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authorAnton Altaparmakov <aia21@cam.ac.uk>2007-10-12 09:37:15 +0100
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-10-12 09:16:30 -0700
commitbfab36e81611e60573b84eb4e4b4c8d8545b2320 (patch)
treeacd151a4c85459dcd2f6575ceb385090ebaaf984 /fs/ntfs
parentf26e51f67ae6a75ffc57b96cf5fe096f75e778cb (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-bfab36e81611e60573b84eb4e4b4c8d8545b2320.tar.gz
NTFS: Fix a mount time deadlock.
Big thanks go to Mathias Kolehmainen for reporting the bug, providing debug output and testing the patches I sent him to get it working. The fix was to stop calling ntfs_attr_set() at mount time as that causes balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited() to be called which on systems with little memory actually tries to go and balance the dirty pages which tries to take the s_umount semaphore but because we are still in fill_super() across which the VFS holds s_umount for writing this results in a deadlock. We now do the dirty work by hand by submitting individual buffers. This has the annoying "feature" that mounting can take a few seconds if the journal is large as we have clear it all. One day someone should improve on this by deferring the journal clearing to a helper kernel thread so it can be done in the background but I don't have time for this at the moment and the current solution works fine so I am leaving it like this for now. Signed-off-by: Anton Altaparmakov <aia21@cantab.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/ntfs')
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/ChangeLog12
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/aops.c22
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/attrib.c8
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/file.c36
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/inode.c3
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/logfile.c143
-rw-r--r--fs/ntfs/runlist.c4
8 files changed, 178 insertions, 52 deletions
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/ChangeLog b/fs/ntfs/ChangeLog
index af4ef808fa9..345798ebd36 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/ChangeLog
+++ b/fs/ntfs/ChangeLog
@@ -17,6 +17,18 @@ ToDo/Notes:
happen is unclear however so it is worth waiting until someone hits
the problem.
+2.1.29 - Fix a deadlock at mount time.
+
+ - During mount the VFS holds s_umount lock on the superblock. So when
+ we try to empty the journal $LogFile contents by calling
+ ntfs_attr_set() when the machine does not have much memory and the
+ journal is large ntfs_attr_set() results in the VM trying to balance
+ dirty pages which in turn tries to that the s_umount lock and thus we
+ get a deadlock. The solution is to not use ntfs_attr_set() and
+ instead do the zeroing by hand at the block level rather than page
+ cache level.
+ - Fix sparse warnings.
+
2.1.28 - Fix a deadlock.
- Fix deadlock in fs/ntfs/inode.c::ntfs_put_inode(). Thanks to Sergey
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/Makefile b/fs/ntfs/Makefile
index 82550838556..58b6be99254 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/Makefile
+++ b/fs/ntfs/Makefile
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ ntfs-objs := aops.o attrib.o collate.o compress.o debug.o dir.o file.o \
index.o inode.o mft.o mst.o namei.o runlist.o super.o sysctl.o \
unistr.o upcase.o
-EXTRA_CFLAGS = -DNTFS_VERSION=\"2.1.28\"
+EXTRA_CFLAGS = -DNTFS_VERSION=\"2.1.29\"
ifeq ($(CONFIG_NTFS_DEBUG),y)
EXTRA_CFLAGS += -DDEBUG
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/aops.c b/fs/ntfs/aops.c
index 6e5c2534f4b..cfdc7900d27 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/aops.c
+++ b/fs/ntfs/aops.c
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
* aops.c - NTFS kernel address space operations and page cache handling.
* Part of the Linux-NTFS project.
