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authorShailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com>2006-07-14 00:24:47 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-07-14 21:53:57 -0700
commitf9fd8914c1acca0d98b69d831b128d5b52f03c51 (patch)
tree18c2506bb31e49a9e2c4a483d37b0394c815fe9d /kernel/taskstats.c
parentc8924363da07aec213e5d359f23eeae1fff91951 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-f9fd8914c1acca0d98b69d831b128d5b52f03c51.tar.gz
[PATCH] per-task delay accounting taskstats interface: control exit data through cpumasks
On systems with a large number of cpus, with even a modest rate of tasks exiting per cpu, the volume of taskstats data sent on thread exit can overflow a userspace listener's buffers. One approach to avoiding overflow is to allow listeners to get data for a limited and specific set of cpus. By scaling the number of listeners and/or the cpus they monitor, userspace can handle the statistical data overload more gracefully. In this patch, each listener registers to listen to a specific set of cpus by specifying a cpumask. The interest is recorded per-cpu. When a task exits on a cpu, its taskstats data is unicast to each listener interested in that cpu. Thanks to Andrew Morton for pointing out the various scalability and general concerns of previous attempts and for suggesting this design. [akpm@osdl.org: build fix] Signed-off-by: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/taskstats.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/taskstats.c200
1 files changed, 189 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/taskstats.c b/kernel/taskstats.c
index 4a0a5022b29..abb59e32354 100644
--- a/kernel/taskstats.c
+++ b/kernel/taskstats.c
@@ -19,9 +19,17 @@
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <net/genetlink.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
+/*
+ * Maximum length of a cpumask that can be specified in
+ * the TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_REGISTER/DEREGISTER_CPUMASK attribute
+ */
+#define TASKSTATS_CPUMASK_MAXLEN (100+6*NR_CPUS)
+
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(__u32, taskstats_seqnum) = { 0 };
static int family_registered;
kmem_cache_t *taskstats_cache;
@@ -37,8 +45,25 @@ static struct nla_policy taskstats_cmd_get_policy[TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_MAX+1]
__read_mostly = {
[TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_PID] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
[TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_TGID] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
+ [TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_REGISTER_CPUMASK] = { .type = NLA_STRING },
+ [TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_DEREGISTER_CPUMASK] = { .type = NLA_STRING },};
+
+struct listener {
+ struct list_head list;
+ pid_t pid;
};
+struct listener_list {
+ struct rw_semaphore sem;
+ struct list_head list;
+};
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct listener_list, listener_array);
+
+enum actions {
+ REGISTER,
+ DEREGISTER,
+ CPU_DONT_CARE
+};
static int prepare_reply(struct genl_info *info, u8 cmd, struct sk_buff **skbp,
void **replyp, size_t size)
@@ -74,25 +99,68 @@ static int prepare_reply(struct genl_info *info, u8 cmd, struct sk_buff **skbp,
return 0;
}
-static int send_reply(struct sk_buff *skb, pid_t pid, int event)
+/*
+ * Send taskstats data in @skb to listener with nl_pid @pid
+ */
+static int send_reply(struct sk_buff *skb, pid_t pid)
{
struct genlmsghdr *genlhdr = nlmsg_data((struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data);
- void *reply;
+ void *reply = genlmsg_data(genlhdr);
int rc;
- reply = genlmsg_data(genlhdr);
-
rc = genlmsg_end(skb, reply);
if (rc < 0) {
nlmsg_free(skb);
return rc;
}
- if (event == TASKSTATS_MSG_MULTICAST)
- return genlmsg_multicast(skb, pid, TASKSTATS_LISTEN_GROUP);
return genlmsg_unicast(skb, pid);
}
+/*
+ * Send taskstats data in @skb to listeners registered for @cpu's exit data
+ */
+static int send_cpu_listeners(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct genlmsghdr *genlhdr = nlmsg_data((struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data);
+ struct listener_list *listeners;
+ struct listener *s, *tmp;
+ struct sk_buff *skb_next, *skb_cur = skb;
+ void *reply = genlmsg_data(genlhdr);
+ int rc, ret;
+
+ rc = genlmsg_end(skb, reply);
+ if (rc < 0) {
+ nlmsg_free(skb);
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ rc = 0;
+ listeners = &per_cpu(listener_array, cpu);
+ down_write(&listeners->sem);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(s, tmp, &listeners->list, list) {
+ skb_next = NULL;
+ if (!list_is_last(&s->list, &listeners->list)) {
+ skb_next = skb_clone(skb_cur, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!skb_next) {
+ nlmsg_free(skb_cur);
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ ret = genlmsg_unicast(skb_cur, s->pid);
+ if (ret == -ECONNREFUSED) {
+ list_del(&s->list);
