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authorRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>2013-03-20 13:50:24 +1030
committerRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>2013-03-20 14:06:04 +1030
commit1515c5ce26ae45a8ecea4e68a484562ca4356442 (patch)
tree6d28df1c18dcff47f26f347576079a30b5badb37 /tools/virtio
parentf87d0fbb579818fed3eeb0923cc253163ab93039 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-1515c5ce26ae45a8ecea4e68a484562ca4356442.tar.gz
tools/virtio: add vring_test.
This is mainly to test the drivers/vhost/vringh.c code, but it also uses the drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c code for the guest side. Usage for testing the basic implementation: ./vringh_test # Test with indirect descriptors ./vringh_test --indirect # Test with indirect descriptors and event indexex ./vringh_test --indirect --eventidx You can run a parallel stress test by adding --parallel to any of the above options. eg ./vringh_test --parallel: Using CPUS 0 and 3 Guest: notified 10107974, pinged 107970 Host: notified 108158, pinged 3172148 ./vringh_test --indirect --eventidx --parallel: Using CPUS 0 and 3 Guest: notified 156357, pinged 156251 Host: notified 156251, pinged 78179 Average of 50 times doing ./vringh_test --indirect --eventidx --parallel: 2.840000-3.040000(2.927292)user Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Diffstat (limited to 'tools/virtio')
-rw-r--r--tools/virtio/Makefile10
-rw-r--r--tools/virtio/linux/uio.h2
-rw-r--r--tools/virtio/vringh_test.c739
3 files changed, 747 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/tools/virtio/Makefile b/tools/virtio/Makefile
index b48c4329e64..3187c62d981 100644
--- a/tools/virtio/Makefile
+++ b/tools/virtio/Makefile
@@ -1,12 +1,14 @@
all: test mod
-test: virtio_test
+test: virtio_test vringh_test
virtio_test: virtio_ring.o virtio_test.o
-CFLAGS += -g -O2 -Wall -I. -I ../../usr/include/ -Wno-pointer-sign -fno-strict-overflow -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -MMD
-vpath %.c ../../drivers/virtio
+vringh_test: vringh_test.o vringh.o virtio_ring.o
+
+CFLAGS += -g -O2 -Wall -I. -I ../../usr/include/ -Wno-pointer-sign -fno-strict-overflow -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -MMD -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE
+vpath %.c ../../drivers/virtio ../../drivers/vhost
mod:
${MAKE} -C `pwd`/../.. M=`pwd`/vhost_test
.PHONY: all test mod clean
clean:
- ${RM} *.o vhost_test/*.o vhost_test/.*.cmd \
+ ${RM} *.o vringh_test virtio_test vhost_test/*.o vhost_test/.*.cmd \
vhost_test/Module.symvers vhost_test/modules.order *.d
-include *.d
diff --git a/tools/virtio/linux/uio.h b/tools/virtio/linux/uio.h
index ecbdf922b0f..cd20f0ba308 100644
--- a/tools/virtio/linux/uio.h
+++ b/tools/virtio/linux/uio.h
@@ -1 +1,3 @@
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+
#include "../../../include/linux/uio.h"
diff --git a/tools/virtio/vringh_test.c b/tools/virtio/vringh_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..6a48ca5c101
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/virtio/vringh_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,739 @@
+/* Simple test of virtio code, entirely in userpsace. */
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <err.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/vringh.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+
+#define USER_MEM (1024*1024)
+void *__user_addr_min, *__user_addr_max;
+void *__kmalloc_fake, *__kfree_ignore_start, *__kfree_ignore_end;
+static u64 user_addr_offset;
+
+#define RINGSIZE 256
+#define ALIGN 4096
+