*
- * Copyright (c) 2001-2006 Anton Altaparmakov
+ * Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Anton Altaparmakov
* Copyright (c) 2002 Richard Russon
*
* This program/include file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
@@ -396,7 +396,7 @@ static int ntfs_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page)
loff_t i_size;
struct inode *vi;
ntfs_inode *ni, *base_ni;
- u8 *kaddr;
+ u8 *addr;
ntfs_attr_search_ctx *ctx;
MFT_RECORD *mrec;
unsigned long flags;
@@ -491,15 +491,15 @@ retry_readpage:
/* Race with shrinking truncate. */
attr_len = i_size;
}
- kaddr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
+ addr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
/* Copy the data to the page. */
- memcpy(kaddr, (u8*)ctx->attr +
+ memcpy(addr, (u8*)ctx->attr +
le16_to_cpu(ctx->attr->data.resident.value_offset),
attr_len);
/* Zero the remainder of the page. */
- memset(kaddr + attr_len, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - attr_len);
+ memset(addr + attr_len, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - attr_len);
flush_dcache_page(page);
- kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
+ kunmap_atomic(addr, KM_USER0);
put_unm_err_out:
ntfs_attr_put_search_ctx(ctx);
unm_err_out:
@@ -1344,7 +1344,7 @@ static int ntfs_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
loff_t i_size;
struct inode *vi = page->mapping->host;
ntfs_inode *base_ni = NULL, *ni = NTFS_I(vi);
- char *kaddr;
+ char *addr;
ntfs_attr_search_ctx *ctx = NULL;
MFT_RECORD *m = NULL;
u32 attr_len;
@@ -1484,14 +1484,14 @@ retry_writepage:
/* Shrinking cannot fail. */
BUG_ON(err);
}
- kaddr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
+ addr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
/* Copy the data from the page to the mft record. */
memcpy((u8*)ctx->attr +
le16_to_cpu(ctx->attr->data.resident.value_offset),
- kaddr, attr_len);
+ addr, attr_len);
/* Zero out of bounds area in the page cache page. */
- memset(kaddr + attr_len, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - attr_len);
- kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
+ memset(addr + attr_len, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - attr_len);
+ kunmap_atomic(addr, KM_USER0);
flush_dcache_page(page);
flush_dcache_mft_record_page(ctx->ntfs_ino);
/* We are done with the page. */
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/attrib.c b/fs/ntfs/attrib.c
index 1c08fefe487..92dabdcf2b8 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/attrib.c
+++ b/fs/ntfs/attrib.c
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
/**
* attrib.c - NTFS attribute operations. Part of the Linux-NTFS project.
*
- * Copyright (c) 2001-2006 Anton Altaparmakov
+ * Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Anton Altaparmakov
* Copyright (c) 2002 Richard Russon
*
* This program/include file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
@@ -2500,7 +2500,7 @@ int ntfs_attr_set(ntfs_inode *ni, const s64 ofs, const s64 cnt, const u8 val)
struct page *page;
u8 *kaddr;
pgoff_t idx, end;
- unsigned int start_ofs, end_ofs, size;
+ unsigned start_ofs, end_ofs, size;
ntfs_debug("Entering for ofs 0x%llx, cnt 0x%llx, val 0x%hx.",
(long long)ofs, (long long)cnt, val);
@@ -2548,6 +2548,8 @@ int ntfs_attr_set(ntfs_inode *ni, const s64 ofs, const s64 cnt, const u8 val)
kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
set_page_dirty(page);
page_cache_release(page);
+ balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping);
+ cond_resched();
if (idx == end)
goto done;
idx++;
@@ -2604,6 +2606,8 @@ int ntfs_attr_set(ntfs_inode *ni, const s64 ofs, const s64 cnt, const u8 val)
kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
set_page_dirty(page);
page_cache_release(page);
+ balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping);
+ cond_resched();
}
done:
ntfs_debug("Done.");
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/file.c b/fs/ntfs/file.c
index ffcc504a166..c814204d4ea 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/ntfs/file.c
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
/*
* file.c - NTFS kernel file operations. Part of the Linux-NTFS project.
