified the behavior of tcp_ecn sysctl variable but description is inconsistent. When requested by incoming conections, ECN is enabled with not just tcp_ecn = 2 but also with tcp_ecn = 1. This patch makes it clear that with tcp_ecn = 1, ECN is enabled when requested by incoming connections. Also fix spelling of 'incoming'. Signed-off-by: Vijay Subramanian <subramanian.vijay@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-08netconsole: add IPv6 example in docCong Wang
Update the netconsole document as well. Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-04ip-sysctl: fix spelling errorsstephen hemminger
Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-01-04ipv6: document ndisc_notify in networking/ip-sysctl.txtHannes Frederic Sowa
I slipped in a new sysctl without proper documentation. I would like to make up for this now. Signed-off-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-12-28rtnl: expose carrier value with possibility to set itJiri Pirko
Signed-off-by: Jiri Pirko <jiri@resnulli.us> Acked-by: Flavio Leitner <fbl@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-12-10doc: Tighten-up and clarify description of tcp_fin_timeoutRick Jones
The description for tcp_fin_timeout should be tigher and more clear. In addition to being tighter, we should make the spelling of the state name consistent with what utilities report, remove the now dated reference to 2.2 and put the default in the consistent place. Signed-off-by: Rick Jones <rick.jones2@hp.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-12-07net: doc : use more suitable word 'unexpected' to replace 'secluded'Shan Wei
'secluded' is used to describe places, not suitable here. Suggested-by: Ben Hutchings <bhutchings@solarflare.com> Signed-off-by: Shan Wei <davidshan@tencent.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-12-05net: doc: add default value for neighbour parametersShan Wei
Signed-off-by: Shan Wei <davidshan@tencent.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-29doc: make the description of how tcp_ecn works more explicit and clearRick Jones
Make the description of how tcp_ecn works a bit more explicit and clear. Signed-off-by: Rick Jones <rick.jones2@hp.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-26stmmac: update the doc with new IRQ mitigationGiuseppe CAVALLARO
This patch updates the stmmac.txt adding some information about the new rx/tx mitigation schema adopted in the driver. Signed-off-by: Giuseppe Cavallaro <peppe.cavallaro@st.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-25Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller
Conflicts: drivers/net/wireless/iwlwifi/pcie/tx.c Minor iwlwifi conflict in TX queue disabling between 'net', which removed a bogus warning, and 'net-next' which added some status register poking code. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-23vxlan: fix command usage in its docZhi Yong Wu
Some commands don't work in its example doc. The patch will fix it. Signed-off-by: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-17Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller
Minor line offset auto-merges. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-13doc/net: Fix typo in netdev-features.txtKirill Smelkov
Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <kirr@mns.spb.ru> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-09doc: packet_mmap: update doc to implementation statusDaniel Borkmann
This improves the packet_mmap.txt document in the following ways: * Add initial information about different TPACKET versions * Add initial information about packet fanout * Add pointer to BPF document (since this also could be of interest) * 'Fix' minor, rather cosmetic things Information partially taken from related commit messages. Reported-by: Ronny Meeus <ronny.meeus@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel.borkmann@tik.ee.ethz.ch> Cc: Ulisses Alonso Camaró <uaca@alumni.uv.es> Cc: Johann Baudy <johann.baudy@gnu-log.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-07Merge tag 'batman-adv-for-davem' of git://git.open-mesh.org/linux-mergeDavid S. Miller
Included changes: - minimal fixes to the packet layout to avoid the __packed attribute when not needed - new packet type called UNICAST_4ADDR: in this packet it is possible to find both source and destination node (in the classic UNICAST header only the destination field exists). - a new feature: Distributed ARP Table (D.A.T.). It aims to reduce ARP lookups latency by means of a simil-DHT approach.
