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/*
 * builtin-top.c
 *
 * Builtin top command: Display a continuously updated profile of
 * any workload, CPU or specific PID.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008, Red Hat Inc, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
 *
 * Improvements and fixes by:
 *
 *   Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
 *   Yanmin Zhang <yanmin.zhang@intel.com>
 *   Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
 *   Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
 *   Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
 *
 * Released under the GPL v2. (and only v2, not any later version)
 */
#include "builtin.h"

#include "perf.h"

#include "util/color.h"
#include "util/session.h"
#include "util/symbol.h"
#include "util/thread.h"
#include "util/util.h"
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include "util/parse-options.h"
#include "util/parse-events.h"
#include "util/cpumap.h"

#include "util/debug.h"

#include <assert.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <termios.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <pthread.h>

#include <sys/syscall.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>

#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/types.h>

static int			*fd[MAX_NR_CPUS][MAX_COUNTERS];

static bool			system_wide			=  false;

static int			default_interval		=      0;

static int			count_filter			=      5;
static int			print_entries;

static int			target_pid			=     -1;
static int			target_tid			=     -1;
static pid_t			*all_tids			=      NULL;
static int			thread_num			=      0;
static bool			inherit				=  false;
static int			profile_cpu			=     -1;
static int			nr_cpus				=      0;
static unsigned int		realtime_prio			=      0;
static bool			group				=  false;
static unsigned int		page_size;
static unsigned int		mmap_pages			=     16;
static int			freq				=   1000; /* 1 KHz */

static int			delay_secs			=      2;
static bool			zero                            =  false;
static bool			dump_symtab                     =  false;

static bool			hide_kernel_symbols		=  false;
static bool			hide_user_symbols		=  false;
static struct winsize		winsize;

/*
 * Source
 */

struct source_line {
	u64			eip;
	unsigned long		count[MAX_COUNTERS];
	char			*line;
	struct source_line	*next;
};

static char			*sym_filter			=   NULL;
struct sym_entry		*sym_filter_entry		=   NULL;
struct sym_entry		*sym_filter_entry_sched		=   NULL;
static int			sym_pcnt_filter			=      5;
static int			sym_counter			=      0;
static int			display_weighted		=     -1;

/*
 * Symbols
 */

struct sym_entry_source {
	struct source_line	*source;
	struct source_line	*lines;
	struct source_line	**lines_tail;
	pthread_mutex_t		lock;
};

struct sym_entry {
	struct rb_node		rb_node;
	struct list_head	node;
	unsigned long		snap_count;
	double			weight;
	int			skip;
	u16			name_len;
	u8			origin;
	struct map		*map;
	struct sym_entry_source	*src;
	unsigned long		count[0];
};

/*
 * Source functions
 */

static inline struct symbol *sym_entry__symbol(struct sym_entry *self)
{
       return ((void *)self) + symbol_conf.priv_size;
}

void get_term_dimensions(struct winsize *ws)
{
	char *s = getenv("LINES");

	if (s != NULL) {
		ws->ws_row = atoi(s);
		s = getenv("COLUMNS");
		if (s != NULL) {
			ws->ws_col = atoi(s);
			if (ws->ws_row && ws->ws_col)
				return;
		}
	}
#ifdef TIOCGWINSZ
	if (ioctl(1, TIOCGWINSZ, ws) == 0 &&
	    ws->ws_row && ws->ws_col)
		return;
#endif
	ws->ws_row = 25;
	ws->ws_col = 80;
}

static void update_print_entries(struct winsize *ws)
{
	print_entries = ws->ws_row;

	if (print_entries > 9)
		print_entries -= 9;
}

static void sig_winch_handler(int sig __used)
{
	get_term_dimensions(&winsize);
	update_print_entries(&winsize);
}

static int parse_source(struct sym_entry *syme)
{
	struct symbol *sym;
	struct sym_entry_source *source;
	struct map *map;
	FILE *file;
	char command[PATH_MAX*2];
	const char *path;
	u64 len;

	if (!syme)
		return -1;

	sym = sym_entry__symbol(syme);
	map = syme->map;

	/*
	 * We can't annotate with just /proc/kallsyms
	 */
	if (map->dso->origin == DSO__ORIG_KERNEL)
		return -1;

	if (syme->src == NULL) {
		syme->src = zalloc(sizeof(*source));
		if (syme->src == NULL)
			return -1;
		pthread_mutex_init(&syme->src->lock, NULL);
	}

	source = syme->src;

	if (source->lines) {
		pthread_mutex_lock(&source->lock);
		goto out_assign;
	}
	path = map->dso->long_name;

	len = sym->end - sym->start;

	sprintf(command,
		"objdump --start-address=%#0*Lx --stop-address=%#0*Lx -dS %s",
		BITS_PER_LONG / 4, map__rip_2objdump(map, sym->start),
		BITS_PER_LONG / 4, map__rip_2objdump(map, sym->end), path);

	file = popen(command, "r");
	if (!file)
		return -1;

	pthread_mutex_lock(&source->lock);
	source->lines_tail = &source->lines;
	while (!feof(file)) {
		struct source_line *src;
		size_t dummy = 0;
		char *c, *sep;

		src = malloc(sizeof(struct source_line));
		assert(src != NULL);
		memset(src, 0, sizeof(struct source_line));

