aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/kernel/sched/fair.c
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorPaul Turner <pjt@google.com>2012-10-04 13:18:32 +0200
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2012-10-24 10:27:30 +0200
commit5b51f2f80b3b906ce59bd4dce6eca3c7f34cb1b9 (patch)
tree72e7c6003b377646d4ba4defa2ddf43756e81474 /kernel/sched/fair.c
parentf269ae0469fc882332bdfb5db15d3c1315fe2a10 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-5b51f2f80b3b906ce59bd4dce6eca3c7f34cb1b9.tar.gz
sched: Make __update_entity_runnable_avg() fast
__update_entity_runnable_avg forms the core of maintaining an entity's runnable load average. In this function we charge the accumulated run-time since last update and handle appropriate decay. In some cases, e.g. a waking task, this time interval may be much larger than our period unit. Fortunately we can exploit some properties of our series to perform decay for a blocked update in constant time and account the contribution for a running update in essentially-constant* time. [*]: For any running entity they should be performing updates at the tick which gives us a soft limit of 1 jiffy between updates, and we can compute up to a 32 jiffy update in a single pass. C program to generate the magic constants in the arrays: #include <math.h> #include <stdio.h> #define N 32 #define WMULT_SHIFT 32 const long WMULT_CONST = ((1UL << N) - 1); double y; long runnable_avg_yN_inv[N]; void calc_mult_inv() { int i; double yn = 0; printf("inverses\n"); for (i = 0; i < N; i++) { yn = (double)WMULT_CONST * pow(y, i); runnable_avg_yN_inv[i] = yn; printf("%2d: 0x%8lx\n", i, runnable_avg_yN_inv[i]); } printf("\n"); } long mult_inv(long c, int n) { return (c * runnable_avg_yN_inv[n]) >> WMULT_SHIFT; } void calc_yn_sum(int n) { int i; double sum = 0, sum_fl = 0, diff = 0; /* * We take the floored sum to ensure the sum of partial sums is never * larger than the actual sum. */ printf("sum y^n\n"); printf(" %8s %8s %8s\n", "exact", "floor", "error"); for (i = 1; i <= n; i++) { sum = (y * sum + y * 1024); sum_fl = floor(y * sum_fl+ y * 1024); printf("%2d: %8.0f %8.0f %8.0f\n", i, sum, sum_fl, sum_fl - sum); } printf("\n"); } void calc_conv(long n) { long old_n; int i = -1; printf("convergence (LOAD_AVG_MAX, LOAD_AVG_MAX_N)\n"); do { old_n = n; n = mult_inv(n, 1) + 1024; i++; } while (n != old_n); printf("%d> %ld\n", i - 1, n); printf("\n"); } void main() { y = pow(0.5, 1/(double)N); calc_mult_inv(); calc_conv(1024); calc_yn_sum(N); } [ Compile with -lm ] Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Reviewed-by: Ben Segall <bsegall@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20120823141507.277808946@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/sched/fair.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/fair.c125
1 files changed, 101 insertions, 24 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 002a7697f43..6ecf455fd95 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -884,17 +884,92 @@ static inline void update_cfs_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
+ * We choose a half-life close to 1 scheduling period.
+ * Note: The tables below are dependent on this value.
+ */
+#define LOAD_AVG_PERIOD 32
+#define LOAD_AVG_MAX 47742 /* maximum possible load avg */
+#define LOAD_AVG_MAX_N 345 /* number of full periods to produce LOAD_MAX_AVG */
+
+/* Precomputed fixed inverse multiplies for multiplication by y^n */
+static const u32 runnable_avg_yN_inv[] = {
+ 0xffffffff, 0xfa83b2da, 0xf5257d14, 0xefe4b99a, 0xeac0c6e6, 0xe5b906e6,
+ 0xe0ccdeeb, 0xdbfbb796, 0xd744fcc9, 0xd2a81d91, 0xce248c14, 0xc9b9bd85,
+ 0xc5672a10, 0xc12c4cc9, 0xbd08a39e, 0xb8fbaf46, 0xb504f333, 0xb123f581,
+ 0xad583ee9, 0xa9a15ab4, 0xa5fed6a9, 0xa2704302, 0x9ef5325f, 0x9b8d39b9,
+ 0x9837f050, 0x94f4efa8, 0x91c3d373, 0x8ea4398a, 0x8b95c1e3, 0x88980e80,
+ 0x85aac367, 0x82cd8698,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Precomputed \Sum y^k { 1<=k<=n }. These are floor(true_value) to prevent
+ * over-estimates when re-combining.
