aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/block/blk-settings.c
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorMartin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com>2009-05-22 17:17:53 -0400
committerJens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>2009-05-22 23:22:55 +0200
commitc72758f33784e5e2a1a4bb9421ef3e6de8f9fcf3 (patch)
treea83f7540cc894caafe74db911cba3998d6a9a164 /block/blk-settings.c
parentcd43e26f071524647e660706b784ebcbefbd2e44 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-c72758f33784e5e2a1a4bb9421ef3e6de8f9fcf3.tar.gz
block: Export I/O topology for block devices and partitions
To support devices with physical block sizes bigger than 512 bytes we need to ensure proper alignment. This patch adds support for exposing I/O topology characteristics as devices are stacked. logical_block_size is the smallest unit the device can address. physical_block_size indicates the smallest I/O the device can write without incurring a read-modify-write penalty. The io_min parameter is the smallest preferred I/O size reported by the device. In many cases this is the same as the physical block size. However, the io_min parameter can be scaled up when stacking (RAID5 chunk size > physical block size). The io_opt characteristic indicates the optimal I/O size reported by the device. This is usually the stripe width for arrays. The alignment_offset parameter indicates the number of bytes the start of the device/partition is offset from the device's natural alignment. Partition tools and MD/DM utilities can use this to pad their offsets so filesystems start on proper boundaries. Signed-off-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'block/blk-settings.c')
-rw-r--r--block/blk-settings.c186
1 files changed, 186 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/block/blk-settings.c b/block/blk-settings.c
index b0f547cecfb..5649f34adb4 100644
--- a/block/blk-settings.c
+++ b/block/blk-settings.c
@@ -309,9 +309,94 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_segment_size);
void blk_queue_logical_block_size(struct request_queue *q, unsigned short size)
{
q->limits.logical_block_size = size;
+
+ if (q->limits.physical_block_size < size)
+ q->limits.physical_block_size = size;
+
+ if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.physical_block_size)
+ q->limits.io_min = q->limits.physical_block_size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_logical_block_size);
+/**
+ * blk_queue_physical_block_size - set physical block size for the queue
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @size: the physical block size, in bytes
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * This should be set to the lowest possible sector size that the
+ * hardware can operate on without reverting to read-modify-write
+ * operations.
+ */
+void blk_queue_physical_block_size(struct request_queue *q, unsigned short size)
+{
+ q->limits.physical_block_size = size;
+
+ if (q->limits.physical_block_size < q->limits.logical_block_size)
+ q->limits.physical_block_size = q->limits.logical_block_size;
+
+ if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.physical_block_size)
+ q->limits.io_min = q->limits.physical_block_size;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_physical_block_size);
+
+/**
+ * blk_queue_alignment_offset - set physical block alignment offset
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @alignment: alignment offset in bytes
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Some devices are naturally misaligned to compensate for things like
+ * the legacy DOS partition table 63-sector offset. Low-level drivers
+ * should call this function for devices whose first sector is not
+ * naturally aligned.
+ */
+void blk_queue_alignment_offset(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int offset)
+{
+ q->limits.alignment_offset =
+ offset & (q->limits.physical_block_size - 1);
+ q->limits.misaligned = 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_alignment_offset);
+
+/**
+ * blk_queue_io_min - set minimum request size for the queue
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @io_min: smallest I/O size in bytes
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Some devices have an internal block size bigger than the reported
+ * hardware sector size. This function can be used to signal the
+ * smallest I/O the device can perform without incurring a performance
+ * penalty.
+ */
+void blk_queue_io_min(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int min)
+{
+ q->limits.io_min = min;
+
+ if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.logical_block_size)
+ q->limits.io_min = q->limits.logical_block_size;
+
+ if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.physical_block_size)
+ q->limits.io_min = q->limits.physical_block_size;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_io_min);
+
+/**
+ * blk_queue_io_opt - set optimal request size for the queue
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @io_opt: optimal request size in bytes
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Drivers can call this function to set the preferred I/O request
+ * size for devices that report such a value.
+ */
+void blk_queue_io_opt(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int opt)
+{
+ q->limits.io_opt = opt;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_io_opt);
+
/*
* Returns the minimum that is _not_ zero, unless both are zero.
*/
@@ -358,6 +443,107 @@ void blk_queue_stack_limits(struct request_queue *t, struct request_queue *b)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_stack_limits);
/**
+ * blk_stack_limits - adjust queue_limits for stacked devices
+ * @t: the stacking driver limits (top)
+ * @bdev: the underlying queue limits (bottom)
+ * @offset: offset to beginning of data within component device
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Merges two queue_limit structs. Returns 0 if alignment didn't
+ * change. Returns -1 if adding the bottom device caused
+ * misalignment.
+ */
+int blk_stack_limits(struct queue_limits *t, struct queue_limits *b,
+ sector_t offset)
+{
+ t->max_sectors = min_not_zero(t->max_sectors, b->max_sectors);
+ t->max_hw_sectors = min_not_zero(t->max_hw_sectors, b->max_hw_sectors);
+
+ t->seg_boundary_mask = min_not_zero(t->seg_boundary_mask,
+ b->seg_boundary_mask);
+
+ t->max_phys_segments = min_not_zero(t->max_phys_segments,
+ b->max_phys_segments);
+
+ t->max_hw_segments = min_not_zero(t->max_hw_segments,
+ b->max_hw_segments);
+
+ t->max_segment_size = min_not_zero(t->max_segment_size,
+ b->max_segment_size);
+
+ t->logical_block_size = max(t->logical_block_size,
+ b->logical_block_size);
+
+ t->physical_block_size = max(t->physical_block_size,
+ b->physical_block_size);
+
+ t->io_min = max(t->io_min, b->io_min);
+ t->no_cluster |= b->no_cluster;
+
+ /* Bottom device offset aligned? */
+ if (offset &&
+ (offset & (b->physical_block_size - 1)) != b->alignment_offset) {
+ t->misaligned = 1;
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* If top has no alignment offset, inherit from bottom */
+ if (!t->alignment_offset)
+ t->alignment_offset =
+ b->alignment_offset & (b->physical_block_size - 1);
+
+ /* Top device aligned on logical block boundary? */
+ if (t->alignment_offset & (t->logical_block_size - 1)) {
+ t->misaligned = 1;
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * disk_stack_limits - adjust queue limits for stacked drivers
+ * @t: MD/DM gendisk (top)
+ * @bdev: the underlying block device (bottom)
+ * @offset: offset to beginning of data within component device
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Merges the limits for two queues. Returns 0 if alignment
+ * didn't change. Returns -1 if adding the bottom device caused
+ * misalignment.
+ */
+void disk_stack_limits(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev,
+ sector_t offset)
+{
+ struct request_queue *t = disk->queue;
+ struct request_queue *b = bdev_get_queue(bdev);
+
+ offset += get_start_sect(bdev) << 9;
+
+ if (blk_stack_limits(&t->limits, &b->limits, offset) < 0) {
+ char top[BDEVNAME_SIZE], bottom[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
+
+ disk_name(disk, 0, top);
+ bdevname(bdev, bottom);
+
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: Warning: Device %s is misaligned\n",
+ top, bottom);
+ }
+
+ if (!t->queue_lock)
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ else if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, &b->queue_flags)) {
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(t->queue_lock, flags);
+ if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, &b->queue_flags))
+ queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, t);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(t->queue_lock, flags);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_stack_limits);
+
+/**
* blk_queue_dma_pad - set pad mask
* @q: the request queue for the device
* @mask: pad mask