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authorChris Boot <bootc@bootc.net>2013-03-11 21:38:24 -0600
committerMark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>2013-03-12 18:23:49 +0000
commitf8043872e79614ae9c5aaf7804e0b0ccb1932ed0 (patch)
treeed73a2c701730d787914db338fa2b95f0347b3de
parentd77b5382e67d1e1394e40c5c95fb5947efe0ff9e (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-f8043872e79614ae9c5aaf7804e0b0ccb1932ed0.tar.gz
spi: add driver for BCM2835
The BCM2835 contains two forms of SPI master controller (one known simply as SPI0, and the other known as the "Universal SPI Master", in the auxilliary block) and one form of SPI slave controller. This patch adds support for the SPI0 controller. This driver is taken from Chris Boot's repository at git://github.com/bootc/linux.git rpi-linear as of commit 6de2905 "spi-bcm2708: fix printf with spurious %s". In the first SPI-related commit there, Chris wrote: Thanks to csoutreach / A Robinson for his driver which I used as an inspiration. You can find his version here: http://piface.openlx.org.uk/raspberry-pi-spi-kernel-driver-available-for Changes made during upstreaming: * Renamed bcm2708 to bcm2835 as per upstream naming for this SoC. * Removed support for brcm,realtime property. * Increased transfer timeout to 30 seconds. * Return IRQ_NONE from the IRQ handler if no interrupt was handled. * Disable TA (Transfer Active) and clear FIFOs on a transfer timeout. * Wrote device tree binding documentation. * Request unnamed clock rather than "sys_pclk"; the DT will provide the correct clock. * Assume that tfr->speed_hz and tfr->bits_per_word are always set in bcm2835_spi_start_transfer(), bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(), so no need to check spi->speed_hz or tft->bits_per_word. * Re-ordered probe() to remove the need for temporary variables. * Call clk_disable_unprepare() rather than just clk_unprepare() on probe() failure. * Don't use devm_request_irq(), to ensure that the IRQ doesn't fire after we've torn down the device, but not unhooked the IRQ. * Moved probe()'s call to clk_prepare_enable() so we can be sure the clock is enabled if the IRQ handler fires immediately. * Remove redundant checks from bcm2835_spi_check_transfer() and bcm2835_spi_setup(). * Re-ordered IRQ handler to check for RXR before DONE. Added comments to ISR. * Removed empty prepare/unprepare implementations. * Removed use of devinit/devexit. * Added BCM2835_ prefix to defines. Signed-off-by: Chris Boot <bootc@bootc.net> Signed-off-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@wwwdotorg.org> Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/brcm,bcm2835-spi.txt22
-rw-r--r--drivers/spi/Kconfig11
-rw-r--r--drivers/spi/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c456
4 files changed, 490 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/brcm,bcm2835-spi.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/brcm,bcm2835-spi.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..8bf89c64364
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/spi/brcm,bcm2835-spi.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+Broadcom BCM2835 SPI0 controller
+
+The BCM2835 contains two forms of SPI master controller, one known simply as
+SPI0, and the other known as the "Universal SPI Master"; part of the
+auxilliary block. This binding applies to the SPI0 controller.
+
+Required properties:
+- compatible: Should be "brcm,bcm2835-spi".
+- reg: Should contain register location and length.
+- interrupts: Should contain interrupt.
+- clocks: The clock feeding the SPI controller.
+
+Example:
+
+spi@20204000 {
+ compatible = "brcm,bcm2835-spi";
+ reg = <0x7e204000 0x1000>;
+ interrupts = <2 22>;
+ clocks = <&clk_spi>;
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <0>;
+};
diff --git a/drivers/spi/Kconfig b/drivers/spi/Kconfig
index f80eee74a31..32b85d43bbe 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/spi/Kconfig
@@ -74,6 +74,17 @@ config SPI_ATMEL
This selects a driver for the Atmel SPI Controller, present on
many AT32 (AVR32) and AT91 (ARM) chips.
