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authorKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>2008-07-25 01:47:14 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-07-25 10:53:37 -0700
commit69029cd550284e32de13d6dd2f77b723c8a0e444 (patch)
treeb57b87e5025b6c01722f39302cb98d0dfcd58940 /mm
parente8589cc189f96b87348ae83ea4db38eaac624135 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-69029cd550284e32de13d6dd2f77b723c8a0e444.tar.gz
memcg: remove refcnt from page_cgroup
memcg: performance improvements Patch Description 1/5 ... remove refcnt fron page_cgroup patch (shmem handling is fixed) 2/5 ... swapcache handling patch 3/5 ... add helper function for shmem's memory reclaim patch 4/5 ... optimize by likely/unlikely ppatch 5/5 ... remove redundunt check patch (shmem handling is fixed.) Unix bench result. == 2.6.26-rc2-mm1 + memory resource controller Execl Throughput 2915.4 lps (29.6 secs, 3 samples) C Compiler Throughput 1019.3 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) Shell Scripts (1 concurrent) 5796.0 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) Shell Scripts (8 concurrent) 1097.7 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) Shell Scripts (16 concurrent) 565.3 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) File Read 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 1022128.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Write 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 544057.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 346481.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Read 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 319325.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Write 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 148788.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 99051.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Read 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 2058917.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Write 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 1606109.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 854789.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) Dc: sqrt(2) to 99 decimal places 126145.2 lpm (30.0 secs, 3 samples) INDEX VALUES TEST BASELINE RESULT INDEX Execl Throughput 43.0 2915.4 678.0 File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 3960.0 346481.0 875.0 File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 1655.0 99051.0 598.5 File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 5800.0 854789.0 1473.8 Shell Scripts (8 concurrent) 6.0 1097.7 1829.5 ========= FINAL SCORE 991.3 == 2.6.26-rc2-mm1 + this set == Execl Throughput 3012.9 lps (29.9 secs, 3 samples) C Compiler Throughput 981.0 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) Shell Scripts (1 concurrent) 5872.0 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) Shell Scripts (8 concurrent) 1120.3 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) Shell Scripts (16 concurrent) 578.0 lpm (60.0 secs, 3 samples) File Read 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 1003993.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Write 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 550452.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 347159.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Read 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 314644.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Write 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 151852.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 101000.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Read 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 2033256.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Write 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 1611814.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 847979.0 KBps (30.0 secs, 3 samples) Dc: sqrt(2) to 99 decimal places 128148.7 lpm (30.0 secs, 3 samples) INDEX VALUES TEST BASELINE RESULT INDEX Execl Throughput 43.0 3012.9 700.7 File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks 3960.0 347159.0 876.7 File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks 1655.0 101000.0 610.3 File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks 5800.0 847979.0 1462.0 Shell Scripts (8 concurrent) 6.0 1120.3 1867.2 ========= FINAL SCORE 1004.6 This patch: Remove refcnt from page_cgroup(). After this, * A page is charged only when !page_mapped() && no page_cgroup is assigned. * Anon page is newly mapped. * File page is added to mapping->tree. * A page is uncharged only when * Anon page is fully unmapped. * File page is removed from LRU. There is no change in behavior from user's view. This patch also removes unnecessary calls in rmap.c which was used only for refcnt mangement. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning] [hugh@veritas.com: fix shmem_unuse_inode charging] Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: YAMAMOTO Takashi <yamamoto@valinux.co.jp> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/filemap.c6
-rw-r--r--mm/memcontrol.c109
-rw-r--r--mm/migrate.c3
-rw-r--r--mm/rmap.c14
-rw-r--r--mm/shmem.c35
5 files changed, 92 insertions, 75 deletions
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 5d4c880d7cd..2d3ec1ffc66 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ void __remove_from_page_cache(struct page *page)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
radix_tree_delete(&mapping->page_tree, page->index);
page->mapping = NULL;
mapping->nrpages--;
@@ -474,12 +474,12 @@ int add_to_page_cache(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
mapping->nrpages++;
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
} else
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
radix_tree_preload_end();
} else
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
out:
return error;
}
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index da5912b8455..a61706193c3 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -166,7 +166,6 @@ struct page_cgroup {
struct list_head lru; /* per cgroup LRU list */
struct page *page;
struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup;
- int ref_cnt; /* cached, mapped, migrating */
int flags;
};
#define PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_CACHE (0x1) /* charged as cache */
@@ -185,6 +184,7 @@ static enum zone_type page_cgroup_zid(struct page_cgroup *pc)
enum charge_type {
MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE = 0,
MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED,
+ MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE, /* used by force_empty */
};
/*
@@ -552,9 +552,7 @@ retry:
*/
if (pc) {
VM_BUG_ON(pc->page != page);
- VM_BUG_ON(pc->ref_cnt <= 0);
-
- pc->ref_cnt++;
+ VM_BUG_ON(!pc->mem_cgroup);
unlock_page_cgroup(page);
goto done;
}
@@ -570,10 +568,7 @@ retry:
* thread group leader migrates. It's possible that mm is not
* set, if so charge the init_mm (happens for pagecache usage).