		if (getline(&src->line, &dummy, file) < 0)
			break;
		if (!src->line)
			break;

		c = strchr(src->line, '\n');
		if (c)
			*c = 0;

		src->next = NULL;
		*source->lines_tail = src;
		source->lines_tail = &src->next;

		src->eip = strtoull(src->line, &sep, 16);
		if (*sep == ':')
			src->eip = map__objdump_2ip(map, src->eip);
		else /* this line has no ip info (e.g. source line) */
			src->eip = 0;
	}
	pclose(file);
out_assign:
	sym_filter_entry = syme;
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&source->lock);
	return 0;
}

static void __zero_source_counters(struct sym_entry *syme)
{
	int i;
	struct source_line *line;

	line = syme->src->lines;
	while (line) {
		for (i = 0; i < nr_counters; i++)
			line->count[i] = 0;
		line = line->next;
	}
}

static void record_precise_ip(struct sym_entry *syme, int counter, u64 ip)
{
	struct source_line *line;

	if (syme != sym_filter_entry)
		return;

	if (pthread_mutex_trylock(&syme->src->lock))
		return;

	if (syme->src == NULL || syme->src->source == NULL)
		goto out_unlock;

	for (line = syme->src->lines; line; line = line->next) {
		/* skip lines without IP info */
		if (line->eip == 0)
			continue;
		if (line->eip == ip) {
			line->count[counter]++;
			break;
		}
		if (line->eip > ip)
			break;
	}
out_unlock:
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&syme->src->lock);
}

#define PATTERN_LEN		(BITS_PER_LONG / 4 + 2)

static void lookup_sym_source(struct sym_entry *syme)
{
	struct symbol *symbol = sym_entry__symbol(syme);
	struct source_line *line;
	char pattern[PATTERN_LEN + 1];

	sprintf(pattern, "%0*Lx <", BITS_PER_LONG / 4,
		map__rip_2objdump(syme->map, symbol->start));

	pthread_mutex_lock(&syme->src->lock);
	for (line = syme->src->lines; line; line = line->next) {
		if (memcmp(line->line, pattern, PATTERN_LEN) == 0) {
			syme->src->source = line;
			break;
		}
	}
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&syme->src->lock);
}

static void show_lines(struct source_line *queue, int count, int total)
{
	int i;
	struct source_line *line;

	line = queue;
	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
		float pcnt = 100.0*(float)line->count[sym_counter]/(float)total;

		printf("%8li %4.1f%%\t%s\n", line->count[sym_counter], pcnt, line->line);
		line = line->next;
	}
}

#define TRACE_COUNT     3

static void show_details(struct sym_entry *syme)
{
	struct symbol *symbol;
	struct source_line *line;
	struct source_line *line_queue = NULL;
	int displayed = 0;
	int line_queue_count = 0, total = 0, more = 0;

	if (!syme)
		return;

	if (!syme->src->source)
		lookup_sym_source(syme);

	if (!syme->src->source)
		return;

	symbol = sym_entry__symbol(syme);
	printf("Showing %s for %s\n", event_name(sym_counter), symbol->name);
	printf("  Events  Pcnt (>=%d%%)\n", sym_pcnt_filter);

	pthread_mutex_lock(&syme->src->lock);
	line = syme->src->source;
	while (line) {
		total += line->count[sym_counter];
		line = line->next;
	}

	line = syme->src->source;
	while (line) {
		float pcnt = 0.0;

		if (!line_queue_count)
			line_queue = line;
		line_queue_count++;

		if (line->count[sym_counter])
			pcnt = 100.0 * line->count[sym_counter] / (float)total;
		if (pcnt >= (float)sym_pcnt_filter) {
			if (displayed <= print_entries)
				show_lines(line_queue, line_queue_count, total);
			else more++;
			displayed += line_queue_count;
			line_queue_count = 0;
			line_queue = NULL;
		} else if (line_queue_count > TRACE_COUNT) {
			line_queue = line_queue->next;
			line_queue_count--;
		}

		line->count[sym_counter] = zero ? 0 : line->count[sym_counter] * 7 / 8;
		line = line->next;
	}
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&syme->src->lock);
	if (more)
		printf("%d lines not displayed, maybe increase display entries [e]\n", more);
}

/*
 * Symbols will be added here in event__process_sample and will get out
 * after decayed.
 */
static LIST_HEAD(active_symbols);
static pthread_mutex_t active_symbols_lock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;

/*
 * Ordering weight: count-1 * count-2 * ... / count-n
 */
static double sym_weight(const struct sym_entry *sym)
{
	double weight = sym->snap_count;
	int counter;

	if (!display_weighted)
		return weight;

	for (counter = 1; counter < nr_counters-1; counter++)
		weight *= sym->count[counter];

	weight /= (sym->count[counter] + 1);

	return weight;
}

static long			samples;
static long			kernel_samples, us_samples;
static long			exact_samples;
static long			guest_us_samples, guest_kernel_samples;
static const char		CONSOLE_CLEAR[] = "";

static void __list_insert_active_sym(struct sym_entry *syme)
{
	list_add(&syme->node, &active_symbols);
}

