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authorK.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2009-06-01 23:46:20 +0530
committerFrederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>2009-06-02 22:47:00 +0200
commit432039933a16b8227b7b267f46ac1c1b9b3adf14 (patch)
tree9ca2b6af261a968e2c1cccaeb0a9c89b1cb701a0 /samples
parent17f557e5b5d43a2af66c969f6560ac7105020672 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-432039933a16b8227b7b267f46ac1c1b9b3adf14.tar.gz
hw-breakpoints: sample HW breakpoint over kernel data address
This patch introduces a sample kernel module to demonstrate the use of Hardware Breakpoint feature. It places a breakpoint over the kernel variable 'pid_max' to monitor all write operations and emits a function-backtrace when done. Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples')
-rw-r--r--samples/Kconfig6
-rw-r--r--samples/Makefile3
-rw-r--r--samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c83
4 files changed, 92 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
index b75d28cba3f..8458516c693 100644
--- a/samples/Kconfig
+++ b/samples/Kconfig
@@ -45,5 +45,11 @@ config SAMPLE_KRETPROBES
default m
depends on SAMPLE_KPROBES && KRETPROBES
+config SAMPLE_HW_BREAKPOINT
+ tristate "Build kernel hardware breakpoint examples -- loadable module only"
+ depends on HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT && m
+ help
+ This builds kernel hardware breakpoint example modules.
+
endif # SAMPLES
diff --git a/samples/Makefile b/samples/Makefile
index 13e4b470b53..42e17559877 100644
--- a/samples/Makefile
+++ b/samples/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
# Makefile for Linux samples code
-obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES) += markers/ kobject/ kprobes/ tracepoints/ trace_events/
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES) += markers/ kobject/ kprobes/ tracepoints/ \
+ trace_events/ hw_breakpoint/
diff --git a/samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile b/samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..0f5c31c2fc4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_HW_BREAKPOINT) += data_breakpoint.o
diff --git a/samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c b/samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..9cbdbb871b7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+/*
+ * data_breakpoint.c - Sample HW Breakpoint file to watch kernel data address
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * usage: insmod data_breakpoint.ko ksym=<ksym_name>
+ *
+ * This file is a kernel module that places a breakpoint over ksym_name kernel
+ * variable using Hardware Breakpoint register. The corresponding handler which
+ * prints a backtrace is invoked everytime a write operation is performed on
+ * that variable.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h> /* Needed by all modules */
+#include <linux/kernel.h> /* Needed for KERN_INFO */
+#include <linux/init.h> /* Needed for the macros */
+
+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+
+struct hw_breakpoint sample_hbp;
+
+static char ksym_name[KSYM_NAME_LEN] = "pid_max";
+module_param_string(ksym, ksym_name, KSYM_NAME_LEN, S_IRUGO);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(ksym, "Kernel symbol to monitor; this module will report any"
+ " write operations on the kernel symbol");
+
+void sample_hbp_handler(struct hw_breakpoint *temp, struct pt_regs
+ *temp_regs)
+{
+ printk(KERN_INFO "%s value is changed\n", ksym_name);
+ dump_stack();
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Dump stack from sample_hbp_handler\n");
+}
+
+static int __init hw_break_module_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+ sample_hbp.info.name = ksym_name;
+ sample_hbp.info.type = HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE;
+ sample_hbp.info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+#endif /* CONFIG_X86 */
+
+ sample_hbp.triggered = (void *)sample_hbp_handler;
+
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&sample_hbp);
+
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Breakpoint registration failed\n");
+ return ret;
+ } else
+ printk(KERN_INFO "HW Breakpoint for %s write installed\n",
+ ksym_name);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit hw_break_module_exit(void)
+{
+ unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&sample_hbp);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "HW Breakpoint for %s write uninstalled\n", ksym_name);
+}
+
+module_init(hw_break_module_init);
+module_exit(hw_break_module_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("K.Prasad");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ksym breakpoint");