+ */
+static const u32 runnable_avg_yN_sum[] = {
+ 0, 1002, 1982, 2941, 3880, 4798, 5697, 6576, 7437, 8279, 9103,
+ 9909,10698,11470,12226,12966,13690,14398,15091,15769,16433,17082,
+ 17718,18340,18949,19545,20128,20698,21256,21802,22336,22859,23371,
+};
+
+/*
* Approximate:
* val * y^n, where y^32 ~= 0.5 (~1 scheduling period)
*/
static __always_inline u64 decay_load(u64 val, u64 n)
{
- for (; n && val; n--) {
- val *= 4008;
- val >>= 12;
+ unsigned int local_n;
+
+ if (!n)
+ return val;
+ else if (unlikely(n > LOAD_AVG_PERIOD * 63))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* after bounds checking we can collapse to 32-bit */
+ local_n = n;
+
+ /*
+ * As y^PERIOD = 1/2, we can combine
+ * y^n = 1/2^(n/PERIOD) * k^(n%PERIOD)
+ * With a look-up table which covers k^n (n<PERIOD)
+ *
+ * To achieve constant time decay_load.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(local_n >= LOAD_AVG_PERIOD)) {
+ val >>= local_n / LOAD_AVG_PERIOD;
+ local_n %= LOAD_AVG_PERIOD;
}
- return val;
+ val *= runnable_avg_yN_inv[local_n];
+ /* We don't use SRR here since we always want to round down. */
+ return val >> 32;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For updates fully spanning n periods, the contribution to runnable
+ * average will be: \Sum 1024*y^n
+ *
+ * We can compute this reasonably efficiently by combining:
+ * y^PERIOD = 1/2 with precomputed \Sum 1024*y^n {for n <PERIOD}
+ */
+static u32 __compute_runnable_contrib(u64 n)
+{
+ u32 contrib = 0;
+
+ if (likely(n <= LOAD_AVG_PERIOD))
+ return runnable_avg_yN_sum[n];
+ else if (unlikely(n >= LOAD_AVG_MAX_N))
+ return LOAD_AVG_MAX;
+
+ /* Compute \Sum k^n combining precomputed values for k^i, \Sum k^j */
+ do {
+ contrib /= 2; /* y^LOAD_AVG_PERIOD = 1/2 */
+ contrib += runnable_avg_yN_sum[LOAD_AVG_PERIOD];
+
+ n -= LOAD_AVG_PERIOD;
+ } while (n > LOAD_AVG_PERIOD);
+
+ contrib = decay_load(contrib, n);
+ return contrib + runnable_avg_yN_sum[n];
}
/*
@@ -929,7 +1004,8 @@ static __always_inline int __update_entity_runnable_avg(u64 now,
struct sched_avg *sa,
int runnable)
{
- u64 delta;
+ u64 delta, periods;
+ u32 runnable_contrib;
int delta_w, decayed = 0;
delta = now - sa->last_runnable_update;
@@ -963,25 +1039,26 @@ static __always_inline int __update_entity_runnable_avg(u64 now,
* period and accrue it.
*/
delta_w = 1024 - delta_w;
- BUG_ON(delta_w > delta);
- do {
- if (runnable)
- sa->runnable_avg_sum += delta_w;
- sa->runnable_avg_period += delta_w;
-
- /*
- * Remainder of delta initiates a new period, roll over
- * the previous.
- */
- sa->runnable_avg_sum =
- decay_load(sa->runnable_avg_sum, 1);
- sa->runnable_avg_period =
- decay_load(sa->runnable_avg_period, 1);
-
- delta -= delta_w;
- /* New period is empty */
- delta_w = 1024;
- } while (delta >= 1024);
+ if (runnable)
+ sa->runnable_avg_sum += delta_w;
+ sa->runnable_avg_period += delta_w;
+
+ delta -= delta_w;
+
+ /* Figure out how many additional periods this update spans */
+ periods = delta / 1024;
+ delta %= 1024;
+
+ sa->runnable_avg_sum = decay_load(sa->runnable_avg_sum,
+ periods + 1);
+ sa->runnable_avg_period = decay_load(sa->runnable_avg_period,
+ periods + 1);
+
+ /* Efficiently calculate \sum (1..n_period) 1024*y^i */
+ runnable_contrib = __compute_runnable_contrib(periods);
+ if (runnable)
+ sa->runnable_avg_sum += runnable_contrib;
+ sa->runnable_avg_period += runnable_contrib;
}
/* Remainder of delta accrued against u_0` */