+static void never_notify_host(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ abort();
+}
+
+static void never_callback_guest(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ abort();
+}
+
+static bool getrange_iov(struct vringh *vrh, u64 addr, struct vringh_range *r)
+{
+ if (addr < (u64)(unsigned long)__user_addr_min - user_addr_offset)
+ return false;
+ if (addr >= (u64)(unsigned long)__user_addr_max - user_addr_offset)
+ return false;
+
+ r->start = (u64)(unsigned long)__user_addr_min - user_addr_offset;
+ r->end_incl = (u64)(unsigned long)__user_addr_max - 1 - user_addr_offset;
+ r->offset = user_addr_offset;
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* We return single byte ranges. */
+static bool getrange_slow(struct vringh *vrh, u64 addr, struct vringh_range *r)
+{
+ if (addr < (u64)(unsigned long)__user_addr_min - user_addr_offset)
+ return false;
+ if (addr >= (u64)(unsigned long)__user_addr_max - user_addr_offset)
+ return false;
+
+ r->start = addr;
+ r->end_incl = r->start;
+ r->offset = user_addr_offset;
+ return true;
+}
+
+struct guest_virtio_device {
+ struct virtio_device vdev;
+ int to_host_fd;
+ unsigned long notifies;
+};
+
+static void parallel_notify_host(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ struct guest_virtio_device *gvdev;
+
+ gvdev = container_of(vq->vdev, struct guest_virtio_device, vdev);
+ write(gvdev->to_host_fd, "", 1);
+ gvdev->notifies++;
+}
+
+static void no_notify_host(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+}
+
+#define NUM_XFERS (10000000)
+
+/* We aim for two "distant" cpus. */
+static void find_cpus(unsigned int *first, unsigned int *last)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ *first = -1U;
+ *last = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < 4096; i++) {
+ cpu_set_t set;
+ CPU_ZERO(&set);
+ CPU_SET(i, &set);
+ if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == 0) {
+ if (i < *first)
+ *first = i;
+ if (i > *last)
+ *last = i;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/* Opencoded version for fast mode */
+static inline int vringh_get_head(struct vringh *vrh, u16 *head)
+{
+ u16 avail_idx, i;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_user(avail_idx, &vrh->vring.avail->idx);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (vrh->last_avail_idx == avail_idx)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Only get avail ring entries after they have been exposed by guest. */
+ virtio_rmb(vrh->weak_barriers);
+
+ i = vrh->last_avail_idx & (vrh->vring.num - 1);
+
+ err = get_user(*head, &vrh->vring.avail->ring[i]);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ vrh->last_avail_idx++;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static int parallel_test(unsigned long features,
+ bool (*getrange)(struct vringh *vrh,
+ u64 addr, struct vringh_range *r),
+ bool fast_vringh)
+{
+ void *host_map, *guest_map;
+ int fd, mapsize, to_guest[2], to_host[2];
+ unsigned long xfers = 0, notifies = 0, receives = 0;
+ unsigned int first_cpu, last_cpu;
+ cpu_set_t cpu_set;
+ char buf[128];
+
+ /* Create real file to mmap. */
+ fd = open("/tmp/vringh_test-file", O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC, 0600);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ err(1, "Opening /tmp/vringh_test-file");
+
+ /* Extra room at the end for some data, and indirects */
+ mapsize = vring_size(RINGSIZE, ALIGN)
+ + RINGSIZE * 2 * sizeof(int)
+ + RINGSIZE * 6 * sizeof(struct vring_desc);
+ mapsize = (mapsize + getpagesize() - 1) & ~(getpagesize() - 1);
+ ftruncate(fd, mapsize);
+
+ /* Parent and child use separate addresses, to check our mapping logic! */