2012-11-07packet: tx_ring: allow the user to choose tx data offsetPaul Chavent
The tx data offset of packet mmap tx ring used to be : (TPACKET2_HDRLEN - sizeof(struct sockaddr_ll)) The problem is that, with SOCK_RAW socket, the payload (14 bytes after the beginning of the user data) is misaligned. This patch allows to let the user gives an offset for it's tx data if he desires. Set sock option PACKET_TX_HAS_OFF to 1, then specify in each frame of your tx ring tp_net for SOCK_DGRAM, or tp_mac for SOCK_RAW. Signed-off-by: Paul Chavent <paul.chavent@onera.fr> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-11-07batman-adv: Distributed ARP Table - add a new debug log levelAntonio Quartulli
A new log level has been added to concentrate messages regarding DAT: ARP snooping, requests, response and DHT related messages. The new log level is named BATADV_DBG_DAT Signed-off-by: Antonio Quartulli <ordex@autistici.org>
2012-10-26sctp: Make hmac algorithm selection for cookie generation dynamicNeil Horman
Currently sctp allows for the optional use of md5 of sha1 hmac algorithms to generate cookie values when establishing new connections via two build time config options. Theres no real reason to make this a static selection. We can add a sysctl that allows for the dynamic selection of these algorithms at run time, with the default value determined by the corresponding crypto library availability. This comes in handy when, for example running a system in FIPS mode, where use of md5 is disallowed, but SHA1 is permitted. Note: This new sysctl has no corresponding socket option to select the cookie hmac algorithm. I chose not to implement that intentionally, as RFC 6458 contains no option for this value, and I opted not to pollute the socket option namespace. Change notes: v2) * Updated subject to have the proper sctp prefix as per Dave M. * Replaced deafult selection options with new options that allow developers to explicitly select available hmac algs at build time as per suggestion by Vlad Y. Signed-off-by: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> CC: Vlad Yasevich <vyasevich@gmail.com> CC: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> CC: netdev@vger.kernel.org Acked-by: Vlad Yasevich <vyasevich@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-10-01vxlan: virtual extensible lanstephen hemminger
This is an implementation of Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network as described in draft RFC: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-mahalingam-dutt-dcops-vxlan-02 The driver integrates a Virtual Tunnel Endpoint (VTEP) functionality that learns MAC to IP address mapping. This implementation has not been tested only against the Linux userspace implementation using TAP, not against other vendor's equipment. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-08-31tcp: TCP Fast Open Server - header & support functionsJerry Chu
This patch adds all the necessary data structure and support functions to implement TFO server side. It also documents a number of flags for the sysctl_tcp_fastopen knob, and adds a few Linux extension MIBs. In addition, it includes the following: 1. a new TCP_FASTOPEN socket option an application must call to supply a max backlog allowed in order to enable TFO on its listener. 2. A number of key data structures: "fastopen_rsk" in tcp_sock - for a big socket to access its request_sock for retransmission and ack processing purpose. It is non-NULL iff 3WHS not completed. "fastopenq" in request_sock_queue - points to a per Fast Open listener data structure "fastopen_queue" to keep track of qlen (# of outstanding Fast Open requests) and max_qlen, among other things. "listener" in tcp_request_sock - to point to the original listener for book-keeping purpose, i.e., to maintain qlen against max_qlen as part of defense against IP spoofing attack. 3. various data structure and functions, many in tcp_fastopen.c, to support server side Fast Open cookie operations, including /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen_key to allow manual rekeying. Signed-off-by: H.K. Jerry Chu <hkchu@google.com> Cc: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Cc: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-08-31net:stmmac: Remove bus_id from mdio platform data.Srinivas Kandagatla
This patch removes bus_id from mdio platform data, The reason to remove bus_id is, stmmac mdio bus_id is always same as stmmac bus-id, so there is no point in passing this in different variable. Also stmmac ethernet driver connects to phy with bus_id passed its platform data. So, having single bus-id is much simpler. Signed-off-by: Srinivas Kandagatla <srinivas.kandagatla@st.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-08-31tcp: Increase timeout for SYN segmentsAlex Bergmann
