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authorThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2007-10-11 11:17:01 +0200
committerThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2007-10-11 11:17:01 +0200
commit9a163ed8e0552fdcffe405d2ea7134819a81456e (patch)
treeb322fd2afbb812ba7ddfd22f3734aaab007c2aa5 /arch/x86/kernel/vmi_32.c
parentf7627e2513987bb5d4e8cb13c4e0a478352141ac (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-android-9a163ed8e0552fdcffe405d2ea7134819a81456e.tar.gz
i386: move kernel
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/kernel/vmi_32.c')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vmi_32.c981
1 files changed, 981 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmi_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vmi_32.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..18673e0f193
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmi_32.c
@@ -0,0 +1,981 @@
+/*
+ * VMI specific paravirt-ops implementation
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2005, VMware, Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more
+ * details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ *
+ * Send feedback to zach@vmware.com
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <asm/vmi.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+#include <asm/apicdef.h>
+#include <asm/apic.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/vmi_time.h>
+#include <asm/kmap_types.h>
+
+/* Convenient for calling VMI functions indirectly in the ROM */
+typedef u32 __attribute__((regparm(1))) (VROMFUNC)(void);
+typedef u64 __attribute__((regparm(2))) (VROMLONGFUNC)(int);
+
+#define call_vrom_func(rom,func) \
+ (((VROMFUNC *)(rom->func))())
+
+#define call_vrom_long_func(rom,func,arg) \
+ (((VROMLONGFUNC *)(rom->func)) (arg))
+
+static struct vrom_header *vmi_rom;
+static int disable_pge;
+static int disable_pse;
+static int disable_sep;
+static int disable_tsc;
+static int disable_mtrr;
+static int disable_noidle;
+static int disable_vmi_timer;
+
+/* Cached VMI operations */
+static struct {
+ void (*cpuid)(void /* non-c */);
+ void (*_set_ldt)(u32 selector);
+ void (*set_tr)(u32 selector);
+ void (*set_kernel_stack)(u32 selector, u32 esp0);
+ void (*allocate_page)(u32, u32, u32, u32, u32);
+ void (*release_page)(u32, u32);
+ void (*set_pte)(pte_t, pte_t *, unsigned);
+ void (*update_pte)(pte_t *, unsigned);
+ void (*set_linear_mapping)(int, void *, u32, u32);
+ void (*_flush_tlb)(int);
+ void (*set_initial_ap_state)(int, int);
+ void (*halt)(void);
+ void (*set_lazy_mode)(int mode);
+} vmi_ops;
+
+/* Cached VMI operations */
+struct vmi_timer_ops vmi_timer_ops;
+
+/*
+ * VMI patching routines.
+ */
+#define MNEM_CALL 0xe8
+#define MNEM_JMP 0xe9
+#define MNEM_RET 0xc3
+
+#define IRQ_PATCH_INT_MASK 0
+#define IRQ_PATCH_DISABLE 5
+
+static inline void patch_offset(void *insnbuf,
+ unsigned long eip, unsigned long dest)
+{
+ *(unsigned long *)(insnbuf+1) = dest-eip-5;
+}
+
+static unsigned patch_internal(int call, unsigned len, void *insnbuf,
+ unsigned long eip)
+{
+ u64 reloc;
+ struct vmi_relocation_info *const rel = (struct vmi_relocation_info *)&reloc;
+ reloc = call_vrom_long_func(vmi_rom, get_reloc, call);
+ switch(rel->type) {
+ case VMI_RELOCATION_CALL_REL:
+ BUG_ON(len < 5);
+ *(char *)insnbuf = MNEM_CALL;
+ patch_offset(insnbuf, eip, (unsigned long)rel->eip);
+ return 5;
+
+ case VMI_RELOCATION_JUMP_REL:
+ BUG_ON(len < 5);
+ *(char *)insnbuf = MNEM_JMP;
+ patch_offset(insnbuf, eip, (unsigned long)rel->eip);
+ return 5;
+
+ case VMI_RELOCATION_NOP:
+ /* obliterate the whole thing */
+ return 0;
+
+ case VMI_RELOCATION_NONE:
+ /* leave native code in place */
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ BUG();
+ }
+ return len;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Apply patch if appropriate, return length of new instruction
+ * sequence. The callee does nop padding for us.