static void list_remove_active_sym(struct sym_entry *syme)
{
	pthread_mutex_lock(&active_symbols_lock);
	list_del_init(&syme->node);
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&active_symbols_lock);
}

static void rb_insert_active_sym(struct rb_root *tree, struct sym_entry *se)
{
	struct rb_node **p = &tree->rb_node;
	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
	struct sym_entry *iter;

	while (*p != NULL) {
		parent = *p;
		iter = rb_entry(parent, struct sym_entry, rb_node);

		if (se->weight > iter->weight)
			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
		else
			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
	}

	rb_link_node(&se->rb_node, parent, p);
	rb_insert_color(&se->rb_node, tree);
}

static void print_sym_table(void)
{
	int printed = 0, j;
	int counter, snap = !display_weighted ? sym_counter : 0;
	float samples_per_sec = samples/delay_secs;
	float ksamples_per_sec = kernel_samples/delay_secs;
	float us_samples_per_sec = (us_samples)/delay_secs;
	float guest_kernel_samples_per_sec = (guest_kernel_samples)/delay_secs;
	float guest_us_samples_per_sec = (guest_us_samples)/delay_secs;
	float esamples_percent = (100.0*exact_samples)/samples;
	float sum_ksamples = 0.0;
	struct sym_entry *syme, *n;
	struct rb_root tmp = RB_ROOT;
	struct rb_node *nd;
	int sym_width = 0, dso_width = 0, dso_short_width = 0;
	const int win_width = winsize.ws_col - 1;

	samples = us_samples = kernel_samples = exact_samples = 0;
	guest_kernel_samples = guest_us_samples = 0;

	/* Sort the active symbols */
	pthread_mutex_lock(&active_symbols_lock);
	syme = list_entry(active_symbols.next, struct sym_entry, node);
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&active_symbols_lock);

	list_for_each_entry_safe_from(syme, n, &active_symbols, node) {
		syme->snap_count = syme->count[snap];
		if (syme->snap_count != 0) {

			if ((hide_user_symbols &&
			     syme->origin == PERF_RECORD_MISC_USER) ||
			    (hide_kernel_symbols &&
			     syme->origin == PERF_RECORD_MISC_KERNEL)) {
				list_remove_active_sym(syme);
				continue;
			}
			syme->weight = sym_weight(syme);
			rb_insert_active_sym(&tmp, syme);
			sum_ksamples += syme->snap_count;

			for (j = 0; j < nr_counters; j++)
				syme->count[j] = zero ? 0 : syme->count[j] * 7 / 8;
		} else
			list_remove_active_sym(syme);
	}

	puts(CONSOLE_CLEAR);

	printf("%-*.*s\n", win_width, win_width, graph_dotted_line);
	if (!perf_guest) {
		printf("   PerfTop:%8.0f irqs/sec  kernel:%4.1f%%"
			"  exact: %4.1f%% [",
			samples_per_sec,
			100.0 - (100.0 * ((samples_per_sec - ksamples_per_sec) /
					 samples_per_sec)),
			esamples_percent);
	} else {
		printf("   PerfTop:%8.0f irqs/sec  kernel:%4.1f%% us:%4.1f%%"
			" guest kernel:%4.1f%% guest us:%4.1f%%"
			" exact: %4.1f%% [",
			samples_per_sec,
			100.0 - (100.0 * ((samples_per_sec-ksamples_per_sec) /
					  samples_per_sec)),
			100.0 - (100.0 * ((samples_per_sec-us_samples_per_sec) /
					  samples_per_sec)),
			100.0 - (100.0 * ((samples_per_sec -
						guest_kernel_samples_per_sec) /
					  samples_per_sec)),
			100.0 - (100.0 * ((samples_per_sec -
					   guest_us_samples_per_sec) /
					  samples_per_sec)),
			esamples_percent);
	}

	if (nr_counters == 1 || !display_weighted) {
		printf("%Ld", (u64)attrs[0].sample_period);
		if (freq)
			printf("Hz ");
		else
			printf(" ");
	}

	if (!display_weighted)
		printf("%s", event_name(sym_counter));
	else for (counter = 0; counter < nr_counters; counter++) {
		if (counter)
			printf("/");

		printf("%s", event_name(counter));
	}

	printf( "], ");

	if (target_pid != -1)
		printf(" (target_pid: %d", target_pid);
	else if (target_tid != -1)
		printf(" (target_tid: %d", target_tid);
	else
		printf(" (all");

	if (profile_cpu != -1)
		printf(", cpu: %d)\n", profile_cpu);
	else {
		if (target_tid != -1)
			printf(")\n");
		else
			printf(", %d CPUs)\n", nr_cpus);
	}

	printf("%-*.*s\n", win_width, win_width, graph_dotted_line);

	if (sym_filter_entry) {
		show_details(sym_filter_entry);
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * Find the longest symbol name that will be displayed
	 */
	for (nd = rb_first(&tmp); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) {
		syme = rb_entry(nd, struct sym_entry, rb_node);
		if (++printed > print_entries ||
		    (int)syme->snap_count < count_filter)
			continue;

		if (syme->map->dso->long_name_len > dso_width)
			dso_width = syme->map->dso->long_name_len;

		if (syme->map->dso->short_name_len > dso_short_width)
			dso_short_width = syme->map->dso->short_name_len;

