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authorDavid Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>2014-03-03 15:38:18 -0800
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2014-04-03 12:01:05 -0700
commitdef52acc90faab583b124f3177d55c15d125e2d1 (patch)
tree067db9dcb4ce2ebdbc0894763c02818bd1eceb6d
parentd113edc6c7027a8290ddfb2f0c5ab8291a582945 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-def52acc90faab583b124f3177d55c15d125e2d1.tar.gz
mm: close PageTail race
commit 668f9abbd4334e6c29fa8acd71635c4f9101caa7 upstream. Commit bf6bddf1924e ("mm: introduce compaction and migration for ballooned pages") introduces page_count(page) into memory compaction which dereferences page->first_page if PageTail(page). This results in a very rare NULL pointer dereference on the aforementioned page_count(page). Indeed, anything that does compound_head(), including page_count() is susceptible to racing with prep_compound_page() and seeing a NULL or dangling page->first_page pointer. This patch uses Andrea's implementation of compound_trans_head() that deals with such a race and makes it the default compound_head() implementation. This includes a read memory barrier that ensures that if PageTail(head) is true that we return a head page that is neither NULL nor dangling. The patch then adds a store memory barrier to prep_compound_page() to ensure page->first_page is set. This is the safest way to ensure we see the head page that we are expecting, PageTail(page) is already in the unlikely() path and the memory barriers are unfortunately required. Hugetlbfs is the exception, we don't enforce a store memory barrier during init since no race is possible. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Holger Kiehl <Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c4
-rw-r--r--fs/proc/page.c2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/huge_mm.h18
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm.h14
-rw-r--r--mm/ksm.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/memory-failure.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/page_alloc.c4
-rw-r--r--mm/swap.c4
-rw-r--r--virt/kvm/kvm_main.c4
10 files changed, 25 insertions, 31 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c b/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
index fc803ecbbce..31262732db2 100644
--- a/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/aoe/aoecmd.c
@@ -899,7 +899,7 @@ bio_pageinc(struct bio *bio)
* but this has never been seen here.
*/
if (unlikely(PageCompound(page)))
- if (compound_trans_head(page) != page) {
+ if (compound_head(page) != page) {
pr_crit("page tail used for block I/O\n");
BUG();
}
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 6f3fbc48a6c..22080eb6aff 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -138,12 +138,12 @@ static bool is_invalid_reserved_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
bool reserved;
struct page *tail = pfn_to_page(pfn);
- struct page *head = compound_trans_head(tail);
+ struct page *head = compound_head(tail);
reserved = !!(PageReserved(head));
if (head != tail) {
/*
* "head" is not a dangling pointer
- * (compound_trans_head takes care of that)
+ * (compound_head takes care of that)
* but the hugepage may have been split
* from under us (and we may not hold a
* reference count on the head page so it can
diff --git a/fs/proc/page.c b/fs/proc/page.c
index b8730d9ebae..2a8cc94bb64 100644
--- a/fs/proc/page.c
+++ b/fs/proc/page.c
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page)
* just checks PG_head/PG_tail, so we need to check PageLRU to make
* sure a given page is a thp, not a non-huge compound page.
*/
- else if (PageTransCompound(page) && PageLRU(compound_trans_head(page)))
+ else if (PageTransCompound(page) && PageLRU(compound_head(page)))
u |= 1 << KPF_THP;
/*
diff --git a/include/linux/huge_mm.h b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
index 528454c2caa..a193bb3e413 100644
--- a/include/linux/huge_mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
@@ -159,23 +159,6 @@ static inline int hpage_nr_pages(struct page *page)
return HPAGE_PMD_NR;
return 1;
}
-static inline struct page *compound_trans_head(struct page *page)
-{
- if (PageTail(page)) {
- struct page *head;
- head = page->first_page;
- smp_rmb();
- /*
- * head may be a dangling pointer.
- * __split_huge_page_refcount clears PageTail before
- * overwriting first_page, so if PageTail is still
- * there it means the head pointer isn't dangling.
- */
- if (PageTail(page))
- return head;
- }
- return page;
-}
extern int do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd, pmd_t *pmdp);
@@ -205,7 +188,6 @@ static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page)
do { } while (0)
#define split_huge_page_pmd_mm(__mm, __address, __pmd) \
do { } while (0)
-#define compound_trans_head(page) compound_head(page)
static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 3bf21c3502d..a9a48309f04 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -361,8 +361,18 @@ static inline void compound_unlock_irqrestore(struct page *page,
static inline struct page *compound_head(struct page *page)
{
- if (unlikely(PageTail(page)))
- return page->first_page;
+ if (unlikely(PageTail(page))) {
+ struct page *head = page->first_page;
+
+ /*
+ * page->first_page may be a dangling pointer to an old
+ * compound page, so recheck that it is still a tail
+ * page before returning.
+ */
+ smp_rmb();
+ if (likely(PageTail(page)))
+ return head;
+ }
return page;
}
diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
index b6afe0c440d..784d1e4bc38 100644
--- a/mm/ksm.c
+++ b/mm/ksm.c
@@ -444,7 +444,7 @@ static void break_cow(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
static struct page *page_trans_compound_anon(struct page *page)
{
if (PageTransCompound(page)) {
- struct page *head = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *head = compound_head(page);
/*
* head may actually be splitted and freed from under
* us but it's ok here.
diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
index e386beefc99..59c62fa75c5 100644
--- a/mm/memory-failure.c
+++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
@@ -1544,7 +1544,7 @@ int soft_offline_page(struct page *page, int flags)
{
int ret;
unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
- struct page *hpage = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *hpage = compound_head(page);
if (PageHWPoison(page)) {
pr_info("soft offline: %#lx page already poisoned\n", pfn);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 2ee0fd313f0..0ab02fb8e9b 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -360,9 +360,11 @@ void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned long order)
__SetPageHead(page);
for (i = 1; i < nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *p = page + i;
- __SetPageTail(p);
set_page_count(p, 0);
p->first_page = page;
+ /* Make sure p->first_page is always valid for PageTail() */
+ smp_wmb();
+ __SetPageTail(p);
}
}
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index ea58dbde788..4e35f3ff042 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ static void put_compound_page(struct page *page)
{
if (unlikely(PageTail(page))) {
/* __split_huge_page_refcount can run under us */
- struct page *page_head = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *page_head = compound_head(page);
if (likely(page != page_head &&
get_page_unless_zero(page_head))) {
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@ bool __get_page_tail(struct page *page)
*/
unsigned long flags;
bool got = false;
- struct page *page_head = compound_trans_head(page);
+ struct page *page_head = compound_head(page);
if (likely(page != page_head && get_page_unless_zero(page_head))) {
/* Ref to put_compound_page() comment. */
diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
index eb99458f5b6..8cf1cd2fada 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
@@ -105,12 +105,12 @@ bool kvm_is_mmio_pfn(pfn_t pfn)
if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
int reserved;
struct page *tail = pfn_to_page(pfn);
- struct page *head = compound_trans_head(tail);
+ struct page *head = compound_head(tail);
reserved = PageReserved(head);
if (head != tail) {
/*
* "head" is not a dangling pointer
- * (compound_trans_head takes care of that)
+ * (compound_head takes care of that)
* but the hugepage may have been splitted
* from under us (and we may not hold a
* reference count on the head page so it can