+ */
+static unsigned vmi_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insns,
+ unsigned long eip, unsigned len)
+{
+ switch (type) {
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_disable):
+ return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_DisableInterrupts, len,
+ insns, eip);
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable):
+ return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_EnableInterrupts, len,
+ insns, eip);
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(restore_fl):
+ return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_SetInterruptMask, len,
+ insns, eip);
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(save_fl):
+ return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_GetInterruptMask, len,
+ insns, eip);
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(iret):
+ return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_IRET, len, insns, eip);
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable_sysexit):
+ return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_SYSEXIT, len, insns, eip);
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ return len;
+}
+
+/* CPUID has non-C semantics, and paravirt-ops API doesn't match hardware ISA */
+static void vmi_cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx,
+ unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx)
+{
+ int override = 0;
+ if (*eax == 1)
+ override = 1;
+ asm volatile ("call *%6"
+ : "=a" (*eax),
+ "=b" (*ebx),
+ "=c" (*ecx),
+ "=d" (*edx)
+ : "0" (*eax), "2" (*ecx), "r" (vmi_ops.cpuid));
+ if (override) {
+ if (disable_pse)
+ *edx &= ~X86_FEATURE_PSE;
+ if (disable_pge)
+ *edx &= ~X86_FEATURE_PGE;
+ if (disable_sep)
+ *edx &= ~X86_FEATURE_SEP;
+ if (disable_tsc)
+ *edx &= ~X86_FEATURE_TSC;
+ if (disable_mtrr)
+ *edx &= ~X86_FEATURE_MTRR;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void vmi_maybe_load_tls(struct desc_struct *gdt, int nr, struct desc_struct *new)
+{
+ if (gdt[nr].a != new->a || gdt[nr].b != new->b)
+ write_gdt_entry(gdt, nr, new->a, new->b);
+}
+
+static void vmi_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct desc_struct *gdt = get_cpu_gdt_table(cpu);
+ vmi_maybe_load_tls(gdt, GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + 0, &t->tls_array[0]);
+ vmi_maybe_load_tls(gdt, GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + 1, &t->tls_array[1]);
+ vmi_maybe_load_tls(gdt, GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + 2, &t->tls_array[2]);
+}
+
+static void vmi_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries)
+{
+ unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ u32 low, high;
+
+ pack_descriptor(&low, &high, (unsigned long)addr,
+ entries * sizeof(struct desc_struct) - 1,
+ DESCTYPE_LDT, 0);
+ write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_table(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_LDT, low, high);
+ vmi_ops._set_ldt(entries ? GDT_ENTRY_LDT*sizeof(struct desc_struct) : 0);
+}
+
+static void vmi_set_tr(void)
+{
+ vmi_ops.set_tr(GDT_ENTRY_TSS*sizeof(struct desc_struct));
+}
+
+static void vmi_load_esp0(struct tss_struct *tss,
+ struct thread_struct *thread)
+{
+ tss->x86_tss.esp0 = thread->esp0;
+
+ /* This can only happen when SEP is enabled, no need to test "SEP"arately */
+ if (unlikely(tss->x86_tss.ss1 != thread->sysenter_cs)) {
+ tss->x86_tss.ss1 = thread->sysenter_cs;
+ wrmsr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, thread->sysenter_cs, 0);
+ }
+ vmi_ops.set_kernel_stack(__KERNEL_DS, tss->x86_tss.esp0);
+}
+
+static void vmi_flush_tlb_user(void)
+{
+ vmi_ops._flush_tlb(VMI_FLUSH_TLB);
+}
+
+static void vmi_flush_tlb_kernel(void)
+{
+ vmi_ops._flush_tlb(VMI_FLUSH_TLB | VMI_FLUSH_GLOBAL);
+}
+
+/* Stub to do nothing at all; used for delays and unimplemented calls */
+static void vmi_nop(void)
+{
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_TYPE
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+#define MAX_BOOT_PTS (2048+4+1)
+#else
+#define MAX_BOOT_PTS (1024+1)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * During boot, mem_map is not yet available in paging_init, so stash
+ * all the boot page allocations here.
