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authorMel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>2014-01-21 14:33:21 -0800
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2014-02-20 11:06:11 -0800
commit9fa5c5268125c5ba96df5c18a9eb8d7b7e5d2a4f (patch)
tree5061beaf1df4c583a6df688a3261c05048827f47 /arch
parent7e405afc255142ceb5d8cc3d97a7cffac46f0e4e (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-9fa5c5268125c5ba96df5c18a9eb8d7b7e5d2a4f.tar.gz
x86: mm: change tlb_flushall_shift for IvyBridge
commit f98b7a772ab51b52ca4d2a14362fc0e0c8a2e0f3 upstream. There was a large performance regression that was bisected to commit 611ae8e3 ("x86/tlb: enable tlb flush range support for x86"). This patch simply changes the default balance point between a local and global flush for IvyBridge. In the interest of allowing the tests to be reproduced, this patch was tested using mmtests 0.15 with the following configurations configs/config-global-dhp__tlbflush-performance configs/config-global-dhp__scheduler-performance configs/config-global-dhp__network-performance Results are from two machines Ivybridge 4 threads: Intel(R) Core(TM) i3-3240 CPU @ 3.40GHz Ivybridge 8 threads: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-3770 CPU @ 3.40GHz Page fault microbenchmark showed nothing interesting. Ebizzy was configured to run multiple iterations and threads. Thread counts ranged from 1 to NR_CPUS*2. For each thread count, it ran 100 iterations and each iteration lasted 10 seconds. Ivybridge 4 threads 3.13.0-rc7 3.13.0-rc7 vanilla altshift-v3 Mean 1 6395.44 ( 0.00%) 6789.09 ( 6.16%) Mean 2 7012.85 ( 0.00%) 8052.16 ( 14.82%) Mean 3 6403.04 ( 0.00%) 6973.74 ( 8.91%) Mean 4 6135.32 ( 0.00%) 6582.33 ( 7.29%) Mean 5 6095.69 ( 0.00%) 6526.68 ( 7.07%) Mean 6 6114.33 ( 0.00%) 6416.64 ( 4.94%) Mean 7 6085.10 ( 0.00%) 6448.51 ( 5.97%) Mean 8 6120.62 ( 0.00%) 6462.97 ( 5.59%) Ivybridge 8 threads 3.13.0-rc7 3.13.0-rc7 vanilla altshift-v3 Mean 1 7336.65 ( 0.00%) 7787.02 ( 6.14%) Mean 2 8218.41 ( 0.00%) 9484.13 ( 15.40%) Mean 3 7973.62 ( 0.00%) 8922.01 ( 11.89%) Mean 4 7798.33 ( 0.00%) 8567.03 ( 9.86%) Mean 5 7158.72 ( 0.00%) 8214.23 ( 14.74%) Mean 6 6852.27 ( 0.00%) 7952.45 ( 16.06%) Mean 7 6774.65 ( 0.00%) 7536.35 ( 11.24%) Mean 8 6510.50 ( 0.00%) 6894.05 ( 5.89%) Mean 12 6182.90 ( 0.00%) 6661.29 ( 7.74%) Mean 16 6100.09 ( 0.00%) 6608.69 ( 8.34%) Ebizzy hits the worst case scenario for TLB range flushing every time and it shows for these Ivybridge CPUs at least that the default choice is a poor on. The patch addresses the problem. Next was a tlbflush microbenchmark written by Alex Shi at http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=133727348217113 . It measures access costs while the TLB is being flushed. The expectation is that if there are always full TLB flushes that the benchmark would suffer and it benefits from range flushing There are 320 iterations of the test per thread count. The number of entries is randomly selected with a min of 1 and max of 512. To ensure a reasonably even spread of entries, the full range is broken up into 8 sections and a random number selected within that section. iteration 1, random number between 0-64 iteration 2, random number between 64-128 etc This is still a very weak methodology. When you do not know what are typical ranges, random is a reasonable choice but it can be easily argued that the opimisation was for smaller ranges and an even spread is not representative of any workload that matters. To improve this, we'd need to know the probability distribution of TLB flush range sizes for a set of workloads that are considered "common", build a synthetic trace and feed that into this benchmark. Even that is not perfect because it would not account for the time between flushes but there are limits of what can be reasonably done and still be doing something useful. If a representative synthetic trace is provided then this benchmark could be revisited and the shift values retuned. Ivybridge 4 threads 3.13.0-rc7 3.13.0-rc7 vanilla altshift-v3 Mean 1 10.50 ( 0.00%) 10.50 ( 0.03%) Mean 2 17.59 ( 0.00%) 17.18 ( 2.34%) Mean 3 22.98 ( 0.00%) 21.74 ( 5.41%) Mean 5 47.13 ( 0.00%) 46.23 ( 1.92%) Mean 8 43.30 ( 0.00%) 42.56 ( 1.72%) Ivybridge 8 threads 3.13.0-rc7 3.13.0-rc7 vanilla altshift-v3 Mean 1 9.45 ( 0.00%) 9.36 ( 0.93%) Mean 2 9.37 ( 0.00%) 9.70 ( -3.54%) Mean 3 9.36 ( 0.00%) 9.29 ( 0.70%) Mean 5 14.49 ( 0.00%) 15.04 ( -3.75%) Mean 8 41.08 ( 0.00%) 38.73 ( 5.71%) Mean 13 32.04 ( 0.00%) 31.24 ( 2.49%) Mean 16 40.05 ( 0.00%) 39.04 ( 2.51%) For both CPUs, average access time is reduced which is good as this is the benchmark that was used to tune the shift values in the first place albeit it is now known *how* the benchmark was used. The scheduler benchmarks were somewhat inconclusive. They showed gains and losses and makes me reconsider how stable those benchmarks really are or if something else might be interfering with the test results recently. Network benchmarks were inconclusive. Almost all results were flat except for netperf-udp tests on the 4 thread machine. These results were unstable and showed large variations between reboots. It is unknown if this is a recent problems but I've noticed before that netperf-udp results tend to vary. Based on these results, changing the default for Ivybridge seems like a logical choice. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Tested-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Reviewed-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-cqnadffh1tiqrshthRj3Esge@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c2
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
index 32d37d9a778..f187806dfc1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
@@ -628,7 +628,7 @@ static void __cpuinit intel_tlb_flushall_shift_set(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
tlb_flushall_shift = 5;
break;
case 0x63a: /* Ivybridge */
- tlb_flushall_shift = 1;
+ tlb_flushall_shift = 2;
break;
default:
tlb_flushall_shift = 6;