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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /mm/highmem.c
downloadlinux-linaro-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/highmem.c')
-rw-r--r--mm/highmem.c607
1 files changed, 607 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/highmem.c b/mm/highmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..d01276506b0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/highmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,607 @@
+/*
+ * High memory handling common code and variables.
+ *
+ * (C) 1999 Andrea Arcangeli, SuSE GmbH, andrea@suse.de
+ * Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG, Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de
+ *
+ *
+ * Redesigned the x86 32-bit VM architecture to deal with
+ * 64-bit physical space. With current x86 CPUs this
+ * means up to 64 Gigabytes physical RAM.
+ *
+ * Rewrote high memory support to move the page cache into
+ * high memory. Implemented permanent (schedulable) kmaps
+ * based on Linus' idea.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1999 Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/mempool.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/hash.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+
+static mempool_t *page_pool, *isa_page_pool;
+
+static void *page_pool_alloc(unsigned int __nocast gfp_mask, void *data)
+{
+ unsigned int gfp = gfp_mask | (unsigned int) (long) data;
+
+ return alloc_page(gfp);
+}
+
+static void page_pool_free(void *page, void *data)
+{
+ __free_page(page);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Virtual_count is not a pure "count".
+ * 0 means that it is not mapped, and has not been mapped
+ * since a TLB flush - it is usable.
+ * 1 means that there are no users, but it has been mapped
+ * since the last TLB flush - so we can't use it.
+ * n means that there are (n-1) current users of it.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
+static int pkmap_count[LAST_PKMAP];
+static unsigned int last_pkmap_nr;
+static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kmap_lock);
+
+pte_t * pkmap_page_table;
+
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(pkmap_map_wait);
+
+static void flush_all_zero_pkmaps(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ flush_cache_kmaps();
+
+ for (i = 0; i < LAST_PKMAP; i++) {
+ struct page *page;
+
+ /*
+ * zero means we don't have anything to do,
+ * >1 means that it is still in use. Only
+ * a count of 1 means that it is free but
+ * needs to be unmapped
+ */
+ if (pkmap_count[i] != 1)
+ continue;
+ pkmap_count[i] = 0;
+
+ /* sanity check */
+ if (pte_none(pkmap_page_table[i]))
+ BUG();
+
+ /*
+ * Don't need an atomic fetch-and-clear op here;
+ * no-one has the page mapped, and cannot get at
+ * its virtual address (and hence PTE) without first
+ * getting the kmap_lock (which is held here).
+ * So no dangers, even with speculative execution.
+ */
+ page = pte_page(pkmap_page_table[i]);
+ pte_clear(&init_mm, (unsigned long)page_address(page),
+ &pkmap_page_table[i]);
+
+ set_page_address(page, NULL);
+ }
+ flush_tlb_kernel_range(PKMAP_ADDR(0), PKMAP_ADDR(LAST_PKMAP));
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long map_new_virtual(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned long vaddr;
+ int count;
+
+start:
+ count = LAST_PKMAP;
+ /* Find an empty entry */
+ for (;;) {
+ last_pkmap_nr = (last_pkmap_nr + 1) & LAST_PKMAP_MASK;
+ if (!last_pkmap_nr) {
+ flush_all_zero_pkmaps();
+ count = LAST_PKMAP;
+ }
+ if (!pkmap_count[last_pkmap_nr])
+ break; /* Found a usable entry */
+ if (--count)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Sleep for somebody else to unmap their entries
+ */
+ {
+ DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
+
+ __set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ add_wait_queue(&pkmap_map_wait, &wait);
+ spin_unlock(&kmap_lock);
+ schedule();
+ remove_wait_queue(&pkmap_map_wait, &wait);
+ spin_lock(&kmap_lock);
+
+ /* Somebody else might have mapped it while we slept */
+ if (page_address(page))
+ return (unsigned long)page_address(page);
+
+ /* Re-start */
+ goto start;
+ }
+ }
+ vaddr = PKMAP_ADDR(last_pkmap_nr);
+ set_pte_at(&init_mm, vaddr,
+ &(pkmap_page_table[last_pkmap_nr]), mk_pte(page, kmap_prot));
+
+ pkmap_count[last_pkmap_nr] = 1;
+ set_page_address(page, (void *)vaddr);
+
+ return vaddr;
+}
+
+void fastcall *kmap_high(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned long vaddr;
+
+ /*
+ * For highmem pages, we can't trust "virtual" until
+ * after we have the lock.
