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authorTom Zanussi <tzanussi@gmail.com>2010-01-27 02:28:03 -0600
committerFrederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>2010-02-25 04:07:49 +0100
commitcff68e582237cae3cf456f01153202175961dfbe (patch)
tree841274e8eea5a50d2f3f868e22aaf3f09ded7a13 /tools
parent44ad9cd8f0893b9ae0ac729a7dc2a1ebcd170ac6 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-cff68e582237cae3cf456f01153202175961dfbe.tar.gz
perf/scripts: Add perf-trace-python Documentation
Also small update to perf-trace-perl and perf-trace docs. Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tzanussi@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Keiichi KII <k-keiichi@bx.jp.nec.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> LKML-Reference: <1264580883-15324-13-git-send-email-tzanussi@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'tools')
-rw-r--r--tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-perl.txt3
-rw-r--r--tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-python.txt624
-rw-r--r--tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt11
3 files changed, 636 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-perl.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-perl.txt
index c5f55f43909..d2206c3c7aa 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-perl.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-perl.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ perf-trace-perl - Process trace data with a Perl script
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'perf trace' [-s [lang]:script[.ext] ]
+'perf trace' [-s [Perl]:script[.pl] ]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -213,6 +213,7 @@ Various utility functions for use with perf trace:
nsecs_nsecs($nsecs) - returns nsecs remainder given nsecs
nsecs_str($nsecs) - returns printable string in the form secs.nsecs
avg($total, $n) - returns average given a sum and a total number of values
+ syscall_name($id) - returns the syscall name for the specified syscall_nr
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-python.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-python.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..119d5deba1d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace-python.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,624 @@
+perf-trace-python(1)
+==================
+
+NAME
+----
+perf-trace-python - Process trace data with a Python script
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+'perf trace' [-s [Python]:script[.py] ]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+This perf trace option is used to process perf trace data using perf's
+built-in Python interpreter. It reads and processes the input file and
+displays the results of the trace analysis implemented in the given
+Python script, if any.
+
+A QUICK EXAMPLE
+---------------
+
+This section shows the process, start to finish, of creating a working
+Python script that aggregates and extracts useful information from a
+raw perf trace stream. You can avoid reading the rest of this
+document if an example is enough for you; the rest of the document
+provides more details on each step and lists the library functions
+available to script writers.
+
+This example actually details the steps that were used to create the
+'syscall-counts' script you see when you list the available perf trace
+scripts via 'perf trace -l'. As such, this script also shows how to
+integrate your script into the list of general-purpose 'perf trace'
+scripts listed by that command.
+
+The syscall-counts script is a simple script, but demonstrates all the
+basic ideas necessary to create a useful script. Here's an example
+of its output:
+
+----
+syscall events:
+
+event count
+---------------------------------------- -----------
+sys_write 455067
+sys_getdents 4072
+sys_close 3037
+sys_swapoff 1769
+sys_read 923
+sys_sched_setparam 826
+sys_open 331
+sys_newfstat 326
+sys_mmap 217
+sys_munmap 216
+sys_futex 141
+sys_select 102
+sys_poll 84
+sys_setitimer 12
+sys_writev 8
+15 8
+sys_lseek 7
+sys_rt_sigprocmask 6
+sys_wait4 3
+sys_ioctl 3
+sys_set_robust_list 1
+sys_exit 1
+56 1
+sys_access 1
+----
+
+Basically our task is to keep a per-syscall tally that gets updated
+every time a system call occurs in the system. Our script will do
+that, but first we need to record the data that will be processed by
+that script. Theoretically, there are a couple of ways we could do
+that:
+
+- we could enable every event under the tracing/events/syscalls
+ directory, but this is over 600 syscalls, well beyond the number
+ allowable by perf. These individual syscall events will however be
+ useful if we want to later use the guidance we get from the
+ general-purpose scripts to drill down and get more detail about
+ individual syscalls of interest.
