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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-10-19 10:32:20 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-10-19 11:50:35 -0700
commitd9d332e0874f46b91d8ac4604b68ee42b8a7a2c6 (patch)
tree070023e76343c4713c352aba31faae042ad3d4a6
parent0cfd81031a26717fe14380d18275f8e217571615 (diff)
downloadlinux-2.6.34-ux500-d9d332e0874f46b91d8ac4604b68ee42b8a7a2c6.tar.gz
anon_vma_prepare: properly lock even newly allocated entries
The anon_vma code is very subtle, and we end up doing optimistic lookups of anon_vmas under RCU in page_lock_anon_vma() with no locking. Other CPU's can also see the newly allocated entry immediately after we've exposed it by setting "vma->anon_vma" to the new value. We protect against the anon_vma being destroyed by having the SLAB marked as SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU, so the RCU lookup can depend on the allocation not being destroyed - but it might still be free'd and re-allocated here to a new vma. As a result, we should not do the anon_vma list ops on a newly allocated vma without proper locking. Acked-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--mm/rmap.c42
1 files changed, 32 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 0383acfcb06..e8d639b16c6 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -55,7 +55,33 @@
struct kmem_cache *anon_vma_cachep;
-/* This must be called under the mmap_sem. */
+/**
+ * anon_vma_prepare - attach an anon_vma to a memory region
+ * @vma: the memory region in question
+ *
+ * This makes sure the memory mapping described by 'vma' has
+ * an 'anon_vma' attached to it, so that we can associate the
+ * anonymous pages mapped into it with that anon_vma.
+ *
+ * The common case will be that we already have one, but if
+ * if not we either need to find an adjacent mapping that we
+ * can re-use the anon_vma from (very common when the only
+ * reason for splitting a vma has been mprotect()), or we
+ * allocate a new one.
+ *
+ * Anon-vma allocations are very subtle, because we may have
+ * optimistically looked up an anon_vma in page_lock_anon_vma()
+ * and that may actually touch the spinlock even in the newly
+ * allocated vma (it depends on RCU to make sure that the
+ * anon_vma isn't actually destroyed).
+ *
+ * As a result, we need to do proper anon_vma locking even
+ * for the new allocation. At the same time, we do not want
+ * to do any locking for the common case of already having
+ * an anon_vma.
+ *
+ * This must be called with the mmap_sem held for reading.
+ */
int anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma;
@@ -63,20 +89,17 @@ int anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
might_sleep();
if (unlikely(!anon_vma)) {
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
- struct anon_vma *allocated, *locked;
+ struct anon_vma *allocated;
anon_vma = find_mergeable_anon_vma(vma);
- if (anon_vma) {
- allocated = NULL;
- locked = anon_vma;
- spin_lock(&locked->lock);
- } else {
+ allocated = NULL;
+ if (!anon_vma) {
anon_vma = anon_vma_alloc();
if (unlikely(!anon_vma))
return -ENOMEM;
allocated = anon_vma;
- locked = NULL;
}
+ spin_lock(&anon_vma->lock);
/* page_table_lock to protect against threads */
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
@@ -87,8 +110,7 @@ int anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
}
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
- if (locked)
- spin_unlock(&locked->lock);
+ spin_unlock(&anon_vma->lock);
if (unlikely(allocated))
anon_vma_free(allocated);
}