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authorDan Rosenberg <drosenberg@vsecurity.com>2010-11-11 14:05:18 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2010-11-12 07:55:32 -0800
commiteaf06b241b091357e72b76863ba16e89610d31bd (patch)
tree83bc8667309050b3538630707513574c14c51f37
parent203f40a5a030ed4048cd40e3bd9ab5df6c5df589 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-eaf06b241b091357e72b76863ba16e89610d31bd.tar.gz
Restrict unprivileged access to kernel syslog
The kernel syslog contains debugging information that is often useful during exploitation of other vulnerabilities, such as kernel heap addresses. Rather than futilely attempt to sanitize hundreds (or thousands) of printk statements and simultaneously cripple useful debugging functionality, it is far simpler to create an option that prevents unprivileged users from reading the syslog. This patch, loosely based on grsecurity's GRKERNSEC_DMESG, creates the dmesg_restrict sysctl. When set to "0", the default, no restrictions are enforced. When set to "1", only users with CAP_SYS_ADMIN can read the kernel syslog via dmesg(8) or other mechanisms. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: explain the config option in kernel.txt] Signed-off-by: Dan Rosenberg <drosenberg@vsecurity.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Eugene Teo <eugeneteo@kernel.org> Acked-by: Kees Cook <kees.cook@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt14
-rw-r--r--include/linux/kernel.h1
-rw-r--r--kernel/printk.c6
-rw-r--r--kernel/sysctl.c9
-rw-r--r--security/Kconfig12
-rw-r--r--security/commoncap.c2
6 files changed, 44 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
index 3894eaa2348..209e1584c3d 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ show up in /proc/sys/kernel:
- core_uses_pid
- ctrl-alt-del
- dentry-state
+- dmesg_restrict
- domainname
- hostname
- hotplug
@@ -213,6 +214,19 @@ to decide what to do with it.
==============================================================
+dmesg_restrict:
+
+This toggle indicates whether unprivileged users are prevented from using
+dmesg(8) to view messages from the kernel's log buffer. When
+dmesg_restrict is set to (0) there are no restrictions. When
+dmesg_restrict is set set to (1), users must have CAP_SYS_ADMIN to use
+dmesg(8).
+
+The kernel config option CONFIG_SECURITY_DMESG_RESTRICT sets the default
+value of dmesg_restrict.
+
+==============================================================
+
domainname & hostname:
These files can be used to set the NIS/YP domainname and the
diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
index b526947bdf4..fc3da9e4da1 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
@@ -293,6 +293,7 @@ extern bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies,
unsigned int interval_msec);
extern int printk_delay_msec;
+extern int dmesg_restrict;
/*
* Print a one-time message (analogous to WARN_ONCE() et al):
diff --git a/kernel/printk.c b/kernel/printk.c
index b2ebaee8c37..38e7d5868d6 100644
--- a/kernel/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk.c
@@ -261,6 +261,12 @@ static inline void boot_delay_msec(void)
}
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_DMESG_RESTRICT
+int dmesg_restrict = 1;
+#else
+int dmesg_restrict;
+#endif
+
int do_syslog(int type, char __user *buf, int len, bool from_file)
{
unsigned i, j, limit, count;
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index c33a1edb799..b65bf634035 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -704,6 +704,15 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
},
#endif
{
+ .procname = "dmesg_restrict",
+ .data = &dmesg_restrict,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = &zero,
+ .extra2 = &one,
+ },
+ {
.procname = "ngroups_max",
.data = &ngroups_max,
.maxlen = sizeof (int),
diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
index bd72ae62349..e80da955e68 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig
+++ b/security/Kconfig
@@ -39,6 +39,18 @@ config KEYS_DEBUG_PROC_KEYS
If you are unsure as to whether this is required, answer N.
+config SECURITY_DMESG_RESTRICT
+ bool "Restrict unprivileged access to the kernel syslog"
+ default n
+ help
+ This enforces restrictions on unprivileged users reading the kernel
+ syslog via dmesg(8).
+
+ If this option is not selected, no restrictions will be enforced
+ unless the dmesg_restrict sysctl is explicitly set to (1).
+
+ If you are unsure how to answer this question, answer N.
+
config SECURITY
bool "Enable different security models"
depends on SYSFS
diff --git a/security/commoncap.c b/security/commoncap.c
index 5e632b4857e..04b80f9912b 100644
--- a/security/commoncap.c
+++ b/security/commoncap.c
@@ -895,6 +895,8 @@ int cap_syslog(int type, bool from_file)
{
if (type != SYSLOG_ACTION_OPEN && from_file)
return 0;
+ if (dmesg_restrict && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EPERM;
if ((type != SYSLOG_ACTION_READ_ALL &&
type != SYSLOG_ACTION_SIZE_BUFFER) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;