+config SPI_BCM2835
+ tristate "BCM2835 SPI controller"
+ depends on ARCH_BCM2835
+ help
+ This selects a driver for the Broadcom BCM2835 SPI master.
+
+ The BCM2835 contains two types of SPI master controller; the
+ "universal SPI master", and the regular SPI controller. This driver
+ is for the regular SPI controller. Slave mode operation is not also
+ not supported.
+
config SPI_BFIN5XX
tristate "SPI controller driver for ADI Blackfin5xx"
depends on BLACKFIN
diff --git a/drivers/spi/Makefile b/drivers/spi/Makefile
index e53c3094134..3ce1d082ce7 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/spi/Makefile
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_ALTERA) += spi-altera.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_ATMEL) += spi-atmel.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_ATH79) += spi-ath79.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_AU1550) += spi-au1550.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_BCM2835) += spi-bcm2835.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_BCM63XX) += spi-bcm63xx.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_BFIN5XX) += spi-bfin5xx.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_BFIN_SPORT) += spi-bfin-sport.o
diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c b/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..346601e2461
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c
@@ -0,0 +1,456 @@
+/*
+ * Driver for Broadcom BCM2835 SPI Controllers
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Chris Boot
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Stephen Warren
+ *
+ * This driver is inspired by:
+ * spi-ath79.c, Copyright (C) 2009-2011 Gabor Juhos <juhosg@openwrt.org>
+ * spi-atmel.c, Copyright (C) 2006 Atmel Corporation
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
+
+/* SPI register offsets */
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS 0x00
+#define BCM2835_SPI_FIFO 0x04
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CLK 0x08
+#define BCM2835_SPI_DLEN 0x0c
+#define BCM2835_SPI_LTOH 0x10
+#define BCM2835_SPI_DC 0x14
+
+/* Bitfields in CS */
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_LEN_LONG 0x02000000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMA_LEN 0x01000000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL2 0x00800000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL1 0x00400000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL0 0x00200000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXF 0x00100000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXR 0x00080000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_TXD 0x00040000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXD 0x00020000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_DONE 0x00010000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_LEN 0x00002000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_REN 0x00001000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_ADCS 0x00000800
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR 0x00000400
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD 0x00000200
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMAEN 0x00000100
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA 0x00000080
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL 0x00000040
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX 0x00000020
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX 0x00000010
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPOL 0x00000008
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPHA 0x00000004
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_10 0x00000002
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_01 0x00000001
+
+#define BCM2835_SPI_TIMEOUT_MS 30000
+#define BCM2835_SPI_MODE_BITS (SPI_CPOL | SPI_CPHA | SPI_CS_HIGH | SPI_NO_CS)
+
+#define DRV_NAME "spi-bcm2835"
+
+struct bcm2835_spi {
+ void __iomem *regs;
+ struct clk *clk;
+ int irq;
+ struct completion done;
+ const u8 *tx_buf;
+ u8 *rx_buf;
+ int len;
+};
+
+static inline u32 bcm2835_rd(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, unsigned reg)
+{
+ return readl(bs->regs + reg);
+}
+
+static inline void bcm2835_wr(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, unsigned reg, u32 val)
+{
+ writel(val, bs->regs + reg);
+}
+
+static inline void bcm2835_rd_fifo(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, int len)
+{
+ u8 byte;
+
+ while (len--) {
+ byte = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
+ if (bs->rx_buf)
+ *bs->rx_buf++ = byte;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void bcm2835_wr_fifo(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, int len)
+{
+ u8 byte;
+
+ if (len > bs->len)
+ len = bs->len;
+
+ while (len--) {
+ byte = bs->tx_buf ? *bs->tx_buf++ : 0;
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO, byte);
+ bs->len--;
+ }
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t bcm2835_spi_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+ struct spi_master *master = dev_id;
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
+ u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
+
+ /*
+ * RXR - RX needs Reading. This means 12 (or more) bytes have been
+ * transmitted and hence 12 (or more) bytes have been received.
+ *
+ * The FIFO is 16-bytes deep. We check for this interrupt to keep the
+ * FIFO full; we have a 4-byte-time buffer for IRQ latency. We check
+ * this before DONE (TX empty) just in case we delayed processing this
+ * interrupt for some reason.