+
+- we can enable the sys_enter and/or sys_exit syscalls found under
+ tracing/events/raw_syscalls. These are called for all syscalls; the
+ 'id' field can be used to distinguish between individual syscall
+ numbers.
+
+For this script, we only need to know that a syscall was entered; we
+don't care how it exited, so we'll use 'perf record' to record only
+the sys_enter events:
+
+----
+# perf record -c 1 -f -a -M -R -e raw_syscalls:sys_enter
+
+^C[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
+[ perf record: Captured and wrote 56.545 MB perf.data (~2470503 samples) ]
+----
+
+The options basically say to collect data for every syscall event
+system-wide and multiplex the per-cpu output into a single stream.
+That single stream will be recorded in a file in the current directory
+called perf.data.
+
+Once we have a perf.data file containing our data, we can use the -g
+'perf trace' option to generate a Python script that will contain a
+callback handler for each event type found in the perf.data trace
+stream (for more details, see the STARTER SCRIPTS section).
+
+----
+# perf trace -g python
+generated Python script: perf-trace.py
+
+The output file created also in the current directory is named
+perf-trace.py. Here's the file in its entirety:
+
+# perf trace event handlers, generated by perf trace -g python
+# Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL License version 2
+
+# The common_* event handler fields are the most useful fields common to
+# all events. They don't necessarily correspond to the 'common_*' fields
+# in the format files. Those fields not available as handler params can
+# be retrieved using Python functions of the form common_*(context).
+# See the perf-trace-python Documentation for the list of available functions.
+
+import os
+import sys
+
+sys.path.append(os.environ['PERF_EXEC_PATH'] + \
+ '/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace')
+
+from perf_trace_context import *
+from Core import *
+
+def trace_begin():
+ print "in trace_begin"
+
+def trace_end():
+ print "in trace_end"
+
+def raw_syscalls__sys_enter(event_name, context, common_cpu,
+ common_secs, common_nsecs, common_pid, common_comm,
+ id, args):
+ print_header(event_name, common_cpu, common_secs, common_nsecs,
+ common_pid, common_comm)
+
+ print "id=%d, args=%s\n" % \
+ (id, args),
+
+def trace_unhandled(event_name, context, common_cpu, common_secs, common_nsecs,
+ common_pid, common_comm):
+ print_header(event_name, common_cpu, common_secs, common_nsecs,
+ common_pid, common_comm)
+
+def print_header(event_name, cpu, secs, nsecs, pid, comm):
+ print "%-20s %5u %05u.%09u %8u %-20s " % \
+ (event_name, cpu, secs, nsecs, pid, comm),
+----
+
+At the top is a comment block followed by some import statements and a
+path append which every perf trace script should include.
+
+Following that are a couple generated functions, trace_begin() and
+trace_end(), which are called at the beginning and the end of the
+script respectively (for more details, see the SCRIPT_LAYOUT section
+below).
+
+Following those are the 'event handler' functions generated one for
+every event in the 'perf record' output. The handler functions take
+the form subsystem__event_name, and contain named parameters, one for
+each field in the event; in this case, there's only one event,
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter(). (see the EVENT HANDLERS section below for
+more info on event handlers).
+
+The final couple of functions are, like the begin and end functions,
+generated for every script. The first, trace_unhandled(), is called
+every time the script finds an event in the perf.data file that
+doesn't correspond to any event handler in the script. This could
+mean either that the record step recorded event types that it wasn't
+really interested in, or the script was run against a trace file that
+doesn't correspond to the script.
+
+The script generated by -g option option simply prints a line for each
+event found in the trace stream i.e. it basically just dumps the event
+and its parameter values to stdout. The print_header() function is
+simply a utility function used for that purpose. Let's rename the
+script and run it to see the default output:
+
+----
+# mv perf-trace.py syscall-counts.py
+# perf trace -s syscall-counts.py
+
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847582083 7506 perf id=1, args=
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847595764 7506 perf id=1, args=
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847620860 7506 perf id=1, args=
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847710478 6533 npviewer.bin id=78, args=
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847719204 6533 npviewer.bin id=142, args=
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847755445 6533 npviewer.bin id=3, args=
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847775601 6533 npviewer.bin id=3, args=
+raw_syscalls__sys_enter 1 00840.847781820 6533 npviewer.bin id=3, args=
+.
