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authorJan Glauber <jan.glauber@de.ibm.com>2007-02-05 21:18:22 +0100
committerMartin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>2007-02-05 21:18:22 +0100
commit1b2782948997cf5a0d1747de13d43ba7dfa7c543 (patch)
tree3c9c74179f2e8feaaaf48c1ff6dad78e979ed2e5 /arch/s390/crypto
parentd54853ef8cb17296ac7bce9c77430fb7c80532d0 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-android-1b2782948997cf5a0d1747de13d43ba7dfa7c543.tar.gz
[S390] Support for s390 Pseudo Random Number Generator
Starting with the z9 the CPU Cryptographic Assist Facility comes with an integrated Pseudo Random Number Generator. The generator creates random numbers by an algorithm similar to the ANSI X9.17 standard. The pseudo-random numbers can be accessed via a character device driver node called /dev/prandom. Similar to /dev/urandom any amount of bytes can be read from the device without blocking. Signed-off-by: Jan Glauber <jan.glauber@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/s390/crypto')
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/crypto/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/crypto/crypt_s390.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/crypto/prng.c213
3 files changed, 215 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/s390/crypto/Makefile b/arch/s390/crypto/Makefile
index 21720c03d65..14e552c5cc4 100644
--- a/arch/s390/crypto/Makefile
+++ b/arch/s390/crypto/Makefile
@@ -6,3 +6,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_SHA1_S390) += sha1_s390.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_SHA256_S390) += sha256_s390.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_DES_S390) += des_s390.o des_check_key.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_AES_S390) += aes_s390.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_S390_PRNG) += prng.o
diff --git a/arch/s390/crypto/crypt_s390.h b/arch/s390/crypto/crypt_s390.h
index 2b92c2fd12d..2775d261833 100644
--- a/arch/s390/crypto/crypt_s390.h
+++ b/arch/s390/crypto/crypt_s390.h
@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ enum crypt_s390_kmc_func {
KMC_AES_192_DECRYPT = CRYPT_S390_KMC | 0x13 | 0x80,
KMC_AES_256_ENCRYPT = CRYPT_S390_KMC | 0x14,
KMC_AES_256_DECRYPT = CRYPT_S390_KMC | 0x14 | 0x80,
+ KMC_PRNG = CRYPT_S390_KMC | 0x43,
};
/*
diff --git a/arch/s390/crypto/prng.c b/arch/s390/crypto/prng.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..8eb3a1aedc2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/s390/crypto/prng.c
@@ -0,0 +1,213 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2006,2007
+ * Author(s): Jan Glauber <jan.glauber@de.ibm.com>
+ * Driver for the s390 pseudo random number generator
+ */
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <asm/debug.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+#include "crypt_s390.h"
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Jan Glauber <jan.glauber@de.ibm.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("s390 PRNG interface");
+
+static int prng_chunk_size = 256;
+module_param(prng_chunk_size, int, S_IRUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IROTH);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(prng_chunk_size, "PRNG read chunk size in bytes");
+
+static int prng_entropy_limit = 4096;
+module_param(prng_entropy_limit, int, S_IRUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IROTH | S_IWUSR);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(prng_entropy_limit,
+ "PRNG add entropy after that much bytes were produced");
+
+/*
+ * Any one who considers arithmetical methods of producing random digits is,
+ * of course, in a state of sin. -- John von Neumann
+ */
+
+struct s390_prng_data {
+ unsigned long count; /* how many bytes were produced */
+ char *buf;
+};
+
+static struct s390_prng_data *p;
+
+/* copied from libica, use a non-zero initial parameter block */
+static unsigned char parm_block[32] = {
+0x0F,0x2B,0x8E,0x63,0x8C,0x8E,0xD2,0x52,0x64,0xB7,0xA0,0x7B,0x75,0x28,0xB8,0xF4,
+0x75,0x5F,0xD2,0xA6,0x8D,0x97,0x11,0xFF,0x49,0xD8,0x23,0xF3,0x7E,0x21,0xEC,0xA0,