+ */
+static struct {
+ u32 pfn;
+ int type;
+} boot_page_allocations[MAX_BOOT_PTS];
+static int num_boot_page_allocations;
+static int boot_allocations_applied;
+
+void vmi_apply_boot_page_allocations(void)
+{
+ int i;
+ BUG_ON(!mem_map);
+ for (i = 0; i < num_boot_page_allocations; i++) {
+ struct page *page = pfn_to_page(boot_page_allocations[i].pfn);
+ page->type = boot_page_allocations[i].type;
+ page->type = boot_page_allocations[i].type &
+ ~(VMI_PAGE_ZEROED | VMI_PAGE_CLONE);
+ }
+ boot_allocations_applied = 1;
+}
+
+static void record_page_type(u32 pfn, int type)
+{
+ BUG_ON(num_boot_page_allocations >= MAX_BOOT_PTS);
+ boot_page_allocations[num_boot_page_allocations].pfn = pfn;
+ boot_page_allocations[num_boot_page_allocations].type = type;
+ num_boot_page_allocations++;
+}
+
+static void check_zeroed_page(u32 pfn, int type, struct page *page)
+{
+ u32 *ptr;
+ int i;
+ int limit = PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(int);
+
+ if (page_address(page))
+ ptr = (u32 *)page_address(page);
+ else
+ ptr = (u32 *)__va(pfn << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ /*
+ * When cloning the root in non-PAE mode, only the userspace
+ * pdes need to be zeroed.
+ */
+ if (type & VMI_PAGE_CLONE)
+ limit = USER_PTRS_PER_PGD;
+ for (i = 0; i < limit; i++)
+ BUG_ON(ptr[i]);
+}
+
+/*
+ * We stash the page type into struct page so we can verify the page
+ * types are used properly.
+ */
+static void vmi_set_page_type(u32 pfn, int type)
+{
+ /* PAE can have multiple roots per page - don't track */
+ if (PTRS_PER_PMD > 1 && (type & VMI_PAGE_PDP))
+ return;
+
+ if (boot_allocations_applied) {
+ struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+ if (type != VMI_PAGE_NORMAL)
+ BUG_ON(page->type);
+ else
+ BUG_ON(page->type == VMI_PAGE_NORMAL);
+ page->type = type & ~(VMI_PAGE_ZEROED | VMI_PAGE_CLONE);
+ if (type & VMI_PAGE_ZEROED)
+ check_zeroed_page(pfn, type, page);
+ } else {
+ record_page_type(pfn, type);
+ }
+}
+
+static void vmi_check_page_type(u32 pfn, int type)
+{
+ /* PAE can have multiple roots per page - skip checks */
+ if (PTRS_PER_PMD > 1 && (type & VMI_PAGE_PDP))
+ return;
+
+ type &= ~(VMI_PAGE_ZEROED | VMI_PAGE_CLONE);
+ if (boot_allocations_applied) {
+ struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+ BUG_ON((page->type ^ type) & VMI_PAGE_PAE);
+ BUG_ON(type == VMI_PAGE_NORMAL && page->type);
+ BUG_ON((type & page->type) == 0);
+ }
+}
+#else
+#define vmi_set_page_type(p,t) do { } while (0)
+#define vmi_check_page_type(p,t) do { } while (0)
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHPTE
+static void *vmi_kmap_atomic_pte(struct page *page, enum km_type type)
+{
+ void *va = kmap_atomic(page, type);
+
+ /*
+ * Internally, the VMI ROM must map virtual addresses to physical
+ * addresses for processing MMU updates. By the time MMU updates
+ * are issued, this information is typically already lost.
+ * Fortunately, the VMI provides a cache of mapping slots for active
+ * page tables.
+ *
+ * We use slot zero for the linear mapping of physical memory, and
+ * in HIGHPTE kernels, slot 1 and 2 for KM_PTE0 and KM_PTE1.
+ *
+ * args: SLOT VA COUNT PFN
+ */
+ BUG_ON(type != KM_PTE0 && type != KM_PTE1);
+ vmi_ops.set_linear_mapping((type - KM_PTE0)+1, va, 1, page_to_pfn(page));
+
+ return va;
+}
+#endif
+
+static void vmi_allocate_pt(struct mm_struct *mm, u32 pfn)
+{
+ vmi_set_page_type(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L1);
+ vmi_ops.allocate_page(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L1, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void vmi_allocate_pd(u32 pfn)
+{
+ /*
+ * This call comes in very early, before mem_map is setup.
+ * It is called only for swapper_pg_dir, which already has
+ * data on it.