*
- * Copyright (c) 2001-2006 Anton Altaparmakov
+ * Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Anton Altaparmakov
*
* This program/include file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
@@ -26,7 +26,6 @@
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
-#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -362,7 +361,7 @@ static inline void ntfs_fault_in_pages_readable(const char __user *uaddr,
volatile char c;
/* Set @end to the first byte outside the last page we care about. */
- end = (const char __user*)PAGE_ALIGN((ptrdiff_t __user)uaddr + bytes);
+ end = (const char __user*)PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long)uaddr + bytes);
while (!__get_user(c, uaddr) && (uaddr += PAGE_SIZE, uaddr < end))
;
@@ -532,7 +531,8 @@ static int ntfs_prepare_pages_for_non_resident_write(struct page **pages,
blocksize_bits = vol->sb->s_blocksize_bits;
u = 0;
do {
- struct page *page = pages[u];
+ page = pages[u];
+ BUG_ON(!page);
/*
* create_empty_buffers() will create uptodate/dirty buffers if
* the page is uptodate/dirty.
@@ -1291,7 +1291,7 @@ static inline size_t ntfs_copy_from_user(struct page **pages,
size_t bytes)
{
struct page **last_page = pages + nr_pages;
- char *kaddr;
+ char *addr;
size_t total = 0;
unsigned len;
int left;
@@ -1300,13 +1300,13 @@ static inline size_t ntfs_copy_from_user(struct page **pages,
len = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - ofs;
if (len > bytes)
len = bytes;
- kaddr = kmap_atomic(*pages, KM_USER0);
- left = __copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr + ofs, buf, len);
- kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
+ addr = kmap_atomic(*pages, KM_USER0);
+ left = __copy_from_user_inatomic(addr + ofs, buf, len);
+ kunmap_atomic(addr, KM_USER0);
if (unlikely(left)) {
/* Do it the slow way. */
- kaddr = kmap(*pages);
- left = __copy_from_user(kaddr + ofs, buf, len);
+ addr = kmap(*pages);
+ left = __copy_from_user(addr + ofs, buf, len);
kunmap(*pages);
if (unlikely(left))
goto err_out;
@@ -1408,26 +1408,26 @@ static inline size_t ntfs_copy_from_user_iovec(struct page **pages,
size_t *iov_ofs, size_t bytes)
{
struct page **last_page = pages + nr_pages;
- char *kaddr;
+ char *addr;
size_t copied, len, total = 0;
do {
len = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - ofs;
if (len > bytes)
len = bytes;
- kaddr = kmap_atomic(*pages, KM_USER0);
- copied = __ntfs_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic(kaddr + ofs,
+ addr = kmap_atomic(*pages, KM_USER0);
+ copied = __ntfs_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic(addr + ofs,
*iov, *iov_ofs, len);
- kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
+ kunmap_atomic(addr, KM_USER0);
if (unlikely(copied != len)) {
/* Do it the slow way. */
- kaddr = kmap(*pages);
- copied = __ntfs_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic(kaddr + ofs,
+ addr = kmap(*pages);
+ copied = __ntfs_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic(addr + ofs,
*iov, *iov_ofs, len);
/*
* Zero the rest of the target like __copy_from_user().
*/
- memset(kaddr + ofs + copied, 0, len - copied);
+ memset(addr + ofs + copied, 0, len - copied);
kunmap(*pages);
if (unlikely(copied != len))
goto err_out;
@@ -1735,8 +1735,6 @@ static int ntfs_commit_pages_after_write(struct page **pages,
read_unlock_irqrestore(&ni->size_lock, flags);
BUG_ON(initialized_size != i_size);
if (end > initialized_size) {
- unsigned long flags;
-
write_lock_irqsave(&ni->size_lock, flags);
ni->initialized_size = end;
i_size_write(vi, end);
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/inode.c b/fs/ntfs/inode.c
index b532a730cec..e9da092e277 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ntfs/inode.c
@@ -34,7 +34,6 @@
#include "dir.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "inode.h"
-#include "attrib.h"
#include "lcnalloc.h"
#include "malloc.h"
#include "mft.h"
@@ -2500,8 +2499,6 @@ retry_truncate:
/* Resize the attribute record to best fit the new attribute size. */
if (new_size < vol->mft_record_size &&
!ntfs_resident_attr_value_resize(m, a, new_size)) {
- unsigned long flags;
-
/* The resize succeeded! */
flush_dcache_mft_record_page(ctx->ntfs_ino);
mark_mft_record_dirty(ctx->ntfs_ino);
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/logfile.c b/fs/ntfs/logfile.c
index acfed325f4e..d7932e95b1f 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/logfile.c
+++ b/fs/ntfs/logfile.c
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
/*
* logfile.c - NTFS kernel journal handling. Part of the Linux-NTFS project.