		if (syme->name_len > sym_width)
			sym_width = syme->name_len;
	}

	printed = 0;

	if (sym_width + dso_width > winsize.ws_col - 29) {
		dso_width = dso_short_width;
		if (sym_width + dso_width > winsize.ws_col - 29)
			sym_width = winsize.ws_col - dso_width - 29;
	}
	putchar('\n');
	if (nr_counters == 1)
		printf("             samples  pcnt");
	else
		printf("   weight    samples  pcnt");

	if (verbose)
		printf("         RIP       ");
	printf(" %-*.*s DSO\n", sym_width, sym_width, "function");
	printf("   %s    _______ _____",
	       nr_counters == 1 ? "      " : "______");
	if (verbose)
		printf(" ________________");
	printf(" %-*.*s", sym_width, sym_width, graph_line);
	printf(" %-*.*s", dso_width, dso_width, graph_line);
	puts("\n");

	for (nd = rb_first(&tmp); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) {
		struct symbol *sym;
		double pcnt;

		syme = rb_entry(nd, struct sym_entry, rb_node);
		sym = sym_entry__symbol(syme);
		if (++printed > print_entries || (int)syme->snap_count < count_filter)
			continue;

		pcnt = 100.0 - (100.0 * ((sum_ksamples - syme->snap_count) /
					 sum_ksamples));

		if (nr_counters == 1 || !display_weighted)
			printf("%20.2f ", syme->weight);
		else
			printf("%9.1f %10ld ", syme->weight, syme->snap_count);

		percent_color_fprintf(stdout, "%4.1f%%", pcnt);
		if (verbose)
			printf(" %016llx", sym->start);
		printf(" %-*.*s", sym_width, sym_width, sym->name);
		printf(" %-*.*s\n", dso_width, dso_width,
		       dso_width >= syme->map->dso->long_name_len ?
					syme->map->dso->long_name :
					syme->map->dso->short_name);
	}
}

static void prompt_integer(int *target, const char *msg)
{
	char *buf = malloc(0), *p;
	size_t dummy = 0;
	int tmp;

	fprintf(stdout, "\n%s: ", msg);
	if (getline(&buf, &dummy, stdin) < 0)
		return;

	p = strchr(buf, '\n');
	if (p)
		*p = 0;

	p = buf;
	while(*p) {
		if (!isdigit(*p))
			goto out_free;
		p++;
	}
	tmp = strtoul(buf, NULL, 10);
	*target = tmp;
out_free:
	free(buf);
}

static void prompt_percent(int *target, const char *msg)
{
	int tmp = 0;

	prompt_integer(&tmp, msg);
	if (tmp >= 0 && tmp <= 100)
		*target = tmp;
}

static void prompt_symbol(struct sym_entry **target, const char *msg)
{
	char *buf = malloc(0), *p;
	struct sym_entry *syme = *target, *n, *found = NULL;
	size_t dummy = 0;

	/* zero counters of active symbol */
	if (syme) {
		pthread_mutex_lock(&syme->src->lock);
		__zero_source_counters(syme);
		*target = NULL;
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&syme->src->lock);
	}

	fprintf(stdout, "\n%s: ", msg);
	if (getline(&buf, &dummy, stdin) < 0)
		goto out_free;

	p = strchr(buf, '\n');
	if (p)
		*p = 0;

	pthread_mutex_lock(&active_symbols_lock);
	syme = list_entry(active_symbols.next, struct sym_entry, node);
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&active_symbols_lock);

	list_for_each_entry_safe_from(syme, n, &active_symbols, node) {
		struct symbol *sym = sym_entry__symbol(syme);

		if (!strcmp(buf, sym->name)) {
			found = syme;
			break;
		}
	}

	if (!found) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Sorry, %s is not active.\n", buf);
		sleep(1);
		return;
	} else
		parse_source(found);

out_free:
	free(buf);
}

static void print_mapped_keys(void)
{
	char *name = NULL;

	if (sym_filter_entry) {
		struct symbol *sym = sym_entry__symbol(sym_filter_entry);
		name = sym->name;
	}

	fprintf(stdout, "\nMapped keys:\n");
	fprintf(stdout, "\t[d]     display refresh delay.             \t(%d)\n", delay_secs);
	fprintf(stdout, "\t[e]     display entries (lines).           \t(%d)\n", print_entries);

	if (nr_counters > 1)
		fprintf(stdout, "\t[E]     active event counter.              \t(%s)\n", event_name(sym_counter));

	fprintf(stdout, "\t[f]     profile display filter (count).    \t(%d)\n", count_filter);

	fprintf(stdout, "\t[F]     annotate display filter (percent). \t(%d%%)\n", sym_pcnt_filter);
	fprintf(stdout, "\t[s]     annotate symbol.                   \t(%s)\n", name?: "NULL");
	fprintf(stdout, "\t[S]     stop annotation.\n");

	if (nr_counters > 1)
		fprintf(stdout, "\t[w]     toggle display weighted/count[E]r. \t(%d)\n", display_weighted ? 1 : 0);

