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authorAndy Fleming <afleming@freescale.com>2005-07-30 19:31:23 -0400
committerJeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com>2005-07-30 19:31:23 -0400
commit00db8189d984d6c51226dafbbe4a667ce9b7d5da (patch)
treef19468548c938523e3519670f8554e7a1b9c0c31 /drivers/net/phy/phy_device.c
parentb0825488a642cadcf39709961dde61440cb0731c (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-android-00db8189d984d6c51226dafbbe4a667ce9b7d5da.tar.gz
This patch adds a PHY Abstraction Layer to the Linux Kernel, enabling
ethernet drivers to remain as ignorant as is reasonable of the connected PHY's design and operation details. Signed-off-by: Andy Fleming <afleming@freescale.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/net/phy/phy_device.c')
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/phy/phy_device.c682
1 files changed, 682 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/net/phy/phy_device.c b/drivers/net/phy/phy_device.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..f0595af4c83
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/phy/phy_device.c
@@ -0,0 +1,682 @@
+/*
+ * drivers/net/phy/phy_device.c
+ *
+ * Framework for finding and configuring PHYs.
+ * Also contains generic PHY driver
+ *
+ * Author: Andy Fleming
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2004 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
+ * option) any later version.
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/unistd.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/netdevice.h>
+#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/mii.h>
+#include <linux/ethtool.h>
+#include <linux/phy.h>
+
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/irq.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+/* get_phy_device
+ *
+ * description: Reads the ID registers of the PHY at addr on the
+ * bus, then allocates and returns the phy_device to
+ * represent it.
+ */
+struct phy_device * get_phy_device(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr)
+{
+ int phy_reg;
+ u32 phy_id;
+ struct phy_device *dev = NULL;
+
+ /* Grab the bits from PHYIR1, and put them
+ * in the upper half */
+ phy_reg = bus->read(bus, addr, MII_PHYSID1);
+
+ if (phy_reg < 0)
+ return ERR_PTR(phy_reg);
+
+ phy_id = (phy_reg & 0xffff) << 16;
+
+ /* Grab the bits from PHYIR2, and put them in the lower half */
+ phy_reg = bus->read(bus, addr, MII_PHYSID2);
+
+ if (phy_reg < 0)
+ return ERR_PTR(phy_reg);
+
+ phy_id |= (phy_reg & 0xffff);
+
+ /* If the phy_id is all Fs, there is no device there */
+ if (0xffffffff == phy_id)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Otherwise, we allocate the device, and initialize the
+ * default values */
+ dev = kcalloc(1, sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (NULL == dev)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ dev->speed = 0;
+ dev->duplex = -1;
+ dev->pause = dev->asym_pause = 0;
+ dev->link = 1;
+
+ dev->autoneg = AUTONEG_ENABLE;
+
+ dev->addr = addr;
+ dev->phy_id = phy_id;
+ dev->bus = bus;
+
+ dev->state = PHY_DOWN;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&dev->lock);
+
+ return dev;
+}
+
+/* phy_prepare_link:
+ *
+ * description: Tells the PHY infrastructure to handle the
+ * gory details on monitoring link status (whether through
+ * polling or an interrupt), and to call back to the
+ * connected device driver when the link status changes.
+ * If you want to monitor your own link state, don't call
+ * this function */
+void phy_prepare_link(struct phy_device *phydev,
+ void (*handler)(struct net_device *))
+{
+ phydev->adjust_link = handler;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PHYCONTROL
+/* phy_connect:
+ *
+ * description: Convenience function for connecting ethernet
+ * devices to PHY devices. The default behavior is for
+ * the PHY infrastructure to handle everything, and only notify
+ * the connected driver when the link status changes. If you
+ * don't want, or can't use the provided functionality, you may
+ * choose to call only the subset of functions which provide
+ * the desired functionality.
+ */
+struct phy_device * phy_connect(struct net_device *dev, const char *phy_id,
+ void (*handler)(struct net_device *), u32 flags)
+{
+ struct phy_device *phydev;
+
+ phydev = phy_attach(dev, phy_id, flags);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(phydev))
+ return phydev;
+
+ phy_prepare_link(phydev, handler);
+
+ phy_start_machine(phydev, NULL);
+
+ if (phydev->irq > 0)
+ phy_start_interrupts(phydev);
+
+ return phydev;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(phy_connect);
+
+void phy_disconnect(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ if (phydev->irq > 0)
+ phy_stop_interrupts(phydev);
+
+ phy_stop_machine(phydev);
+
+ phydev->adjust_link = NULL;
+
+ phy_detach(phydev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(phy_disconnect);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_PHYCONTROL */
+
+/* phy_attach:
+ *
+ * description: Called by drivers to attach to a particular PHY
+ * device. The phy_device is found, and properly hooked up
+ * to the phy_driver. If no driver is attached, then the
+ * genphy_driver is used. The phy_device is given a ptr to
+ * the attaching device, and given a callback for link status
+ * change. The phy_device is returned to the attaching
+ * driver.
