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authorNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>2008-07-25 19:45:30 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-07-26 12:00:06 -0700
commite286781d5f2e9c846e012a39653a166e9d31777d (patch)
tree14958fe6d8f3e0459c96c68b3034ea2433ab85ac /mm
parent47feff2c8eefe85099f87c43d3096855f0085ca0 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-e286781d5f2e9c846e012a39653a166e9d31777d.tar.gz
mm: speculative page references
If we can be sure that elevating the page_count on a pagecache page will pin it, we can speculatively run this operation, and subsequently check to see if we hit the right page rather than relying on holding a lock or otherwise pinning a reference to the page. This can be done if get_page/put_page behaves consistently throughout the whole tree (ie. if we "get" the page after it has been used for something else, we must be able to free it with a put_page). Actually, there is a period where the count behaves differently: when the page is free or if it is a constituent page of a compound page. We need an atomic_inc_not_zero operation to ensure we don't try to grab the page in either case. This patch introduces the core locking protocol to the pagecache (ie. adds page_cache_get_speculative, and tweaks some update-side code to make it work). Thanks to Hugh for pointing out an improvement to the algorithm setting page_count to zero when we have control of all references, in order to hold off speculative getters. [kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: fix migration_entry_wait()] [hugh@veritas.com: fix add_to_page_cache] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: repair a comment] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jeff Garzik <jeff@garzik.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/filemap.c32
-rw-r--r--mm/migrate.c20
-rw-r--r--mm/shmem.c6
-rw-r--r--mm/swap_state.c17
-rw-r--r--mm/vmscan.c74
5 files changed, 105 insertions, 44 deletions
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 2d3ec1ffc66..4e182a9a14c 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -442,39 +442,43 @@ int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping,
}
/**
- * add_to_page_cache - add newly allocated pagecache pages
+ * add_to_page_cache_locked - add a locked page to the pagecache
* @page: page to add
* @mapping: the page's address_space
* @offset: page index
* @gfp_mask: page allocation mode
*
- * This function is used to add newly allocated pagecache pages;
- * the page is new, so we can just run SetPageLocked() against it.
- * The other page state flags were set by rmqueue().
- *
+ * This function is used to add a page to the pagecache. It must be locked.
* This function does not add the page to the LRU. The caller must do that.
*/
-int add_to_page_cache(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
+int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
- int error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm,
+ int error;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
+
+ error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm,
gfp_mask & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
if (error)
goto out;
error = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
if (error == 0) {
+ page_cache_get(page);
+ page->mapping = mapping;
+ page->index = offset;
+
write_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
error = radix_tree_insert(&mapping->page_tree, offset, page);
- if (!error) {
- page_cache_get(page);
- SetPageLocked(page);
- page->mapping = mapping;
- page->index = offset;
+ if (likely(!error)) {
mapping->nrpages++;
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
- } else
+ } else {
+ page->mapping = NULL;
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
radix_tree_preload_end();
@@ -483,7 +487,7 @@ int add_to_page_cache(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
out:
return error;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_to_page_cache);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_to_page_cache_locked);
int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask)
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index d8c65a65c61..3ca6392e82c 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -285,7 +285,15 @@ void migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
page = migration_entry_to_page(entry);
- get_page(page);
+ /*
+ * Once radix-tree replacement of page migration started, page_count
+ * *must* be zero. And, we don't want to call wait_on_page_locked()
+ * against a page without get_page().
+ * So, we use get_page_unless_zero(), here. Even failed, page fault
+ * will occur again.
+ */
+ if (!get_page_unless_zero(page))
+ goto out;
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
wait_on_page_locked(page);
put_page(page);
@@ -305,6 +313,7 @@ out:
static int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *newpage, struct page *page)
{
+ int expected_count;
void **pslot;
if (!mapping) {
@@ -319,12 +328,18 @@ static int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
pslot = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&mapping->page_tree,
page_index(page));
- if (page_count(page) != 2 + !!PagePrivate(page) ||
+ expected_count = 2 + !!PagePrivate(page);
+ if (page_count(page) != expected_count ||
(struct page *)radix_tree_deref_slot(pslot) != page) {
write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
return -EAGAIN;
}
+ if (!page_freeze_refs(page, expected_count)) {
+ write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
+
/*
* Now we know that no one else is looking at the page.
*/
@@ -338,6 +353,7 @@ static int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
radix_tree_replace_slot(pslot, newpage);
+ page_unfreeze_refs(page, expected_count);
/*
* Drop cache reference from old page.
* We know this isn't the last reference.