*/
- if (!memcg) {
- if (!mm)
- mm = &init_mm;
-
+ if (likely(!memcg)) {
rcu_read_lock();
mem = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner));
/*
@@ -609,7 +604,6 @@ retry:
}
}
- pc->ref_cnt = 1;
pc->mem_cgroup = mem;
pc->page = page;
/*
@@ -653,6 +647,17 @@ err:
int mem_cgroup_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
+ /*
+ * If already mapped, we don't have to account.
+ * If page cache, page->mapping has address_space.
+ * But page->mapping may have out-of-use anon_vma pointer,
+ * detecit it by PageAnon() check. newly-mapped-anon's page->mapping
+ * is NULL.
+ */
+ if (page_mapped(page) || (page->mapping && !PageAnon(page)))
+ return 0;
+ if (unlikely(!mm))
+ mm = &init_mm;
return mem_cgroup_charge_common(page, mm, gfp_mask,
MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED, NULL);
}
@@ -660,32 +665,17 @@ int mem_cgroup_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
int mem_cgroup_cache_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
- if (!mm)
+ if (unlikely(!mm))
mm = &init_mm;
return mem_cgroup_charge_common(page, mm, gfp_mask,
MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE, NULL);
}
-int mem_cgroup_getref(struct page *page)
-{
- struct page_cgroup *pc;
-
- if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
- return 0;
-
- lock_page_cgroup(page);
- pc = page_get_page_cgroup(page);
- VM_BUG_ON(!pc);
- pc->ref_cnt++;
- unlock_page_cgroup(page);
- return 0;
-}
-
/*
- * Uncharging is always a welcome operation, we never complain, simply
- * uncharge.
+ * uncharge if !page_mapped(page)
*/
-void mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(struct page *page)
+static void
+__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(struct page *page, enum charge_type ctype)
{
struct page_cgroup *pc;
struct mem_cgroup *mem;
@@ -704,29 +694,41 @@ void mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(struct page *page)
goto unlock;
VM_BUG_ON(pc->page != page);
- VM_BUG_ON(pc->ref_cnt <= 0);
- if (--(pc->ref_cnt) == 0) {
- mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc);
- spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
- __mem_cgroup_remove_list(mz, pc);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
+ if ((ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED)
+ && ((pc->flags & PAGE_CGROUP_FLAG_CACHE)
+ || page_mapped(page)))
+ goto unlock;
- page_assign_page_cgroup(page, NULL);
- unlock_page_cgroup(page);
+ mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
+ __mem_cgroup_remove_list(mz, pc);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
- mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
- res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
- css_put(&mem->css);
+ page_assign_page_cgroup(page, NULL);
+ unlock_page_cgroup(page);
- kmem_cache_free(page_cgroup_cache, pc);
- return;
- }
+ mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
+ res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
+ css_put(&mem->css);
+ kmem_cache_free(page_cgroup_cache, pc);
+ return;
unlock:
unlock_page_cgroup(page);
}
+void mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page, MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED);
+}
+
+void mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ VM_BUG_ON(page_mapped(page));
+ __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page, MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE);
+}
+
/*
* Before starting migration, account against new page.
*/
@@ -757,15 +759,29 @@ int mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct page *newpage)
return ret;
}
-/* remove redundant charge */
+/* remove redundant charge if migration failed*/
void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct page *newpage)
{
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(newpage);
+ /*
+ * At success, page->mapping is not NULL.