+};
+
+static int prng_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ return nonseekable_open(inode, file);
+}
+
+static void prng_add_entropy(void)
+{
+ __u64 entropy[4];
+ unsigned int i;
+ int ret;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
+ ret = crypt_s390_kmc(KMC_PRNG, parm_block, (char *)entropy,
+ (char *)entropy, sizeof(entropy));
+ BUG_ON(ret < 0 || ret != sizeof(entropy));
+ memcpy(parm_block, entropy, sizeof(entropy));
+ }
+}
+
+static void prng_seed(int nbytes)
+{
+ char buf[16];
+ int i = 0;
+
+ BUG_ON(nbytes > 16);
+ get_random_bytes(buf, nbytes);
+
+ /* Add the entropy */
+ while (nbytes >= 8) {
+ *((__u64 *)parm_block) ^= *((__u64 *)buf+i*8);
+ prng_add_entropy();
+ i += 8;
+ nbytes -= 8;
+ }
+ prng_add_entropy();
+}
+
+static ssize_t prng_read(struct file *file, char __user *ubuf, size_t nbytes,
+ loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ int chunk, n;
+ int ret = 0;
+ int tmp;
+
+ /* nbytes can be arbitrary long, we spilt it into chunks */
+ while (nbytes) {
+ /* same as in extract_entropy_user in random.c */
+ if (need_resched()) {
+ if (signal_pending(current)) {
+ if (ret == 0)
+ ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
+ break;
+ }
+ schedule();
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * we lose some random bytes if an attacker issues
+ * reads < 8 bytes, but we don't care
+ */
+ chunk = min_t(int, nbytes, prng_chunk_size);
+
+ /* PRNG only likes multiples of 8 bytes */
+ n = (chunk + 7) & -8;
+
+ if (p->count > prng_entropy_limit)
+ prng_seed(8);
+
+ /* if the CPU supports PRNG stckf is present too */
+ asm volatile(".insn s,0xb27c0000,%0"
+ : "=m" (*((unsigned long long *)p->buf)) : : "cc");
+
+ /*
+ * Beside the STCKF the input for the TDES-EDE is the output
+ * of the last operation. We differ here from X9.17 since we
+ * only store one timestamp into the buffer. Padding the whole
+ * buffer with timestamps does not improve security, since
+ * successive stckf have nearly constant offsets.
+ * If an attacker knows the first timestamp it would be
+ * trivial to guess the additional values. One timestamp
+ * is therefore enough and still guarantees unique input values.
+ *
+ * Note: you can still get strict X9.17 conformity by setting
+ * prng_chunk_size to 8 bytes.
+ */
+ tmp = crypt_s390_kmc(KMC_PRNG, parm_block, p->buf, p->buf, n);
+ BUG_ON((tmp < 0) || (tmp != n));
+
+ p->count += n;
+
+ if (copy_to_user(ubuf, p->buf, chunk))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ nbytes -= chunk;
+ ret += chunk;
+ ubuf += chunk;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct file_operations prng_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .open = &prng_open,
+ .release = NULL,
+ .read = &prng_read,
+};
+
+static struct miscdevice prng_dev = {
+ .name = "prandom",
+ .minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
+ .fops = &prng_fops,
+};
+
+static int __init prng_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* check if the CPU has a PRNG */
+ if (!crypt_s390_func_available(KMC_PRNG))
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ if (prng_chunk_size < 8)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ p = kmalloc(sizeof(struct s390_prng_data), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!p)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ p->count = 0;
+
+ p->buf = kmalloc(prng_chunk_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!p->buf) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out_free;
+ }
+
+ /* initialize the PRNG, add 128 bits of entropy */
+ prng_seed(16);
+
+ ret = misc_register(&prng_dev);
+ if (ret) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "Could not register misc device for PRNG.\n");
+ goto out_buf;
+ }
+ return 0;
+
+out_buf:
+ kfree(p->buf);
+out_free:
+ kfree(p);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit prng_exit(void)
+{
+ /* wipe me */
+ memset(p->buf, 0, prng_chunk_size);
+ kfree(p->buf);
+ kfree(p);
+
+ misc_deregister(&prng_dev);
+}
+
+module_init(prng_init);
+module_exit(prng_exit);