	fprintf(stdout,
		"\t[K]     hide kernel_symbols symbols.     \t(%s)\n",
		hide_kernel_symbols ? "yes" : "no");
	fprintf(stdout,
		"\t[U]     hide user symbols.               \t(%s)\n",
		hide_user_symbols ? "yes" : "no");
	fprintf(stdout, "\t[z]     toggle sample zeroing.             \t(%d)\n", zero ? 1 : 0);
	fprintf(stdout, "\t[qQ]    quit.\n");
}

static int key_mapped(int c)
{
	switch (c) {
		case 'd':
		case 'e':
		case 'f':
		case 'z':
		case 'q':
		case 'Q':
		case 'K':
		case 'U':
		case 'F':
		case 's':
		case 'S':
			return 1;
		case 'E':
		case 'w':
			return nr_counters > 1 ? 1 : 0;
		default:
			break;
	}

	return 0;
}

static void handle_keypress(struct perf_session *session, int c)
{
	if (!key_mapped(c)) {
		struct pollfd stdin_poll = { .fd = 0, .events = POLLIN };
		struct termios tc, save;

		print_mapped_keys();
		fprintf(stdout, "\nEnter selection, or unmapped key to continue: ");
		fflush(stdout);

		tcgetattr(0, &save);
		tc = save;
		tc.c_lflag &= ~(ICANON | ECHO);
		tc.c_cc[VMIN] = 0;
		tc.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;
		tcsetattr(0, TCSANOW, &tc);

		poll(&stdin_poll, 1, -1);
		c = getc(stdin);

		tcsetattr(0, TCSAFLUSH, &save);
		if (!key_mapped(c))
			return;
	}

	switch (c) {
		case 'd':
			prompt_integer(&delay_secs, "Enter display delay");
			if (delay_secs < 1)
				delay_secs = 1;
			break;
		case 'e':
			prompt_integer(&print_entries, "Enter display entries (lines)");
			if (print_entries == 0) {
				sig_winch_handler(SIGWINCH);
				signal(SIGWINCH, sig_winch_handler);
			} else
				signal(SIGWINCH, SIG_DFL);
			break;
		case 'E':
			if (nr_counters > 1) {
				int i;

				fprintf(stderr, "\nAvailable events:");
				for (i = 0; i < nr_counters; i++)
					fprintf(stderr, "\n\t%d %s", i, event_name(i));

				prompt_integer(&sym_counter, "Enter details event counter");

				if (sym_counter >= nr_counters) {
					fprintf(stderr, "Sorry, no such event, using %s.\n", event_name(0));
					sym_counter = 0;
					sleep(1);
				}
			} else sym_counter = 0;
			break;
		case 'f':
			prompt_integer(&count_filter, "Enter display event count filter");
			break;
		case 'F':
			prompt_percent(&sym_pcnt_filter, "Enter details display event filter (percent)");
			break;
		case 'K':
			hide_kernel_symbols = !hide_kernel_symbols;
			break;
		case 'q':
		case 'Q':
			printf("exiting.\n");
			if (dump_symtab)
				dsos__fprintf(&session->machines, stderr);
			exit(0);
		case 's':
			prompt_symbol(&sym_filter_entry, "Enter details symbol");
			break;
		case 'S':
			if (!sym_filter_entry)
				break;
			else {
				struct sym_entry *syme = sym_filter_entry;

				pthread_mutex_lock(&syme->src->lock);
				sym_filter_entry = NULL;
				__zero_source_counters(syme);
				pthread_mutex_unlock(&syme->src->lock);
			}
			break;
		case 'U':
			hide_user_symbols = !hide_user_symbols;
			break;
		case 'w':
			display_weighted = ~display_weighted;
			break;
		case 'z':
			zero = !zero;
			break;
		default:
			break;
	}
}

static void *display_thread(void *arg __used)
{
	struct pollfd stdin_poll = { .fd = 0, .events = POLLIN };
	struct termios tc, save;
	int delay_msecs, c;
	struct perf_session *session = (struct perf_session *) arg;

	tcgetattr(0, &save);
	tc = save;
	tc.c_lflag &= ~(ICANON | ECHO);
	tc.c_cc[VMIN] = 0;
	tc.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;

repeat:
	delay_msecs = delay_secs * 1000;
	tcsetattr(0, TCSANOW, &tc);
	/* trash return*/
	getc(stdin);

	do {
		print_sym_table();
	} while (!poll(&stdin_poll, 1, delay_msecs) == 1);

	c = getc(stdin);
	tcsetattr(0, TCSAFLUSH, &save);

	handle_keypress(session, c);
	goto repeat;

	return NULL;
}

/* Tag samples to be skipped. */
static const char *skip_symbols[] = {
	"default_idle",
	"cpu_idle",
	"enter_idle",
	"exit_idle",
	"mwait_idle",
	"mwait_idle_with_hints",
	"poll_idle",
	"ppc64_runlatch_off",
	"pseries_dedicated_idle_sleep",
	NULL
};

static int symbol_filter(struct map *map, struct symbol *sym)
{
	struct sym_entry *syme;
	const char *name = sym->name;
	int i;

