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authorNick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>2008-06-12 15:21:52 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-06-12 18:05:41 -0700
commit643b52b9c0b4e959436b4b551ebf4060d06d5ae8 (patch)
tree5ccce7688ba638e863a391ca84441d081e666f99 /lib/radix-tree.c
parentd2187ebd84c7dd13ef269e9600f4daebeb02816e (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-android-643b52b9c0b4e959436b4b551ebf4060d06d5ae8.tar.gz
radix-tree: fix small lockless radix-tree bug
We shrink a radix tree when its root node has only one child, in the left most slot. The child becomes the new root node. To perform this operation in a manner compatible with concurrent lockless lookups, we atomically switch the root pointer from the parent to its child. However a concurrent lockless lookup may now have loaded a pointer to the parent (and is presently deciding what to do next). For this reason, we also have to keep the parent node in a valid state after shrinking the tree, until the next RCU grace period -- otherwise this lookup with the parent pointer may not do the right thing. Notably, we need to keep the child in the left most slot there in case that is requested by the lookup. This is all pretty standard RCU stuff. It is worth repeating because in my eagerness to obey the radix tree node constructor scheme, I had broken it by zeroing the radix tree node before the grace period. What could happen is that a lookup can load the parent pointer, then decide it wants to follow the left most child slot, only to find the slot contained NULL due to the concurrent shrinker having zeroed the parent node before waiting for a grace period. The lookup would return a false negative as a result. Fix it by doing that clearing in the RCU callback. I would normally want to rip out the constructor entirely, but radix tree nodes are one of those places where they make sense (only few cachelines will be touched soon after allocation). This was never actually found in any lockless pagecache testing or by the test harness, but by seeing the odd problem with my scalable vmap rewrite. I have not tickled the test harness into reproducing it yet, but I'll keep working at it. Fortunately, it is not a problem anywhere lockless pagecache is used in mainline kernels (pagecache probe is not a guarantee, and brd does not have concurrent lookups and deletes). Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib/radix-tree.c')
-rw-r--r--lib/radix-tree.c120
1 files changed, 62 insertions, 58 deletions
diff --git a/lib/radix-tree.c b/lib/radix-tree.c
index bd521716ab1..169a2f8dabc 100644
--- a/lib/radix-tree.c
+++ b/lib/radix-tree.c
@@ -88,6 +88,57 @@ static inline gfp_t root_gfp_mask(struct radix_tree_root *root)
return root->gfp_mask & __GFP_BITS_MASK;
}
+static inline void tag_set(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag,
+ int offset)
+{
+ __set_bit(offset, node->tags[tag]);
+}
+
+static inline void tag_clear(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag,
+ int offset)
+{
+ __clear_bit(offset, node->tags[tag]);
+}
+
+static inline int tag_get(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag,
+ int offset)
+{
+ return test_bit(offset, node->tags[tag]);
+}
+
+static inline void root_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned int tag)
+{
+ root->gfp_mask |= (__force gfp_t)(1 << (tag + __GFP_BITS_SHIFT));
+}
+
+static inline void root_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned int tag)
+{
+ root->gfp_mask &= (__force gfp_t)~(1 << (tag + __GFP_BITS_SHIFT));
+}
+
+static inline void root_tag_clear_all(struct radix_tree_root *root)
+{
+ root->gfp_mask &= __GFP_BITS_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline int root_tag_get(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned int tag)
+{
+ return (__force unsigned)root->gfp_mask & (1 << (tag + __GFP_BITS_SHIFT));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Returns 1 if any slot in the node has this tag set.
+ * Otherwise returns 0.
+ */
+static inline int any_tag_set(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag)
+{
+ int idx;
+ for (idx = 0; idx < RADIX_TREE_TAG_LONGS; idx++) {
+ if (node->tags[tag][idx])
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
/*
* This assumes that the caller has performed appropriate preallocation, and
* that the caller has pinned this thread of control to the current CPU.
@@ -124,6 +175,17 @@ static void radix_tree_node_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct radix_tree_node *node =
container_of(head, struct radix_tree_node, rcu_head);
+
+ /*
+ * must only free zeroed nodes into the slab. radix_tree_shrink
+ * can leave us with a non-NULL entry in the first slot, so clear
+ * that here to make sure.
+ */
+ tag_clear(node, 0, 0);
+ tag_clear(node, 1, 0);
+ node->slots[0] = NULL;
+ node->count = 0;
+
kmem_cache_free(radix_tree_node_cachep, node);
}
@@ -165,59 +227,6 @@ out:
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(radix_tree_preload);
-static inline void tag_set(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag,
- int offset)
-{
- __set_bit(offset, node->tags[tag]);
-}
-
-static inline void tag_clear(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag,
- int offset)
-{
- __clear_bit(offset, node->tags[tag]);
-}
-
-static inline int tag_get(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag,
- int offset)
-{
- return test_bit(offset, node->tags[tag]);
-}
-
-static inline void root_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned int tag)
-{
- root->gfp_mask |= (__force gfp_t)(1 << (tag + __GFP_BITS_SHIFT));
-}
-
-
-static inline void root_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned int tag)
-{
- root->gfp_mask &= (__force gfp_t)~(1 << (tag + __GFP_BITS_SHIFT));
-}
-
-static inline void root_tag_clear_all(struct radix_tree_root *root)
-{
- root->gfp_mask &= __GFP_BITS_MASK;
-}
-
-static inline int root_tag_get(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned int tag)
-{
- return (__force unsigned)root->gfp_mask & (1 << (tag + __GFP_BITS_SHIFT));
-}
-
-/*
- * Returns 1 if any slot in the node has this tag set.
- * Otherwise returns 0.
- */
-static inline int any_tag_set(struct radix_tree_node *node, unsigned int tag)
-{
- int idx;
- for (idx = 0; idx < RADIX_TREE_TAG_LONGS; idx++) {
- if (node->tags[tag][idx])
- return 1;
- }
- return 0;
-}
-
/*
* Return the maximum key which can be store into a
* radix tree with height HEIGHT.
@@ -930,11 +939,6 @@ static inline void radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
newptr = radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(newptr);
root->rnode = newptr;
root->height--;
- /* must only free zeroed nodes into the slab */
- tag_clear(to_free, 0, 0);
- tag_clear(to_free, 1, 0);
- to_free->slots[0] = NULL;
- to_free->count = 0;
radix_tree_node_free(to_free);
}
}