+ */
+static int phy_compare_id(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ return strcmp((char *)data, dev->bus_id) ? 0 : 1;
+}
+
+struct phy_device *phy_attach(struct net_device *dev,
+ const char *phy_id, u32 flags)
+{
+ struct bus_type *bus = &mdio_bus_type;
+ struct phy_device *phydev;
+ struct device *d;
+
+ /* Search the list of PHY devices on the mdio bus for the
+ * PHY with the requested name */
+ d = bus_find_device(bus, NULL, (void *)phy_id, phy_compare_id);
+
+ if (d) {
+ phydev = to_phy_device(d);
+ } else {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s not found\n", phy_id);
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+ }
+
+ /* Assume that if there is no driver, that it doesn't
+ * exist, and we should use the genphy driver. */
+ if (NULL == d->driver) {
+ int err;
+ down_write(&d->bus->subsys.rwsem);
+ d->driver = &genphy_driver.driver;
+
+ err = d->driver->probe(d);
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+
+ device_bind_driver(d);
+ up_write(&d->bus->subsys.rwsem);
+ }
+
+ if (phydev->attached_dev) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: %s already attached\n",
+ dev->name, phy_id);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+ }
+
+ phydev->attached_dev = dev;
+
+ phydev->dev_flags = flags;
+
+ return phydev;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(phy_attach);
+
+void phy_detach(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ phydev->attached_dev = NULL;
+
+ /* If the device had no specific driver before (i.e. - it
+ * was using the generic driver), we unbind the device
+ * from the generic driver so that there's a chance a
+ * real driver could be loaded */
+ if (phydev->dev.driver == &genphy_driver.driver) {
+ down_write(&phydev->dev.bus->subsys.rwsem);
+ device_release_driver(&phydev->dev);
+ up_write(&phydev->dev.bus->subsys.rwsem);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(phy_detach);
+
+
+/* Generic PHY support and helper functions */
+
+/* genphy_config_advert
+ *
+ * description: Writes MII_ADVERTISE with the appropriate values,
+ * after sanitizing the values to make sure we only advertise
+ * what is supported
+ */
+int genphy_config_advert(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ u32 advertise;
+ int adv;
+ int err;
+
+ /* Only allow advertising what
+ * this PHY supports */
+ phydev->advertising &= phydev->supported;
+ advertise = phydev->advertising;
+
+ /* Setup standard advertisement */
+ adv = phy_read(phydev, MII_ADVERTISE);
+
+ if (adv < 0)
+ return adv;
+
+ adv &= ~(ADVERTISE_ALL | ADVERTISE_100BASE4 | ADVERTISE_PAUSE_CAP |
+ ADVERTISE_PAUSE_ASYM);
+ if (advertise & ADVERTISED_10baseT_Half)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_10HALF;
+ if (advertise & ADVERTISED_10baseT_Full)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_10FULL;
+ if (advertise & ADVERTISED_100baseT_Half)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_100HALF;
+ if (advertise & ADVERTISED_100baseT_Full)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_100FULL;
+ if (advertise & ADVERTISED_Pause)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_PAUSE_CAP;
+ if (advertise & ADVERTISED_Asym_Pause)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_PAUSE_ASYM;
+
+ err = phy_write(phydev, MII_ADVERTISE, adv);
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+
+ /* Configure gigabit if it's supported */
+ if (phydev->supported & (SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Half |
+ SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Full)) {
+ adv = phy_read(phydev, MII_CTRL1000);
+
+ if (adv < 0)
+ return adv;
+
+ adv &= ~(ADVERTISE_1000FULL | ADVERTISE_1000HALF);
+ if (advertise & SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Half)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_1000HALF;
+ if (advertise & SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Full)
+ adv |= ADVERTISE_1000FULL;
+ err = phy_write(phydev, MII_CTRL1000, adv);
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ return adv;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(genphy_config_advert);
+
+/* genphy_setup_forced
+ *
+ * description: Configures MII_BMCR to force speed/duplex
+ * to the values in phydev. Assumes that the values are valid.