	/*
	 * ppc64 uses function descriptors and appends a '.' to the
	 * start of every instruction address. Remove it.
	 */
	if (name[0] == '.')
		name++;

	if (!strcmp(name, "_text") ||
	    !strcmp(name, "_etext") ||
	    !strcmp(name, "_sinittext") ||
	    !strncmp("init_module", name, 11) ||
	    !strncmp("cleanup_module", name, 14) ||
	    strstr(name, "_text_start") ||
	    strstr(name, "_text_end"))
		return 1;

	syme = symbol__priv(sym);
	syme->map = map;
	syme->src = NULL;

	if (!sym_filter_entry && sym_filter && !strcmp(name, sym_filter)) {
		/* schedule initial sym_filter_entry setup */
		sym_filter_entry_sched = syme;
		sym_filter = NULL;
	}

	for (i = 0; skip_symbols[i]; i++) {
		if (!strcmp(skip_symbols[i], name)) {
			syme->skip = 1;
			break;
		}
	}

	if (!syme->skip)
		syme->name_len = strlen(sym->name);

	return 0;
}

static void event__process_sample(const event_t *self,
				 struct perf_session *session, int counter)
{
	u64 ip = self->ip.ip;
	struct sym_entry *syme;
	struct addr_location al;
	struct machine *machine;
	u8 origin = self->header.misc & PERF_RECORD_MISC_CPUMODE_MASK;

	++samples;

	switch (origin) {
	case PERF_RECORD_MISC_USER:
		++us_samples;
		if (hide_user_symbols)
			return;
		machine = perf_session__find_host_machine(session);
		break;
	case PERF_RECORD_MISC_KERNEL:
		++kernel_samples;
		if (hide_kernel_symbols)
			return;
		machine = perf_session__find_host_machine(session);
		break;
	case PERF_RECORD_MISC_GUEST_KERNEL:
		++guest_kernel_samples;
		machine = perf_session__find_machine(session, self->ip.pid);
		break;
	case PERF_RECORD_MISC_GUEST_USER:
		++guest_us_samples;
		/*
		 * TODO: we don't process guest user from host side
		 * except simple counting.
		 */
		return;
	default:
		return;
	}

	if (!machine && perf_guest) {
		pr_err("Can't find guest [%d]'s kernel information\n",
			self->ip.pid);
		return;
	}

	if (self->header.misc & PERF_RECORD_MISC_EXACT)
		exact_samples++;

	if (event__preprocess_sample(self, session, &al, symbol_filter) < 0 ||
	    al.filtered)
		return;

	if (al.sym == NULL) {
		/*
		 * As we do lazy loading of symtabs we only will know if the
		 * specified vmlinux file is invalid when we actually have a
		 * hit in kernel space and then try to load it. So if we get
		 * here and there are _no_ symbols in the DSO backing the
		 * kernel map, bail out.
		 *
		 * We may never get here, for instance, if we use -K/
		 * --hide-kernel-symbols, even if the user specifies an
		 * invalid --vmlinux ;-)
		 */
		if (al.map == machine->vmlinux_maps[MAP__FUNCTION] &&
		    RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&al.map->dso->symbols[MAP__FUNCTION])) {
			pr_err("The %s file can't be used\n",
			       symbol_conf.vmlinux_name);
			exit(1);
		}

		return;
	}

	/* let's see, whether we need to install initial sym_filter_entry */
	if (sym_filter_entry_sched) {
		sym_filter_entry = sym_filter_entry_sched;
		sym_filter_entry_sched = NULL;
		if (parse_source(sym_filter_entry) < 0) {
			struct symbol *sym = sym_entry__symbol(sym_filter_entry);

			pr_err("Can't annotate %s", sym->name);
			if (sym_filter_entry->map->dso->origin == DSO__ORIG_KERNEL) {
				pr_err(": No vmlinux file was found in the path:\n");
				vmlinux_path__fprintf(stderr);
			} else
				pr_err(".\n");
			exit(1);
		}
	}

	syme = symbol__priv(al.sym);
	if (!syme->skip) {
		syme->count[counter]++;
		syme->origin = origin;
		record_precise_ip(syme, counter, ip);
		pthread_mutex_lock(&active_symbols_lock);
		if (list_empty(&syme->node) || !syme->node.next)
			__list_insert_active_sym(syme);
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&active_symbols_lock);
	}
}

static int event__process(event_t *event, struct perf_session *session)
{
	switch (event->header.type) {
	case PERF_RECORD_COMM:
		event__process_comm(event, session);
		break;
	case PERF_RECORD_MMAP:
		event__process_mmap(event, session);
		break;
	case PERF_RECORD_FORK:
	case PERF_RECORD_EXIT:
		event__process_task(event, session);
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	return 0;
}

struct mmap_data {
	int			counter;
	void			*base;
	int			mask;
	unsigned int		prev;
};

static unsigned int mmap_read_head(struct mmap_data *md)
{
	struct perf_event_mmap_page *pc = md->base;
	int head;

	head = pc->data_head;
	rmb();

	return head;
}

static void perf_session__mmap_read_counter(struct perf_session *self,
					    struct mmap_data *md)
{
	unsigned int head = mmap_read_head(md);
	unsigned int old = md->prev;
	unsigned char *data = md->base + page_size;
	int diff;

	/*
	 * If we're further behind than half the buffer, there's a chance
	 * the writer will bite our tail and mess up the samples under us.
	 *
	 * If we somehow ended up ahead of the head, we got messed up.
	 *
	 * In either case, truncate and restart at head.
	 */
	diff = head - old;
	if (diff > md->mask / 2 || diff < 0) {
		fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: failed to keep up with mmap data.\n");