*
- * Copyright (c) 2002-2005 Anton Altaparmakov
+ * Copyright (c) 2002-2007 Anton Altaparmakov
*
* This program/include file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
@@ -724,24 +724,139 @@ bool ntfs_is_logfile_clean(struct inode *log_vi, const RESTART_PAGE_HEADER *rp)
*/
bool ntfs_empty_logfile(struct inode *log_vi)
{
- ntfs_volume *vol = NTFS_SB(log_vi->i_sb);
+ VCN vcn, end_vcn;
+ ntfs_inode *log_ni = NTFS_I(log_vi);
+ ntfs_volume *vol = log_ni->vol;
+ struct super_block *sb = vol->sb;
+ runlist_element *rl;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned block_size, block_size_bits;
+ int err;
+ bool should_wait = true;
ntfs_debug("Entering.");
- if (!NVolLogFileEmpty(vol)) {
- int err;
-
- err = ntfs_attr_set(NTFS_I(log_vi), 0, i_size_read(log_vi),
- 0xff);
- if (unlikely(err)) {
- ntfs_error(vol->sb, "Failed to fill $LogFile with "
- "0xff bytes (error code %i).", err);
- return false;
- }
- /* Set the flag so we do not have to do it again on remount. */
- NVolSetLogFileEmpty(vol);
+ if (NVolLogFileEmpty(vol)) {
+ ntfs_debug("Done.");
+ return true;
}
+ /*
+ * We cannot use ntfs_attr_set() because we may be still in the middle
+ * of a mount operation. Thus we do the emptying by hand by first
+ * zapping the page cache pages for the $LogFile/$DATA attribute and
+ * then emptying each of the buffers in each of the clusters specified
+ * by the runlist by hand.
+ */
+ block_size = sb->s_blocksize;
+ block_size_bits = sb->s_blocksize_bits;
+ vcn = 0;
+ read_lock_irqsave(&log_ni->size_lock, flags);
+ end_vcn = (log_ni->initialized_size + vol->cluster_size_mask) >>
+ vol->cluster_size_bits;
+ read_unlock_irqrestore(&log_ni->size_lock, flags);
+ truncate_inode_pages(log_vi->i_mapping, 0);
+ down_write(&log_ni->runlist.lock);
+ rl = log_ni->runlist.rl;
+ if (unlikely(!rl || vcn < rl->vcn || !rl->length)) {
+map_vcn:
+ err = ntfs_map_runlist_nolock(log_ni, vcn, NULL);
+ if (err) {
+ ntfs_error(sb, "Failed to map runlist fragment (error "
+ "%d).", -err);
+ goto err;
+ }
+ rl = log_ni->runlist.rl;
+ BUG_ON(!rl || vcn < rl->vcn || !rl->length);
+ }
+ /* Seek to the runlist element containing @vcn. */
+ while (rl->length && vcn >= rl[1].vcn)
+ rl++;
+ do {
+ LCN lcn;
+ sector_t block, end_block;
+ s64 len;
+
+ /*
+ * If this run is not mapped map it now and start again as the
+ * runlist will have been updated.