+ host_map = mmap(NULL, mapsize, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
+ guest_map = mmap(NULL, mapsize, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
+
+ pipe(to_guest);
+ pipe(to_host);
+
+ CPU_ZERO(&cpu_set);
+ find_cpus(&first_cpu, &last_cpu);
+ printf("Using CPUS %u and %u\n", first_cpu, last_cpu);
+ fflush(stdout);
+
+ if (fork() != 0) {
+ struct vringh vrh;
+ int status, err, rlen = 0;
+ char rbuf[5];
+
+ /* We are the host: never access guest addresses! */
+ munmap(guest_map, mapsize);
+
+ __user_addr_min = host_map;
+ __user_addr_max = __user_addr_min + mapsize;
+ user_addr_offset = host_map - guest_map;
+ assert(user_addr_offset);
+
+ close(to_guest[0]);
+ close(to_host[1]);
+
+ vring_init(&vrh.vring, RINGSIZE, host_map, ALIGN);
+ vringh_init_user(&vrh, features, RINGSIZE, true,
+ vrh.vring.desc, vrh.vring.avail, vrh.vring.used);
+ CPU_SET(first_cpu, &cpu_set);
+ if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(cpu_set), &cpu_set))
+ errx(1, "Could not set affinity to cpu %u", first_cpu);
+
+ while (xfers < NUM_XFERS) {
+ struct iovec host_riov[2], host_wiov[2];
+ struct vringh_iov riov, wiov;
+ u16 head, written;
+
+ if (fast_vringh) {
+ for (;;) {
+ err = vringh_get_head(&vrh, &head);
+ if (err != 0)
+ break;
+ err = vringh_need_notify_user(&vrh);
+ if (err < 0)
+ errx(1, "vringh_need_notify_user: %i",
+ err);
+ if (err) {
+ write(to_guest[1], "", 1);
+ notifies++;
+ }
+ }
+ if (err != 1)
+ errx(1, "vringh_get_head");
+ written = 0;
+ goto complete;
+ } else {
+ vringh_iov_init(&riov,
+ host_riov,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(host_riov));
+ vringh_iov_init(&wiov,
+ host_wiov,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(host_wiov));
+
+ err = vringh_getdesc_user(&vrh, &riov, &wiov,
+ getrange, &head);
+ }
+ if (err == 0) {
+ err = vringh_need_notify_user(&vrh);
+ if (err < 0)
+ errx(1, "vringh_need_notify_user: %i",
+ err);
+ if (err) {
+ write(to_guest[1], "", 1);
+ notifies++;
+ }
+
+ if (!vringh_notify_enable_user(&vrh))
+ continue;
+
+ /* Swallow all notifies at once. */
+ if (read(to_host[0], buf, sizeof(buf)) < 1)
+ break;
+
+ vringh_notify_disable_user(&vrh);
+ receives++;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (err != 1)
+ errx(1, "vringh_getdesc_user: %i", err);
+
+ /* We simply copy bytes. */
+ if (riov.used) {
+ rlen = vringh_iov_pull_user(&riov, rbuf,
+ sizeof(rbuf));
+ if (rlen != 4)
+ errx(1, "vringh_iov_pull_user: %i",
+ rlen);
+ assert(riov.i == riov.used);
+ written = 0;
+ } else {
+ err = vringh_iov_push_user(&wiov, rbuf, rlen);
+ if (err != rlen)
+ errx(1, "vringh_iov_push_user: %i",
+ err);
+ assert(wiov.i == wiov.used);
+ written = err;
+ }
+ complete:
+ xfers++;
+
+ err = vringh_complete_user(&vrh, head, written);
+ if (err != 0)
+ errx(1, "vringh_complete_user: %i", err);
+ }
+
+ err = vringh_need_notify_user(&vrh);
+ if (err < 0)
+ errx(1, "vringh_need_notify_user: %i", err);
+ if (err) {
+ write(to_guest[1], "", 1);
+ notifies++;
+ }
+ wait(&status);
+ if (!WIFEXITED(status))
+ errx(1, "Child died with signal %i?", WTERMSIG(status));
+ if (WEXITSTATUS(status) != 0)
+ errx(1, "Child exited %i?", WEXITSTATUS(status));
+ printf("Host: notified %lu, pinged %lu\n", notifies, receives);
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ struct guest_virtio_device gvdev;
+ struct virtqueue *vq;
+ unsigned int *data;
+ struct vring_desc *indirects;
+ unsigned int finished = 0;
+
+ /* We pass sg[]s pointing into here, but we need RINGSIZE+1 */
+ data = guest_map + vring_size(RINGSIZE, ALIGN);
+ indirects = (void *)data + (RINGSIZE + 1) * 2 * sizeof(int);
+
+ /* We are the guest. */
+ munmap(host_map, mapsize);
+
+ close(to_guest[1]);
+ close(to_host[0]);
+
+ gvdev.vdev.features[0] = features;
+ gvdev.to_host_fd = to_host[1];
+ gvdev.notifies = 0;
+
+ CPU_SET(first_cpu, &cpu_set);
+ if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(cpu_set), &cpu_set))
+ err(1, "Could not set affinity to cpu %u", first_cpu);
+
+ vq = vring_new_virtqueue(0, RINGSIZE, ALIGN, &gvdev.vdev, true,
+ guest_map, fast_vringh ? no_notify_host
+ : parallel_notify_host,
+ never_callback_guest, "guest vq");
+
+ /* Don't kfree indirects. */
+ __kfree_ignore_start = indirects;
+ __kfree_ignore_end = indirects + RINGSIZE * 6;
+
+ while (xfers < NUM_XFERS) {
+ struct scatterlist sg[4];
+ unsigned int num_sg, len;
+ int *dbuf, err;
+ bool output = !(xfers % 2);
+
+ /* Consume bufs. */
+ while ((dbuf = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len)) != NULL) {
+ if (len == 4)
+ assert(*dbuf == finished - 1);
+ else if (!fast_vringh)
+ assert(*dbuf == finished);
+ finished++;
+ }
+
+ /* Produce a buffer. */
+ dbuf = data + (xfers % (RINGSIZE + 1));
+
+ if (output)
+ *dbuf = xfers;
+ else
+ *dbuf = -1;
+
+ switch ((xfers / sizeof(*dbuf)) % 4) {
+ case 0:
+ /* Nasty three-element sg list. */
+ sg_init_table(sg, num_sg = 3);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[0], (void *)dbuf, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[1], (void *)dbuf + 1, 2);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[2], (void *)dbuf + 3, 1);
+ break;
+ case 1:
+ sg_init_table(sg, num_sg = 2);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[0], (void *)dbuf, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[1], (void *)dbuf + 1, 3);
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ sg_init_table(sg, num_sg = 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[0], (void *)dbuf, 4);
+ break;
+ case 3:
+ sg_init_table(sg, num_sg = 4);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[0], (void *)dbuf, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[1], (void *)dbuf + 1, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[2], (void *)dbuf + 2, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&sg[3], (void *)dbuf + 3, 1);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* May allocate an indirect, so force it to allocate
+ * user addr */
+ __kmalloc_fake = indirects + (xfers % RINGSIZE) * 4;
+ if (output)
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf(vq, sg, num_sg, 0, dbuf,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ else
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf(vq, sg, 0, num_sg, dbuf,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (err == -ENOSPC) {
+ if (!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(vq))
+ continue;
+ /* Swallow all notifies at once. */
+ if (read(to_guest[0], buf, sizeof(buf)) < 1)
+ break;
+
+ receives++;
+ virtqueue_disable_cb(vq);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (err)
+ errx(1, "virtqueue_add_buf: %i", err);
+
+ xfers++;
+ virtqueue_kick(vq);
+ }
+
+ /* Any extra? */
+ while (finished != xfers) {
+ int *dbuf;
+ unsigned int len;
+
+ /* Consume bufs. */
+ dbuf = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len);
+ if (dbuf) {
+ if (len == 4)
+ assert(*dbuf == finished - 1);
+ else
+ assert(len == 0);
+ finished++;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(vq))
+ continue;
+ if (read(to_guest[0], buf, sizeof(buf)) < 1)
+ break;
+
+ receives++;
+ virtqueue_disable_cb(vq);
+ }
+
+ printf("Guest: notified %lu, pinged %lu\n",
+ gvdev.notifies, receives);
+ vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ struct virtio_device vdev;
+ struct virtqueue *vq;
+ struct vringh vrh;
+ struct scatterlist guest_sg[RINGSIZE];
+ struct iovec host_riov[2], host_wiov[2];
+ struct vringh_iov riov, wiov;
+ struct vring_used_elem used[RINGSIZE];
+ char buf[28];
+ u16 head;
+ int err;
+ unsigned i;
+ void *ret;
+ bool (*getrange)(struct vringh *vrh, u64 addr, struct vringh_range *r);
+ bool fast_vringh = false, parallel = false;
+
+ getrange = getrange_iov;
+ vdev.features[0] = 0;
+
+ while (argv[1]) {
+ if (strcmp(argv[1], "--indirect") == 0)
+ vdev.features[0] |= (1 << VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC);
+ else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--eventidx") == 0)
+ vdev.features[0] |= (1 << VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX);
+ else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--slow-range") == 0)
+ getrange = getrange_slow;
+ else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--fast-vringh") == 0)
+ fast_vringh = true;
+ else if (strcmp(argv[1], "--parallel") == 0)
+ parallel = true;
+ else
+ errx(1, "Unknown arg %s", argv[1]);
+ argv++;
+ }
+
+ if (parallel)
+ return parallel_test(vdev.features[0], getrange, fast_vringh);
+
+ if (posix_memalign(&__user_addr_min, PAGE_SIZE, USER_MEM) != 0)
+ abort();
+ __user_addr_max = __user_addr_min + USER_MEM;
+ memset(__user_addr_min, 0, vring_size(RINGSIZE, ALIGN));
+
+ /* Set up guest side. */
+ vq = vring_new_virtqueue(0, RINGSIZE, ALIGN, &vdev, true,
+ __user_addr_min,
+ never_notify_host, never_callback_guest,
+ "guest vq");
+
+ /* Set up host side. */
+ vring_init(&vrh.vring, RINGSIZE, __user_addr_min, ALIGN);
+ vringh_init_user(&vrh, vdev.features[0], RINGSIZE, true,
+ vrh.vring.desc, vrh.vring.avail, vrh.vring.used);
+
+ /* No descriptor to get yet... */
+ err = vringh_getdesc_user(&vrh, &riov, &wiov, getrange, &head);
+ if (err != 0)
+ errx(1, "vringh_getdesc_user: %i", err);
+
+ /* Guest puts in a descriptor. */
+ memcpy(__user_addr_max - 1, "a", 1);
+ sg_init_table(guest_sg, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[0], __user_addr_max - 1, 1);
+ sg_init_table(guest_sg+1, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[1], __user_addr_max - 3, 2);
+
+ /* May allocate an indirect, so force it to allocate user addr */
+ __kmalloc_fake = __user_addr_min + vring_size(RINGSIZE, ALIGN);
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf(vq, guest_sg, 1, 1, &err, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err)
+ errx(1, "virtqueue_add_buf: %i", err);
+ __kmalloc_fake = NULL;
+
+ /* Host retreives it. */
+ vringh_iov_init(&riov, host_riov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_riov));
+ vringh_iov_init(&wiov, host_wiov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_wiov));
+
+ err = vringh_getdesc_user(&vrh, &riov, &wiov, getrange, &head);
+ if (err != 1)
+ errx(1, "vringh_getdesc_user: %i", err);
+
+ assert(riov.used == 1);
+ assert(riov.iov[0].iov_base == __user_addr_max - 1);
+ assert(riov.iov[0].iov_len == 1);
+ if (getrange != getrange_slow) {
+ assert(wiov.used == 1);
+ assert(wiov.iov[0].iov_base == __user_addr_max - 3);
+ assert(wiov.iov[0].iov_len == 2);
+ } else {
+ assert(wiov.used == 2);
+ assert(wiov.iov[0].iov_base == __user_addr_max - 3);
+ assert(wiov.iov[0].iov_len == 1);
+ assert(wiov.iov[1].iov_base == __user_addr_max - 2);
+ assert(wiov.iov[1].iov_len == 1);
+ }
+
+ err = vringh_iov_pull_user(&riov, buf, 5);
+ if (err != 1)
+ errx(1, "vringh_iov_pull_user: %i", err);
+ assert(buf[0] == 'a');
+ assert(riov.i == 1);
+ assert(vringh_iov_pull_user(&riov, buf, 5) == 0);