+ */
+ vmi_set_page_type(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L2);
+ vmi_ops.allocate_page(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L2, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void vmi_allocate_pd_clone(u32 pfn, u32 clonepfn, u32 start, u32 count)
+{
+ vmi_set_page_type(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L2 | VMI_PAGE_CLONE);
+ vmi_check_page_type(clonepfn, VMI_PAGE_L2);
+ vmi_ops.allocate_page(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L2 | VMI_PAGE_CLONE, clonepfn, start, count);
+}
+
+static void vmi_release_pt(u32 pfn)
+{
+ vmi_ops.release_page(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L1);
+ vmi_set_page_type(pfn, VMI_PAGE_NORMAL);
+}
+
+static void vmi_release_pd(u32 pfn)
+{
+ vmi_ops.release_page(pfn, VMI_PAGE_L2);
+ vmi_set_page_type(pfn, VMI_PAGE_NORMAL);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper macros for MMU update flags. We can defer updates until a flush
+ * or page invalidation only if the update is to the current address space
+ * (otherwise, there is no flush). We must check against init_mm, since
+ * this could be a kernel update, which usually passes init_mm, although
+ * sometimes this check can be skipped if we know the particular function
+ * is only called on user mode PTEs. We could change the kernel to pass
+ * current->active_mm here, but in particular, I was unsure if changing
+ * mm/highmem.c to do this would still be correct on other architectures.
+ */
+#define is_current_as(mm, mustbeuser) ((mm) == current->active_mm || \
+ (!mustbeuser && (mm) == &init_mm))
+#define vmi_flags_addr(mm, addr, level, user) \
+ ((level) | (is_current_as(mm, user) ? \
+ (VMI_PAGE_CURRENT_AS | ((addr) & VMI_PAGE_VA_MASK)) : 0))
+#define vmi_flags_addr_defer(mm, addr, level, user) \
+ ((level) | (is_current_as(mm, user) ? \
+ (VMI_PAGE_DEFER | VMI_PAGE_CURRENT_AS | ((addr) & VMI_PAGE_VA_MASK)) : 0))
+
+static void vmi_update_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
+{
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(ptep) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PTE);
+ vmi_ops.update_pte(ptep, vmi_flags_addr(mm, addr, VMI_PAGE_PT, 0));
+}
+
+static void vmi_update_pte_defer(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
+{
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(ptep) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PTE);
+ vmi_ops.update_pte(ptep, vmi_flags_addr_defer(mm, addr, VMI_PAGE_PT, 0));
+}
+
+static void vmi_set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
+{
+ /* XXX because of set_pmd_pte, this can be called on PT or PD layers */
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(ptep) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PTE | VMI_PAGE_PD);
+ vmi_ops.set_pte(pte, ptep, VMI_PAGE_PT);
+}
+
+static void vmi_set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
+{
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(ptep) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PTE);
+ vmi_ops.set_pte(pte, ptep, vmi_flags_addr(mm, addr, VMI_PAGE_PT, 0));
+}
+
+static void vmi_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmdval)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ const pte_t pte = { pmdval.pmd, pmdval.pmd >> 32 };
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(pmdp) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PMD);
+#else
+ const pte_t pte = { pmdval.pud.pgd.pgd };
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(pmdp) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PGD);
+#endif
+ vmi_ops.set_pte(pte, (pte_t *)pmdp, VMI_PAGE_PD);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+
+static void vmi_set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pteval)
+{
+ /*
+ * XXX This is called from set_pmd_pte, but at both PT
+ * and PD layers so the VMI_PAGE_PT flag is wrong. But
+ * it is only called for large page mapping changes,
+ * the Xen backend, doesn't support large pages, and the
+ * ESX backend doesn't depend on the flag.
+ */
+ set_64bit((unsigned long long *)ptep,pte_val(pteval));
+ vmi_ops.update_pte(ptep, VMI_PAGE_PT);
+}
+
+static void vmi_set_pte_present(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
+{
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(ptep) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PTE);
+ vmi_ops.set_pte(pte, ptep, vmi_flags_addr_defer(mm, addr, VMI_PAGE_PT, 1));
+}
+
+static void vmi_set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pudval)
+{
+ /* Um, eww */
+ const pte_t pte = { pudval.pgd.pgd, pudval.pgd.pgd >> 32 };
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(pudp) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PGD);
+ vmi_ops.set_pte(pte, (pte_t *)pudp, VMI_PAGE_PDP);
+}
+
+static void vmi_pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
+{
+ const pte_t pte = { 0 };
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(ptep) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PTE);
+ vmi_ops.set_pte(pte, ptep, vmi_flags_addr(mm, addr, VMI_PAGE_PT, 0));
+}
+
+static void vmi_pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ const pte_t pte = { 0 };
+ vmi_check_page_type(__pa(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT, VMI_PAGE_PMD);
+ vmi_ops.set_pte(pte, (pte_t *)pmd, VMI_PAGE_PD);
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static void __devinit
+vmi_startup_ipi_hook(int phys_apicid, unsigned long start_eip,
+ unsigned long start_esp)
+{
+ struct vmi_ap_state ap;
+
+ /* Default everything to zero. This is fine for most GPRs. */
+ memset(&ap, 0, sizeof(struct vmi_ap_state));
+
+ ap.gdtr_limit = GDT_SIZE - 1;
+ ap.gdtr_base = (unsigned long) get_cpu_gdt_table(phys_apicid);
+
+ ap.idtr_limit = IDT_ENTRIES * 8 - 1;
+ ap.idtr_base = (unsigned long) idt_table;
+
+ ap.ldtr = 0;
+
+ ap.cs = __KERNEL_CS;
+ ap.eip = (unsigned long) start_eip;
+ ap.ss = __KERNEL_DS;
+ ap.esp = (unsigned long) start_esp;
+
+ ap.ds = __USER_DS;
+ ap.es = __USER_DS;
+ ap.fs = __KERNEL_PERCPU;
+ ap.gs = 0;
+
+ ap.eflags = 0;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ /* efer should match BSP efer. */
+ if (cpu_has_nx) {
+ unsigned l, h;
+ rdmsr(MSR_EFER, l, h);
+ ap.efer = (unsigned long long) h << 32 | l;
+ }
+#endif
+
+ ap.cr3 = __pa(swapper_pg_dir);
+ /* Protected mode, paging, AM, WP, NE, MP. */
+ ap.cr0 = 0x80050023;
+ ap.cr4 = mmu_cr4_features;
+ vmi_ops.set_initial_ap_state((u32)&ap, phys_apicid);
+}
+#endif
+
+static void vmi_set_lazy_mode(enum paravirt_lazy_mode mode)
+{
+ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(enum paravirt_lazy_mode, lazy_mode);
+
+ if (!vmi_ops.set_lazy_mode)
+ return;
+
+ /* Modes should never nest or overlap */
+ BUG_ON(__get_cpu_var(lazy_mode) && !(mode == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE ||
+ mode == PARAVIRT_LAZY_FLUSH));
+
+ if (mode == PARAVIRT_LAZY_FLUSH) {
+ vmi_ops.set_lazy_mode(0);
+ vmi_ops.set_lazy_mode(__get_cpu_var(lazy_mode));
+ } else {
+ vmi_ops.set_lazy_mode(mode);
+ __get_cpu_var(lazy_mode) = mode;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline int __init check_vmi_rom(struct vrom_header *rom)
+{
+ struct pci_header *pci;
+ struct pnp_header *pnp;
+ const char *manufacturer = "UNKNOWN";
+ const char *product = "UNKNOWN";
+ const char *license = "unspecified";
+
+ if (rom->rom_signature != 0xaa55)
+ return 0;
+ if (rom->vrom_signature != VMI_SIGNATURE)
+ return 0;
+ if (rom->api_version_maj != VMI_API_REV_MAJOR ||
+ rom->api_version_min+1 < VMI_API_REV_MINOR+1) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "VMI: Found mismatched rom version %d.%d\n",
+ rom->api_version_maj,
+ rom->api_version_min);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Relying on the VMI_SIGNATURE field is not 100% safe, so check
+ * the PCI header and device type to make sure this is really a
+ * VMI device.
+ */
+ if (!rom->pci_header_offs) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "VMI: ROM does not contain PCI header.\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ pci = (struct pci_header *)((char *)rom+rom->pci_header_offs);
+ if (pci->vendorID != PCI_VENDOR_ID_VMWARE ||
+ pci->deviceID != PCI_DEVICE_ID_VMWARE_VMI) {
+ /* Allow it to run... anyways, but warn */
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "VMI: ROM from unknown manufacturer\n");
+ }
+
+ if (rom->pnp_header_offs) {
+ pnp = (struct pnp_header *)((char *)rom+rom->pnp_header_offs);
+ if (pnp->manufacturer_offset)
+ manufacturer = (const char *)rom+pnp->manufacturer_offset;
+ if (pnp->product_offset)
+ product = (const char *)rom+pnp->product_offset;
+ }
+
+ if (rom->license_offs)
+ license = (char *)rom+rom->license_offs;
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "VMI: Found %s %s, API version %d.%d, ROM version %d.%d\n",
+ manufacturer, product,
+ rom->api_version_maj, rom->api_version_min,
+ pci->rom_version_maj, pci->rom_version_min);
+
+ /* Don't allow BSD/MIT here for now because we don't want to end up
+ with any binary only shim layers */
+ if (strcmp(license, "GPL") && strcmp(license, "GPL v2")) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "VMI: Non GPL license `%s' found for ROM. Not used.\n",
+ license);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Probe for the VMI option ROM
+ */
+static inline int __init probe_vmi_rom(void)
+{
+ unsigned long base;
+
+ /* VMI ROM is in option ROM area, check signature */
+ for (base = 0xC0000; base < 0xE0000; base += 2048) {
+ struct vrom_header *romstart;
+ romstart = (struct vrom_header *)isa_bus_to_virt(base);
+ if (check_vmi_rom(romstart)) {
+ vmi_rom = romstart;
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * VMI setup common to all processors
+ */
+void vmi_bringup(void)
+{
+ /* We must establish the lowmem mapping for MMU ops to work */
+ if (vmi_ops.set_linear_mapping)
+ vmi_ops.set_linear_mapping(0, (void *)__PAGE_OFFSET, max_low_pfn, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return a pointer to a VMI function or NULL if unimplemented
+ */
+static void *vmi_get_function(int vmicall)
+{
+ u64 reloc;
+ const struct vmi_relocation_info *rel = (struct vmi_relocation_info *)&reloc;
+ reloc = call_vrom_long_func(vmi_rom, get_reloc, vmicall);
+ BUG_ON(rel->type == VMI_RELOCATION_JUMP_REL);
+ if (rel->type == VMI_RELOCATION_CALL_REL)
+ return (void *)rel->eip;
+ else
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper macro for making the VMI paravirt-ops fill code readable.
+ * For unimplemented operations, fall back to default, unless nop
+ * is returned by the ROM.
+ */
+#define para_fill(opname, vmicall) \
+do { \
+ reloc = call_vrom_long_func(vmi_rom, get_reloc, \
+ VMI_CALL_##vmicall); \
+ if (rel->type == VMI_RELOCATION_CALL_REL) \
+ paravirt_ops.opname = (void *)rel->eip; \
+ else if (rel->type == VMI_RELOCATION_NOP) \
+ paravirt_ops.opname = (void *)vmi_nop; \
+ else if (rel->type != VMI_RELOCATION_NONE) \
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "VMI: Unknown relocation " \
+ "type %d for " #vmicall"\n",\
+ rel->type); \
+} while (0)
+
+/*
+ * Helper macro for making the VMI paravirt-ops fill code readable.
+ * For cached operations which do not match the VMI ROM ABI and must
+ * go through a tranlation stub. Ignore NOPs, since it is not clear
+ * a NOP * VMI function corresponds to a NOP paravirt-op when the
+ * functions are not in 1-1 correspondence.
+ */
+#define para_wrap(opname, wrapper, cache, vmicall) \
+do { \
+ reloc = call_vrom_long_func(vmi_rom, get_reloc, \
+ VMI_CALL_##vmicall); \
+ BUG_ON(rel->type == VMI_RELOCATION_JUMP_REL); \
+ if (rel->type == VMI_RELOCATION_CALL_REL) { \
+ paravirt_ops.opname = wrapper; \
+ vmi_ops.cache = (void *)rel->eip; \
+ } \
+} while (0)
+
+/*
+ * Activate the VMI interface and switch into paravirtualized mode
+ */
+static inline int __init activate_vmi(void)
+{
+ short kernel_cs;
+ u64 reloc;
+ const struct vmi_relocation_info *rel = (struct vmi_relocation_info *)&reloc;
+
+ if (call_vrom_func(vmi_rom, vmi_init) != 0) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "VMI ROM failed to initialize!");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ savesegment(cs, kernel_cs);
+
+ paravirt_ops.paravirt_enabled = 1;
+ paravirt_ops.kernel_rpl = kernel_cs & SEGMENT_RPL_MASK;
+
+ paravirt_ops.patch = vmi_patch;
+ paravirt_ops.name = "vmi";
+
+ /*
+ * Many of these operations are ABI compatible with VMI.
+ * This means we can fill in the paravirt-ops with direct
+ * pointers into the VMI ROM. If the calling convention for
+ * these operations changes, this code needs to be updated.
