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authorHarald Welte <laforge@netfilter.org>2005-08-09 19:30:24 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@sunset.davemloft.net>2005-08-29 15:31:29 -0700
commitf9e815b376dc19e6afc551cd755ac64e9e42d81f (patch)
tree1cbc3d1e64d3dd51404c8935e676beb468867979
parentac3247baf8ecadf168642e3898b0212c29c79715 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-f9e815b376dc19e6afc551cd755ac64e9e42d81f.tar.gz
[NETFITLER]: Add nfnetlink layer.
Introduce "nfnetlink" (netfilter netlink) layer. This layer is used as transport layer for all userspace communication of the new upcoming netfilter subsystems, such as ctnetlink, nfnetlink_queue and some day even the mythical pkttables ;) Signed-off-by: Harald Welte <laforge@netfilter.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/netfilter/nfnetlink.h145
-rw-r--r--net/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--net/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/Kconfig5
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nfnetlink.c343
6 files changed, 497 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/netfilter/nfnetlink.h b/include/linux/netfilter/nfnetlink.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..8f1bfb8d650
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/netfilter/nfnetlink.h
@@ -0,0 +1,145 @@
+#ifndef _NFNETLINK_H
+#define _NFNETLINK_H
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/* nfnetlink groups: Up to 32 maximum */
+#define NF_NETLINK_CONNTRACK_NEW 0x00000001
+#define NF_NETLINK_CONNTRACK_UPDATE 0x00000002
+#define NF_NETLINK_CONNTRACK_DESTROY 0x00000004
+#define NF_NETLINK_CONNTRACK_EXP_NEW 0x00000008
+#define NF_NETLINK_CONNTRACK_EXP_UPDATE 0x00000010
+#define NF_NETLINK_CONNTRACK_EXP_DESTROY 0x00000020
+
+/* Generic structure for encapsulation optional netfilter information.
+ * It is reminiscent of sockaddr, but with sa_family replaced
+ * with attribute type.
+ * ! This should someday be put somewhere generic as now rtnetlink and
+ * ! nfnetlink use the same attributes methods. - J. Schulist.
+ */
+
+struct nfattr
+{
+ u_int16_t nfa_len;
+ u_int16_t nfa_type;
+} __attribute__ ((packed));
+
+/* FIXME: Shamelessly copy and pasted from rtnetlink.h, it's time
+ * to put this in a generic file */
+
+#define NFA_ALIGNTO 4
+#define NFA_ALIGN(len) (((len) + NFA_ALIGNTO - 1) & ~(NFA_ALIGNTO - 1))
+#define NFA_OK(nfa,len) ((len) > 0 && (nfa)->nfa_len >= sizeof(struct nfattr) \
+ && (nfa)->nfa_len <= (len))
+#define NFA_NEXT(nfa,attrlen) ((attrlen) -= NFA_ALIGN((nfa)->nfa_len), \
+ (struct nfattr *)(((char *)(nfa)) + NFA_ALIGN((nfa)->nfa_len)))
+#define NFA_LENGTH(len) (NFA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct nfattr)) + (len))
+#define NFA_SPACE(len) NFA_ALIGN(NFA_LENGTH(len))
+#define NFA_DATA(nfa) ((void *)(((char *)(nfa)) + NFA_LENGTH(0)))
+#define NFA_PAYLOAD(nfa) ((int)((nfa)->nfa_len) - NFA_LENGTH(0))
+#define NFA_NEST(skb, type) \
+({ struct nfattr *__start = (struct nfattr *) (skb)->tail; \
+ NFA_PUT(skb, type, 0, NULL); \
+ __start; })
+#define NFA_NEST_END(skb, start) \
+({ (start)->nfa_len = ((skb)->tail - (unsigned char *) (start)); \
+ (skb)->len; })
+#define NFA_NEST_CANCEL(skb, start) \
+({ if (start) \
+ skb_trim(skb, (unsigned char *) (start) - (skb)->data); \
+ -1; })
+
+/* General form of address family dependent message.
+ */
+struct nfgenmsg {
+ u_int8_t nfgen_family; /* AF_xxx */
+ u_int8_t version; /* nfnetlink version */
+ u_int16_t res_id; /* resource id */
+} __attribute__ ((packed));
+
+#define NFNETLINK_V1 1
+
+#define NFM_NFA(n) ((struct nfattr *)(((char *)(n)) \
+ + NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(struct nfgenmsg))))
+#define NFM_PAYLOAD(n) NLMSG_PAYLOAD(n, sizeof(struct nfgenmsg))
+
+/* netfilter netlink message types are split in two pieces:
+ * 8 bit subsystem, 8bit operation.
