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authorEd Cashin <ecashin@coraid.com>2012-12-17 16:03:43 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-12-17 17:15:24 -0800
commit3a0c40d2d29e476ece583540e4f11276e0f36d5f (patch)
tree6f57de53c253bf588040611c12e5cb9e84326ba6 /drivers/block
parent667be1e757f5684576d01d7402907a2489b1402f (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-3a0c40d2d29e476ece583540e4f11276e0f36d5f.tar.gz
aoe: improve network congestion handling
The aoe driver already had some congestion handling, but it was limited in its ability to cope with the kind of congestion that can arise on more complex networks such as those involving paths through multiple ethernet switches. Some of the lessons from TCP's history of development can be applied to improving the congestion control and avoidance on AoE storage networks. These changes use familar concepts from Van Jacobson's "Congestion Avoidance and Control" paper from '88, without adding significant overhead. This patch depends on an upcoming patch that covers the failover case when AoE commands being retransmitted are transferred from one retransmit queue to another. Another upcoming patch increases the timing accuracy. Signed-off-by: Ed Cashin <ecashin@coraid.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/block')
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/aoe/aoe.h16
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c173
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/aoe/aoedev.c6
3 files changed, 121 insertions, 74 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/block/aoe/aoe.h b/drivers/block/aoe/aoe.h
index f6e0c03fe7b..9e884acd75f 100644
--- a/drivers/block/aoe/aoe.h
+++ b/drivers/block/aoe/aoe.h
@@ -86,8 +86,11 @@ enum {
NFACTIVE = 61,
TIMERTICK = HZ / 10,
- MINTIMER = HZ >> 2,
+ RTTSCALE = 8,
+ RTTDSCALE = 3,
MAXTIMER = HZ << 1,
+ RTTAVG_INIT = HZ / 4 << RTTSCALE,
+ RTTDEV_INIT = RTTAVG_INIT / 4,
};
struct buf {
@@ -127,10 +130,11 @@ struct aoetgt {
struct list_head ffree; /* list of free frames */
struct aoeif ifs[NAOEIFS];
struct aoeif *ifp; /* current aoeif in use */
- ushort nout;
+ ushort nout; /* value of nout when skb was sent */
ushort maxout; /* current value for max outstanding */
+ ushort next_cwnd; /* incr maxout after decrementing to zero */
+ ushort ssthresh; /* slow start threshold */
ulong falloc; /* number of allocated frames */
- ulong lastwadj; /* last window adjustment */
int minbcnt;
int wpkts, rpkts;
};
@@ -142,8 +146,8 @@ struct aoedev {
u16 aoeminor;
u16 flags;
u16 nopen; /* (bd_openers isn't available without sleeping) */
- u16 rttavg; /* round trip average of requests/responses */
- u16 mintimer;
+ u16 rttavg; /* scaled AoE round trip time average */
+ u16 rttdev; /* scaled round trip time mean deviation */
u16 fw_ver; /* version of blade's firmware */
u16 lasttag; /* last tag sent */
u16 useme;
@@ -164,6 +168,7 @@ struct aoedev {
} ip;
ulong maxbcnt;
struct list_head factive[NFACTIVE]; /* hash of active frames */
+ struct list_head rexmitq; /* deferred retransmissions */
struct aoetgt *targets[NTARGETS];
struct aoetgt **tgt; /* target in use when working */
struct aoetgt *htgt; /* target needing rexmit assistance */
@@ -196,6 +201,7 @@ void aoecmd_cfg(ushort aoemajor, unsigned char aoeminor);
struct sk_buff *aoecmd_ata_rsp(struct sk_buff *);
void aoecmd_cfg_rsp(struct sk_buff *);
void aoecmd_sleepwork(struct work_struct *);
+void aoecmd_wreset(struct aoetgt *t);
void aoecmd_cleanslate(struct aoedev *);
void aoecmd_exit(void);
int aoecmd_init(void);
diff --git a/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c b/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