Commit 9ad7c049 ("tcp: RFC2988bis + taking RTT sample from 3WHS for the passive open side") changed the initRTO from 3secs to 1sec in accordance to RFC6298 (former RFC2988bis). This reduced the time till the last SYN retransmission packet gets sent from 93secs to 31secs. RFC1122 is stating that the retransmission should be done for at least 3 minutes, but this seems to be quite high. "However, the values of R1 and R2 may be different for SYN and data segments. In particular, R2 for a SYN segment MUST be set large enough to provide retransmission of the segment for at least 3 minutes. The application can close the connection (i.e., give up on the open attempt) sooner, of course." This patch increases the value of TCP_SYN_RETRIES to the value of 6, providing a retransmission window of 63secs. The comments for SYN and SYNACK retries have also been updated to describe the current settings. The same goes for the documentation file "Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt". Signed-off-by: Alexander Bergmann <alex@linlab.net> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-08-23batman-adv: Add the backbone gateway list to debugfsSimon Wunderlich
This is especially useful if there are no claims yet, but we still want to know which gateways are using bridge loop avoidance in the network. Signed-off-by: Simon Wunderlich <siwu@hrz.tu-chemnitz.de> Signed-off-by: Antonio Quartulli <ordex@autistici.org>
2012-08-22bonding: support for IPv6 transmit hashingJohn Eaglesham
Currently the "bonding" driver does not support load balancing outgoing traffic in LACP mode for IPv6 traffic. IPv4 (and TCP or UDP over IPv4) are currently supported; this patch adds transmit hashing for IPv6 (and TCP or UDP over IPv6), bringing IPv6 up to par with IPv4 support in the bonding driver. In addition, bounds checking has been added to all transmit hashing functions. The algorithm chosen (xor'ing the bottom three quads of the source and destination addresses together, then xor'ing each byte of that result into the bottom byte, finally xor'ing with the last bytes of the MAC addresses) was selected after testing almost 400,000 unique IPv6 addresses harvested from server logs. This algorithm had the most even distribution for both big- and little-endian architectures while still using few instructions. Its behavior also attempts to closely match that of the IPv4 algorithm. The IPv6 flow label was intentionally not included in the hash as it appears to be unset in the vast majority of IPv6 traffic sampled, and the current algorithm not using the flow label already offers a very even distribution. Fragmented IPv6 packets are handled the same way as fragmented IPv4 packets, ie, they are not balanced based on layer 4 information. Additionally, IPv6 packets with intermediate headers are not balanced based on layer 4 information. In practice these intermediate headers are not common and this should not cause any problems, and the alternative (a packet-parsing loop and look-up table) seemed slow and complicated for little gain. Tested-by: John Eaglesham <linux@8192.net> Signed-off-by: John Eaglesham <linux@8192.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-08-14netconsole.txt: revision of examples for the receiver of kernel messagesDirk Gouders
There are at least 4 implementations of netcat with the BSD-based being the only one that has to be used without the -p switch to specify the listening port. Jan Engelhardt suggested to add an example for socat(1). Signed-off-by: Dirk Gouders <gouders@et.bocholt.fh-gelsenkirchen.de> Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-30ipv4: remove rt_cache_rebuild_countEric Dumazet
After IP route cache removal, rt_cache_rebuild_count is no longer used. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-22net-next: minor cleanups for bonding documentationRick Jones
The section titled "Configuring Bonding for Maximum Throughput" is actually section twelve not thirteen, and there are a couple of words spelled incorrectly. Signed-off-by: Rick Jones <rick.jones2@hp.com> Reviewed-by: Nicolas de Pesloüan <nicolas.2p.debian@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Jay Vosburgh <fubar@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-22sctp: Implement quick failover draft from tsvwgNeil Horman
I've seen several attempts recently made to do quick failover of sctp transports by reducing various retransmit timers and counters. While its possible to implement a faster failover on multihomed sctp associations, its not particularly robust, in that it can lead to unneeded retransmits, as well as false connection failures due to intermittent latency on a network. Instead, lets implement the new ietf quick failover draft found here: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-nishida-tsvwg-sctp-failover-05 This will let the sctp stack identify transports that have had a small number of errors, and avoid using them quickly until their reliability can be re-established. I've tested this out on two virt guests connected via multiple isolated virt networks and believe its in compliance with the above draft and works well. Signed-off-by: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> CC: Vlad Yasevich <vyasevich@gmail.com> CC: Sridhar Samudrala <sri@us.ibm.com> CC: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> CC: linux-sctp@vger.kernel.org CC: joe@perches.com Acked-by: Vlad Yasevich <vyasevich@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-20Merge branch 'master' of ↵David S. Miller