+ */
+
+#define NFNL_SUBSYS_ID(x) ((x & 0xff00) >> 8)
+#define NFNL_MSG_TYPE(x) (x & 0x00ff)
+
+enum nfnl_subsys_id {
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_NONE = 0,
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_CTNETLINK,
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_CTNETLINK_EXP,
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_IPTNETLINK,
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_QUEUE,
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_ULOG,
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_COUNT,
+};
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#include <linux/capability.h>
+
+struct nfnl_callback
+{
+ kernel_cap_t cap_required; /* capabilities required for this msg */
+ int (*call)(struct sock *nl, struct sk_buff *skb,
+ struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct nfattr *cda[], int *errp);
+};
+
+struct nfnetlink_subsystem
+{
+ const char *name;
+ __u8 subsys_id; /* nfnetlink subsystem ID */
+ __u8 cb_count; /* number of callbacks */
+ u_int32_t attr_count; /* number of nfattr's */
+ struct nfnl_callback *cb; /* callback for individual types */
+};
+
+extern void __nfa_fill(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype,
+ int attrlen, const void *data);
+#define NFA_PUT(skb, attrtype, attrlen, data) \
+({ if (skb_tailroom(skb) < (int)NFA_SPACE(attrlen)) goto nfattr_failure; \
+ __nfa_fill(skb, attrtype, attrlen, data); })
+
+extern struct semaphore nfnl_sem;
+
+#define nfnl_shlock() down(&nfnl_sem)
+#define nfnl_shlock_nowait() down_trylock(&nfnl_sem)
+
+#define nfnl_shunlock() do { up(&nfnl_sem); \
+ if(nfnl && nfnl->sk_receive_queue.qlen) \
+ nfnl->sk_data_ready(nfnl, 0); \
+ } while(0)
+
+extern void nfnl_lock(void);
+extern void nfnl_unlock(void);
+
+extern int nfnetlink_subsys_register(struct nfnetlink_subsystem *n);
+extern int nfnetlink_subsys_unregister(struct nfnetlink_subsystem *n);
+
+extern int nfattr_parse(struct nfattr *tb[], int maxattr,
+ struct nfattr *nfa, int len);
+
+#define nfattr_parse_nested(tb, max, nfa) \
+ nfattr_parse((tb), (max), NFA_DATA((nfa)), NFA_PAYLOAD((nfa)))
+
+#define nfattr_bad_size(tb, max, cta_min) \
+({ int __i, __res = 0; \
+ for (__i=0; __i<max; __i++) \
+ if (tb[__i] && NFA_PAYLOAD(tb[__i]) < cta_min[__i]){ \
+ __res = 1; \
+ break; \
+ } \
+ __res; \
+})
+
+extern int nfnetlink_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 pid, unsigned group,
+ int echo);
+extern int nfnetlink_unicast(struct sk_buff *skb, u_int32_t pid, int flags);
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif /* _NFNETLINK_H */
diff --git a/net/Kconfig b/net/Kconfig
index 40a31ba86d2..02877ac0f2f 100644
--- a/net/Kconfig
+++ b/net/Kconfig
@@ -205,6 +205,8 @@ config NET_PKTGEN
To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the
module will be called pktgen.
+source "net/netfilter/Kconfig"
+
endmenu
endmenu
diff --git a/net/Makefile b/net/Makefile
index 8e2bdc025ab..4a01be8d3e1 100644
--- a/net/Makefile
+++ b/net/Makefile
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NET) += $(tmp-y)
obj-$(CONFIG_LLC) += llc/
obj-$(CONFIG_NET) += ethernet/ 802/ sched/ netlink/
obj-$(CONFIG_INET) += ipv4/
+obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER) += netfilter/
obj-$(CONFIG_XFRM) += xfrm/
obj-$(CONFIG_UNIX) += unix/
ifneq ($(CONFIG_IPV6),)
diff --git a/net/netfilter/Kconfig b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..3629d3d1776
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+config NETFILTER_NETLINK
+ tristate "Netfilter netlink interface"
+ help
+ If this option is enabled, the kernel will include support
+ for the new netfilter netlink interface.
diff --git a/net/netfilter/Makefile b/net/netfilter/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..02e67d37194
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/netfilter/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK) += nfnetlink.o
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nfnetlink.c b/net/netfilter/nfnetlink.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..710acd77cc4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/netfilter/nfnetlink.c
@@ -0,0 +1,343 @@
+/* Netfilter messages via netlink socket. Allows for user space
+ * protocol helpers and general trouble making from userspace.