+ *
+ * We only check for this case if we have more bytes to TX; at the end
+ * of the transfer, we ignore this pipelining optimization, and let
+ * bcm2835_spi_finish_transfer() drain the RX FIFO.
+ */
+ if (bs->len && (cs & BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXR)) {
+ /* Read 12 bytes of data */
+ bcm2835_rd_fifo(bs, 12);
+
+ /* Write up to 12 bytes */
+ bcm2835_wr_fifo(bs, 12);
+
+ /*
+ * We must have written something to the TX FIFO due to the
+ * bs->len check above, so cannot be DONE. Hence, return
+ * early. Note that DONE could also be set if we serviced an
+ * RXR interrupt really late.
+ */
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * DONE - TX empty. This occurs when we first enable the transfer
+ * since we do not pre-fill the TX FIFO. At any other time, given that
+ * we refill the TX FIFO above based on RXR, and hence ignore DONE if
+ * RXR is set, DONE really does mean end-of-transfer.
+ */
+ if (cs & BCM2835_SPI_CS_DONE) {
+ if (bs->len) { /* First interrupt in a transfer */
+ bcm2835_wr_fifo(bs, 16);
+ } else { /* Transfer complete */
+ /* Disable SPI interrupts */
+ cs &= ~(BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR | BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD);
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);
+
+ /*
+ * Wake up bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(), which will call
+ * bcm2835_spi_finish_transfer(), to drain the RX FIFO.
+ */
+ complete(&bs->done);
+ }
+
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+ }
+
+ return IRQ_NONE;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_spi_check_transfer(struct spi_device *spi,
+ struct spi_transfer *tfr)
+{
+ /* tfr==NULL when called from bcm2835_spi_setup() */
+ u32 bpw = tfr ? tfr->bits_per_word : spi->bits_per_word;
+
+ switch (bpw) {
+ case 8:
+ break;
+ default:
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "unsupported bits_per_word=%d\n", bpw);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_spi_start_transfer(struct spi_device *spi,
+ struct spi_transfer *tfr)
+{
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->master);
+ unsigned long spi_hz, clk_hz, cdiv;
+ u32 cs = BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR | BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA;
+
+ spi_hz = tfr->speed_hz;
+ clk_hz = clk_get_rate(bs->clk);
+
+ if (spi_hz >= clk_hz / 2) {
+ cdiv = 2; /* clk_hz/2 is the fastest we can go */
+ } else if (spi_hz) {
+ /* CDIV must be a power of two */
+ cdiv = roundup_pow_of_two(DIV_ROUND_UP(clk_hz, spi_hz));
+
+ if (cdiv >= 65536)
+ cdiv = 0; /* 0 is the slowest we can go */
+ } else
+ cdiv = 0; /* 0 is the slowest we can go */
+
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_CPOL)
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPOL;
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_CPHA)
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPHA;
+
+ if (!(spi->mode & SPI_NO_CS)) {
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH) {
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL;
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL0 << spi->chip_select;
+ }
+
+ cs |= spi->chip_select;
+ }
+
+ INIT_COMPLETION(bs->done);
+ bs->tx_buf = tfr->tx_buf;
+ bs->rx_buf = tfr->rx_buf;
+ bs->len = tfr->len;
+
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CLK, cdiv);
+ /*
+ * Enable the HW block. This will immediately trigger a DONE (TX
+ * empty) interrupt, upon which we will fill the TX FIFO with the
+ * first TX bytes. Pre-filling the TX FIFO here to avoid the
+ * interrupt doesn't work:-(
+ */
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_spi_finish_transfer(struct spi_device *spi,
+ struct spi_transfer *tfr, bool cs_change)
+{
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->master);
+ u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
+
+ /* Drain RX FIFO */
+ while (cs & BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXD) {
+ bcm2835_rd_fifo(bs, 1);
+ cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
+ }
+
+ if (tfr->delay_usecs)
+ udelay(tfr->delay_usecs);
+
+ if (cs_change)
+ /* Clear TA flag */
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs & ~BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_spi_setup(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = bcm2835_spi_check_transfer(spi, NULL);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&spi->dev, "setup: invalid message\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(struct spi_master *master,
+ struct spi_message *mesg)
+{
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
+ struct spi_transfer *tfr;