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jesse/openvswitch Jesse Gross says: ==================== A few bug fixes and small enhancements for net-next/3.6. ... Ansis Atteka (1): openvswitch: Do not send notification if ovs_vport_set_options() failed Ben Pfaff (1): openvswitch: Check gso_type for correct sk_buff in queue_gso_packets(). Jesse Gross (2): openvswitch: Enable retrieval of TCP flags from IPv6 traffic. openvswitch: Reset upper layer protocol info on internal devices. Leo Alterman (1): openvswitch: Fix typo in documentation. Pravin B Shelar (1): openvswitch: Check currect return value from skb_gso_segment() Raju Subramanian (1): openvswitch: Replace Nicira Networks. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-20openvswitch: Fix typo in documentation.Leo Alterman
Signed-off-by: Leo Alterman <lalterman@nicira.com> Signed-off-by: Jesse Gross <jesse@nicira.com>
2012-07-19net-tcp: Fast Open client - cookie-less modeYuchung Cheng
In trusted networks, e.g., intranet, data-center, the client does not need to use Fast Open cookie to mitigate DoS attacks. In cookie-less mode, sendmsg() with MSG_FASTOPEN flag will send SYN-data regardless of cookie availability. Signed-off-by: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-19net-tcp: Fast Open client - sendmsg(MSG_FASTOPEN)Yuchung Cheng
sendmsg() (or sendto()) with MSG_FASTOPEN is a combo of connect(2) and write(2). The application should replace connect() with it to send data in the opening SYN packet. For blocking socket, sendmsg() blocks until all the data are buffered locally and the handshake is completed like connect() call. It returns similar errno like connect() if the TCP handshake fails. For non-blocking socket, it returns the number of bytes queued (and transmitted in the SYN-data packet) if cookie is available. If cookie is not available, it transmits a data-less SYN packet with Fast Open cookie request option and returns -EINPROGRESS like connect(). Using MSG_FASTOPEN on connecting or connected socket will result in simlar errno like repeating connect() calls. Therefore the application should only use this flag on new sockets. The buffer size of sendmsg() is independent of the MSS of the connection. Signed-off-by: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-19bridge: update documentation referencesstephen hemminger
Update the references to bridge utilities and web pages to current locations Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-17tcp: implement RFC 5961 3.2Eric Dumazet
Implement the RFC 5691 mitigation against Blind Reset attack using RST bit. Idea is to validate incoming RST sequence, to match RCV.NXT value, instead of previouly accepted window : (RCV.NXT <= SEG.SEQ < RCV.NXT+RCV.WND) If sequence is in window but not an exact match, send a "challenge ACK", so that the other part can resend an RST with the appropriate sequence. Add a new sysctl, tcp_challenge_ack_limit, to limit number of challenge ACK sent per second. Add a new SNMP counter to count number of challenge acks sent. (netstat -s | grep TCPChallengeACK) Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Kiran Kumar Kella <kkiran@broadcom.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-11tcp: TCP Small QueuesEric Dumazet
This introduce TSQ (TCP Small Queues) TSQ goal is to reduce number of TCP packets in xmit queues (qdisc & device queues), to reduce RTT and cwnd bias, part of the bufferbloat problem. sk->sk_wmem_alloc not allowed to grow above a given limit, allowing no more than ~128KB [1] per tcp socket in qdisc/dev layers at a given time. TSO packets are sized/capped to half the limit, so that we have two TSO packets in flight, allowing better bandwidth use. As a side effect, setting the limit to 40000 automatically reduces the standard gso max limit (65536) to 40000/2 : It can help to reduce latencies of high prio packets, having smaller TSO packets. This means we divert sock_wfree() to a tcp_wfree() handler, to queue/send following frames when skb_orphan() [2] is called for the already queued skbs. Results on my dev machines (tg3/ixgbe nics) are really impressive, using standard pfifo_fast, and with or without TSO/GSO. Without reduction of nominal bandwidth, we have reduction of buffering per bulk sender : < 1ms on Gbit (instead of 50ms with TSO) < 8ms on 100Mbit (instead of 132 ms) I no longer have 4 MBytes backlogged in qdisc by a single netperf session, and both side socket autotuning no longer use 4 Mbytes. As skb destructor cannot restart xmit itself ( as qdisc lock might be taken at this point ), we delegate the work to a tasklet. We use one tasklest per cpu for performance reasons. If tasklet finds a socket owned by the user, it sets TSQ_OWNED flag. This flag is tested in a new protocol method called from release_sock(), to eventually send new segments. [1] New /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_limit_output_bytes tunable [2] skb_orphan() is usually called at TX completion time, but some drivers call it in their start_xmit() handler. These drivers should at least use BQL, or else a single TCP session can still fill the whole NIC TX ring, since TSQ will have no effect. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Dave Taht <dave.taht@bufferbloat.net> Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com> Cc: Matt Mathis <mattmathis@google.com> Cc: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com> Cc: Nandita Dukkipati <nanditad@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>