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authorGregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>2008-05-12 21:21:01 +0200
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2008-06-06 15:19:28 +0200
commit6e0534f278199f1e3dd1049b9bc19a7a5b87ada1 (patch)
tree25f4da14ec32927742db9f599ac779b4e83d1763 /kernel/sched_cpupri.c
parentf333fdc9098b71e2687e4e9b6349fcb352960d66 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-6e0534f278199f1e3dd1049b9bc19a7a5b87ada1.tar.gz
sched: use a 2-d bitmap for searching lowest-pri CPU
The current code use a linear algorithm which causes scaling issues on larger SMP machines. This patch replaces that algorithm with a 2-dimensional bitmap to reduce latencies in the wake-up path. Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/sched_cpupri.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched_cpupri.c174
1 files changed, 174 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched_cpupri.c b/kernel/sched_cpupri.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..52154fefab7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/sched_cpupri.c
@@ -0,0 +1,174 @@
+/*
+ * kernel/sched_cpupri.c
+ *
+ * CPU priority management
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2007-2008 Novell
+ *
+ * Author: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
+ *
+ * This code tracks the priority of each CPU so that global migration
+ * decisions are easy to calculate. Each CPU can be in a state as follows:
+ *
+ * (INVALID), IDLE, NORMAL, RT1, ... RT99
+ *
+ * going from the lowest priority to the highest. CPUs in the INVALID state
+ * are not eligible for routing. The system maintains this state with
+ * a 2 dimensional bitmap (the first for priority class, the second for cpus
+ * in that class). Therefore a typical application without affinity
+ * restrictions can find a suitable CPU with O(1) complexity (e.g. two bit
+ * searches). For tasks with affinity restrictions, the algorithm has a
+ * worst case complexity of O(min(102, nr_domcpus)), though the scenario that
+ * yields the worst case search is fairly contrived.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
+ * of the License.
+ */
+
+#include "sched_cpupri.h"
+
+/* Convert between a 140 based task->prio, and our 102 based cpupri */
+static int convert_prio(int prio)
+{
+ int cpupri;
+
+ if (prio == CPUPRI_INVALID)
+ cpupri = CPUPRI_INVALID;
+ else if (prio == MAX_PRIO)
+ cpupri = CPUPRI_IDLE;
+ else if (prio >= MAX_RT_PRIO)
+ cpupri = CPUPRI_NORMAL;
+ else
+ cpupri = MAX_RT_PRIO - prio + 1;
+
+ return cpupri;
+}
+
+#define for_each_cpupri_active(array, idx) \
+ for (idx = find_first_bit(array, CPUPRI_NR_PRIORITIES); \
+ idx < CPUPRI_NR_PRIORITIES; \
+ idx = find_next_bit(array, CPUPRI_NR_PRIORITIES, idx+1))
+
+/**
+ * cpupri_find - find the best (lowest-pri) CPU in the system
+ * @cp: The cpupri context
+ * @p: The task
+ * @lowest_mask: A mask to fill in with selected CPUs
+ *
+ * Note: This function returns the recommended CPUs as calculated during the
+ * current invokation. By the time the call returns, the CPUs may have in
+ * fact changed priorities any number of times. While not ideal, it is not
+ * an issue of correctness since the normal rebalancer logic will correct
+ * any discrepancies created by racing against the uncertainty of the current
+ * priority configuration.
+ *
+ * Returns: (int)bool - CPUs were found
+ */
+int cpupri_find(struct cpupri *cp, struct task_struct *p,
+ cpumask_t *lowest_mask)
+{
+ int idx = 0;
+ int task_pri = convert_prio(p->prio);
+
+ for_each_cpupri_active(cp->pri_active, idx) {
+ struct cpupri_vec *vec = &cp->pri_to_cpu[idx];
+ cpumask_t mask;
+
+ if (idx >= task_pri)
+ break;
+
+ cpus_and(mask, p->cpus_allowed, vec->mask);
+
+ if (cpus_empty(mask))
+ continue;
+
+ *lowest_mask = mask;
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpupri_set - update the cpu priority setting
+ * @cp: The cpupri context
+ * @cpu: The target cpu
+ * @pri: The priority (INVALID-RT99) to assign to this CPU
+ *
+ * Note: Assumes cpu_rq(cpu)->lock is locked
+ *
+ * Returns: (void)
+ */
+void cpupri_set(struct cpupri *cp, int cpu, int newpri)
+{
+ int *currpri = &cp->cpu_to_pri[cpu];
+ int oldpri = *currpri;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ newpri = convert_prio(newpri);
+
+ BUG_ON(newpri >= CPUPRI_NR_PRIORITIES);
+
+ if (newpri == oldpri)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * If the cpu was currently mapped to a different value, we
+ * first need to unmap the old value
+ */
+ if (likely(oldpri != CPUPRI_INVALID)) {
+ struct cpupri_vec *vec = &cp->pri_to_cpu[oldpri];
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&vec->lock, flags);
+
+ vec->count--;
+ if (!vec->count)
+ clear_bit(oldpri, cp->pri_active);
+ cpu_clear(cpu, vec->mask);
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vec->lock, flags);
+ }
+
+ if (likely(newpri != CPUPRI_INVALID)) {
+ struct cpupri_vec *vec = &cp->pri_to_cpu[newpri];
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&vec->lock, flags);
+
+ cpu_set(cpu, vec->mask);
+ vec->count++;
+ if (vec->count == 1)
+ set_bit(newpri, cp->pri_active);
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vec->lock, flags);
+ }
+
+ *currpri = newpri;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpupri_init - initialize the cpupri structure
+ * @cp: The cpupri context
+ *
+ * Returns: (void)
+ */
+void cpupri_init(struct cpupri *cp)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ memset(cp, 0, sizeof(*cp));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CPUPRI_NR_PRIORITIES; i++) {
+ struct cpupri_vec *vec = &cp->pri_to_cpu[i];
+
+ spin_lock_init(&vec->lock);
+ vec->count = 0;
+ cpus_clear(vec->mask);
+ }
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i)
+ cp->cpu_to_pri[i] = CPUPRI_INVALID;
+}
+
+