+.
+.
+----
+
+Of course, for this script, we're not interested in printing every
+trace event, but rather aggregating it in a useful way. So we'll get
+rid of everything to do with printing as well as the trace_begin() and
+trace_unhandled() functions, which we won't be using. That leaves us
+with this minimalistic skeleton:
+
+----
+import os
+import sys
+
+sys.path.append(os.environ['PERF_EXEC_PATH'] + \
+ '/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace')
+
+from perf_trace_context import *
+from Core import *
+
+def trace_end():
+ print "in trace_end"
+
+def raw_syscalls__sys_enter(event_name, context, common_cpu,
+ common_secs, common_nsecs, common_pid, common_comm,
+ id, args):
+----
+
+In trace_end(), we'll simply print the results, but first we need to
+generate some results to print. To do that we need to have our
+sys_enter() handler do the necessary tallying until all events have
+been counted. A hash table indexed by syscall id is a good way to
+store that information; every time the sys_enter() handler is called,
+we simply increment a count associated with that hash entry indexed by
+that syscall id:
+
+----
+ syscalls = autodict()
+
+ try:
+ syscalls[id] += 1
+ except TypeError:
+ syscalls[id] = 1
+----
+
+The syscalls 'autodict' object is a special kind of Python dictionary
+(implemented in Core.py) that implements Perl's 'autovivifying' hashes
+in Python i.e. with autovivifying hashes, you can assign nested hash
+values without having to go to the trouble of creating intermediate
+levels if they don't exist e.g syscalls[comm][pid][id] = 1 will create
+the intermediate hash levels and finally assign the value 1 to the
+hash entry for 'id' (because the value being assigned isn't a hash
+object itself, the initial value is assigned in the TypeError
+exception. Well, there may be a better way to do this in Python but
+that's what works for now).
+
+Putting that code into the raw_syscalls__sys_enter() handler, we
+effectively end up with a single-level dictionary keyed on syscall id
+and having the counts we've tallied as values.
+
+The print_syscall_totals() function iterates over the entries in the
+dictionary and displays a line for each entry containing the syscall
+name (the dictonary keys contain the syscall ids, which are passed to
+the Util function syscall_name(), which translates the raw syscall
+numbers to the corresponding syscall name strings). The output is
+displayed after all the events in the trace have been processed, by
+calling the print_syscall_totals() function from the trace_end()
+handler called at the end of script processing.
+
+The final script producing the output shown above is shown in its
+entirety below:
+
+----
+import os
+import sys
+
+sys.path.append(os.environ['PERF_EXEC_PATH'] + \
+ '/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace')
+
+from perf_trace_context import *
+from Core import *
+from Util import *
+
+syscalls = autodict()
+
+def trace_end():
+ print_syscall_totals()
+
+def raw_syscalls__sys_enter(event_name, context, common_cpu,
+ common_secs, common_nsecs, common_pid, common_comm,
+ id, args):
+ try:
+ syscalls[id] += 1
+ except TypeError:
+ syscalls[id] = 1
+
+def print_syscall_totals():
+ if for_comm is not None:
+ print "\nsyscall events for %s:\n\n" % (for_comm),
+ else:
+ print "\nsyscall events:\n\n",
+
+ print "%-40s %10s\n" % ("event", "count"),
+ print "%-40s %10s\n" % ("----------------------------------------", \
+ "-----------"),
+
+ for id, val in sorted(syscalls.iteritems(), key = lambda(k, v): (v, k), \
+ reverse = True):
+ print "%-40s %10d\n" % (syscall_name(id), val),
+----
+
+The script can be run just as before:
+
+ # perf trace -s syscall-counts.py
+
+So those are the essential steps in writing and running a script. The
+process can be generalized to any tracepoint or set of tracepoints
+you're interested in - basically find the tracepoint(s) you're
+interested in by looking at the list of available events shown by
+'perf list' and/or look in /sys/kernel/debug/tracing events for
+detailed event and field info, record the corresponding trace data
+using 'perf record', passing it the list of interesting events,
+generate a skeleton script using 'perf trace -g python' and modify the
+code to aggregate and display it for your particular needs.
+
+After you've done that you may end up with a general-purpose script
+that you want to keep around and have available for future use. By
+writing a couple of very simple shell scripts and putting them in the
+right place, you can have your script listed alongside the other
+scripts listed by the 'perf trace -l' command e.g.:
+
+----
+root@tropicana:~# perf trace -l
+List of available trace scripts:
+ workqueue-stats workqueue stats (ins/exe/create/destroy)
+ wakeup-latency system-wide min/max/avg wakeup latency
+ rw-by-file <comm> r/w activity for a program, by file
+ rw-by-pid system-wide r/w activity
+----
+
+A nice side effect of doing this is that you also then capture the
+probably lengthy 'perf record' command needed to record the events for
+the script.
+
+To have the script appear as a 'built-in' script, you write two simple
+scripts, one for recording and one for 'reporting'.
+
+The 'record' script is a shell script with the same base name as your
+script, but with -record appended. The shell script should be put
+into the perf/scripts/python/bin directory in the kernel source tree.
+In that script, you write the 'perf record' command-line needed for
+your script:
+
+----
+# cat kernel-source/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/syscall-counts-record
+
+#!/bin/bash
+perf record -c 1 -f -a -M -R -e raw_syscalls:sys_enter
+----
+
+The 'report' script is also a shell script with the same base name as
+your script, but with -report appended. It should also be located in
+the perf/scripts/python/bin directory. In that script, you write the
+'perf trace -s' command-line needed for running your script:
+
+----
+# cat kernel-source/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/syscall-counts-report
+
+#!/bin/bash
+# description: system-wide syscall counts
+perf trace -s ~/libexec/perf-core/scripts/python/syscall-counts.py
+----
+
+Note that the location of the Python script given in the shell script
+is in the libexec/perf-core/scripts/python directory - this is where
+the script will be copied by 'make install' when you install perf.
+For the installation to install your script there, your script needs
+to be located in the perf/scripts/python directory in the kernel
+source tree:
+
+----
+# ls -al kernel-source/tools/perf/scripts/python
+
+root@tropicana:/home/trz/src/tip# ls -al tools/perf/scripts/python
+total 32
+drwxr-xr-x 4 trz trz 4096 2010-01-26 22:30 .
+drwxr-xr-x 4 trz trz 4096 2010-01-26 22:29 ..
+drwxr-xr-x 2 trz trz 4096 2010-01-26 22:29 bin
+-rw-r--r-- 1 trz trz 2548 2010-01-26 22:29 check-perf-trace.py
+drwxr-xr-x 3 trz trz 4096 2010-01-26 22:49 Perf-Trace-Util
+-rw-r--r-- 1 trz trz 1462 2010-01-26 22:30 syscall-counts.py
+----
+
+Once you've done that (don't forget to do a new 'make install',
+otherwise your script won't show up at run-time), 'perf trace -l'
+should show a new entry for your script:
+
+----
+root@tropicana:~# perf trace -l
+List of available trace scripts:
+ workqueue-stats workqueue stats (ins/exe/create/destroy)
+ wakeup-latency system-wide min/max/avg wakeup latency
+ rw-by-file <comm> r/w activity for a program, by file
+ rw-by-pid system-wide r/w activity
+ syscall-counts system-wide syscall counts
+----
+
+You can now perform the record step via 'perf trace record':
+
+ # perf trace record syscall-counts
+
+and display the output using 'perf trace report':
+
+ # perf trace report syscall-counts
+
+STARTER SCRIPTS
+---------------
+
+You can quickly get started writing a script for a particular set of
+trace data by generating a skeleton script using 'perf trace -g
+python' in the same directory as an existing perf.data trace file.