		/*
		 * head points to a known good entry, start there.
		 */
		old = head;
	}

	for (; old != head;) {
		event_t *event = (event_t *)&data[old & md->mask];

		event_t event_copy;

		size_t size = event->header.size;

		/*
		 * Event straddles the mmap boundary -- header should always
		 * be inside due to u64 alignment of output.
		 */
		if ((old & md->mask) + size != ((old + size) & md->mask)) {
			unsigned int offset = old;
			unsigned int len = min(sizeof(*event), size), cpy;
			void *dst = &event_copy;

			do {
				cpy = min(md->mask + 1 - (offset & md->mask), len);
				memcpy(dst, &data[offset & md->mask], cpy);
				offset += cpy;
				dst += cpy;
				len -= cpy;
			} while (len);

			event = &event_copy;
		}

		if (event->header.type == PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE)
			event__process_sample(event, self, md->counter);
		else
			event__process(event, self);
		old += size;
	}

	md->prev = old;
}

static struct pollfd *event_array;
static struct mmap_data *mmap_array[MAX_NR_CPUS][MAX_COUNTERS];

static void perf_session__mmap_read(struct perf_session *self)
{
	int i, counter, thread_index;

	for (i = 0; i < nr_cpus; i++) {
		for (counter = 0; counter < nr_counters; counter++)
			for (thread_index = 0;
				thread_index < thread_num;
				thread_index++) {
				perf_session__mmap_read_counter(self,
					&mmap_array[i][counter][thread_index]);
			}
	}
}

int nr_poll;
int group_fd;

static void start_counter(int i, int counter)
{
	struct perf_event_attr *attr;
	int cpu;
	int thread_index;

	cpu = profile_cpu;
	if (target_tid == -1 && profile_cpu == -1)
		cpu = cpumap[i];

	attr = attrs + counter;

	attr->sample_type	= PERF_SAMPLE_IP | PERF_SAMPLE_TID;

	if (freq) {
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD;
		attr->freq		= 1;
		attr->sample_freq	= freq;
	}

	attr->inherit		= (cpu < 0) && inherit;
	attr->mmap		= 1;

	for (thread_index = 0; thread_index < thread_num; thread_index++) {
try_again:
		fd[i][counter][thread_index] = sys_perf_event_open(attr,
				all_tids[thread_index], cpu, group_fd, 0);

		if (fd[i][counter][thread_index] < 0) {
			int err = errno;

			if (err == EPERM || err == EACCES)
				die("No permission - are you root?\n");
			/*
			 * If it's cycles then fall back to hrtimer
			 * based cpu-clock-tick sw counter, which
			 * is always available even if no PMU support:
			 */
			if (attr->type == PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE
					&& attr->config == PERF_COUNT_HW_CPU_CYCLES) {

				if (verbose)
					warning(" ... trying to fall back to cpu-clock-ticks\n");

				attr->type = PERF_TYPE_SOFTWARE;
				attr->config = PERF_COUNT_SW_CPU_CLOCK;
				goto try_again;
			}
			printf("\n");
			error("perfcounter syscall returned with %d (%s)\n",
					fd[i][counter][thread_index], strerror(err));
			die("No CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y kernel support configured?\n");
			exit(-1);
		}
		assert(fd[i][counter][thread_index] >= 0);
		fcntl(fd[i][counter][thread_index], F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK);

		/*
		 * First counter acts as the group leader:
		 */
		if (group && group_fd == -1)
			group_fd = fd[i][counter][thread_index];

		event_array[nr_poll].fd = fd[i][counter][thread_index];
		event_array[nr_poll].events = POLLIN;
		nr_poll++;

		mmap_array[i][counter][thread_index].counter = counter;
		mmap_array[i][counter][thread_index].prev = 0;
		mmap_array[i][counter][thread_index].mask = mmap_pages*page_size - 1;
		mmap_array[i][counter][thread_index].base = mmap(NULL, (mmap_pages+1)*page_size,
				PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd[i][counter][thread_index], 0);
		if (mmap_array[i][counter][thread_index].base == MAP_FAILED)
			die("failed to mmap with %d (%s)\n", errno, strerror(errno));
	}
}

static int __cmd_top(void)
{
	pthread_t thread;
	int i, counter;
	int ret;
	/*
	 * FIXME: perf_session__new should allow passing a O_MMAP, so that all this
	 * mmap reading, etc is encapsulated in it. Use O_WRONLY for now.
	 */
	struct perf_session *session = perf_session__new(NULL, O_WRONLY, false);
	if (session == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (target_tid != -1)
		event__synthesize_thread(target_tid, event__process, session);
	else
		event__synthesize_threads(event__process, session);

	for (i = 0; i < nr_cpus; i++) {
		group_fd = -1;
		for (counter = 0; counter < nr_counters; counter++)
			start_counter(i, counter);
	}

