path: root/kernel/kexec.c
diff options
authorDavid Wilder <dwilder@us.ibm.com>2006-06-23 15:29:34 -0700
committerPaul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>2006-06-28 15:18:52 +1000
commitc0ce7d0886cf0c2579c604eac41a7e125bc0e96d (patch)
treef31448371b4295e98753f1551178fdddb8d18b0e /kernel/kexec.c
parent2cd90bc8fba8720ef7f3fdfd1e0c1a5397a18271 (diff)
[POWERPC] Add the use of the firmware soft-reset-nmi to kdump.
With this patch, kdump uses the firmware soft-reset NMI for two purposes: 1) Initiate the kdump (take a crash dump) by issuing a soft-reset. 2) Break a CPU out of a deadlock condition that is detected during kdump processing. When a soft-reset is initiated each CPU will enter system_reset_exception() and set its corresponding bit in the global bit-array cpus_in_sr then call die(). When die() finds the CPU's bit set in cpu_in_sr crash_kexec() is called to initiate a crash dump. The first CPU to enter crash_kexec() is called the "crashing CPU". All other CPUs are "secondary CPUs". The secondary CPU's pass through to crash_kexec_secondary() and sleep. The crashing CPU waits for all CPUs to enter via soft-reset then boots the kdump kernel (see crash_soft_reset_check()) When the system crashes due to a panic or exception, crash_kexec() is called by panic() or die(). The crashing CPU sends an IPI to all other CPUs to notify them of the pending shutdown. If a CPU is in a deadlock or hung state with interrupts disabled, the IPI will not be delivered. The result being, that the kdump kernel is not booted. This problem is solved with the use of a firmware generated soft-reset. After the crashing_cpu has issued the IPI, it waits for 10 sec for all CPUs to enter crash_ipi_callback(). A CPU signifies its entry to crash_ipi_callback() by setting its corresponding bit in the cpus_in_crash bit array. After 10 sec, if one or more CPUs have not set their bit in cpus_in_crash we assume that the CPU(s) is deadlocked. The operator is then prompted to generate a soft-reset to break the deadlock. Each CPU enters the soft reset handler as described above. Two conditions must be handled at this point: 1) The system crashed because the operator generated a soft-reset. See 2) The system had crashed before the soft-reset was generated ( in the case of a Panic or oops). The first CPU to enter crash_kexec() uses the state of the kexec_lock to determine this state. If kexec_lock is already held then condition 2 is true and crash_kexec_secondary() is called, else; this CPU is flagged as the crashing CPU, the kexec_lock is acquired and crash_kexec() proceeds as described above. Each additional CPUs responding to the soft-reset will pass through crash_kexec() to kexec_secondary(). All secondary CPUs call crash_ipi_callback() readying them self's for the shutdown. When ready they clear their bit in cpus_in_sr. The crashing CPU waits in kexec_secondary() until all other CPUs have cleared their bits in cpus_in_sr. The kexec kernel boot is then started. Signed-off-by: Haren Myneni <haren@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: David Wilder <dwilder@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/kexec.c')
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index 58f0f382597..50087ecf337 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -1042,7 +1042,6 @@ asmlinkage long compat_sys_kexec_load(unsigned long entry,
void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs)
- struct kimage *image;
int locked;
@@ -1056,12 +1055,11 @@ void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs)
locked = xchg(&kexec_lock, 1);
if (!locked) {
- image = xchg(&kexec_crash_image, NULL);
- if (image) {
+ if (kexec_crash_image) {
struct pt_regs fixed_regs;
crash_setup_regs(&fixed_regs, regs);
- machine_kexec(image);
+ machine_kexec(kexec_crash_image);
xchg(&kexec_lock, 0);