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authorCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>2012-03-05 11:49:27 +0000
committerCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>2012-09-17 10:24:46 +0100
commit60ffc30d5652810dd34ea2eec41504222f5d5791 (patch)
treeb1d8364b8a86df0327b2f6318c4f59e973695337 /arch/arm64/include
parent9703d9d7f77ce129621f7d80a844822e2daa7008 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-60ffc30d5652810dd34ea2eec41504222f5d5791.tar.gz
arm64: Exception handling
The patch contains the exception entry code (kernel/entry.S), pt_regs structure and related accessors, undefined instruction trapping and stack tracing. AArch64 Linux kernel (including kernel threads) runs in EL1 mode using the SP1 stack. The vectors don't have a fixed address, only alignment (2^11) requirements. Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Acked-by: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net> Acked-by: Santosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar@ti.com> Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm64/include')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h212
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h29
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/traps.h30
3 files changed, 271 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..b0a2e1f441f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,212 @@
+/*
+ * Based on arch/arm/include/asm/ptrace.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1996-2003 Russell King
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_PTRACE_H
+#define __ASM_PTRACE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#include <asm/hwcap.h>
+
+#define PTRACE_GETREGS 12
+#define PTRACE_SETREGS 13
+#define PTRACE_GETFPSIMDREGS 14
+#define PTRACE_SETFPSIMDREGS 15
+/* PTRACE_ATTACH is 16 */
+/* PTRACE_DETACH is 17 */
+#define PTRACE_GET_THREAD_AREA 22
+#define PTRACE_SET_SYSCALL 23
+#define PTRACE_GETHBPREGS 29
+#define PTRACE_SETHBPREGS 30
+
+/* AArch32-specific ptrace requests */
+#define COMPAT_PTRACE_GETVFPREGS 27
+#define COMPAT_PTRACE_SETVFPREGS 28
+
+/*
+ * PSR bits
+ */
+#define PSR_MODE_EL0t 0x00000000
+#define PSR_MODE_EL1t 0x00000004
+#define PSR_MODE_EL1h 0x00000005
+#define PSR_MODE_EL2t 0x00000008
+#define PSR_MODE_EL2h 0x00000009
+#define PSR_MODE_EL3t 0x0000000c
+#define PSR_MODE_EL3h 0x0000000d
+#define PSR_MODE_MASK 0x0000000f
+
+/* AArch32 CPSR bits */
+#define PSR_MODE32_BIT 0x00000010
+#define COMPAT_PSR_MODE_USR 0x00000010
+#define COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT 0x00000020
+#define COMPAT_PSR_IT_MASK 0x0600fc00 /* If-Then execution state mask */
+
+/* AArch64 SPSR bits */
+#define PSR_F_BIT 0x00000040
+#define PSR_I_BIT 0x00000080
+#define PSR_A_BIT 0x00000100
+#define PSR_D_BIT 0x00000200
+#define PSR_Q_BIT 0x08000000
+#define PSR_V_BIT 0x10000000
+#define PSR_C_BIT 0x20000000
+#define PSR_Z_BIT 0x40000000
+#define PSR_N_BIT 0x80000000
+
+/*
+ * Groups of PSR bits
+ */
+#define PSR_f 0xff000000 /* Flags */
+#define PSR_s 0x00ff0000 /* Status */
+#define PSR_x 0x0000ff00 /* Extension */
+#define PSR_c 0x000000ff /* Control */
+
+/*
+ * These are 'magic' values for PTRACE_PEEKUSR that return info about where a
+ * process is located in memory.
+ */
+#define PT_TEXT_ADDR 0x10000
+#define PT_DATA_ADDR 0x10004
+#define PT_TEXT_END_ADDR 0x10008
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+/*
+ * User structures for general purpose, floating point and debug registers.