+ */
+ lcn = rl->lcn;
+ if (unlikely(lcn == LCN_RL_NOT_MAPPED)) {
+ vcn = rl->vcn;
+ goto map_vcn;
+ }
+ /* If this run is not valid abort with an error. */
+ if (unlikely(!rl->length || lcn < LCN_HOLE))
+ goto rl_err;
+ /* Skip holes. */
+ if (lcn == LCN_HOLE)
+ continue;
+ block = lcn << vol->cluster_size_bits >> block_size_bits;
+ len = rl->length;
+ if (rl[1].vcn > end_vcn)
+ len = end_vcn - rl->vcn;
+ end_block = (lcn + len) << vol->cluster_size_bits >>
+ block_size_bits;
+ /* Iterate over the blocks in the run and empty them. */
+ do {
+ struct buffer_head *bh;
+
+ /* Obtain the buffer, possibly not uptodate. */
+ bh = sb_getblk(sb, block);
+ BUG_ON(!bh);
+ /* Setup buffer i/o submission. */
+ lock_buffer(bh);
+ bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync;
+ get_bh(bh);
+ /* Set the entire contents of the buffer to 0xff. */
+ memset(bh->b_data, -1, block_size);
+ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh))
+ set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
+ if (buffer_dirty(bh))
+ clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
+ /*
+ * Submit the buffer and wait for i/o to complete but
+ * only for the first buffer so we do not miss really
+ * serious i/o errors. Once the first buffer has
+ * completed ignore errors afterwards as we can assume
+ * that if one buffer worked all of them will work.
+ */
+ submit_bh(WRITE, bh);
+ if (should_wait) {
+ should_wait = false;
+ wait_on_buffer(bh);
+ if (unlikely(!buffer_uptodate(bh)))
+ goto io_err;
+ }
+ brelse(bh);
+ } while (++block < end_block);
+ } while ((++rl)->vcn < end_vcn);
+ up_write(&log_ni->runlist.lock);
+ /*
+ * Zap the pages again just in case any got instantiated whilst we were
+ * emptying the blocks by hand. FIXME: We may not have completed
+ * writing to all the buffer heads yet so this may happen too early.
+ * We really should use a kernel thread to do the emptying
+ * asynchronously and then we can also set the volume dirty and output
+ * an error message if emptying should fail.
+ */
+ truncate_inode_pages(log_vi->i_mapping, 0);
+ /* Set the flag so we do not have to do it again on remount. */
+ NVolSetLogFileEmpty(vol);
ntfs_debug("Done.");
return true;
+io_err:
+ ntfs_error(sb, "Failed to write buffer. Unmount and run chkdsk.");
+ goto dirty_err;
+rl_err:
+ ntfs_error(sb, "Runlist is corrupt. Unmount and run chkdsk.");
+dirty_err:
+ NVolSetErrors(vol);
+ err = -EIO;
+err:
+ up_write(&log_ni->runlist.lock);
+ ntfs_error(sb, "Failed to fill $LogFile with 0xff bytes (error %d).",
+ -err);
+ return false;
}
#endif /* NTFS_RW */
diff --git a/fs/ntfs/runlist.c b/fs/ntfs/runlist.c
index 9afd72c7ad0..56a9a6d25a2 100644
--- a/fs/ntfs/runlist.c
+++ b/fs/ntfs/runlist.c
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
/**
* runlist.c - NTFS runlist handling code. Part of the Linux-NTFS project.
*
- * Copyright (c) 2001-2005 Anton Altaparmakov
+ * Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Anton Altaparmakov
* Copyright (c) 2002-2005 Richard Russon
*
* This program/include file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
@@ -1714,7 +1714,7 @@ extend_hole:
sizeof(*rl));
/* Adjust the beginning of the tail if necessary. */
if (end > rl->vcn) {
- s64 delta = end - rl->vcn;
+ delta = end - rl->vcn;
rl->vcn = end;
rl->length -= delta;
/* Only adjust the lcn if it is real. */