+ *
+ * (C) 2001 by Jay Schulist <jschlst@samba.org>,
+ * (C) 2002-2005 by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
+ * (C) 2005 by Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@eurodev.net>
+ *
+ * Initial netfilter messages via netlink development funded and
+ * generally made possible by Network Robots, Inc. (www.networkrobots.com)
+ *
+ * Further development of this code funded by Astaro AG (http://www.astaro.com)
+ *
+ * This software may be used and distributed according to the terms
+ * of the GNU General Public License, incorporated herein by reference.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/socket.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/major.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/sockios.h>
+#include <linux/net.h>
+#include <linux/fcntl.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
+#include <net/sock.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+#include <linux/netfilter.h>
+#include <linux/netlink.h>
+#include <linux/netfilter/nfnetlink.h>
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+static char __initdata nfversion[] = "0.30";
+
+#if 0
+#define DEBUGP printk
+#else
+#define DEBUGP(format, args...)
+#endif
+
+static struct sock *nfnl = NULL;
+static struct nfnetlink_subsystem *subsys_table[NFNL_SUBSYS_COUNT];
+DECLARE_MUTEX(nfnl_sem);
+
+void nfnl_lock(void)
+{
+ nfnl_shlock();
+}
+
+void nfnl_unlock(void)
+{
+ nfnl_shunlock();
+}
+
+int nfnetlink_subsys_register(struct nfnetlink_subsystem *n)
+{
+ DEBUGP("registering subsystem ID %u\n", n->subsys_id);
+
+ /* If the netlink socket wasn't created, then fail */
+ if (!nfnl)
+ return -1;
+
+ nfnl_lock();
+ subsys_table[n->subsys_id] = n;
+ nfnl_unlock();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int nfnetlink_subsys_unregister(struct nfnetlink_subsystem *n)
+{
+ DEBUGP("unregistering subsystem ID %u\n", n->subsys_id);
+
+ nfnl_lock();
+ subsys_table[n->subsys_id] = NULL;
+ nfnl_unlock();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline struct nfnetlink_subsystem *nfnetlink_get_subsys(u_int16_t type)
+{
+ u_int8_t subsys_id = NFNL_SUBSYS_ID(type);
+
+ if (subsys_id >= NFNL_SUBSYS_COUNT
+ || subsys_table[subsys_id] == NULL)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return subsys_table[subsys_id];
+}
+
+static inline struct nfnl_callback *
+nfnetlink_find_client(u_int16_t type, struct nfnetlink_subsystem *ss)
+{
+ u_int8_t cb_id = NFNL_MSG_TYPE(type);
+
+ if (cb_id >= ss->cb_count) {
+ DEBUGP("msgtype %u >= %u, returning\n", type, ss->cb_count);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ return &ss->cb[cb_id];
+}
+
+void __nfa_fill(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ struct nfattr *nfa;
+ int size = NFA_LENGTH(attrlen);
+
+ nfa = (struct nfattr *)skb_put(skb, NFA_ALIGN(size));
+ nfa->nfa_type = attrtype;
+ nfa->nfa_len = size;
+ memcpy(NFA_DATA(nfa), data, attrlen);
+}
+
+int nfattr_parse(struct nfattr *tb[], int maxattr, struct nfattr *nfa, int len)
+{
+ memset(tb, 0, sizeof(struct nfattr *) * maxattr);
+
+ while (NFA_OK(nfa, len)) {
+ unsigned flavor = nfa->nfa_type;
+ if (flavor && flavor <= maxattr)
+ tb[flavor-1] = nfa;
+ nfa = NFA_NEXT(nfa, len);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * nfnetlink_check_attributes - check and parse nfnetlink attributes
+ *
+ * subsys: nfnl subsystem for which this message is to be parsed
+ * nlmsghdr: netlink message to be checked/parsed
+ * cda: array of pointers, needs to be at least subsys->attr_count big
+ *
+ */
+static int
+nfnetlink_check_attributes(struct nfnetlink_subsystem *subsys,
+ struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct nfattr *cda[])
+{
+ int min_len;
+
+ memset(cda, 0, sizeof(struct nfattr *) * subsys->attr_count);
+
+ /* check attribute lengths. */
+ min_len = NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(struct nfgenmsg));
+ if (nlh->nlmsg_len < min_len)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (nlh->nlmsg_len > min_len) {
+ struct nfattr *attr = NFM_NFA(NLMSG_DATA(nlh));
+ int attrlen = nlh->nlmsg_len - NLMSG_ALIGN(min_len);
+
+ while (NFA_OK(attr, attrlen)) {
+ unsigned flavor = attr->nfa_type;
+ if (flavor) {
+ if (flavor > subsys->attr_count)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ cda[flavor - 1] = attr;
+ }
+ attr = NFA_NEXT(attr, attrlen);
+ }
+ } else