+ */
+struct user_pt_regs {
+ __u64 regs[31];
+ __u64 sp;
+ __u64 pc;
+ __u64 pstate;
+};
+
+struct user_fpsimd_state {
+ __uint128_t vregs[32];
+ __u32 fpsr;
+ __u32 fpcr;
+};
+
+struct user_hwdebug_state {
+ __u32 dbg_info;
+ struct {
+ __u64 addr;
+ __u32 ctrl;
+ } dbg_regs[16];
+};
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+/* sizeof(struct user) for AArch32 */
+#define COMPAT_USER_SZ 296
+/* AArch32 uses x13 as the stack pointer... */
+#define compat_sp regs[13]
+/* ... and x14 as the link register. */
+#define compat_lr regs[14]
+
+/*
+ * This struct defines the way the registers are stored on the stack during an
+ * exception. Note that sizeof(struct pt_regs) has to be a multiple of 16 (for
+ * stack alignment). struct user_pt_regs must form a prefix of struct pt_regs.
+ */
+struct pt_regs {
+ union {
+ struct user_pt_regs user_regs;
+ struct {
+ u64 regs[31];
+ u64 sp;
+ u64 pc;
+ u64 pstate;
+ };
+ };
+ u64 orig_x0;
+ u64 syscallno;
+};
+
+#define arch_has_single_step() (1)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+#define compat_thumb_mode(regs) \
+ (((regs)->pstate & COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT))
+#else
+#define compat_thumb_mode(regs) (0)
+#endif
+
+#define user_mode(regs) \
+ (((regs)->pstate & PSR_MODE_MASK) == PSR_MODE_EL0t)
+
+#define compat_user_mode(regs) \
+ (((regs)->pstate & (PSR_MODE32_BIT | PSR_MODE_MASK)) == \
+ (PSR_MODE32_BIT | PSR_MODE_EL0t))
+
+#define processor_mode(regs) \
+ ((regs)->pstate & PSR_MODE_MASK)
+
+#define interrupts_enabled(regs) \
+ (!((regs)->pstate & PSR_I_BIT))
+
+#define fast_interrupts_enabled(regs) \
+ (!((regs)->pstate & PSR_F_BIT))
+
+#define user_stack_pointer(regs) \
+ ((regs)->sp)
+
+/*
+ * Are the current registers suitable for user mode? (used to maintain
+ * security in signal handlers)
+ */
+static inline int valid_user_regs(struct user_pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (user_mode(regs) && (regs->pstate & PSR_I_BIT) == 0) {
+ regs->pstate &= ~(PSR_F_BIT | PSR_A_BIT);
+
+ /* The T bit is reserved for AArch64 */
+ if (!(regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT))
+ regs->pstate &= ~COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT;
+
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Force PSR to something logical...
+ */
+ regs->pstate &= PSR_f | PSR_s | (PSR_x & ~PSR_A_BIT) | \
+ COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT | PSR_MODE32_BIT;
+
+ if (!(regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT)) {
+ regs->pstate &= ~COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT;
+ regs->pstate |= PSR_MODE_EL0t;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#define instruction_pointer(regs) (regs)->pc
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+extern unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs);
+#else
+#define profile_pc(regs) instruction_pointer(regs)
+#endif
+
+extern int aarch32_break_trap(struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..7318f6d54aa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_STACKTRACE_H
+#define __ASM_STACKTRACE_H
+
+struct stackframe {
+ unsigned long fp;
+ unsigned long sp;
+ unsigned long pc;
+};
+
+extern int unwind_frame(struct stackframe *frame);
+extern void walk_stackframe(struct stackframe *frame,
+ int (*fn)(struct stackframe *, void *), void *data);
+
+#endif /* __ASM_STACKTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/traps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/traps.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..10ca8ff93cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/traps.h
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+/*
+ * Based on arch/arm/include/asm/traps.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_TRAP_H
+#define __ASM_TRAP_H
+
+static inline int in_exception_text(unsigned long ptr)
+{
+ extern char __exception_text_start[];
+ extern char __exception_text_end[];
+
+ return ptr >= (unsigned long)&__exception_text_start &&
+ ptr < (unsigned long)&__exception_text_end;
+}
+
+#endif