+ *
+ * We cannot call this from interrupts, as it may block
+ */
+ spin_lock(&kmap_lock);
+ vaddr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
+ if (!vaddr)
+ vaddr = map_new_virtual(page);
+ pkmap_count[PKMAP_NR(vaddr)]++;
+ if (pkmap_count[PKMAP_NR(vaddr)] < 2)
+ BUG();
+ spin_unlock(&kmap_lock);
+ return (void*) vaddr;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmap_high);
+
+void fastcall kunmap_high(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned long vaddr;
+ unsigned long nr;
+ int need_wakeup;
+
+ spin_lock(&kmap_lock);
+ vaddr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
+ if (!vaddr)
+ BUG();
+ nr = PKMAP_NR(vaddr);
+
+ /*
+ * A count must never go down to zero
+ * without a TLB flush!
+ */
+ need_wakeup = 0;
+ switch (--pkmap_count[nr]) {
+ case 0:
+ BUG();
+ case 1:
+ /*
+ * Avoid an unnecessary wake_up() function call.
+ * The common case is pkmap_count[] == 1, but
+ * no waiters.
+ * The tasks queued in the wait-queue are guarded
+ * by both the lock in the wait-queue-head and by
+ * the kmap_lock. As the kmap_lock is held here,
+ * no need for the wait-queue-head's lock. Simply
+ * test if the queue is empty.
+ */
+ need_wakeup = waitqueue_active(&pkmap_map_wait);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&kmap_lock);
+
+ /* do wake-up, if needed, race-free outside of the spin lock */
+ if (need_wakeup)
+ wake_up(&pkmap_map_wait);
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(kunmap_high);
+
+#define POOL_SIZE 64
+
+static __init int init_emergency_pool(void)
+{
+ struct sysinfo i;
+ si_meminfo(&i);
+ si_swapinfo(&i);
+
+ if (!i.totalhigh)
+ return 0;
+
+ page_pool = mempool_create(POOL_SIZE, page_pool_alloc, page_pool_free, NULL);
+ if (!page_pool)
+ BUG();
+ printk("highmem bounce pool size: %d pages\n", POOL_SIZE);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+__initcall(init_emergency_pool);
+
+/*
+ * highmem version, map in to vec
+ */
+static void bounce_copy_vec(struct bio_vec *to, unsigned char *vfrom)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned char *vto;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ vto = kmap_atomic(to->bv_page, KM_BOUNCE_READ);
+ memcpy(vto + to->bv_offset, vfrom, to->bv_len);
+ kunmap_atomic(vto, KM_BOUNCE_READ);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
+
+#define bounce_copy_vec(to, vfrom) \
+ memcpy(page_address((to)->bv_page) + (to)->bv_offset, vfrom, (to)->bv_len)
+
+#endif
+
+#define ISA_POOL_SIZE 16
+
+/*
+ * gets called "every" time someone init's a queue with BLK_BOUNCE_ISA
+ * as the max address, so check if the pool has already been created.