index c4ff70b61e7..f849fa2471c 100644
--- a/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
@@ -59,6 +59,23 @@ new_skb(ulong len)
}
static struct frame *
+getframe_deferred(struct aoedev *d, u32 tag)
+{
+ struct list_head *head, *pos, *nx;
+ struct frame *f;
+
+ head = &d->rexmitq;
+ list_for_each_safe(pos, nx, head) {
+ f = list_entry(pos, struct frame, head);
+ if (f->tag == tag) {
+ list_del(pos);
+ return f;
+ }
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct frame *
getframe(struct aoedev *d, u32 tag)
{
struct frame *f;
@@ -553,10 +570,29 @@ sthtith(struct aoedev *d)
}
static void
+rexmit_deferred(struct aoedev *d)
+{
+ struct aoetgt *t;
+ struct frame *f;
+ struct list_head *pos, *nx, *head;
+
+ head = &d->rexmitq;
+ list_for_each_safe(pos, nx, head) {
+ f = list_entry(pos, struct frame, head);
+ t = f->t;
+ if (t->nout >= t->maxout)
+ continue;
+ list_del(pos);
+ t->nout++;
+ resend(d, f);
+ }
+}
+
+static void
rexmit_timer(ulong vp)
{
struct aoedev *d;
- struct aoetgt *t, **tt, **te;
+ struct aoetgt *t;
struct aoeif *ifp;
struct frame *f;
struct list_head *head, *pos, *nx;
@@ -567,9 +603,11 @@ rexmit_timer(ulong vp)
d = (struct aoedev *) vp;
- /* timeout is always ~150% of the moving average */
- timeout = d->rttavg;
- timeout += timeout >> 1;
+ /* timeout based on observed timings and variations */
+ timeout = 2 * d->rttavg >> RTTSCALE;
+ timeout += 8 * d->rttdev >> RTTDSCALE;
+ if (timeout == 0)
+ timeout = 1;
spin_lock_irqsave(&d->lock, flags);
@@ -589,29 +627,12 @@ rexmit_timer(ulong vp)
list_move_tail(pos, &flist);
}
}
- /* window check */
- tt = d->targets;
- te = tt + d->ntargets;
- for (; tt < te && (t = *tt); tt++) {
- if (t->nout == t->maxout
- && t->maxout < t->nframes
- && (jiffies - t->lastwadj)/HZ > 10) {
- t->maxout++;
- t->lastwadj = jiffies;
- }
- }
-
- if (!list_empty(&flist)) { /* retransmissions necessary */
- n = d->rttavg <<= 1;
- if (n > MAXTIMER)
- d->rttavg = MAXTIMER;
- }
/* process expired frames */
while (!list_empty(&flist)) {
pos = flist.next;
f = list_entry(pos, struct frame, head);
- n = f->waited += timeout;
+ n = f->waited += tsince(f->tag);
n /= HZ;
if (n > aoe_deadsecs) {
/* Waited too long. Device failure.
@@ -620,18 +641,16 @@ rexmit_timer(ulong vp)
*/
list_splice(&flist, &d->factive[0]);
aoedev_downdev(d);
- break;
+ goto out;
}
- list_del(pos);
t = f->t;
if (n > aoe_deadsecs/2)
d->htgt = t; /* see if another target can help */
- if (t->nout == t->maxout) {
- if (t->maxout > 1)
- t->maxout--;
- t->lastwadj = jiffies;
+ if (t->maxout != 1) {
+ t->ssthresh = t->maxout / 2;
+ t->maxout = 1;
}
ifp = getif(t, f->skb->dev);
@@ -640,9 +659,12 @@ rexmit_timer(ulong vp)
ejectif(t, ifp);
ifp = NULL;
}
- resend(d, f);
+ list_move_tail(pos, &d->rexmitq);
+ t->nout--;
}
+ rexmit_deferred(d);
+out:
if ((d->flags & DEVFL_KICKME || d->htgt) && d->blkq) {
d->flags &= ~DEVFL_KICKME;
d->blkq->request_fn(d->blkq);
@@ -766,6 +788,7 @@ aoecmd_work(struct aoedev *d)
{
if (d->htgt && !sthtith(d))
return;
+ rexmit_deferred(d);
while (aoecmd_ata_rw(d))
;
}
@@ -868,26 +891,28 @@ ataid_complete(struct aoedev *d, struct aoetgt *t, unsigned char *id)
}
static void
-calc_rttavg(struct aoedev *d, int rtt)
+calc_rttavg(struct aoedev *d, struct aoetgt *t, int rtt)
{
register long n;
n = rtt;
- if (n < 0) {
- n = -rtt;
- if (n < MINTIMER)
- n = MINTIMER;
- else if (n > MAXTIMER)
- n = MAXTIMER;
- d->mintimer += (n - d->mintimer) >> 1;
- } else if (n < d->mintimer)
- n = d->mintimer;
- else if (n > MAXTIMER)
- n = MAXTIMER;
-
- /* g == .25; cf. Congestion Avoidance and Control, Jacobson & Karels; 1988 */
- n -= d->rttavg;
- d->rttavg += n >> 2;
+