+That will generate a starter script containing a handler for each of
+the event types in the trace file; it simply prints every available
+field for each event in the trace file.
+
+You can also look at the existing scripts in
+~/libexec/perf-core/scripts/python for typical examples showing how to
+do basic things like aggregate event data, print results, etc. Also,
+the check-perf-trace.py script, while not interesting for its results,
+attempts to exercise all of the main scripting features.
+
+EVENT HANDLERS
+--------------
+
+When perf trace is invoked using a trace script, a user-defined
+'handler function' is called for each event in the trace. If there's
+no handler function defined for a given event type, the event is
+ignored (or passed to a 'trace_handled' function, see below) and the
+next event is processed.
+
+Most of the event's field values are passed as arguments to the
+handler function; some of the less common ones aren't - those are
+available as calls back into the perf executable (see below).
+
+As an example, the following perf record command can be used to record
+all sched_wakeup events in the system:
+
+ # perf record -c 1 -f -a -M -R -e sched:sched_wakeup
+
+Traces meant to be processed using a script should be recorded with
+the above options: -c 1 says to sample every event, -a to enable
+system-wide collection, -M to multiplex the output, and -R to collect
+raw samples.
+
+The format file for the sched_wakep event defines the following fields
+(see /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_wakeup/format):
+
+----
+ format:
+ field:unsigned short common_type;
+ field:unsigned char common_flags;
+ field:unsigned char common_preempt_count;
+ field:int common_pid;
+ field:int common_lock_depth;
+
+ field:char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN];
+ field:pid_t pid;
+ field:int prio;
+ field:int success;
+ field:int target_cpu;
+----
+
+The handler function for this event would be defined as:
+
+----
+def sched__sched_wakeup(event_name, context, common_cpu, common_secs,
+ common_nsecs, common_pid, common_comm,
+ comm, pid, prio, success, target_cpu):
+ pass
+----
+
+The handler function takes the form subsystem__event_name.
+
+The common_* arguments in the handler's argument list are the set of
+arguments passed to all event handlers; some of the fields correspond
+to the common_* fields in the format file, but some are synthesized,
+and some of the common_* fields aren't common enough to to be passed
+to every event as arguments but are available as library functions.
+
+Here's a brief description of each of the invariant event args:
+
+ event_name the name of the event as text
+ context an opaque 'cookie' used in calls back into perf
+ common_cpu the cpu the event occurred on
+ common_secs the secs portion of the event timestamp
+ common_nsecs the nsecs portion of the event timestamp
+ common_pid the pid of the current task
+ common_comm the name of the current process
+
+All of the remaining fields in the event's format file have
+counterparts as handler function arguments of the same name, as can be
+seen in the example above.
+
+The above provides the basics needed to directly access every field of
+every event in a trace, which covers 90% of what you need to know to
+write a useful trace script. The sections below cover the rest.
+
+SCRIPT LAYOUT
+-------------
+
+Every perf trace Python script should start by setting up a Python
+module search path and 'import'ing a few support modules (see module
+descriptions below):
+
+----
+ import os
+ import sys
+
+ sys.path.append(os.environ['PERF_EXEC_PATH'] + \
+ '/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace')
+
+ from perf_trace_context import *
+ from Core import *
+----
+
+The rest of the script can contain handler functions and support
+functions in any order.
