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authorDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>2009-01-05 17:14:31 -0700
committerDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>2009-01-05 18:10:19 -0700
commit28405d8d9ce05f5bd869ef8b48da5086f9527d73 (patch)
treef3e68349cc38b4dc0a437455ba9513be78f620ae /Documentation/crypto
parentfe0bdec68b77020281dc814805edfe594ae89e0f (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-android-28405d8d9ce05f5bd869ef8b48da5086f9527d73.tar.gz
async_tx, dmaengine: document channel allocation and api rework
"Wouldn't it be better if the dmaengine layer made sure it didn't pass the same channel several times to a client? I mean, you seem concerned that the memcpy() API should be transparent and easy to use, but the whole registration interface is just ridiculously complicated..." - Haavard The dmaengine and async_tx registration/allocation interface is indeed needlessly complicated. This redesign has the following goals: 1/ Simplify reference counting: dma channels are not something one would expect to be hotplugged, it should be an exceptional event handled by drivers not something clients should be mandated to handle in a callback. The common case channel removal event is 'rmmod <dma driver>', which for simplicity should be disallowed if the channel is in use. 2/ Add an interface for requesting exclusive access to a channel suitable to device-to-memory users. 3/ Convert all memory-to-memory users over to a common allocator, the goal here is to not have competing channel allocation schemes. The only competition should be between device-to-memory exclusive allocations and the memory-to-memory usage case where channels are shared between multiple "clients". Cc: Haavard Skinnemoen <haavard.skinnemoen@atmel.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Jeff Garzik <jeff@garzik.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/crypto')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/crypto/async-tx-api.txt96
1 files changed, 44 insertions, 52 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/crypto/async-tx-api.txt b/Documentation/crypto/async-tx-api.txt
index c1e9545c59b..9f59fcbf5d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/crypto/async-tx-api.txt
+++ b/Documentation/crypto/async-tx-api.txt
@@ -13,9 +13,9 @@
3.6 Constraints
3.7 Example
-4 DRIVER DEVELOPER NOTES
+4 DMAENGINE DRIVER DEVELOPER NOTES
4.1 Conformance points
-4.2 "My application needs finer control of hardware channels"
+4.2 "My application needs exclusive control of hardware channels"
5 SOURCE
@@ -150,6 +150,7 @@ ops_run_* and ops_complete_* routines in drivers/md/raid5.c for more
implementation examples.
4 DRIVER DEVELOPMENT NOTES
+
4.1 Conformance points:
There are a few conformance points required in dmaengine drivers to
accommodate assumptions made by applications using the async_tx API:
@@ -158,58 +159,49 @@ accommodate assumptions made by applications using the async_tx API:
3/ Use async_tx_run_dependencies() in the descriptor clean up path to
handle submission of dependent operations
-4.2 "My application needs finer control of hardware channels"
-This requirement seems to arise from cases where a DMA engine driver is
-trying to support device-to-memory DMA. The dmaengine and async_tx
-implementations were designed for offloading memory-to-memory
-operations; however, there are some capabilities of the dmaengine layer
-that can be used for platform-specific channel management.
-Platform-specific constraints can be handled by registering the
-application as a 'dma_client' and implementing a 'dma_event_callback' to
-apply a filter to the available channels in the system. Before showing
-how to implement a custom dma_event callback some background of
-dmaengine's client support is required.
-
-The following routines in dmaengine support multiple clients requesting
-use of a channel:
-- dma_async_client_register(struct dma_client *client)
-- dma_async_client_chan_request(struct dma_client *client)
-
-dma_async_client_register takes a pointer to an initialized dma_client
-structure. It expects that the 'event_callback' and 'cap_mask' fields
-are already initialized.
-
-dma_async_client_chan_request triggers dmaengine to notify the client of
-all channels that satisfy the capability mask. It is up to the client's
-event_callback routine to track how many channels the client needs and
-how many it is currently using. The dma_event_callback routine returns a
-dma_state_client code to let dmaengine know the status of the
-allocation.
-
-Below is the example of how to extend this functionality for
-platform-specific filtering of the available channels beyond the
-standard capability mask:
-
-static enum dma_state_client
-my_dma_client_callback(struct dma_client *client,
- struct dma_chan *chan, enum dma_state state)
-{
- struct dma_device *dma_dev;
- struct my_platform_specific_dma *plat_dma_dev;
-
- dma_dev = chan->device;
- plat_dma_dev = container_of(dma_dev,
- struct my_platform_specific_dma,
- dma_dev);
-
- if (!plat_dma_dev->platform_specific_capability)
- return DMA_DUP;
-
- . . .
-}
+4.2 "My application needs exclusive control of hardware channels"
+Primarily this requirement arises from cases where a DMA engine driver
+is being used to support device-to-memory operations. A channel that is
+performing these operations cannot, for many platform specific reasons,
+be shared. For these cases the dma_request_channel() interface is
+provided.
+
+The interface is:
+struct dma_chan *dma_request_channel(dma_cap_mask_t mask,
+ dma_filter_fn filter_fn,
+ void *filter_param);
+
+Where dma_filter_fn is defined as:
+typedef bool (*dma_filter_fn)(struct dma_chan *chan, void *filter_param);
+
+When the optional 'filter_fn' parameter is set to NULL
+dma_request_channel simply returns the first channel that satisfies the
+capability mask. Otherwise, when the mask parameter is insufficient for
+specifying the necessary channel, the filter_fn routine can be used to
+disposition the available channels in the system. The filter_fn routine
+is called once for each free channel in the system. Upon seeing a
+suitable channel filter_fn returns DMA_ACK which flags that channel to
+be the return value from dma_request_channel. A channel allocated via
+this interface is exclusive to the caller, until dma_release_channel()
+is called.
+
+The DMA_PRIVATE capability flag is used to tag dma devices that should
+not be used by the general-purpose allocator. It can be set at
+initialization time if it is known that a channel will always be
+private. Alternatively, it is set when dma_request_channel() finds an
+unused "public" channel.
+
+A couple caveats to note when implementing a driver and consumer:
+1/ Once a channel has been privately allocated it will no longer be
+ considered by the general-purpose allocator even after a call to
+ dma_release_channel().
+2/ Since capabilities are specified at the device level a dma_device
+ with multiple channels will either have all channels public, or all
+ channels private.
5 SOURCE
-include/linux/dmaengine.h: core header file for DMA drivers and clients
+
+include/linux/dmaengine.h: core header file for DMA drivers and api users
drivers/dma/dmaengine.c: offload engine channel management routines
drivers/dma/: location for offload engine drivers
include/linux/async_tx.h: core header file for the async_tx api