+ /* cf. Congestion Avoidance and Control, Jacobson & Karels, 1988 */
+ n -= d->rttavg >> RTTSCALE;
+ d->rttavg += n;
+ if (n < 0)
+ n = -n;
+ n -= d->rttdev >> RTTDSCALE;
+ d->rttdev += n;
+
+ if (!t || t->maxout >= t->nframes)
+ return;
+ if (t->maxout < t->ssthresh)
+ t->maxout += 1;
+ else if (t->nout == t->maxout && t->next_cwnd-- == 0) {
+ t->maxout += 1;
+ t->next_cwnd = t->maxout;
+ }
}
static struct aoetgt *
@@ -1147,7 +1172,6 @@ aoecmd_ata_rsp(struct sk_buff *skb)
struct aoedev *d;
struct aoe_hdr *h;
struct frame *f;
- struct aoetgt *t;
u32 n;
ulong flags;
char ebuf[128];
@@ -1168,23 +1192,28 @@ aoecmd_ata_rsp(struct sk_buff *skb)
n = be32_to_cpu(get_unaligned(&h->tag));
f = getframe(d, n);
- if (f == NULL) {
- calc_rttavg(d, -tsince(n));
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&d->lock, flags);
- aoedev_put(d);
- snprintf(ebuf, sizeof ebuf,
- "%15s e%d.%d tag=%08x@%08lx\n",
- "unexpected rsp",
- get_unaligned_be16(&h->major),
- h->minor,
- get_unaligned_be32(&h->tag),
- jiffies);
- aoechr_error(ebuf);
- return skb;
+ if (f) {
+ calc_rttavg(d, f->t, tsince(n));
+ f->t->nout--;
+ } else {
+ f = getframe_deferred(d, n);
+ if (f) {
+ calc_rttavg(d, NULL, tsince(n));
+ } else {
+ calc_rttavg(d, NULL, tsince(n));
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&d->lock, flags);
+ aoedev_put(d);
+ snprintf(ebuf, sizeof(ebuf),
+ "%15s e%d.%d tag=%08x@%08lx\n",
+ "unexpected rsp",
+ get_unaligned_be16(&h->major),
+ h->minor,
+ get_unaligned_be32(&h->tag),
+ jiffies);
+ aoechr_error(ebuf);
+ return skb;
+ }
}
- t = f->t;
- calc_rttavg(d, tsince(f->tag));
- t->nout--;
aoecmd_work(d);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&d->lock, flags);
@@ -1241,7 +1270,8 @@ aoecmd_ata_id(struct aoedev *d)
skb->dev = t->ifp->nd;
- d->rttavg = MAXTIMER;
+ d->rttavg = RTTAVG_INIT;
+ d->rttdev = RTTDEV_INIT;
d->timer.function = rexmit_timer;
return skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
@@ -1273,7 +1303,7 @@ addtgt(struct aoedev *d, char *addr, ulong nframes)
t->d = d;
memcpy(t->addr, addr, sizeof t->addr);
t->ifp = t->ifs;
- t->maxout = t->nframes;
+ aoecmd_wreset(t);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&t->ffree);
return *tt = t;
}
@@ -1382,7 +1412,7 @@ aoecmd_cfg_rsp(struct sk_buff *skb)
if (t) {
t->nframes = n;
if (n < t->maxout)
- t->maxout = n;
+ aoecmd_wreset(t);
} else {
t = addtgt(d, h->src, n);
if (!t)
@@ -1412,17 +1442,26 @@ bail:
}
void
+aoecmd_wreset(struct aoetgt *t)
+{
+ t->maxout = 1;
+ t->ssthresh = t->nframes / 2;
+ t->next_cwnd = t->nframes;
+}
+
+void
aoecmd_cleanslate(struct aoedev *d)
{
struct aoetgt **t, **te;
- d->mintimer = MINTIMER;
+ d->rttavg = RTTAVG_INIT;
+ d->rttdev = RTTDEV_INIT;
d->maxbcnt = 0;
t = d->targets;
te = t + NTARGETS;
for (; t < te && *t; t++)
- (*t)->maxout = (*t)->nframes;
+ aoecmd_wreset(*t);
}
void
diff --git a/drivers/block/aoe/aoedev.c b/drivers/block/aoe/aoedev.c
index 63b26609400..3c3aef20810 100644
--- a/drivers/block/aoe/aoedev.c
+++ b/drivers/block/aoe/aoedev.c
@@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ aoedev_downdev(struct aoedev *d)
tt = d->targets;
te = tt + NTARGETS;
for (; tt < te && (t = *tt); tt++) {
- t->maxout = t->nframes;
+ aoecmd_wreset(t);
t->nout = 0;
}
@@ -391,10 +391,12 @@ aoedev_by_aoeaddr(ulong maj, int min, int do_alloc)
d->ref = 1;
for (i = 0; i < NFACTIVE; i++)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&d->factive[i]);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&d->rexmitq);
d->sysminor = sysminor;
d->aoemajor = maj;
d->aoeminor = min;
- d->mintimer = MINTIMER;
+ d->rttavg = RTTAVG_INIT;
+ d->rttdev = RTTDEV_INIT;
d->next = devlist;
devlist = d;
out: