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authorDave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org>2011-01-11 11:54:43 -0600
committerDave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org>2011-02-23 12:24:52 +0000
commitb9dee26e9fb1987f7aab0fc49cb62f6ce629799a (patch)
tree2f0bd2b5caa955a2f7e9b41fdee19e01087eacae
parent55764b0aa5dbb00f1620dce5b8493ef6e15a05d0 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-b9dee26e9fb1987f7aab0fc49cb62f6ce629799a.tar.gz
ARM: Thumb-2: Symbol manipulation macros for function body copying
In low-level board support code, there is sometimes a need to copy a function body to another location at run-time. A straightforward call to memcpy doesn't work in Thumb-2, because bit 0 of external Thumb function symbols is set to 1, indicating that the function is Thumb. Without corrective measures, this will cause an off-by-one copy, and the copy may be called using the wrong instruction set. This patch adds an fncpy() macro to help with such copies. Particular care is needed, because C doesn't guarantee any defined behaviour when casting a function pointer to any other type. This has been observed to lead to strange optimisation side-effects when doing the arithmetic which is required in order to copy/move function bodies correctly in Thumb-2. Thanks to Russell King and Nicolas Pitre for their input on this patch. Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org> Tested-by: Jean Pihet <j-pihet@ti.com> Tested-by: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Tested-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@ti.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/fncpy.h94
1 files changed, 94 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/fncpy.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/fncpy.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..de535474692
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/fncpy.h
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/include/asm/fncpy.h - helper macros for function body copying
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Linaro Limited
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+/*
+ * These macros are intended for use when there is a need to copy a low-level
+ * function body into special memory.
+ *
+ * For example, when reconfiguring the SDRAM controller, the code doing the
+ * reconfiguration may need to run from SRAM.
+ *
+ * NOTE: that the copied function body must be entirely self-contained and
+ * position-independent in order for this to work properly.
+ *
+ * NOTE: in order for embedded literals and data to get referenced correctly,
+ * the alignment of functions must be preserved when copying. To ensure this,
+ * the source and destination addresses for fncpy() must be aligned to a
+ * multiple of 8 bytes: you will be get a BUG() if this condition is not met.
+ * You will typically need a ".align 3" directive in the assembler where the
+ * function to be copied is defined, and ensure that your allocator for the
+ * destination buffer returns 8-byte-aligned pointers.
+ *
+ * Typical usage example:
+ *
+ * extern int f(args);
+ * extern uint32_t size_of_f;
+ * int (*copied_f)(args);
+ * void *sram_buffer;
+ *
+ * copied_f = fncpy(sram_buffer, &f, size_of_f);
+ *
+ * ... later, call the function: ...
+ *
+ * copied_f(args);
+ *
+ * The size of the function to be copied can't be determined from C:
+ * this must be determined by other means, such as adding assmbler directives
+ * in the file where f is defined.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_FNCPY_H
+#define __ASM_FNCPY_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+
+#include <asm/bug.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+
+/*
+ * Minimum alignment requirement for the source and destination addresses
+ * for function copying.
+ */
+#define FNCPY_ALIGN 8
+
+#define fncpy(dest_buf, funcp, size) ({ \
+ uintptr_t __funcp_address; \
+ typeof(funcp) __result; \
+ \
+ asm("" : "=r" (__funcp_address) : "0" (funcp)); \
+ \
+ /* \
+ * Ensure alignment of source and destination addresses, \
+ * disregarding the function's Thumb bit: \
+ */ \
+ BUG_ON((uintptr_t)(dest_buf) & (FNCPY_ALIGN - 1) || \
+ (__funcp_address & ~(uintptr_t)1 & (FNCPY_ALIGN - 1))); \
+ \
+ memcpy(dest_buf, (void const *)(__funcp_address & ~1), size); \
+ flush_icache_range((unsigned long)(dest_buf), \
+ (unsigned long)(dest_buf) + (size)); \
+ \
+ asm("" : "=r" (__result) \
+ : "0" ((uintptr_t)(dest_buf) | (__funcp_address & 1))); \
+ \
+ __result; \
+})
+
+#endif /* !__ASM_FNCPY_H */