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int nfnetlink_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 pid, unsigned group, int echo)
+{
+ int allocation = in_interrupt() ? GFP_ATOMIC : GFP_KERNEL;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_groups = group;
+ if (echo)
+ atomic_inc(&skb->users);
+ netlink_broadcast(nfnl, skb, pid, group, allocation);
+ if (echo)
+ err = netlink_unicast(nfnl, skb, pid, MSG_DONTWAIT);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+int nfnetlink_unicast(struct sk_buff *skb, u_int32_t pid, int flags)
+{
+ return netlink_unicast(nfnl, skb, pid, flags);
+}
+
+/* Process one complete nfnetlink message. */
+static inline int nfnetlink_rcv_msg(struct sk_buff *skb,
+ struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int *errp)
+{
+ struct nfnl_callback *nc;
+ struct nfnetlink_subsystem *ss;
+ int type, err = 0;
+
+ DEBUGP("entered; subsys=%u, msgtype=%u\n",
+ NFNL_SUBSYS_ID(nlh->nlmsg_type),
+ NFNL_MSG_TYPE(nlh->nlmsg_type));
+
+ /* Only requests are handled by kernel now. */
+ if (!(nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_REQUEST)) {
+ DEBUGP("received non-request message\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* All the messages must at least contain nfgenmsg */
+ if (nlh->nlmsg_len <
+ NLMSG_LENGTH(NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(struct nfgenmsg)))) {
+ DEBUGP("received message was too short\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ type = nlh->nlmsg_type;
+ ss = nfnetlink_get_subsys(type);
+ if (!ss)
+ goto err_inval;
+
+ nc = nfnetlink_find_client(type, ss);
+ if (!nc) {
+ DEBUGP("unable to find client for type %d\n", type);
+ goto err_inval;
+ }
+
+ if (nc->cap_required &&
+ !cap_raised(NETLINK_CB(skb).eff_cap, nc->cap_required)) {
+ DEBUGP("permission denied for type %d\n", type);
+ *errp = -EPERM;
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ {
+ struct nfattr *cda[ss->attr_count];
+
+ memset(cda, 0, ss->attr_count*sizeof(struct nfattr *));
+
+ err = nfnetlink_check_attributes(ss, nlh, cda);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err_inval;
+
+ err = nc->call(nfnl, skb, nlh, cda, errp);
+ *errp = err;
+ return err;
+ }
+
+err_inval:
+ *errp = -EINVAL;
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/* Process one packet of messages. */
+static inline int nfnetlink_rcv_skb(struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ int err;
+ struct nlmsghdr *nlh;
+
+ while (skb->len >= NLMSG_SPACE(0)) {
+ u32 rlen;
+
+ nlh = (struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data;
+ if (nlh->nlmsg_len < sizeof(struct nlmsghdr)
+ || skb->len < nlh->nlmsg_len)
+ return 0;
+ rlen = NLMSG_ALIGN(nlh->nlmsg_len);
+ if (rlen > skb->len)
+ rlen = skb->len;
+ if (nfnetlink_rcv_msg(skb, nlh, &err)) {
+ if (!err)
+ return -1;
+ netlink_ack(skb, nlh, err);
+ } else
+ if (nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ACK)
+ netlink_ack(skb, nlh, 0);
+ skb_pull(skb, rlen);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void nfnetlink_rcv(struct sock *sk, int len)
+{
+ do {
+ struct sk_buff *skb;
+
+ if (nfnl_shlock_nowait())
+ return;
+
+ while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&sk->sk_receive_queue)) != NULL) {
+ if (nfnetlink_rcv_skb(skb)) {
+ if (skb->len)
+ skb_queue_head(&sk->sk_receive_queue,
+ skb);
+ else
+ kfree_skb(skb);
+ break;
+ }
+ kfree_skb(skb);
+ }
+
+ up(&nfnl_sem);
+ } while(nfnl && nfnl->sk_receive_queue.qlen);
+}
+
+void __exit nfnetlink_exit(void)
+{
+ printk("Removing netfilter NETLINK layer.\n");
+ sock_release(nfnl->sk_socket);
+ return;
+}
+
+int __init nfnetlink_init(void)
+{
+ printk("Netfilter messages via NETLINK v%s.\n", nfversion);
+
+ nfnl = netlink_kernel_create(NETLINK_NETFILTER, nfnetlink_rcv);
+ if (!nfnl) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "cannot initialize nfnetlink!\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+module_init(nfnetlink_init);
+module_exit(nfnetlink_exit);
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nfnetlink_subsys_register);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nfnetlink_subsys_unregister);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nfnetlink_send);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nfnetlink_unicast);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nfattr_parse);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__nfa_fill);