+ */
+int init_emergency_isa_pool(void)
+{
+ if (isa_page_pool)
+ return 0;
+
+ isa_page_pool = mempool_create(ISA_POOL_SIZE, page_pool_alloc, page_pool_free, (void *) __GFP_DMA);
+ if (!isa_page_pool)
+ BUG();
+
+ printk("isa bounce pool size: %d pages\n", ISA_POOL_SIZE);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Simple bounce buffer support for highmem pages. Depending on the
+ * queue gfp mask set, *to may or may not be a highmem page. kmap it
+ * always, it will do the Right Thing
+ */
+static void copy_to_high_bio_irq(struct bio *to, struct bio *from)
+{
+ unsigned char *vfrom;
+ struct bio_vec *tovec, *fromvec;
+ int i;
+
+ __bio_for_each_segment(tovec, to, i, 0) {
+ fromvec = from->bi_io_vec + i;
+
+ /*
+ * not bounced
+ */
+ if (tovec->bv_page == fromvec->bv_page)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * fromvec->bv_offset and fromvec->bv_len might have been
+ * modified by the block layer, so use the original copy,
+ * bounce_copy_vec already uses tovec->bv_len
+ */
+ vfrom = page_address(fromvec->bv_page) + tovec->bv_offset;
+
+ flush_dcache_page(tovec->bv_page);
+ bounce_copy_vec(tovec, vfrom);
+ }
+}
+
+static void bounce_end_io(struct bio *bio, mempool_t *pool, int err)
+{
+ struct bio *bio_orig = bio->bi_private;
+ struct bio_vec *bvec, *org_vec;
+ int i;
+
+ if (test_bit(BIO_EOPNOTSUPP, &bio->bi_flags))
+ set_bit(BIO_EOPNOTSUPP, &bio_orig->bi_flags);
+
+ /*
+ * free up bounce indirect pages used
+ */
+ __bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, i, 0) {
+ org_vec = bio_orig->bi_io_vec + i;
+ if (bvec->bv_page == org_vec->bv_page)
+ continue;
+
+ mempool_free(bvec->bv_page, pool);
+ }
+
+ bio_endio(bio_orig, bio_orig->bi_size, err);
+ bio_put(bio);
+}
+
+static int bounce_end_io_write(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done,int err)
+{
+ if (bio->bi_size)
+ return 1;
+
+ bounce_end_io(bio, page_pool, err);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bounce_end_io_write_isa(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done, int err)
+{
+ if (bio->bi_size)
+ return 1;
+
+ bounce_end_io(bio, isa_page_pool, err);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __bounce_end_io_read(struct bio *bio, mempool_t *pool, int err)
+{
+ struct bio *bio_orig = bio->bi_private;
+
+ if (test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags))
+ copy_to_high_bio_irq(bio_orig, bio);
+
+ bounce_end_io(bio, pool, err);
+}
+
+static int bounce_end_io_read(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done, int err)
+{
+ if (bio->bi_size)
+ return 1;
+
+ __bounce_end_io_read(bio, page_pool, err);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bounce_end_io_read_isa(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done, int err)
+{
+ if (bio->bi_size)
+ return 1;
+
+ __bounce_end_io_read(bio, isa_page_pool, err);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __blk_queue_bounce(request_queue_t *q, struct bio **bio_orig,
+ mempool_t *pool)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+ struct bio *bio = NULL;
+ int i, rw = bio_data_dir(*bio_orig);
+ struct bio_vec *to, *from;
+
+ bio_for_each_segment(from, *bio_orig, i) {
+ page = from->bv_page;
+
+ /*
+ * is destination page below bounce pfn?
+ */
+ if (page_to_pfn(page) < q->bounce_pfn)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * irk, bounce it
+ */
+ if (!bio)
+ bio = bio_alloc(GFP_NOIO, (*bio_orig)->bi_vcnt);
+
+ to = bio->bi_io_vec + i;
+
+ to->bv_page = mempool_alloc(pool, q->bounce_gfp);
+ to->bv_len = from->bv_len;
+ to->bv_offset = from->bv_offset;
+
+ if (rw == WRITE) {
+ char *vto, *vfrom;
+
+ flush_dcache_page(from->bv_page);
+ vto = page_address(to->bv_page) + to->bv_offset;
+ vfrom = kmap(from->bv_page) + from->bv_offset;
+ memcpy(vto, vfrom, to->bv_len);
+ kunmap(from->bv_page);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * no pages bounced
+ */
+ if (!bio)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * at least one page was bounced, fill in possible non-highmem
+ * pages
+ */
+ __bio_for_each_segment(from, *bio_orig, i, 0) {
+ to = bio_iovec_idx(bio, i);
+ if (!to->bv_page) {
+ to->bv_page = from->bv_page;
+ to->bv_len = from->bv_len;
+ to->bv_offset = from->bv_offset;
+ }
+ }
+
+ bio->bi_bdev = (*bio_orig)->bi_bdev;
+ bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_BOUNCED);
+ bio->bi_sector = (*bio_orig)->bi_sector;
+ bio->bi_rw = (*bio_orig)->bi_rw;
+
+ bio->bi_vcnt = (*bio_orig)->bi_vcnt;