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index f92fea94d03..1089092aeca 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -936,7 +936,7 @@ found:
spin_lock(&info->lock);
ptr = shmem_swp_entry(info, idx, NULL);
if (ptr && ptr->val == entry.val) {
- error = add_to_page_cache(page, inode->i_mapping,
+ error = add_to_page_cache_locked(page, inode->i_mapping,
idx, GFP_NOWAIT);
/* does mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page on error */
} else /* we must compensate for our precharge above */
@@ -1301,8 +1301,8 @@ repeat:
SetPageUptodate(filepage);
set_page_dirty(filepage);
swap_free(swap);
- } else if (!(error = add_to_page_cache(
- swappage, mapping, idx, GFP_NOWAIT))) {
+ } else if (!(error = add_to_page_cache_locked(swappage, mapping,
+ idx, GFP_NOWAIT))) {
info->flags |= SHMEM_PAGEIN;
shmem_swp_set(info, entry, 0);
shmem_swp_unmap(entry);
diff --git a/mm/swap_state.c b/mm/swap_state.c
index d8aadaf2a0b..3e3381d6c7e 100644
--- a/mm/swap_state.c
+++ b/mm/swap_state.c
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ void show_swap_cache_info(void)
}
/*
- * add_to_swap_cache resembles add_to_page_cache on swapper_space,
+ * add_to_swap_cache resembles add_to_page_cache_locked on swapper_space,
* but sets SwapCache flag and private instead of mapping and index.
*/
int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask)
@@ -76,19 +76,26 @@ int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask)
BUG_ON(PagePrivate(page));
error = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask);
if (!error) {
+ page_cache_get(page);
+ SetPageSwapCache(page);
+ set_page_private(page, entry.val);
+
write_lock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
error = radix_tree_insert(&swapper_space.page_tree,
entry.val, page);
- if (!error) {
- page_cache_get(page);
- SetPageSwapCache(page);
- set_page_private(page, entry.val);
+ if (likely(!error)) {
total_swapcache_pages++;
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
INC_CACHE_INFO(add_total);
}
write_unlock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
radix_tree_preload_end();
+
+ if (unlikely(error)) {
+ set_page_private(page, 0UL);
+ ClearPageSwapCache(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
}
return error;
}
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 26672c6cd3c..0075eac1cd0 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -391,12 +391,10 @@ static pageout_t pageout(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
}
/*
- * Attempt to detach a locked page from its ->mapping. If it is dirty or if
- * someone else has a ref on the page, abort and return 0. If it was
- * successfully detached, return 1. Assumes the caller has a single ref on
- * this page.
+ * Same as remove_mapping, but if the page is removed from the mapping, it
+ * gets returned with a refcount of 0.
*/
-int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
+static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
{
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
BUG_ON(mapping != page_mapping(page));
@@ -427,24 +425,24 @@ int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
* Note that if SetPageDirty is always performed via set_page_dirty,
* and thus under tree_lock, then this ordering is not required.
*/
- if (unlikely(page_count(page) != 2))
+ if (!page_freeze_refs(page, 2))
goto cannot_free;
- smp_rmb();
- if (unlikely(PageDirty(page)))
+ /* note: atomic_cmpxchg in page_freeze_refs provides the smp_rmb */
+ if (unlikely(PageDirty(page))) {
+ page_unfreeze_refs(page, 2);
goto cannot_free;
+ }
if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
swp_entry_t swap = { .val = page_private(page) };
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
swap_free(swap);
- __put_page(page); /* The pagecache ref */
- return 1;
+ } else {
+ __remove_from_page_cache(page);
+ write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
}
- __remove_from_page_cache(page);
- write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
- __put_page(page);
return 1;
cannot_free:
@@ -453,6 +451,26 @@ cannot_free:
}
/*
+ * Attempt to detach a locked page from its ->mapping. If it is dirty or if
+ * someone else has a ref on the page, abort and return 0. If it was
+ * successfully detached, return 1. Assumes the caller has a single ref on
+ * this page.
+ */
+int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
+{
+ if (__remove_mapping(mapping, page)) {
+ /*
+ * Unfreezing the refcount with 1 rather than 2 effectively
+ * drops the pagecache ref for us without requiring another
+ * atomic operation.
+ */
+ page_unfreeze_refs(page, 1);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* shrink_page_list() returns the number of reclaimed pages
*/
static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
@@ -598,18 +616,34 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
if (PagePrivate(page)) {
if (!try_to_release_page(page, sc->gfp_mask))
goto activate_locked;
- if (!mapping && page_count(page) == 1)
- goto free_it;
+ if (!mapping && page_count(page) == 1) {
+ unlock_page(page);
+ if (put_page_testzero(page))
+ goto free_it;
+ else {
+ /*
+ * rare race with speculative reference.
+ * the speculative reference will free
+ * this page shortly, so we may
+ * increment nr_reclaimed here (and
+ * leave it off the LRU).
+ */
+ nr_reclaimed++;
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
}
- if (!mapping || !remove_mapping(mapping, page))
+ if (!mapping || !__remove_mapping(mapping, page))
goto keep_locked;
-free_it:
unlock_page(page);
+free_it:
nr_reclaimed++;
- if (!pagevec_add(&freed_pvec, page))
- __pagevec_release_nonlru(&freed_pvec);
+ if (!pagevec_add(&freed_pvec, page)) {
+ __pagevec_free(&freed_pvec);
+ pagevec_reinit(&freed_pvec);
+ }
continue;
activate_locked:
@@ -623,7 +657,7 @@ keep:
}
list_splice(&ret_pages, page_list);
if (pagevec_count(&freed_pvec))
- __pagevec_release_nonlru(&freed_pvec);
+ __pagevec_free(&freed_pvec);
count_vm_events(PGACTIVATE, pgactivate);
return nr_reclaimed;
}