+ struct spi_device *spi = mesg->spi;
+ int err = 0;
+ unsigned int timeout;
+ bool cs_change;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(tfr, &mesg->transfers, transfer_list) {
+ err = bcm2835_spi_check_transfer(spi, tfr);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ err = bcm2835_spi_start_transfer(spi, tfr);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ timeout = wait_for_completion_timeout(&bs->done,
+ msecs_to_jiffies(BCM2835_SPI_TIMEOUT_MS));
+ if (!timeout) {
+ err = -ETIMEDOUT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ cs_change = tfr->cs_change ||
+ list_is_last(&tfr->transfer_list, &mesg->transfers);
+
+ err = bcm2835_spi_finish_transfer(spi, tfr, cs_change);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ mesg->actual_length += (tfr->len - bs->len);
+ }
+
+out:
+ /* Clear FIFOs, and disable the HW block */
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
+ BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);
+ mesg->status = err;
+ spi_finalize_current_message(master);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_spi_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct spi_master *master;
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs;
+ struct resource *res;
+ int err;
+
+ master = spi_alloc_master(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*bs));
+ if (!master) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "spi_alloc_master() failed\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, master);
+
+ master->mode_bits = BCM2835_SPI_MODE_BITS;
+ master->bus_num = -1;
+ master->num_chipselect = 3;
+ master->setup = bcm2835_spi_setup;
+ master->transfer_one_message = bcm2835_spi_transfer_one;
+ master->dev.of_node = pdev->dev.of_node;
+
+ bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
+
+ init_completion(&bs->done);
+
+ res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ if (!res) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not get memory resource\n");
+ err = -ENODEV;
+ goto out_master_put;
+ }
+
+ bs->regs = devm_request_and_ioremap(&pdev->dev, res);
+ if (!bs->regs) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not request/map memory region\n");
+ err = -ENODEV;
+ goto out_master_put;
+ }
+
+ bs->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(bs->clk)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(bs->clk);
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not get clk: %d\n", err);
+ goto out_master_put;
+ }
+
+ bs->irq = irq_of_parse_and_map(pdev->dev.of_node, 0);
+ if (bs->irq <= 0) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not get IRQ: %d\n", bs->irq);
+ err = bs->irq ? bs->irq : -ENODEV;
+ goto out_master_put;
+ }
+
+ clk_prepare_enable(bs->clk);
+
+ err = request_irq(bs->irq, bcm2835_spi_interrupt, 0,
+ dev_name(&pdev->dev), master);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not request IRQ: %d\n", err);
+ goto out_clk_disable;
+ }
+
+ /* initialise the hardware */
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
+ BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);
+
+ err = spi_register_master(master);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not register SPI master: %d\n", err);
+ goto out_free_irq;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+out_free_irq:
+ free_irq(bs->irq, master);
+out_clk_disable:
+ clk_disable_unprepare(bs->clk);
+out_master_put:
+ spi_master_put(master);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_spi_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct spi_master *master = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
+
+ free_irq(bs->irq, master);
+ spi_unregister_master(master);
+
+ /* Clear FIFOs, and disable the HW block */
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
+ BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);
+
+ clk_disable_unprepare(bs->clk);
+ spi_master_put(master);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id bcm2835_spi_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "brcm,bcm2835-spi", },
+ {}
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, bcm2835_spi_match);
+
+static struct platform_driver bcm2835_spi_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = DRV_NAME,
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .of_match_table = bcm2835_spi_match,
+ },
+ .probe = bcm2835_spi_probe,
+ .remove = bcm2835_spi_remove,
+};
+module_platform_driver(bcm2835_spi_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("SPI controller driver for Broadcom BCM2835");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Chris Boot <bootc@bootc.net>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");