+ * Please see phy_sanitize_settings() */
+int genphy_setup_forced(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ int ctl = BMCR_RESET;
+
+ phydev->pause = phydev->asym_pause = 0;
+
+ if (SPEED_1000 == phydev->speed)
+ ctl |= BMCR_SPEED1000;
+ else if (SPEED_100 == phydev->speed)
+ ctl |= BMCR_SPEED100;
+
+ if (DUPLEX_FULL == phydev->duplex)
+ ctl |= BMCR_FULLDPLX;
+
+ ctl = phy_write(phydev, MII_BMCR, ctl);
+
+ if (ctl < 0)
+ return ctl;
+
+ /* We just reset the device, so we'd better configure any
+ * settings the PHY requires to operate */
+ if (phydev->drv->config_init)
+ ctl = phydev->drv->config_init(phydev);
+
+ return ctl;
+}
+
+
+/* Enable and Restart Autonegotiation */
+int genphy_restart_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ int ctl;
+
+ ctl = phy_read(phydev, MII_BMCR);
+
+ if (ctl < 0)
+ return ctl;
+
+ ctl |= (BMCR_ANENABLE | BMCR_ANRESTART);
+
+ /* Don't isolate the PHY if we're negotiating */
+ ctl &= ~(BMCR_ISOLATE);
+
+ ctl = phy_write(phydev, MII_BMCR, ctl);
+
+ return ctl;
+}
+
+
+/* genphy_config_aneg
+ *
+ * description: If auto-negotiation is enabled, we configure the
+ * advertising, and then restart auto-negotiation. If it is not
+ * enabled, then we write the BMCR
+ */
+int genphy_config_aneg(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ int err = 0;
+
+ if (AUTONEG_ENABLE == phydev->autoneg) {
+ err = genphy_config_advert(phydev);
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+
+ err = genphy_restart_aneg(phydev);
+ } else
+ err = genphy_setup_forced(phydev);
+
+ return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(genphy_config_aneg);
+
+/* genphy_update_link
+ *
+ * description: Update the value in phydev->link to reflect the
+ * current link value. In order to do this, we need to read
+ * the status register twice, keeping the second value
+ */
+int genphy_update_link(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ int status;
+
+ /* Do a fake read */
+ status = phy_read(phydev, MII_BMSR);
+
+ if (status < 0)
+ return status;
+
+ /* Read link and autonegotiation status */
+ status = phy_read(phydev, MII_BMSR);
+
+ if (status < 0)
+ return status;
+
+ if ((status & BMSR_LSTATUS) == 0)
+ phydev->link = 0;
+ else
+ phydev->link = 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* genphy_read_status
+ *
+ * description: Check the link, then figure out the current state
+ * by comparing what we advertise with what the link partner
+ * advertises. Start by checking the gigabit possibilities,
+ * then move on to 10/100.
+ */
+int genphy_read_status(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ int adv;
+ int err;
+ int lpa;
+ int lpagb = 0;
+
+ /* Update the link, but return if there
+ * was an error */
+ err = genphy_update_link(phydev);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (AUTONEG_ENABLE == phydev->autoneg) {
+ if (phydev->supported & (SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Half
+ | SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Full)) {
+ lpagb = phy_read(phydev, MII_STAT1000);
+
+ if (lpagb < 0)
+ return lpagb;
+
+ adv = phy_read(phydev, MII_CTRL1000);
+
+ if (adv < 0)
+ return adv;
+
+ lpagb &= adv << 2;
+ }
+
+ lpa = phy_read(phydev, MII_LPA);
+
+ if (lpa < 0)
+ return lpa;
+
+ adv = phy_read(phydev, MII_ADVERTISE);
+
+ if (adv < 0)
+ return adv;
+
+ lpa &= adv;
+
+ phydev->speed = SPEED_10;
+ phydev->duplex = DUPLEX_HALF;
+ phydev->pause = phydev->asym_pause = 0;
+
+ if (lpagb & (LPA_1000FULL | LPA_1000HALF)) {
+ phydev->speed = SPEED_1000;
+
+ if (lpagb & LPA_1000FULL)
+ phydev->duplex = DUPLEX_FULL;
+ } else if (lpa & (LPA_100FULL | LPA_100HALF)) {
+ phydev->speed = SPEED_100;
+
+ if (lpa & LPA_100FULL)
+ phydev->duplex = DUPLEX_FULL;
+ } else
+ if (lpa & LPA_10FULL)
+ phydev->duplex = DUPLEX_FULL;
+
+ if (phydev->duplex == DUPLEX_FULL){
+ phydev->pause = lpa & LPA_PAUSE_CAP ? 1 : 0;
+ phydev->asym_pause = lpa & LPA_PAUSE_ASYM ? 1 : 0;
+ }
+ } else {
+ int bmcr = phy_read(phydev, MII_BMCR);
+ if (bmcr < 0)
+ return bmcr;
+
+ if (bmcr & BMCR_FULLDPLX)
+ phydev->duplex = DUPLEX_FULL;
+ else
+ phydev->duplex = DUPLEX_HALF;
+
+ if (bmcr & BMCR_SPEED1000)
+ phydev->speed = SPEED_1000;
+ else if (bmcr & BMCR_SPEED100)
+ phydev->speed = SPEED_100;
+ else
+ phydev->speed = SPEED_10;
+