+
+ memcpy(buf, "bcdef", 5);
+ err = vringh_iov_push_user(&wiov, buf, 5);
+ if (err != 2)
+ errx(1, "vringh_iov_push_user: %i", err);
+ assert(memcmp(__user_addr_max - 3, "bc", 2) == 0);
+ assert(wiov.i == wiov.used);
+ assert(vringh_iov_push_user(&wiov, buf, 5) == 0);
+
+ /* Host is done. */
+ err = vringh_complete_user(&vrh, head, err);
+ if (err != 0)
+ errx(1, "vringh_complete_user: %i", err);
+
+ /* Guest should see used token now. */
+ __kfree_ignore_start = __user_addr_min + vring_size(RINGSIZE, ALIGN);
+ __kfree_ignore_end = __kfree_ignore_start + 1;
+ ret = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &i);
+ if (ret != &err)
+ errx(1, "virtqueue_get_buf: %p", ret);
+ assert(i == 2);
+
+ /* Guest puts in a huge descriptor. */
+ sg_init_table(guest_sg, RINGSIZE);
+ for (i = 0; i < RINGSIZE; i++) {
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[i],
+ __user_addr_max - USER_MEM/4, USER_MEM/4);
+ }
+
+ /* Fill contents with recognisable garbage. */
+ for (i = 0; i < USER_MEM/4; i++)
+ ((char *)__user_addr_max - USER_MEM/4)[i] = i;
+
+ /* This will allocate an indirect, so force it to allocate user addr */
+ __kmalloc_fake = __user_addr_min + vring_size(RINGSIZE, ALIGN);
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf(vq, guest_sg, RINGSIZE, 0, &err, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err)
+ errx(1, "virtqueue_add_buf (large): %i", err);
+ __kmalloc_fake = NULL;
+
+ /* Host picks it up (allocates new iov). */
+ vringh_iov_init(&riov, host_riov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_riov));
+ vringh_iov_init(&wiov, host_wiov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_wiov));
+
+ err = vringh_getdesc_user(&vrh, &riov, &wiov, getrange, &head);
+ if (err != 1)
+ errx(1, "vringh_getdesc_user: %i", err);
+
+ assert(riov.max_num & VRINGH_IOV_ALLOCATED);
+ assert(riov.iov != host_riov);
+ if (getrange != getrange_slow)
+ assert(riov.used == RINGSIZE);
+ else
+ assert(riov.used == RINGSIZE * USER_MEM/4);
+
+ assert(!(wiov.max_num & VRINGH_IOV_ALLOCATED));
+ assert(wiov.used == 0);
+
+ /* Pull data back out (in odd chunks), should be as expected. */
+ for (i = 0; i < RINGSIZE * USER_MEM/4; i += 3) {
+ err = vringh_iov_pull_user(&riov, buf, 3);
+ if (err != 3 && i + err != RINGSIZE * USER_MEM/4)
+ errx(1, "vringh_iov_pull_user large: %i", err);
+ assert(buf[0] == (char)i);
+ assert(err < 2 || buf[1] == (char)(i + 1));
+ assert(err < 3 || buf[2] == (char)(i + 2));
+ }
+ assert(riov.i == riov.used);
+ vringh_iov_cleanup(&riov);
+ vringh_iov_cleanup(&wiov);
+
+ /* Complete using multi interface, just because we can. */
+ used[0].id = head;
+ used[0].len = 0;
+ err = vringh_complete_multi_user(&vrh, used, 1);
+ if (err)
+ errx(1, "vringh_complete_multi_user(1): %i", err);
+
+ /* Free up those descriptors. */
+ ret = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &i);
+ if (ret != &err)
+ errx(1, "virtqueue_get_buf: %p", ret);
+
+ /* Add lots of descriptors. */
+ sg_init_table(guest_sg, 1);
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[0], __user_addr_max - 1, 1);
+ for (i = 0; i < RINGSIZE; i++) {
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf(vq, guest_sg, 1, 0, &err, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err)
+ errx(1, "virtqueue_add_buf (multiple): %i", err);
+ }
+
+ /* Now get many, and consume them all at once. */
+ vringh_iov_init(&riov, host_riov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_riov));
+ vringh_iov_init(&wiov, host_wiov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_wiov));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < RINGSIZE; i++) {