+ *
+ * Exceptions
+ * CPUID paravirt-op uses pointers, not the native ISA
+ * halt has no VMI equivalent; all VMI halts are "safe"
+ * no MSR support yet - just trap and emulate. VMI uses the
+ * same ABI as the native ISA, but Linux wants exceptions
+ * from bogus MSR read / write handled
+ * rdpmc is not yet used in Linux
+ */
+
+ /* CPUID is special, so very special it gets wrapped like a present */
+ para_wrap(cpuid, vmi_cpuid, cpuid, CPUID);
+
+ para_fill(clts, CLTS);
+ para_fill(get_debugreg, GetDR);
+ para_fill(set_debugreg, SetDR);
+ para_fill(read_cr0, GetCR0);
+ para_fill(read_cr2, GetCR2);
+ para_fill(read_cr3, GetCR3);
+ para_fill(read_cr4, GetCR4);
+ para_fill(write_cr0, SetCR0);
+ para_fill(write_cr2, SetCR2);
+ para_fill(write_cr3, SetCR3);
+ para_fill(write_cr4, SetCR4);
+ para_fill(save_fl, GetInterruptMask);
+ para_fill(restore_fl, SetInterruptMask);
+ para_fill(irq_disable, DisableInterrupts);
+ para_fill(irq_enable, EnableInterrupts);
+
+ para_fill(wbinvd, WBINVD);
+ para_fill(read_tsc, RDTSC);
+
+ /* The following we emulate with trap and emulate for now */
+ /* paravirt_ops.read_msr = vmi_rdmsr */
+ /* paravirt_ops.write_msr = vmi_wrmsr */
+ /* paravirt_ops.rdpmc = vmi_rdpmc */
+
+ /* TR interface doesn't pass TR value, wrap */
+ para_wrap(load_tr_desc, vmi_set_tr, set_tr, SetTR);
+
+ /* LDT is special, too */
+ para_wrap(set_ldt, vmi_set_ldt, _set_ldt, SetLDT);
+
+ para_fill(load_gdt, SetGDT);
+ para_fill(load_idt, SetIDT);
+ para_fill(store_gdt, GetGDT);
+ para_fill(store_idt, GetIDT);
+ para_fill(store_tr, GetTR);
+ paravirt_ops.load_tls = vmi_load_tls;
+ para_fill(write_ldt_entry, WriteLDTEntry);
+ para_fill(write_gdt_entry, WriteGDTEntry);
+ para_fill(write_idt_entry, WriteIDTEntry);
+ para_wrap(load_esp0, vmi_load_esp0, set_kernel_stack, UpdateKernelStack);
+ para_fill(set_iopl_mask, SetIOPLMask);
+ para_fill(io_delay, IODelay);
+ para_wrap(set_lazy_mode, vmi_set_lazy_mode, set_lazy_mode, SetLazyMode);
+
+ /* user and kernel flush are just handled with different flags to FlushTLB */
+ para_wrap(flush_tlb_user, vmi_flush_tlb_user, _flush_tlb, FlushTLB);
+ para_wrap(flush_tlb_kernel, vmi_flush_tlb_kernel, _flush_tlb, FlushTLB);
+ para_fill(flush_tlb_single, InvalPage);
+
+ /*
+ * Until a standard flag format can be agreed on, we need to
+ * implement these as wrappers in Linux. Get the VMI ROM
+ * function pointers for the two backend calls.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ vmi_ops.set_pte = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_SetPxELong);
+ vmi_ops.update_pte = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_UpdatePxELong);
+#else
+ vmi_ops.set_pte = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_SetPxE);
+ vmi_ops.update_pte = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_UpdatePxE);
+#endif
+
+ if (vmi_ops.set_pte) {
+ paravirt_ops.set_pte = vmi_set_pte;
+ paravirt_ops.set_pte_at = vmi_set_pte_at;
+ paravirt_ops.set_pmd = vmi_set_pmd;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ paravirt_ops.set_pte_atomic = vmi_set_pte_atomic;
+ paravirt_ops.set_pte_present = vmi_set_pte_present;
+ paravirt_ops.set_pud = vmi_set_pud;
+ paravirt_ops.pte_clear = vmi_pte_clear;
+ paravirt_ops.pmd_clear = vmi_pmd_clear;
+#endif
+ }
+
+ if (vmi_ops.update_pte) {
+ paravirt_ops.pte_update = vmi_update_pte;
+ paravirt_ops.pte_update_defer = vmi_update_pte_defer;
+ }
+
+ vmi_ops.allocate_page = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_AllocatePage);
+ if (vmi_ops.allocate_page) {
+ paravirt_ops.alloc_pt = vmi_allocate_pt;
+ paravirt_ops.alloc_pd = vmi_allocate_pd;
+ paravirt_ops.alloc_pd_clone = vmi_allocate_pd_clone;
+ }
+
+ vmi_ops.release_page = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_ReleasePage);
+ if (vmi_ops.release_page) {
+ paravirt_ops.release_pt = vmi_release_pt;
+ paravirt_ops.release_pd = vmi_release_pd;
+ }
+
+ /* Set linear is needed in all cases */
+ vmi_ops.set_linear_mapping = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_SetLinearMapping);
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHPTE
+ if (vmi_ops.set_linear_mapping)
+ paravirt_ops.kmap_atomic_pte = vmi_kmap_atomic_pte;
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * These MUST always be patched. Don't support indirect jumps
+ * through these operations, as the VMI interface may use either
+ * a jump or a call to get to these operations, depending on
+ * the backend. They are performance critical anyway, so requiring
+ * a patch is not a big problem.
