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authorPaul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>2009-06-12 21:10:05 +0000
committerBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>2009-06-15 13:27:38 +1000
commit09d4e0edd4614e787393acc582ac701c6ec3565b (patch)
tree77f3b85e0f59a168ac78639e510ebcbd3791b3d2 /lib/atomic64.c
parent4c75f84f2c781beb230031234ed961d28771a764 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.38-lt-ux500-09d4e0edd4614e787393acc582ac701c6ec3565b.tar.gz
lib: Provide generic atomic64_t implementation
Many processor architectures have no 64-bit atomic instructions, but we need atomic64_t in order to support the perf_counter subsystem. This adds an implementation of 64-bit atomic operations using hashed spinlocks to provide atomicity. For each atomic operation, the address of the atomic64_t variable is hashed to an index into an array of 16 spinlocks. That spinlock is taken (with interrupts disabled) around the operation, which can then be coded non-atomically within the lock. On UP, all the spinlock manipulation goes away and we simply disable interrupts around each operation. In fact gcc eliminates the whole atomic64_lock variable as well. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib/atomic64.c')
-rw-r--r--lib/atomic64.c175
1 files changed, 175 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/lib/atomic64.c b/lib/atomic64.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..c5e72556241
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/atomic64.c
@@ -0,0 +1,175 @@
+/*
+ * Generic implementation of 64-bit atomics using spinlocks,
+ * useful on processors that don't have 64-bit atomic instructions.
+ *
+ * Copyright © 2009 Paul Mackerras, IBM Corp. <paulus@au1.ibm.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/cache.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+/*
+ * We use a hashed array of spinlocks to provide exclusive access
+ * to each atomic64_t variable. Since this is expected to used on
+ * systems with small numbers of CPUs (<= 4 or so), we use a
+ * relatively small array of 16 spinlocks to avoid wasting too much
+ * memory on the spinlock array.
+ */
+#define NR_LOCKS 16
+
+/*
+ * Ensure each lock is in a separate cacheline.
+ */
+static union {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ char pad[L1_CACHE_BYTES];
+} atomic64_lock[NR_LOCKS] __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
+
+static inline spinlock_t *lock_addr(const atomic64_t *v)
+{
+ unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) v;
+
+ addr >>= L1_CACHE_SHIFT;
+ addr ^= (addr >> 8) ^ (addr >> 16);
+ return &atomic64_lock[addr & (NR_LOCKS - 1)].lock;
+}
+
+long long atomic64_read(const atomic64_t *v)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+ long long val;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ val = v->counter;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+ return val;
+}
+
+void atomic64_set(atomic64_t *v, long long i)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ v->counter = i;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+}
+
+void atomic64_add(long long a, atomic64_t *v)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ v->counter += a;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+}
+
+long long atomic64_add_return(long long a, atomic64_t *v)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+ long long val;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ val = v->counter += a;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+ return val;
+}
+
+void atomic64_sub(long long a, atomic64_t *v)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ v->counter -= a;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+}
+
+long long atomic64_sub_return(long long a, atomic64_t *v)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+ long long val;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ val = v->counter -= a;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+ return val;
+}
+
+long long atomic64_dec_if_positive(atomic64_t *v)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+ long long val;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ val = v->counter - 1;
+ if (val >= 0)
+ v->counter = val;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+ return val;
+}
+
+long long atomic64_cmpxchg(atomic64_t *v, long long o, long long n)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+ long long val;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ val = v->counter;
+ if (val == o)
+ v->counter = n;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+ return val;
+}
+
+long long atomic64_xchg(atomic64_t *v, long long new)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+ long long val;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ val = v->counter;
+ v->counter = new;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+ return val;
+}
+
+int atomic64_add_unless(atomic64_t *v, long long a, long long u)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spinlock_t *lock = lock_addr(v);
+ int ret = 1;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags);
+ if (v->counter != u) {
+ v->counter += a;
+ ret = 0;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int init_atomic64_lock(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < NR_LOCKS; ++i)
+ spin_lock_init(&atomic64_lock[i].lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+pure_initcall(init_atomic64_lock);