+ * special rollback care is necessary when
+ * 1. at migration failure. (newpage->mapping is cleared in this case)
+ * 2. the newpage was moved but not remapped again because the task
+ * exits and the newpage is obsolete. In this case, the new page
+ * may be a swapcache. So, we just call mem_cgroup_uncharge_page()
+ * always for avoiding mess. The page_cgroup will be removed if
+ * unnecessary. File cache pages is still on radix-tree. Don't
+ * care it.
+ */
+ if (!newpage->mapping)
+ __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(newpage,
+ MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE);
+ else if (PageAnon(newpage))
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(newpage);
}
/*
* This routine traverse page_cgroup in given list and drop them all.
- * This routine ignores page_cgroup->ref_cnt.
* *And* this routine doesn't reclaim page itself, just removes page_cgroup.
*/
#define FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH (128)
@@ -795,7 +811,8 @@ static void mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
* if it's under page migration.
*/
if (PageLRU(page)) {
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
+ __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page,
+ MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE);
put_page(page);
if (--count <= 0) {
count = FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH;
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index f6d7f8efd1a..d8c65a65c61 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -359,8 +359,7 @@ static int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
write_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
if (!PageSwapCache(newpage)) {
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
- mem_cgroup_getref(newpage);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
}
return 0;
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index bf0a5b7cfb8..abbd29f7c43 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -576,14 +576,8 @@ void page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *page,
VM_BUG_ON(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end);
if (atomic_inc_and_test(&page->_mapcount))
__page_set_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
- else {
+ else
__page_check_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
- /*
- * We unconditionally charged during prepare, we uncharge here
- * This takes care of balancing the reference counts
- */
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
- }
}
/**
@@ -614,12 +608,6 @@ void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *page)
{
if (atomic_inc_and_test(&page->_mapcount))
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_MAPPED);
- else
- /*
- * We unconditionally charged during prepare, we uncharge here
- * This takes care of balancing the reference counts
- */
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 9ffbea9b79e..d58305e8a48 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -922,20 +922,26 @@ found:
error = 1;
if (!inode)
goto out;
- /* Precharge page while we can wait, compensate afterwards */
+ /* Precharge page using GFP_KERNEL while we can wait */
error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm, GFP_KERNEL);
if (error)
goto out;
error = radix_tree_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
- if (error)
- goto uncharge;
+ if (error) {
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
+ goto out;
+ }
error = 1;
spin_lock(&info->lock);
ptr = shmem_swp_entry(info, idx, NULL);
- if (ptr && ptr->val == entry.val)
+ if (ptr && ptr->val == entry.val) {
error = add_to_page_cache(page, inode->i_mapping,
idx, GFP_NOWAIT);
+ /* does mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page on error */
+ } else /* we must compensate for our precharge above */
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
+
if (error == -EEXIST) {
struct page *filepage = find_get_page(inode->i_mapping, idx);
error = 1;
@@ -961,8 +967,6 @@ found:
shmem_swp_unmap(ptr);
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
radix_tree_preload_end();
-uncharge:
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
out:
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
@@ -1319,7 +1323,7 @@ repeat:
page_cache_release(swappage);
goto failed;
}
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(swappage);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(swappage);
}
page_cache_release(swappage);
goto repeat;
@@ -1358,6 +1362,8 @@ repeat:
}
if (!filepage) {
+ int ret;
+
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
filepage = shmem_alloc_page(gfp, info, idx);
if (!filepage) {
@@ -1386,10 +1392,18 @@ repeat:
swap = *entry;
shmem_swp_unmap(entry);
}
- if (error || swap.val || 0 != add_to_page_cache_lru(
- filepage, mapping, idx, GFP_NOWAIT)) {
+ ret = error || swap.val;
+ if (ret)
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(filepage);
+ else
+ ret = add_to_page_cache_lru(filepage, mapping,
+ idx, GFP_NOWAIT);
+ /*
+ * At add_to_page_cache_lru() failure, uncharge will
+ * be done automatically.
+ */
+ if (ret) {
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(filepage);
page_cache_release(filepage);
shmem_unacct_blocks(info->flags, 1);
shmem_free_blocks(inode, 1);
@@ -1398,7 +1412,6 @@ repeat:
goto failed;
goto repeat;
}
- mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(filepage);
info->flags |= SHMEM_PAGEIN;
}