+ err = vringh_getdesc_user(&vrh, &riov, &wiov, getrange, &head);
+ if (err != 1)
+ errx(1, "vringh_getdesc_user: %i", err);
+ used[i].id = head;
+ used[i].len = 0;
+ }
+ /* Make sure it wraps around ring, to test! */
+ assert(vrh.vring.used->idx % RINGSIZE != 0);
+ err = vringh_complete_multi_user(&vrh, used, RINGSIZE);
+ if (err)
+ errx(1, "vringh_complete_multi_user: %i", err);
+
+ /* Free those buffers. */
+ for (i = 0; i < RINGSIZE; i++) {
+ unsigned len;
+ assert(virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len) != NULL);
+ }
+
+ /* Test weird (but legal!) indirect. */
+ if (vdev.features[0] & (1 << VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC)) {
+ char *data = __user_addr_max - USER_MEM/4;
+ struct vring_desc *d = __user_addr_max - USER_MEM/2;
+ struct vring vring;
+
+ /* Force creation of direct, which we modify. */
+ vdev.features[0] &= ~(1 << VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC);
+ vq = vring_new_virtqueue(0, RINGSIZE, ALIGN, &vdev, true,
+ __user_addr_min,
+ never_notify_host,
+ never_callback_guest,
+ "guest vq");
+
+ sg_init_table(guest_sg, 4);
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[0], d, sizeof(*d)*2);
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[1], d + 2, sizeof(*d)*1);
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[2], data + 6, 4);
+ sg_set_buf(&guest_sg[3], d + 3, sizeof(*d)*3);
+
+ err = virtqueue_add_buf(vq, guest_sg, 4, 0, &err, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err)
+ errx(1, "virtqueue_add_buf (indirect): %i", err);
+
+ vring_init(&vring, RINGSIZE, __user_addr_min, ALIGN);
+
+ /* They're used in order, but double-check... */
+ assert(vring.desc[0].addr == (unsigned long)d);
+ assert(vring.desc[1].addr == (unsigned long)(d+2));
+ assert(vring.desc[2].addr == (unsigned long)data + 6);
+ assert(vring.desc[3].addr == (unsigned long)(d+3));
+ vring.desc[0].flags |= VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT;
+ vring.desc[1].flags |= VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT;
+ vring.desc[3].flags |= VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT;
+
+ /* First indirect */
+ d[0].addr = (unsigned long)data;
+ d[0].len = 1;
+ d[0].flags = VRING_DESC_F_NEXT;
+ d[0].next = 1;
+ d[1].addr = (unsigned long)data + 1;
+ d[1].len = 2;
+ d[1].flags = 0;
+
+ /* Second indirect */
+ d[2].addr = (unsigned long)data + 3;
+ d[2].len = 3;
+ d[2].flags = 0;
+
+ /* Third indirect */
+ d[3].addr = (unsigned long)data + 10;
+ d[3].len = 5;
+ d[3].flags = VRING_DESC_F_NEXT;
+ d[3].next = 1;
+ d[4].addr = (unsigned long)data + 15;
+ d[4].len = 6;
+ d[4].flags = VRING_DESC_F_NEXT;
+ d[4].next = 2;
+ d[5].addr = (unsigned long)data + 21;
+ d[5].len = 7;
+ d[5].flags = 0;
+
+ /* Host picks it up (allocates new iov). */
+ vringh_iov_init(&riov, host_riov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_riov));
+ vringh_iov_init(&wiov, host_wiov, ARRAY_SIZE(host_wiov));
+
+ err = vringh_getdesc_user(&vrh, &riov, &wiov, getrange, &head);
+ if (err != 1)
+ errx(1, "vringh_getdesc_user: %i", err);
+
+ if (head != 0)
+ errx(1, "vringh_getdesc_user: head %i not 0", head);
+
+ assert(riov.max_num & VRINGH_IOV_ALLOCATED);
+ if (getrange != getrange_slow)
+ assert(riov.used == 7);
+ else
+ assert(riov.used == 28);
+ err = vringh_iov_pull_user(&riov, buf, 29);
+ assert(err == 28);
+
+ /* Data should be linear. */
+ for (i = 0; i < err; i++)
+ assert(buf[i] == i);
+ vringh_iov_cleanup(&riov);
+ }
+
+ /* Don't leak memory... */
+ vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
+ free(__user_addr_min);
+
+ return 0;
+}