	/* Wait for a minimal set of events before starting the snapshot */
	poll(&event_array[0], nr_poll, 100);

	perf_session__mmap_read(session);

	if (pthread_create(&thread, NULL, display_thread, session)) {
		printf("Could not create display thread.\n");
		exit(-1);
	}

	if (realtime_prio) {
		struct sched_param param;

		param.sched_priority = realtime_prio;
		if (sched_setscheduler(0, SCHED_FIFO, &param)) {
			printf("Could not set realtime priority.\n");
			exit(-1);
		}
	}

	while (1) {
		int hits = samples;

		perf_session__mmap_read(session);

		if (hits == samples)
			ret = poll(event_array, nr_poll, 100);
	}

	return 0;
}

static const char * const top_usage[] = {
	"perf top [<options>]",
	NULL
};

static const struct option options[] = {
	OPT_CALLBACK('e', "event", NULL, "event",
		     "event selector. use 'perf list' to list available events",
		     parse_events),
	OPT_INTEGER('c', "count", &default_interval,
		    "event period to sample"),
	OPT_INTEGER('p', "pid", &target_pid,
		    "profile events on existing process id"),
	OPT_INTEGER('t', "tid", &target_tid,
		    "profile events on existing thread id"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('a', "all-cpus", &system_wide,
			    "system-wide collection from all CPUs"),
	OPT_INTEGER('C', "CPU", &profile_cpu,
		    "CPU to profile on"),
	OPT_STRING('k', "vmlinux", &symbol_conf.vmlinux_name,
		   "file", "vmlinux pathname"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('K', "hide_kernel_symbols", &hide_kernel_symbols,
		    "hide kernel symbols"),
	OPT_INTEGER('m', "mmap-pages", &mmap_pages,
		    "number of mmap data pages"),
	OPT_INTEGER('r', "realtime", &realtime_prio,
		    "collect data with this RT SCHED_FIFO priority"),
	OPT_INTEGER('d', "delay", &delay_secs,
		    "number of seconds to delay between refreshes"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('D', "dump-symtab", &dump_symtab,
			    "dump the symbol table used for profiling"),
	OPT_INTEGER('f', "count-filter", &count_filter,
		    "only display functions with more events than this"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('g', "group", &group,
			    "put the counters into a counter group"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('i', "inherit", &inherit,
		    "child tasks inherit counters"),
	OPT_STRING('s', "sym-annotate", &sym_filter, "symbol name",
		    "symbol to annotate"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('z', "zero", &zero,
		    "zero history across updates"),
	OPT_INTEGER('F', "freq", &freq,
		    "profile at this frequency"),
	OPT_INTEGER('E', "entries", &print_entries,
		    "display this many functions"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('U', "hide_user_symbols", &hide_user_symbols,
		    "hide user symbols"),
	OPT_INCR('v', "verbose", &verbose,
		    "be more verbose (show counter open errors, etc)"),
	OPT_END()
};

int cmd_top(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix __used)
{
	int counter;
	int i,j;

	page_size = sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE);

	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, options, top_usage, 0);
	if (argc)
		usage_with_options(top_usage, options);

	if (target_pid != -1) {
		target_tid = target_pid;
		thread_num = find_all_tid(target_pid, &all_tids);
		if (thread_num <= 0) {
			fprintf(stderr, "Can't find all threads of pid %d\n",
				target_pid);
			usage_with_options(top_usage, options);
		}
	} else {
		all_tids=malloc(sizeof(pid_t));
		if (!all_tids)
			return -ENOMEM;

		all_tids[0] = target_tid;
		thread_num = 1;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < MAX_NR_CPUS; i++) {
		for (j = 0; j < MAX_COUNTERS; j++) {
			fd[i][j] = malloc(sizeof(int)*thread_num);
			mmap_array[i][j] = zalloc(
				sizeof(struct mmap_data)*thread_num);
			if (!fd[i][j] || !mmap_array[i][j])
				return -ENOMEM;
		}
	}
	event_array = malloc(
		sizeof(struct pollfd)*MAX_NR_CPUS*MAX_COUNTERS*thread_num);
	if (!event_array)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* CPU and PID are mutually exclusive */
	if (target_tid > 0 && profile_cpu != -1) {
		printf("WARNING: PID switch overriding CPU\n");
		sleep(1);
		profile_cpu = -1;
	}

	if (!nr_counters)
		nr_counters = 1;

	symbol_conf.priv_size = (sizeof(struct sym_entry) +
				 (nr_counters + 1) * sizeof(unsigned long));

	symbol_conf.try_vmlinux_path = (symbol_conf.vmlinux_name == NULL);
	if (symbol__init() < 0)
		return -1;

	if (delay_secs < 1)
		delay_secs = 1;

	/*
	 * User specified count overrides default frequency.
	 */
	if (default_interval)
		freq = 0;
	else if (freq) {
		default_interval = freq;
	} else {
		fprintf(stderr, "frequency and count are zero, aborting\n");
		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	}

	/*
	 * Fill in the ones not specifically initialized via -c:
	 */
	for (counter = 0; counter < nr_counters; counter++) {
		if (attrs[counter].sample_period)
			continue;

		attrs[counter].sample_period = default_interval;
	}

	if (target_tid != -1 || profile_cpu != -1)
		nr_cpus = 1;
	else
		nr_cpus = read_cpu_map();

	get_term_dimensions(&winsize);
	if (print_entries == 0) {
		update_print_entries(&winsize);
		signal(SIGWINCH, sig_winch_handler);
	}

	return __cmd_top();
}