+ */
+ paravirt_ops.irq_enable_sysexit = (void *)0xfeedbab0;
+ paravirt_ops.iret = (void *)0xbadbab0;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ para_wrap(startup_ipi_hook, vmi_startup_ipi_hook, set_initial_ap_state, SetInitialAPState);
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+ para_fill(apic_read, APICRead);
+ para_fill(apic_write, APICWrite);
+ para_fill(apic_write_atomic, APICWrite);
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * Check for VMI timer functionality by probing for a cycle frequency method
+ */
+ reloc = call_vrom_long_func(vmi_rom, get_reloc, VMI_CALL_GetCycleFrequency);
+ if (!disable_vmi_timer && rel->type != VMI_RELOCATION_NONE) {
+ vmi_timer_ops.get_cycle_frequency = (void *)rel->eip;
+ vmi_timer_ops.get_cycle_counter =
+ vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_GetCycleCounter);
+ vmi_timer_ops.get_wallclock =
+ vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_GetWallclockTime);
+ vmi_timer_ops.wallclock_updated =
+ vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_WallclockUpdated);
+ vmi_timer_ops.set_alarm = vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_SetAlarm);
+ vmi_timer_ops.cancel_alarm =
+ vmi_get_function(VMI_CALL_CancelAlarm);
+ paravirt_ops.time_init = vmi_time_init;
+ paravirt_ops.get_wallclock = vmi_get_wallclock;
+ paravirt_ops.set_wallclock = vmi_set_wallclock;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+ paravirt_ops.setup_boot_clock = vmi_time_bsp_init;
+ paravirt_ops.setup_secondary_clock = vmi_time_ap_init;
+#endif
+ paravirt_ops.sched_clock = vmi_sched_clock;
+ paravirt_ops.get_cpu_khz = vmi_cpu_khz;
+
+ /* We have true wallclock functions; disable CMOS clock sync */
+ no_sync_cmos_clock = 1;
+ } else {
+ disable_noidle = 1;
+ disable_vmi_timer = 1;
+ }
+
+ para_fill(safe_halt, Halt);
+
+ /*
+ * Alternative instruction rewriting doesn't happen soon enough
+ * to convert VMI_IRET to a call instead of a jump; so we have
+ * to do this before IRQs get reenabled. Fortunately, it is
+ * idempotent.
+ */
+ apply_paravirt(__parainstructions, __parainstructions_end);
+
+ vmi_bringup();
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+#undef para_fill
+
+void __init vmi_init(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (!vmi_rom)
+ probe_vmi_rom();
+ else
+ check_vmi_rom(vmi_rom);
+
+ /* In case probing for or validating the ROM failed, basil */
+ if (!vmi_rom)
+ return;
+
+ reserve_top_address(-vmi_rom->virtual_top);
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ activate_vmi();
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC
+ /* This is virtual hardware; timer routing is wired correctly */
+ no_timer_check = 1;
+#endif
+ local_irq_restore(flags & X86_EFLAGS_IF);
+}
+
+static int __init parse_vmi(char *arg)
+{
+ if (!arg)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!strcmp(arg, "disable_pge")) {
+ clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_PGE, boot_cpu_data.x86_capability);
+ disable_pge = 1;
+ } else if (!strcmp(arg, "disable_pse")) {
+ clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_PSE, boot_cpu_data.x86_capability);
+ disable_pse = 1;
+ } else if (!strcmp(arg, "disable_sep")) {
+ clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_SEP, boot_cpu_data.x86_capability);
+ disable_sep = 1;
+ } else if (!strcmp(arg, "disable_tsc")) {
+ clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_TSC, boot_cpu_data.x86_capability);
+ disable_tsc = 1;
+ } else if (!strcmp(arg, "disable_mtrr")) {
+ clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_MTRR, boot_cpu_data.x86_capability);
+ disable_mtrr = 1;
+ } else if (!strcmp(arg, "disable_timer")) {
+ disable_vmi_timer = 1;
+ disable_noidle = 1;
+ } else if (!strcmp(arg, "disable_noidle"))
+ disable_noidle = 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("vmi", parse_vmi);