+ phydev->pause = phydev->asym_pause = 0;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(genphy_read_status);
+
+static int genphy_config_init(struct phy_device *phydev)
+{
+ u32 val;
+ u32 features;
+
+ /* For now, I'll claim that the generic driver supports
+ * all possible port types */
+ features = (SUPPORTED_TP | SUPPORTED_MII
+ | SUPPORTED_AUI | SUPPORTED_FIBRE |
+ SUPPORTED_BNC);
+
+ /* Do we support autonegotiation? */
+ val = phy_read(phydev, MII_BMSR);
+
+ if (val < 0)
+ return val;
+
+ if (val & BMSR_ANEGCAPABLE)
+ features |= SUPPORTED_Autoneg;
+
+ if (val & BMSR_100FULL)
+ features |= SUPPORTED_100baseT_Full;
+ if (val & BMSR_100HALF)
+ features |= SUPPORTED_100baseT_Half;
+ if (val & BMSR_10FULL)
+ features |= SUPPORTED_10baseT_Full;
+ if (val & BMSR_10HALF)
+ features |= SUPPORTED_10baseT_Half;
+
+ if (val & BMSR_ESTATEN) {
+ val = phy_read(phydev, MII_ESTATUS);
+
+ if (val < 0)
+ return val;
+
+ if (val & ESTATUS_1000_TFULL)
+ features |= SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Full;
+ if (val & ESTATUS_1000_THALF)
+ features |= SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Half;
+ }
+
+ phydev->supported = features;
+ phydev->advertising = features;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+/* phy_probe
+ *
+ * description: Take care of setting up the phy_device structure,
+ * set the state to READY (the driver's init function should
+ * set it to STARTING if needed).
+ */
+static int phy_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct phy_device *phydev;
+ struct phy_driver *phydrv;
+ struct device_driver *drv;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ phydev = to_phy_device(dev);
+
+ /* Make sure the driver is held.
+ * XXX -- Is this correct? */
+ drv = get_driver(phydev->dev.driver);
+ phydrv = to_phy_driver(drv);
+ phydev->drv = phydrv;
+
+ /* Disable the interrupt if the PHY doesn't support it */
+ if (!(phydrv->flags & PHY_HAS_INTERRUPT))
+ phydev->irq = PHY_POLL;
+
+ spin_lock(&phydev->lock);
+
+ /* Start out supporting everything. Eventually,
+ * a controller will attach, and may modify one
+ * or both of these values */
+ phydev->supported = phydrv->features;
+ phydev->advertising = phydrv->features;
+
+ /* Set the state to READY by default */
+ phydev->state = PHY_READY;
+
+ if (phydev->drv->probe)
+ err = phydev->drv->probe(phydev);
+
+ spin_unlock(&phydev->lock);
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+
+ if (phydev->drv->config_init)
+ err = phydev->drv->config_init(phydev);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int phy_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct phy_device *phydev;
+
+ phydev = to_phy_device(dev);
+
+ spin_lock(&phydev->lock);
+ phydev->state = PHY_DOWN;
+ spin_unlock(&phydev->lock);
+
+ if (phydev->drv->remove)
+ phydev->drv->remove(phydev);
+
+ put_driver(dev->driver);
+ phydev->drv = NULL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int phy_driver_register(struct phy_driver *new_driver)
+{
+ int retval;
+
+ memset(&new_driver->driver, 0, sizeof(new_driver->driver));
+ new_driver->driver.name = new_driver->name;
+ new_driver->driver.bus = &mdio_bus_type;
+ new_driver->driver.probe = phy_probe;
+ new_driver->driver.remove = phy_remove;
+
+ retval = driver_register(&new_driver->driver);
+
+ if (retval) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Error %d in registering driver\n",
+ new_driver->name, retval);
+
+ return retval;
+ }
+
+ pr_info("%s: Registered new driver\n", new_driver->name);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(phy_driver_register);
+
+void phy_driver_unregister(struct phy_driver *drv)
+{
+ driver_unregister(&drv->driver);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(phy_driver_unregister);
+
+static struct phy_driver genphy_driver = {
+ .phy_id = 0xffffffff,
+ .phy_id_mask = 0xffffffff,
+ .name = "Generic PHY",
+ .config_init = genphy_config_init,
+ .features = 0,
+ .config_aneg = genphy_config_aneg,
+ .read_status = genphy_read_status,
+ .driver = {.owner = THIS_MODULE, },
+};
+
+static int __init genphy_init(void)
+{
+ return phy_driver_register(&genphy_driver);
+
+}
+
+static void __exit genphy_exit(void)
+{
+ phy_driver_unregister(&genphy_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(genphy_init);
+module_exit(genphy_exit);