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authorIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2007-08-28 12:53:24 +0200
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2007-08-28 12:53:24 +0200
commitf6cf891c4d7128f9f91243fc0b9ce99e10fa1586 (patch)
treeab26a8e708756c3fbafbb15ce48acea4f80ced08 /kernel
parent5f01d519e60a6ca1a7d9be9f2d73c5f521383992 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-f6cf891c4d7128f9f91243fc0b9ce99e10fa1586.tar.gz
sched: make the scheduler converge to the ideal latency
de-HZ-ification of the granularity defaults unearthed a pre-existing property of CFS: while it correctly converges to the granularity goal, it does not prevent run-time fluctuations in the range of [-gran ... 0 ... +gran]. With the increase of the granularity due to the removal of HZ dependencies, this becomes visible in chew-max output (with 5 tasks running): out: 28 . 27. 32 | flu: 0 . 0 | ran: 9 . 13 | per: 37 . 40 out: 27 . 27. 32 | flu: 0 . 0 | ran: 17 . 13 | per: 44 . 40 out: 27 . 27. 32 | flu: 0 . 0 | ran: 9 . 13 | per: 36 . 40 out: 29 . 27. 32 | flu: 2 . 0 | ran: 17 . 13 | per: 46 . 40 out: 28 . 27. 32 | flu: 0 . 0 | ran: 9 . 13 | per: 37 . 40 out: 29 . 27. 32 | flu: 0 . 0 | ran: 18 . 13 | per: 47 . 40 out: 28 . 27. 32 | flu: 0 . 0 | ran: 9 . 13 | per: 37 . 40 average slice is the ideal 13 msecs and the period is picture-perfect 40 msecs. But the 'ran' field fluctuates around 13.33 msecs and there's no mechanism in CFS to keep that from happening: it's a perfectly valid solution that CFS finds. to fix this we add a granularity/preemption rule that knows about the "target latency", which makes tasks that run longer than the ideal latency run a bit less. The simplest approach is to simply decrease the preemption granularity when a task overruns its ideal latency. For this we have to track how much the task executed since its last preemption. ( this adds a new field to task_struct, but we can eliminate that overhead in 2.6.24 by putting all the scheduler timestamps into an anonymous union. ) with this change in place, chew-max output is fluctuation-less all around: out: 28 . 27. 39 | flu: 0 . 2 | ran: 13 . 13 | per: 41 . 40 out: 28 . 27. 39 | flu: 0 . 2 | ran: 13 . 13 | per: 41 . 40 out: 28 . 27. 39 | flu: 0 . 2 | ran: 13 . 13 | per: 41 . 40 out: 28 . 27. 39 | flu: 0 . 2 | ran: 13 . 13 | per: 41 . 40 out: 28 . 27. 39 | flu: 0 . 1 | ran: 13 . 13 | per: 41 . 40 out: 28 . 27. 39 | flu: 0 . 1 | ran: 13 . 13 | per: 41 . 40 this patch has no impact on any fastpath or on any globally observable scheduling property. (unless you have sharp enough eyes to see millisecond-level ruckles in glxgears smoothness :-) Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched.c1
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched_fair.c26
2 files changed, 23 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 9fe473a190d..b533d6db78a 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -1587,6 +1587,7 @@ static void __sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)
p->se.wait_start_fair = 0;
p->se.exec_start = 0;
p->se.sum_exec_runtime = 0;
+ p->se.prev_sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->se.delta_exec = 0;
p->se.delta_fair_run = 0;
p->se.delta_fair_sleep = 0;
diff --git a/kernel/sched_fair.c b/kernel/sched_fair.c
index 9f53d49f3aa..721fe774487 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_fair.c
@@ -668,7 +668,7 @@ dequeue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int sleep)
/*
* Preempt the current task with a newly woken task if needed:
*/
-static void
+static int
__check_preempt_curr_fair(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se,
struct sched_entity *curr, unsigned long granularity)
{
@@ -679,8 +679,11 @@ __check_preempt_curr_fair(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se,
* preempt the current task unless the best task has
* a larger than sched_granularity fairness advantage:
*/
- if (__delta > niced_granularity(curr, granularity))
+ if (__delta > niced_granularity(curr, granularity)) {
resched_task(rq_of(cfs_rq)->curr);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
}
static inline void
@@ -725,6 +728,7 @@ static void put_prev_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *prev)
static void entity_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr)
{
+ unsigned long gran, ideal_runtime, delta_exec;
struct sched_entity *next;
/*
@@ -741,8 +745,22 @@ static void entity_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr)
if (next == curr)
return;
- __check_preempt_curr_fair(cfs_rq, next, curr,
- sched_granularity(cfs_rq));
+ gran = sched_granularity(cfs_rq);
+ ideal_runtime = niced_granularity(curr,
+ max(sysctl_sched_latency / cfs_rq->nr_running,
+ (unsigned long)sysctl_sched_min_granularity));
+ /*
+ * If we executed more than what the latency constraint suggests,
+ * reduce the rescheduling granularity. This way the total latency
+ * of how much a task is not scheduled converges to
+ * sysctl_sched_latency:
+ */
+ delta_exec = curr->sum_exec_runtime - curr->prev_sum_exec_runtime;
+ if (delta_exec > ideal_runtime)
+ gran = 0;
+
+ if (__check_preempt_curr_fair(cfs_rq, next, curr, gran))
+ curr->prev_sum_exec_runtime = curr->sum_exec_runtime;
}
/**************************************************