+ bio->bi_idx = (*bio_orig)->bi_idx;
+ bio->bi_size = (*bio_orig)->bi_size;
+
+ if (pool == page_pool) {
+ bio->bi_end_io = bounce_end_io_write;
+ if (rw == READ)
+ bio->bi_end_io = bounce_end_io_read;
+ } else {
+ bio->bi_end_io = bounce_end_io_write_isa;
+ if (rw == READ)
+ bio->bi_end_io = bounce_end_io_read_isa;
+ }
+
+ bio->bi_private = *bio_orig;
+ *bio_orig = bio;
+}
+
+void blk_queue_bounce(request_queue_t *q, struct bio **bio_orig)
+{
+ mempool_t *pool;
+
+ /*
+ * for non-isa bounce case, just check if the bounce pfn is equal
+ * to or bigger than the highest pfn in the system -- in that case,
+ * don't waste time iterating over bio segments
+ */
+ if (!(q->bounce_gfp & GFP_DMA)) {
+ if (q->bounce_pfn >= blk_max_pfn)
+ return;
+ pool = page_pool;
+ } else {
+ BUG_ON(!isa_page_pool);
+ pool = isa_page_pool;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * slow path
+ */
+ __blk_queue_bounce(q, bio_orig, pool);
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_bounce);
+
+#if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL)
+
+#define PA_HASH_ORDER 7
+
+/*
+ * Describes one page->virtual association
+ */
+struct page_address_map {
+ struct page *page;
+ void *virtual;
+ struct list_head list;
+};
+
+/*
+ * page_address_map freelist, allocated from page_address_maps.
+ */
+static struct list_head page_address_pool; /* freelist */
+static spinlock_t pool_lock; /* protects page_address_pool */
+
+/*
+ * Hash table bucket
+ */
+static struct page_address_slot {
+ struct list_head lh; /* List of page_address_maps */
+ spinlock_t lock; /* Protect this bucket's list */
+} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp page_address_htable[1<<PA_HASH_ORDER];
+
+static struct page_address_slot *page_slot(struct page *page)
+{
+ return &page_address_htable[hash_ptr(page, PA_HASH_ORDER)];
+}
+
+void *page_address(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ void *ret;
+ struct page_address_slot *pas;
+
+ if (!PageHighMem(page))
+ return lowmem_page_address(page);
+
+ pas = page_slot(page);
+ ret = NULL;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pas->lock, flags);
+ if (!list_empty(&pas->lh)) {
+ struct page_address_map *pam;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(pam, &pas->lh, list) {
+ if (pam->page == page) {
+ ret = pam->virtual;
+ goto done;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+done:
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pas->lock, flags);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_address);
+
+void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct page_address_slot *pas;
+ struct page_address_map *pam;
+
+ BUG_ON(!PageHighMem(page));
+
+ pas = page_slot(page);
+ if (virtual) { /* Add */
+ BUG_ON(list_empty(&page_address_pool));
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pool_lock, flags);
+ pam = list_entry(page_address_pool.next,
+ struct page_address_map, list);
+ list_del(&pam->list);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool_lock, flags);
+
+ pam->page = page;
+ pam->virtual = virtual;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pas->lock, flags);
+ list_add_tail(&pam->list, &pas->lh);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pas->lock, flags);
+ } else { /* Remove */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pas->lock, flags);
+ list_for_each_entry(pam, &pas->lh, list) {
+ if (pam->page == page) {
+ list_del(&pam->list);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pas->lock, flags);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pool_lock, flags);
+ list_add_tail(&pam->list, &page_address_pool);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool_lock, flags);
+ goto done;
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pas->lock, flags);
+ }
+done:
+ return;
+}
+
+static struct page_address_map page_address_maps[LAST_PKMAP];
+
+void __init page_address_init(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page_address_pool);
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(page_address_maps); i++)
+ list_add(&page_address_maps[i].list, &page_address_pool);
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(page_address_htable); i++) {
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page_address_htable[i].lh);
+ spin_lock_init(&page_address_htable[i].lock);
+ }
+ spin_lock_init(&pool_lock);
+}
+
+#endif /* defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) */