+ kfree(s);
+ rc = ret;
+ }
+ skb_cur = skb_next;
+ }
+ up_write(&listeners->sem);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
static int fill_pid(pid_t pid, struct task_struct *pidtsk,
struct taskstats *stats)
{
@@ -204,8 +272,73 @@ ret:
return;
}
+static int add_del_listener(pid_t pid, cpumask_t *maskp, int isadd)
+{
+ struct listener_list *listeners;
+ struct listener *s, *tmp;
+ unsigned int cpu;
+ cpumask_t mask = *maskp;
-static int taskstats_send_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
+ if (!cpus_subset(mask, cpu_possible_map))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (isadd == REGISTER) {
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, mask) {
+ s = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct listener), GFP_KERNEL,
+ cpu_to_node(cpu));
+ if (!s)
+ goto cleanup;
+ s->pid = pid;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->list);
+
+ listeners = &per_cpu(listener_array, cpu);
+ down_write(&listeners->sem);
+ list_add(&s->list, &listeners->list);
+ up_write(&listeners->sem);
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Deregister or cleanup */
+cleanup:
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, mask) {
+ listeners = &per_cpu(listener_array, cpu);
+ down_write(&listeners->sem);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(s, tmp, &listeners->list, list) {
+ if (s->pid == pid) {
+ list_del(&s->list);
+ kfree(s);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ up_write(&listeners->sem);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int parse(struct nlattr *na, cpumask_t *mask)
+{
+ char *data;
+ int len;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (na == NULL)
+ return 1;
+ len = nla_len(na);
+ if (len > TASKSTATS_CPUMASK_MAXLEN)
+ return -E2BIG;
+ if (len < 1)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ data = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!data)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ nla_strlcpy(data, na, len);
+ ret = cpulist_parse(data, *mask);
+ kfree(data);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int taskstats_user_cmd(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
{
int rc = 0;
struct sk_buff *rep_skb;
@@ -213,6 +346,19 @@ static int taskstats_send_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
void *reply;
size_t size;
struct nlattr *na;
+ cpumask_t mask;
+
+ rc = parse(info->attrs[TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_REGISTER_CPUMASK], &mask);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ return rc;
+ if (rc == 0)
+ return add_del_listener(info->snd_pid, &mask, REGISTER);
+
+ rc = parse(info->attrs[TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_DEREGISTER_CPUMASK], &mask);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ return rc;
+ if (rc == 0)
+ return add_del_listener(info->snd_pid, &mask, DEREGISTER);
/*
* Size includes space for nested attributes
@@ -252,7 +398,7 @@ static int taskstats_send_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
nla_nest_end(rep_skb, na);
- return send_reply(rep_skb, info->snd_pid, TASKSTATS_MSG_UNICAST);
+ return send_reply(rep_skb, info->snd_pid);
nla_put_failure:
return genlmsg_cancel(rep_skb, reply);
@@ -261,9 +407,35 @@ err:
return rc;
}
+void taskstats_exit_alloc(struct taskstats **ptidstats, unsigned int *mycpu)
+{
+ struct listener_list *listeners;
+ struct taskstats *tmp;
+ /*
+ * This is the cpu on which the task is exiting currently and will
+ * be the one for which the exit event is sent, even if the cpu
+ * on which this function is running changes later.
+ */
+ *mycpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
+
+ *ptidstats = NULL;
+ tmp = kmem_cache_zalloc(taskstats_cache, SLAB_KERNEL);
+ if (!tmp)
+ return;
+
+ listeners = &per_cpu(listener_array, *mycpu);
+ down_read(&listeners->sem);
+ if (!list_empty(&listeners->list)) {
+ *ptidstats = tmp;
+ tmp = NULL;
+ }
+ up_read(&listeners->sem);
+ kfree(tmp);
+}
+
/* Send pid data out on exit */
void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *tsk, struct taskstats *tidstats,
- int group_dead)
+ int group_dead, unsigned int mycpu)
{
int rc;
struct sk_buff *rep_skb;
@@ -324,7 +496,7 @@ void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *tsk, struct taskstats *tidstats,
nla_nest_end(rep_skb, na);
send:
- send_reply(rep_skb, 0, TASKSTATS_MSG_MULTICAST);
+ send_cpu_listeners(rep_skb, mycpu);
return;
nla_put_failure:
@@ -338,16 +510,22 @@ ret:
static struct genl_ops taskstats_ops = {
.cmd = TASKSTATS_CMD_GET,
- .doit = taskstats_send_stats,
+ .doit = taskstats_user_cmd,
.policy = taskstats_cmd_get_policy,
};
/* Needed early in initialization */
void __init taskstats_init_early(void)
{
+ unsigned int i;
+
taskstats_cache = kmem_cache_create("taskstats_cache",
sizeof(struct taskstats),
0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&(per_cpu(listener_array, i).list));
+ init_rwsem(&(per_cpu(listener_array, i).sem));
+ }
}
static int __init taskstats_init(void)