+
+Aside from the event handler functions discussed above, every script
+can implement a set of optional functions:
+
+*trace_begin*, if defined, is called before any event is processed and
+gives scripts a chance to do setup tasks:
+
+----
+def trace_begin:
+ pass
+----
+
+*trace_end*, if defined, is called after all events have been
+ processed and gives scripts a chance to do end-of-script tasks, such
+ as display results:
+
+----
+def trace_end:
+ pass
+----
+
+*trace_unhandled*, if defined, is called after for any event that
+ doesn't have a handler explicitly defined for it. The standard set
+ of common arguments are passed into it:
+
+----
+def trace_unhandled(event_name, context, common_cpu, common_secs,
+ common_nsecs, common_pid, common_comm):
+ pass
+----
+
+The remaining sections provide descriptions of each of the available
+built-in perf trace Python modules and their associated functions.
+
+AVAILABLE MODULES AND FUNCTIONS
+-------------------------------
+
+The following sections describe the functions and variables available
+via the various perf trace Python modules. To use the functions and
+variables from the given module, add the corresponding 'from XXXX
+import' line to your perf trace script.
+
+Core.py Module
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+These functions provide some essential functions to user scripts.
+
+The *flag_str* and *symbol_str* functions provide human-readable
+strings for flag and symbolic fields. These correspond to the strings
+and values parsed from the 'print fmt' fields of the event format
+files:
+
+ flag_str(event_name, field_name, field_value) - returns the string represention corresponding to field_value for the flag field field_name of event event_name
+ symbol_str(event_name, field_name, field_value) - returns the string represention corresponding to field_value for the symbolic field field_name of event event_name
+
+The *autodict* function returns a special special kind of Python
+dictionary that implements Perl's 'autovivifying' hashes in Python
+i.e. with autovivifying hashes, you can assign nested hash values
+without having to go to the trouble of creating intermediate levels if
+they don't exist.
+
+ autodict() - returns an autovivifying dictionary instance
+
+
+perf_trace_context Module
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Some of the 'common' fields in the event format file aren't all that
+common, but need to be made accessible to user scripts nonetheless.
+
+perf_trace_context defines a set of functions that can be used to
+access this data in the context of the current event. Each of these
+functions expects a context variable, which is the same as the
+context variable passed into every event handler as the second
+argument.
+
+ common_pc(context) - returns common_preempt count for the current event
+ common_flags(context) - returns common_flags for the current event
+ common_lock_depth(context) - returns common_lock_depth for the current event
+
+Util.py Module
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Various utility functions for use with perf trace:
+
+ nsecs(secs, nsecs) - returns total nsecs given secs/nsecs pair
+ nsecs_secs(nsecs) - returns whole secs portion given nsecs
+ nsecs_nsecs(nsecs) - returns nsecs remainder given nsecs
+ nsecs_str(nsecs) - returns printable string in the form secs.nsecs
+ avg(total, n) - returns average given a sum and a total number of values
+ syscall_name(id) - returns the syscall name for the specified syscall_nr
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkperf:perf-trace[1]
diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
index c00a76fcb8d..8879299cd9d 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
@@ -19,6 +19,11 @@ There are several variants of perf trace:
'perf trace' to see a detailed trace of the workload that was
recorded.
+ You can also run a set of pre-canned scripts that aggregate and
+ summarize the raw trace data in various ways (the list of scripts is
+ available via 'perf trace -l'). The following variants allow you to
+ record and run those scripts:
+
'perf trace record <script>' to record the events required for 'perf
trace report'. <script> is the name displayed in the output of
'perf trace --list' i.e. the actual script name minus any language
@@ -31,6 +36,9 @@ There are several variants of perf trace:
record <script>' is used and should be present for this command to
succeed.
+ See the 'SEE ALSO' section for links to language-specific
+ information on how to write and run your own trace scripts.
+
OPTIONS
-------
-D::
@@ -58,4 +66,5 @@ OPTIONS
SEE ALSO
--------
-linkperf:perf-record[1], linkperf:perf-trace-perl[1]
+linkperf:perf-record[1], linkperf:perf-trace-perl[1],
+linkperf:perf-trace-python[1]